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Richard I, Vicomte de Rodès(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls from his personal genealogicaL research. The Number refers to the family branch numbers on his many scrolls, 105, 183) (Roderick W. Stuart, Royalty for Commoners in ISBN: 0-8063-1344-7 (1001 North Calvert Street, Baltimore, MD 21202, USA: Genealogical Publishing Company, Inc., 1992), Page 274, Line 402-34). AKA: Richard II, Vicomte de Milhaud Richard I was Vicomte de Millau in the year 1018(P.D. Abbott, Provinces, Pays and Seigneuries of France in ISBN: 0-9593773-0-1 (Author at 266 Myrtleford, 3737, Australia: Priries Printers Pty. Ltd, Canberra A.C.T., Australia, November, 1981), Page 325). Born: before 970 in Guyenne, France, son of B‚renger, Vicomte de Millau and N?, Richard I is presumed to have been at least 10 years of age when he married S‚n‚gonde. Married circa 980: S‚n‚gonde, Viscomtesse de B‚ziers, daughter of Guillaume, Count de B‚ziers and Arsinde, Vicomtesse N?. Died: after 1049 Richard I was alive in the year 1049.

 1 Richard II, Vicomte de Rodès(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 106, 161) (Stuart, Page 165, Line 226-33). AKA: Richard III, Vicomte de Millau Richard III was Vicomte de Millau in 1049(Abbott, Page 325). AKA: Richard, Vicomte de G‚vaudan(Abbott, Page 385). Born: before 1013 in France, son of Richard I, Vicomte de Rodès and S‚n‚gonde, Viscomtesse de B‚ziers. Married circa 1030: Rixinde de Narbonne, daughter of B‚renger I, Vicomte de Narbonne and Garsinde de Besalu. Died: between 1049 and 1051.

  1.1 B‚renger II, Vicomte de Rodès(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 106, 183) (Stuart, Page 165, Line 226-32). AKA: B‚renger, Vicomte de G‚vaudan(Abbott, Page 385). AKA: B‚renger, Vicomte de Carlat. AKA: B‚renger II, Vicomte de Millau(Abbott, Pages 325, 448). Born: before 1041 in France, son of Richard II, Vicomte de Rodès and Rixinde de Narbonne, B‚renger is presumed to have been at least 10 years of age when he was present on 29 February 1051, at which time Hughes, Count de Rouergues and his mother the Countess Richarde made a gift to the Abbey of Conquer. Married: 1071 in France: Adyle=Adèle, Vicomtesse de Carlat, daughter of Gilbert II, Vicomte de Carlat and Nobilie, Vicomtesse de Lodève. Died: after 12 Apr 1080 According to Stuart, B‚renger was named in a letter from Pope Gregory VII, dated 12 April 1080, complaining that he had refused the homage (voluntary tax) which he owed to the Abbey of Curillac.

   1.1.1 Gerbert=Gilbert III, Vicomte de Carlat(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 106, 114, 183) (Stuart, Page 190, Line 257-31). AKA: Gilbert, Comte d'Arles. AKA: Gerbert, Vicomte de G‚vaudan(Abbott, Page 385). AKA: Gilbert, Vicomte de Millau(Abbott, Page 325). Note -: Gilbert III, with his father B‚renger and his brothers Richard and Raymond were at the foundation of the Abbey of Monts in Auvergne, France. Born: circa 1071 in France, son of B‚renger II, Vicomte de Rodès and Adyle=Adèle, Vicomtesse de Carlat. Married between 1092 and 1098: Tiburge=Gerberge, Countess de Provence, daughter of Fouques Bertrand I, Count de Provence and Bertrande de Toulouse; Some sources indicate that the marriage took place in 1058, but that would contradict other sources which place Gilbert's birth in 1071. Died: 1109(Abbott, Page 448).

    1.1.1.1 Douce, Comtesse de Provence; According to Abbott (Page 606) the dames of Urgel and Carlat [Douce and her sister ?tiennette], divided the Province in 1102-1105, making the Durance River the line of demarcation, but Avignon remained undivided. In 1125, a second partition was made between Provence and Toulouse which encroached on the rights of the Counts de Forcalquier of the house of Urgel. Under this agreement, the counts of Toulouse were to take the title of Marquis de Provence (Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 86, 114) (Stuart, Page 190, Line 257-30.) (Abbott, Pages 448, 606). AKA: Douce, Vicomtesse de Rodez. AKA: Douce de G‚vaudan. AKA: Douce, Vicomtesse de Millau(Abbott, Page 325). Married Name: de Barcelone. AKA: Douce, Vicomtesse de Carlat(Abbott, Page 448). Born: circa 1095 in France, daughter of Gerbert=Gilbert III, Vicomte de Carlat and Tiburge=Gerberge, Countess de Provence. Note - in 1111: Douce was the heiress of Provence and Arles. Married: 3 Feb 1112: Raymond-B‚renger III, Count de Barcelone, son of Raymond-B‚renger II, Count de Barcelone and Mahaut de Guiscard; Douce was Raymond-B‚renger III's second wife but he was Douce's third husband. Died: between 1127 and 1130(Stuart, Page 190).

     1.1.1.1.1 Raymond-B‚renger IV, Marquis de Barcelone(Stuart, Page 39, Line 54-29). AKA: Raymond-B‚renger IV, Comte de Osona. AKA: Raimond B‚renger IV, Vicomte de Millau(Abbott, Page 325). AKA: Raymond-B‚renger IV, Comte de Besalu. AKA: Raymond-B‚renger IV, Comte de Cerdagne. AKA: Raymond B‚renger, Vicomte de Carlat(Abbott, Page 448). Born: circa 1113 in Spain, son of Raymond-B‚renger III, Count de Barcelone and Douce, Comtesse de Provence. Married: 11 Aug 1137: Petronilla de Aragon, daughter of Ramiro II, King de Navarre and Agnès=Mathilde de Poitiers; Upon the marriage of Petronilla with Raymond-B‚renger IV, the Crowns of the Kingdom of Aragon and the Countship of Barcelona [along with the rest of Catalonia] were henceforth united. The senior member of the family branch was known as the grander title of King de Aragon, and Catalonia always remained semi-independent of Aragon. The King was always known as Count of Barcelona in Catalonia. The Catalans supplied most of the wealth of the ZKingdom, and were mostly responsible for the Kingdom's expansion throughout the Mediterranean (Paul Theroff, posts on the Genealogy Bulletin Board of the Prodigy Interactive Personal Service, was a member as of 5 April 1994, at which time he held the identification MPSE79A, until July, 1996. His main source was Europaseische Stammtafeln, 17 July 1994 at 19:02 Hours). Died: 6 Aug 1162 in San Dalmacio, Italy, San Dalmacio is near Turin.

      1.1.1.1.1.1 Pedro de Barcelone. Born: 4 May 1152 in Barcelona, Spain, son of Raymond-B‚renger IV, Marquis de Barcelone and Petronilla de Aragon. Died: before 1167 in Huesca, Spain.

      1.1.1.1.1.2 Alfonso II, King de Aragon(Stuart, Page 39, Line 54-28). AKA: Alfonso II, Marquis de Lerida. AKA: Alfonso II, Count de Tarragona. AKA: Alfonso II, Count de Gerona. AKA: Alfonso II, Count de Cerdagne. AKA: Alphonse II, Vicomte de Millau(Abbott, Page 325). AKA: Ram¢n, Count de Barcelone. AKA: Alfonso II, Marquis de Tortosa. AKA: Alphonse II, Comte de Roussillon(Abbott, Page 478). AKA: Alphonse II, Vicomte de Carlat(Abbott, Page 448). Born: 25 Mar 1157 in Villa Mayor del Valle, Huesca, Spain, son of Raymond-B‚renger IV, Marquis de Barcelone and Petronilla de Aragon(Stuart, Page 39, Line 54-28). Note - between 1162 and 1195 in Spain: Alfonso II was the King of Aragon 1162-1195 and also the Marquis and Count of Barcelona, Tortosa and Lerida. He was the Count of Tarragona, Gerona and Cerdagne. He was made Marquis of Provence in 1166. He united Barcelona, Roussillon and Provence under the flag of Aragon. AKA: Alphonse, Marquis de Provence According to Abbott, Alphonse was Marquis de Provence 1166-1178. Around this time, Raymond de Toulouse occupied the County but was expelled by Alphonse, King of Aragon. Later, the County returned to Aragon, following the death of Raymond B‚renger IV (Alphonse's brother), assassinated at Montpellier in 1181(Abbott, Pages 606, 607). Married: 18 Jan 1174 in Zaragoza, Spain: Sancha, Princess de Castile, daughter of Alfonso VII, King de Castile and Richeza, Princess of Poland(Stuart, Page 39, Line 54-28). Died: 25 Apr 1196 in Perpignan, Provence, France, at age 39(Stuart, Page 39, Line 54-28).

       1.1.1.1.1.2.1 Pedro II, King de Aragon(Stuart, Page 110, Line 150-27.) (Paul Aug‚, Nouveau Larousse Universel (13 21 Rue Montparnasse et Boulevard Raspail 114: Librairie Larousse, 1948), Tome II, Page 484.) (Paul Theroff, posts). AKA: Pierre II, Count de G‚vaudan. AKA: Pedro II, Count de Barcelone. Also Known As: Pedro "El Catolico." AKA: Pierre II, Vicomte de Millau(Abbott, Page 325). AKA: Pierre II, Marquis de Carlat. AKA: Pierre, Marquis de Provence(Abbott, Page 606). Born: 1176 in Spain, son of Alfonso II, King de Aragon and Sancha, Princess de Castile. Note - between 1196 and 1213 in Spain: Pedro II was the Count of Barcelona and G‚vaudan, and Marquis of Carlat. He was King of Aragon from 1196 until his death in 1213. He gained prominent glory in his journey to Las Navas de Tolosa. Married: 15 Jun 1204 in Church, Montpellier, H‚rault, Languedoc, France: Marie, Dame de Montpellier, daughter of Guillaume VIII, Seigneur de Montpellier and Eudoxie Komnena; Marie became the Queen of Aragon by her marriage to King Pedro II, her third husband. The Aragonese Crown acquired Montepellier through this marriage. Died: 14 Sep 1213 in Muret, Haute-Garonne, Languedoc, France, Pedro II fell at the Battle of Muret fighting on behalf of the Albigeois against Simon de Montfort.

        1.1.1.1.1.2.1.1 Sancha de Aragon. Born: 1205 in Spain, daughter of Pedro II, King de Aragon and Marie, Dame de Montpellier. Died: 1206 in Spain.

        1.1.1.1.1.2.1.2 Jacques=Jayme I, King de Aragon(Stuart, Page 35, Line 51-26.) (Aug‚, Tome I, Page 1027.) (Paul Theroff, posts, 17 July 1994 at 19:02 Hours). AKA: Jacques I, King de Valencia. AKA: Jacques I, King de Majorca. Also Known As: Jayme "El Conquistador." AKA: Jacques "Le Conqu‚rant." AKA: Jacques, Vicomte de Millau(Abbott, Page 325). AKA: Jacques, Comte de Montpellier(Abbott, Page 392). AKA: Jacques, Comte de Roussillon(Abbott, Page 478). Born: 1 Feb 1207 in Langres, Haute-Marne, Champagne, France, son of Pedro II, King de Aragon and Marie, Dame de Montpellier. Note - between 1213 and 1276 in Spain: Also known as Jacques Le Conqu‚rant, Jacque=Jayme I was the King of Aragon from 1213 to 1276. He conquered the Bal‚ares as well as the kingdoms of Valencia and Murcia but was not so successful at the crusade. He was well educated and adroit legislator who signed the Treaty of Corbeil with King Louis IX, Saint Louis, of France in 1258. Married: 6 Feb 1221 in Agreda, Spain: L‚onore, Princess de Castile, daughter of Alfonso VIII, King de Castile and Eleanor, Princess of England. Annulled he and L‚onore, Princess de Castile: in 1229 in Rome, Italy. Married: 8 Sep 1235 in Barcelona, Spain: Yolande, Princess of Hungary, daughter of Andrew II, King of Hungary and Yolande de Courtenay. Significant-Other: Blanca de Antillon before 1240 -. Significant-Other: Berenguela Fernandez before 1244 -. Married circa 1252 in Spain: Teresa de Vidaura; Teresa was Jayme I's third wife. Died: 25 Jul 1276 in Valencia, Spain, at age 69.

         1.1.1.1.1.2.1.2.1 Alfonso, Prince de Aragon. Born: 1229 in Spain, son of Jacques=Jayme I, King de Aragon and L‚onore, Princess de Castile. Married: 23 Mar 1260 in Spain: Constance de Moncade, daughter of Gaston VII/VIII, Vicomte de B‚arn and Marthe = Aim‚e, Countess de Bigorre. Died: 26 Mar 1260 in Calatayud, Spain.

         1.1.1.1.1.2.1.2.2 Violante de Aragon. Married Name: de Le¢n. Married Name: de Castile. Born: 1236 in Spain, daughter of Jacques=Jayme I, King de Aragon and Yolande, Princess of Hungary. Married: 26 Nov 1248 in Valladolid, Spain: Alfonso X, King de Castile, son of Fernando III, King de Castile and Elizabeth von Hohenstaufen. Died: 1301 in Roncevalles, Pampelona, Spain.

         1.1.1.1.1.2.1.2.3 Pedro III, King de Aragon(Aug‚, Tome II, Page 484.) (Paul Theroff, posts). AKA: Pedro, King de Sicile. Also Known As: Pedro "El Grande." Born: 1239 in Spain, son of Jacques=Jayme I, King de Aragon and Yolande, Princess of Hungary. Married: 15 Jul 1262 in Montpellier, H‚rault, Languedoc, France: Constance von Hohenstaufen, daughter of Manfredo, King de Sicile and B‚atrix de Savoie. Note - between 1276 and 1285 in Spain: Pedro III was the King of Aragon from 1276 to 1285, and King of Sicily from 1282 to 1285. He was the instigator of the rebellion known as the Sicilian Vespers in 1282, after which he took Sicily from Charles I, King of Naples. Pope Martin IV excommunicated Pedro III, and offered his kingdom to a French Prince, and urged the French to launch a crusade against him. Faced by hostile nobles in Aragon, Pedro had to strengthen feudal rights through the General Privilege in 1283, before winning the support of the nobles against the French. Pedro was able, thanks to the fine skills of his admiral Roger de Loria, to resist all efforts of Philippe Le Hardi, King of France, and to twarth the French invasion in 1285. Died: 2 Nov 1285 in Villafranca del Penedes, Spain, Pedro III was buried: 11 November 1285.

         1.1.1.1.1.2.1.2.4 Constanza de Aragon(Source is from a note posted on the Genealogy Electronic Bulletin Board of the Prodigy Interactive Personal Service a computer online service, by Robert Carver [Prodigy ID# MVRS13F] posted under Subject "Royal Intermarriages" 29 March 1996 at 10:11 Hours). Married Name: de Castile. Born: 1239 in Spain, daughter of Jacques=Jayme I, King de Aragon and Yolande, Princess of Hungary. Married: 1263 in Soria, Spain: Juan Manuel de Castile, son of Fernando III, King de Castile and Elizabeth von Hohenstaufen. Died: circa 1269 in Spain.

         1.1.1.1.1.2.1.2.5 Jaime=Jacques II, King de Majorca. AKA: Jacques II, Comte de Cerdagne. AKA: Jacques, Seigneur de Montpellier(Abbott, Page 392). AKA: Jacques, Comte de Roussillon(Abbott, Page 478). Born: 1243 in Barcelona, Spain, son of Jacques=Jayme I, King de Aragon and Yolande, Princess of Hungary. Married: 12 Oct 1272 in Barcelona, Spain: Esclaramonde de Foix, daughter of Roger IV, Comte de Foix and Brunissende de Cardonne. Died: 29 May 1311 in Palma de Majorca, Spain.

         1.1.1.1.1.2.1.2.6 Fernando de Aragon. Born: 1245 in Spain, son of Jacques=Jayme I, King de Aragon and Yolande, Princess of Hungary. Died: 1250 in Spain.

         1.1.1.1.1.2.1.2.7 Sancho de Aragon. Born: 1246 in Spain, son of Jacques=Jayme I, King de Aragon and Yolande, Princess of Hungary. Died: 1251 in Holy Land.

         1.1.1.1.1.2.1.2.8 Isabelle de Aragon(Paul Theroff, posts, Posting under Subject "Capet", 9 July 1994 at 20:04 Hours). Married Name: de France. Born: 1247, daughter of Jacques=Jayme I, King de Aragon and Yolande, Princess of Hungary(Genealogy BB of Prodigy Svcs., By Robert Carver, MGC [Prodigy ID#CQGW37A] Under Topic "Royal/Noble/Heraldry" in Subject "Ancestry of Louis XV", posted 25 February 1998 at 13:47 Hours). Married: 28 May 1262 in Clermont-en-Auvergne, Auvergne, France: Philippe III, King de France, son of Louis IX, King de France and Marguerite, Queen de France; The marriage was arranged by Philippe's father, Saint Louis, King of France through the Treaty of Corbeil signed in May, 1258 with Jaime, King of Aragon and was approved by the Pope, Innocent IV. Through this treaty, the French King would renounce claims to the Roussillon and the Countship of Barcelone, and the King of Aragon would renounce all claims to Provence and Languedoc. To bind the Treaty in Matrimonial Law, Philippe, son and inheritor to the Throne of France would be wedded, at the right time, to Isabelle of Aragon, who would then become Queen of France. Died: 28 Jan 1271 in Cosenza, Calabre, Italy, On 11 January 1271, Isabelle, who had given three sons to her husband, King Philippe III, fell from a horse while crossing a stream near Cosenza in Calabre. As a result she gives birth to a still-born son, and died 17 days later. Thus, she did not even reign 5 months. Her tomb is in the Cathedral of Cosenza.

         1.1.1.1.1.2.1.2.9 Maria de Aragon. Born: 1248 in Spain, daughter of Jacques=Jayme I, King de Aragon and Yolande, Princess of Hungary. Died: 1267 in Saragosa, Spain, Maria was a nun.

         1.1.1.1.1.2.1.2.10 Sancho de Aragon. AKA: Sancho, Archbishop de Toledo. Born: circa 1250 in Spain, son of Jacques=Jayme I, King de Aragon and Yolande, Princess of Hungary. Died: 21 Oct 1275 in Martos, Spain, Sancho was killed.

         1.1.1.1.1.2.1.2.11 Leonor de Aragon. Born: 1251, daughter of Jacques=Jayme I, King de Aragon and Yolande, Princess of Hungary. Died: before 1261.

         1.1.1.1.1.2.1.2.12 Fernan Sanchez, Seigneur de Castro(Paul Theroff, posts, Posted at ftp://members.aol.com/ ptheroff/genfiles/barcelona.txt, on 2 May 1996 at 13:58 Hours). AKA: Fernan Sanchez, Seigneur de Pomar. Born Illeg.: before 1241 -, son of Jacques=Jayme I, King de Aragon and Blanca de Antillon, -. Married before 1273: N?. Died: 1275 in Rio Cinca Fernan Sanchez was murdered.

         1.1.1.1.1.2.1.2.13 Pedro Fernandez, Baron de Hijar(Paul Theroff, posts, Posted at ftp://members.aol.com/ ptheroff/genfiles/barcelona.txt, on 2 May 1996 at 13:58 Hours). Born Illeg.: between 1245 and 1249 -, son of Jacques=Jayme I, King de Aragon and Berenguela Fernandez, -. Married before 1268: Teresa de Entenza; Teresa was Pedro's first wife. Died: 1297.

         1.1.1.1.1.2.1.2.14 Jaime Fernandez de Aragon. AKA: Jaime, Baron de Ejerica. Born: between 1255 and 1260, son of Jacques=Jayme I, King de Aragon and Teresa de Vidaura. Married circa 1276: Elsa de Azagra. Died: 1285.

         1.1.1.1.1.2.1.2.15 Pedro de Aragon(Paul Theroff, posts, Posted at ftp://members.aol.com/ ptheroff/genfiles/barcelona.txt, on 2 May 1996 at 13:58 Hours). AKA: Pedro, Seigneur de Ayerbe. Born: 1259, son of Jacques=Jayme I, King de Aragon and Teresa de Vidaura. Married before 1307: Aldonza de Cervera. Died: 1318.

        1.1.1.1.1.2.1.3 Constanza de Aragon. Married Name: de Moncade. Born Illeg.: before 1210 -, daughter of Pedro II, King de Aragon, - Constanza is presumed to have been at least 14 years of age when he married Guillen Ram¢n. Married: 1220: Guillen Ram¢n de Moncade. Died: after 1250.

         1.1.1.1.1.2.1.3.1 Constance de Moncade(Paul Theroff, posts, post under Subject "Soberanos de Vizcaya" on 15 September 1994 at 00:56 Hours). Married Name: de Haro. Born: before 1234 in France, daughter of Guillen Ram¢n de Moncade and Constanza de Aragon, Constance is presumed to have been at least 20 years of age when her husband, Diego, died. Married before 1251: Diego Lopez de Haro, son of Lope Diaz de Haro and Urraca de Le¢n.

        1.1.1.1.1.2.1.4 Pedro del Rey(Paul Theroff, posts, 17 July 1994 at 19:02 Hours). Born Illeg.: before 1212 -, son of Pedro II, King de Aragon, -. Died: 1254 Pedro was a priest in Lerida.

       1.1.1.1.1.2.2 Constanza de Aragon(Paul Theroff, posts, 09 July 1994 at 19:25 Hours). Married Name: Germany. Married Name: Hungary. Born: 1179 in Spain, daughter of Alfonso II, King de Aragon and Sancha, Princess de Castile. Married: 1198: Emmerich, King of Hungary, son of Bela III, King of Hungary and Agnès=Anne de Chƒtillon-sur-Loing; King Emmerich was Constanza's first husband. Married: 1210: Fr‚d‚ric II, Emperor of Germany, son of Heinrich VI, Emperor of Germany and Constance de Sicile; Fr‚d‚ric II was Constanza's second husband. Died: 23 Jun 1222 in Catania, Sicily.

        1.1.1.1.1.2.2.1 Ladislas III, King of Hungary(Paul Theroff, posts, 09 July 1994 at 19:25 Hours). Also Known As: Ladislas "The Child." Born: 1199 in Spain, son of Emmerich, King of Hungary and Constanza de Aragon. Died: 7 May 1205 in Hungary.

       1.1.1.1.1.2.3 Alfonso, Prince de Aragon(Stuart, Page 39, Line 54-27). AKA: Alphonse, Count de Provence(Abbott, Page 606). Born: 1180, son of Alfonso II, King de Aragon and Sancha, Princess de Castile. Married: 1193 in Aix-en-Provence, Bouches-du-Rh“ne, Provence, France: Gersinde II de Sabran, daughter of Raimon=Raynier de Sabran and Garsende de Forcalquier. Died: Feb 1209 in Palermo, Sicily.

        1.1.1.1.1.2.3.1 Raimond-B‚renger IV/V, Count de Provence; According to Abbott (Page 607) The County became independent in fact when the Proven‡aux transferred the young Comte to Forcalquier in 1216 and independent de jure when he attained his majority in 1219. Count Raymond B‚renger V, surrounded himself with capable Catalan counsellors, and entirely reorganized the administrative and legislative system of the province. In 1232, he founded Barcelonnette to protect the eastern march. In 1239, he submitted Nice, agitated by a plot. At his death, the County passed, according to a custom, to the elder of his daughters not endowed. This was B‚atrix (Stuart, Page 39, Line 54-26.) (Abbott, Pages 606, 607). AKA: Raymond V, Count de Forcalquier. Born: 1198 in France, son of Alfonso, Prince de Aragon and Gersinde II de Sabran. Married: 5 Jun 1220: B‚atrix de Savoie, daughter of Thomas I, Count de Savoie and B‚atrix de Genève. Died: 19 Aug 1245 in Aix-en-Provence, Bouches-du-Rh“ne, Provence, France.

         1.1.1.1.1.2.3.1.1 Marguerite, Queen de France(Elizabeth M. Hallam, Capetian France: 987 - 1328 in ISBN: 0-582-48909-1 (Burnt Mill, Harlow, Essex, UK: Longman Group, Ltd., 1980), Pages 217, 223.) (Stuart, Page 72, Line 93-25). AKA: Marguerite de Provence. Married Name: de France. Born: 1221 in Saint-Maime, France, daughter of Raimond-B‚renger IV/V, Count de Provence and B‚atrix de Savoie. Married: 2 May 1234 in Sens, Yonne, Champagne, France: Louis IX, King de France, son of Louis VIII, King de France and Blanche, Princess de Castile; Louis IX and Marguerite became engaged on 8 March 1234, following lengthy negotiations with Raymond-B‚renger and with the guidance of the Bishop of Valence. The Queen would be crowned on 27 May. Their honeymoon would be interrupted in June by the hostilities of the Duke de Bretagne, Pierre Mauclerc. Marguerite and Louis IX would have no less than 12 children of whom only 7 would survive. Note - in 1250: Marguerite was the daughter of Raimond-B‚renger IV, Count of Barcelone, and also the Count of Provence. She held the crusaders' panic in check upon her husband's capture after the retreat from Mansourah in 1250, at which Battle King Louis IX's brother Robert, Count of Artois was killed. The queen held Damietta by bribing the Genoese and the Pisans to stay there. She gave birth to John Tristan at that time. Died: 20 Dec 1295 in Sainte-Claire, Auvergne, France, Marguerite died shortly after the canonisation of her husband. At the time, she had retired to the convent des cordelières de Sainte-Claire. Buried: 21 Dec 1295 in Saint-Denis, Seine, Ile-de-France, France.

         1.1.1.1.1.2.3.1.2 ?l‚onore de Provence(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 231) (Stuart, Page 40, Line 54-25). AKA: ?l‚onor, Queen of England. Born: 1223 in Aix-en-Provence, Bouches-du-Rh“ne, Provence, France, daughter of Raimond-B‚renger IV/V, Count de Provence and B‚atrix de Savoie. Married: 4 Jan 1236 in Canterbury Cathedral, Canterbury, Kent, England: Henry III, King of England, son of John, King of England and Isabelle, Comtesse d'Angoulˆme. Died: 25 Jun 1291 in Covent Church, Amesbury, England, While ?l‚onore's body is buried: Covent Church, her heart is buried: the Church of Friars Minor [Minories] in London.

         1.1.1.1.1.2.3.1.3 Sanchia de Provence. Married Name: England. Born: 1225 in Aix-en-Provence, Bouches-du-Rh“ne, Provence, France, daughter of Raimond-B‚renger IV/V, Count de Provence and B‚atrix de Savoie. Married: 23 Nov 1243 in Westminster Abbey, Westminster, England: Richard, Prince of England, son of John, King of England and Isabelle, Comtesse d'Angoulˆme. Died: 9 Nov 1261 in Berkhamsted, England.

         1.1.1.1.1.2.3.1.4 B‚atrice, Countess de Provence; According to Abbott, at the death of Raymond B‚renger V, the County of Provence passed, according to a custom, to the elder of his daughters not endowed. This was B‚atrix, who, much sought after, was gained in marriage by Charles d'Anjou (Stuart, Page 119, Line 164-26.

         ) (Abbott, Page 606). AKA: B‚atrice, Countess de Forcalquier. AKA: B‚atrice de Savoie. Married Name: d'Anjou. Born: 1234 in Provence, France, daughter of Raimond-B‚renger IV/V, Count de Provence and B‚atrix de Savoie. Married: 31 Jan 1246: Charles ?tienne, Count d'Anjou, son of Louis VIII, King de France and Blanche, Princess de Castile. Died: 23 Sep 1267 in Nocera Inferiore, Salerno, Italy, B‚atrice is buried at Roque-Pymont.

        1.1.1.1.1.2.3.2 Garsende de Forcalquier(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 232). AKA: Gersinde de Provence. Married Name: de B‚arn. Born: before 1209, daughter of Alfonso, Prince de Aragon and Gersinde II de Sabran. Married before 1229: Guillaume, Vicomte de B‚arn, son of Guillaume-Raimond, Vicomte de B‚arn and N?.

         1.1.1.1.1.2.3.2.1 Gaston VII/VIII, Vicomte de B‚arn(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 232) (Abbott, Page 488). AKA: Gaston VII de Moncade. Born: before 1229, son of Guillaume, Vicomte de B‚arn and Garsende de Forcalquier, Gaston VII [which some sources identify as Gaston VIII] became Vicomte in 1229. Married before 1241: Marthe = Aim‚e, Countess de Bigorre, daughter of Boson de Mastas and P‚tronille de Comminges; Marthe was Gaston VIII's first wife. Married: 1273: B‚atrice, Dauphine de Savoie, daughter of Pierre II, Comte de Savoie and Agnès de Faucigny; Gaston VII/VIII and B‚atrice were mutual second spouses. Died: 1290(Abbott, Page 488).

       1.1.1.1.1.2.4 Leonor de Aragon. Married Name: de Toulouse. Born: 1182, daughter of Alfonso II, King de Aragon and Sancha, Princess de Castile. Married: Jan 1203: Raymond VI, Count de Toulouse, son of Raimond V, Count de Toulouse and Constance, Princess de France; Leonor was Raymond VI's sixth wife. Died: 1226.

       1.1.1.1.1.2.5 Sancha de Aragon. Married Name: de Toulouse. Born: 1186 in Spain, daughter of Alfonso II, King de Aragon and Sancha, Princess de Castile. Married: 1211: Raymond VII, Count de Toulouse, son of Raymond VI, Count de Toulouse and Joanna, Princess of England; Sancha was Raymond VII's first wife. Divorced Raymond VII, Count de Toulouse: in 1241. Died: after 1241.

        1.1.1.1.1.2.5.1 Jeanne, Countess de Toulouse(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls). Married Name: de Poitiers. Born: 1220 in Toulouse, Toulousain, Languedoc, France, daughter of Raymond VII, Count de Toulouse and Sancha de Aragon. Married: 1241 in France: Alphonse de Poitiers, son of Louis VIII, King de France and Blanche, Princess de Castile. Died: 1271 in Corneto, Italy, Corneto is near Siena.

       1.1.1.1.1.2.6 Fernando de Aragon. Born: 1190 in Spain, son of Alfonso II, King de Aragon and Sancha, Princess de Castile. Died: 1249 Fernando was a priest.

       1.1.1.1.1.2.7 Dulce de Aragon. Born: 1192, daughter of Alfonso II, King de Aragon and Sancha, Princess de Castile, Dulce was a nun at Sijena.

      1.1.1.1.1.3 Raimond B‚renger IV, Count de Provence; Upon the death of Raimond B‚renger IV, his brother Sanche, administered Provence (Abbott, Page 606). AKA: Raimond B‚renger IV, Comte de Cerdagne. Born: 1158 in Spain, son of Raymond-B‚renger IV, Marquis de Barcelone and Petronilla de Aragon. Died: 5 Apr 1181 in Montpellier, H‚rault, Languedoc, France, Raimond B‚renger IV was assassinated(Abbott, Page 607).

      1.1.1.1.1.4 Dulcia de Barcelone. Married Name: de Portugal. AKA: Dulcia de Aragon. Born: 1159 in Spain, daughter of Raymond-B‚renger IV, Marquis de Barcelone and Petronilla de Aragon. Married: 1175 in Spain: Sancho I, King de Portugal, son of Alfonso I Henriques, King de Portugal and Mahaut de Savoie. Died: 1 Sep 1198 in Co‹mbre, Portugal.

       1.1.1.1.1.4.1 Teresa, Princess de Portugal. Married Name: de Le¢n. Born: 1176, daughter of Sancho I, King de Portugal and Dulcia de Barcelone. Married: 15 Feb 1191 in Guimaraes, Portugal: Alfonso IX, King de Le¢n, son of Fernando II, King de Le¢n and Urraca, Princess de Portugal; Teresa was King Alfonso IX's first wife. Annulled she and Alfonso IX, King de Le¢n: in 1197. Died: 18 Jun 1250 in Lorvano.

        1.1.1.1.1.4.1.1 Fernando de Le¢n. Born: circa 1192 in Spain, son of Alfonso IX, King de Le¢n and Teresa, Princess de Portugal. Died: 7 Aug 1214 in Spain.

        1.1.1.1.1.4.1.2 Dulce de Castile. Born: 1194 in Spain, daughter of Alfonso IX, King de Le¢n and Teresa, Princess de Portugal. Died: after 1243 in Cloister of the nunery, Villabuena, Spain.

        1.1.1.1.1.4.1.3 Sancha de Castile. Born: circa 1195 in Spain, daughter of Alfonso IX, King de Le¢n and Teresa, Princess de Portugal. Died: before 1243 in Cloister of the nunery, Villabuena, Spain.

       1.1.1.1.1.4.2 Alfonso II, King de Portugal(Paul Theroff, posts, Posting in Subject "Spain & Portugal" on 5 March 1994 at 03:34 Hours). AKA: Alfonso, King of the Algarve. Born: 23 Apr 1185 in Coimbra, Portugal, son of Sancho I, King de Portugal and Dulcia de Barcelone. Married: Apr 1206: Urraca, Princess de Castile, daughter of Alfonso VIII, King de Castile and Eleanor, Princess of England. Died: 25 Mar 1223 in Coimbra, Portugal, at age 37.

        1.1.1.1.1.4.2.1 Sancho II, King de Portugal(Paul Theroff, posts, 11 February 1995 at 23:19 Hours). AKA: Sancho II, King of the Algarve. Also Known As: Sancho "O Capello." Born: 8 Nov 1207 in Portugal, son of Alfonso II, King de Portugal and Urraca, Princess de Castile. Married circa 1246: Mencia de Haro, daughter of Lope Diaz de Haro and Urraca de Le¢n. Died: 3 Jan 1248 in Toledo, Spain, at age 40.

        1.1.1.1.1.4.2.2 Alfonso III, King de Portugal(Paul Theroff, posts, 14 January 1995 at 05:20 Hours). Also Known As: Alfonso "O Restaurador;" Alfonso III reigned from 1248 to 1279. AKA: Alfonso III, King of the Algarve. Born: 5 May 1210 in Coimbra, Portugal, son of Alfonso II, King de Portugal and Urraca, Princess de Castile. Married: 1239: Matilde, Comtesse de Dammartin, daughter of Renaud, Count de Dammartin and Ide de Flandre; Alfonso III was Matilde's second husband. Divorced Matilde, Comtesse de Dammartin: in 1253. Married: 1253: Beatriz Alfonsa de Castile, daughter of Alfonso X, King de Castile and Maria Guillen de Guzman. Died: 16 Feb 1279 in Lisbon, Portugal, at age 68.

         1.1.1.1.1.4.2.2.1 Branca de Portugal(Paul Theroff, posts, Posting in Subject "Spain & Portugal" on 5 March 1994 at 03:34 Hours). Born: 25 Feb 1259 in Guimares, Portugal, daughter of Alfonso III, King de Portugal and Beatriz Alfonsa de Castile, Branca was an Abbess at Lorvano. Died: 17 Apr 1321 in Burgos, Portugal, at age 62.

         1.1.1.1.1.4.2.2.2 Diniz, King de Portugal(Genealogy BB of Prodigy Svcs., Rik Vigeland, [Prodigy ID# KTFF04A], note posted 19 October 1994 at 01:25 Hours). AKA: Dennis, King de Portugal(Genealogy BB of Prodigy Svcs., Rik Vigeland, [Prodigy ID# KTFF04A], note posted 19 October 1994 at 01:25 Hours). Also Known As: Dennis "The Wise." Also Known As: Diniz "O Justo." AKA: Diniz, King of the Algarve. Born: 9 Oct 1261 in Lisbon, Portugal, son of Alfonso III, King de Portugal and Beatriz Alfonsa de Castile. Married: 24 Jun 1282 in Barcelona, Spain: Sainte Isabelle de Aragon, daughter of Pedro III, King de Aragon and Constance von Hohenstaufen. Died: 7 Jan 1325 in Santarem, Santarem, Portugal, at age 63.

         1.1.1.1.1.4.2.2.3 Alfonso de Portugal(Paul Theroff, posts, 11 February 1995 at 23:19 Hours). AKA: Affonso, Seigneur de Portalegre. Born: 8 Feb 1263 in Portugal, son of Alfonso III, King de Portugal and Beatriz Alfonsa de Castile. Married circa 1287 in Portugal: Violante de Castile, daughter of Juan Manuel de Castile and B‚atrix de Savoie. Died: 2 Nov 1312 in Lisbon, Portugal, at age 49.

         1.1.1.1.1.4.2.2.4 Sancha de Portugal(Paul Theroff, posts, Posting in Subject "Spain & Portugal" on 5 March 1994 at 03:34 Hours). Born: 2 Feb 1264 in Portugal, daughter of Alfonso III, King de Portugal and Beatriz Alfonsa de Castile. Died: 1302 in Seville, Spain.

         1.1.1.1.1.4.2.2.5 Maria de Portugal(Paul Theroff, posts, Posting in Subject "Spain & Portugal" on 5 March 1994 at 03:34 Hours). Born: 21 Nov 1264 in Portugal, daughter of Alfonso III, King de Portugal and Beatriz Alfonsa de Castile. Died: 6 Jun 1304 in Coimbra, Portugal, at age 39.

         1.1.1.1.1.4.2.2.6 Vicente de Portugal(Paul Theroff, posts, Posting in Subject "Spain & Portugal" on 5 March 1994 at 03:34 Hours). Born: 22 Dec 1268 in Portugal, son of Alfonso III, King de Portugal and Beatriz Alfonsa de Castile. Died: 23 Nov 1271 in Lisbon, Portugal, at age 2.

        1.1.1.1.1.4.2.3 Leonor de Portugal(Paul Theroff, posts, Posting in Subject "Spain & Portugal" on 5 March 1994 at 03:35 Hours). Born: 1211 in Portugal, daughter of Alfonso II, King de Portugal and Urraca, Princess de Castile. Died: 28 May 1231 in Denmark.

       1.1.1.1.1.4.3 Pedro de Portugal(Paul Theroff, posts, Posting in Subject "Spain & Portugal" on 5 March 1994 at 03:35 Hours). AKA: Pedro, King de Majorca. Born: 23 Feb 1187 in Coimbra, Portugal, son of Sancho I, King de Portugal and Dulcia de Barcelone. Married: 15 Jul 1229: Arumbaix, Countess d'Urgel, daughter of Armengol VIII, Count d'Urgel and Elvira de Lara. Died: 2 Jun 1258 in Majorca at age 71 Pedro is buried: the Church de San Francisco.

       1.1.1.1.1.4.4 Fernando de Portugal(Paul Theroff, posts, Posting in Subject "Spain & Portugal" on 5 March 1994 at 03:35 Hours). AKA: Fernando, Count de Flandre. AKA: Fernando, Comte de Hainaut. Born: 24 Mar 1188 in Portugal, son of Sancho I, King de Portugal and Dulcia de Barcelone. Married: 1 Jan 1212: Jeanne, Comtesse de Flandre, daughter of Baudouin VI, Count de Hainaut and Marie de Champagne. Died: 1233 in Noyon, Oise, Ile-de-France, France.

        1.1.1.1.1.4.4.1 Maria de Portugal(Paul Theroff, posts, Posting in Subject "Spain & Portugal" on 5 March 1994 at 03:35 Hours). Born: circa 1224, daughter of Fernando de Portugal and Jeanne, Comtesse de Flandre. Died: 1236.

       1.1.1.1.1.4.5 Mafalda, Princess de Portugal(Paul Theroff, posts, Posting in Subject "Spain & Portugal" on 5 March 1994 at 03:35 Hours). Married Name: de Castile. Born: 1197 in Portugal, daughter of Sancho I, King de Portugal and Dulcia de Barcelone. Married: 1215: Enrique I, King de Castile, son of Alfonso VIII, King de Castile and Eleanor, Princess of England. Divorced Enrique I, King de Castile: in 1216. Died: 1 May 1257 in Arouca, Portugal.

      1.1.1.1.1.5 Sancho, Count de Roussillon(Abbott, Page 478). AKA: Sancho, Count de Cerdagne. Born: 1161 in France, son of Raymond-B‚renger IV, Marquis de Barcelone and Petronilla de Aragon. AKA: Sanche, Comte de Provence According to Abbott, Sanche was Comte de Provence 1181-1185 and 1209-1213. Upon the assassination of his brother, Raymond B‚renger IV, Sanche administered Provence until 1185, when his brother retook it for his own son, Alphonse. On Alphonse's death in 1209, Sanche again administered the County, confiding the task in 1213 to his son, Nu¤o, following the Muret disaster(Abbott, Pages 606, 607). Married before 1184: Ermesinda de Rocaberti; Ermesinda was Sancho's first wife. Married before 1185: Sancha Nu¤ez de Lara; Sancha Nu¤ez was Sancho's second wife. Died: 1226 in France.

       1.1.1.1.1.5.1 Nu¤o Sanchez de Aragon. AKA: Nu¤o Sanchez, Count de Cerdagne. AKA: Nu¤o Sanche, Comte de Roussillon(Abbott, Page 478). Born: 1185, son of Sancho, Count de Roussillon and Sancha Nu¤ez de Lara. AKA: Nu¤o, Comte de Provence According to Abbott, Nu¤o was Comte de Provence 1213-1216. At this time the new Comte, Raymond B‚renger V, was a minor. The County became independent in fact when the Proven‡aux transferred the young Comte to Forcalquier in 1216 and independent de jure when he attained his majority in 1219(Abbott, Pages 606-607). Married: 1215: P‚tronille de Comminges, daughter of Bernard IV, Count de Comminges and B‚atrice IV, Comtesse de Bigorre; Nu¤o was P‚tronelle's second husband and she was his first wife. Annulled he and P‚tronille de Comminges: in 1216. Married circa 1220 in Spain: Teresa Lopez de Haro. Died: 1242.

       1.1.1.1.1.5.2 Sancha de Roussillon. Born: between 1186 and 1225, daughter of Sancho, Count de Roussillon and Sancha Nu¤ez de Lara, Sancha married Gu‚rau d'Aniort.

      1.1.1.1.1.6 Ram¢n B‚renger, Archbishop de Narbonne. Born Illeg.: before 1153 -, son of Raymond-B‚renger IV, Marquis de Barcelone, -. Died: 1212.

     1.1.1.1.2 B‚renger Raimond I, Count de Provence(Abbott, Page 606). AKA: B‚renger Raimond I, Vicomte de Rodez. AKA: B‚renger Raimond I, Vicomte de G‚vaudan. AKA: B‚renger Raimond I, Vicomte de Carladet. AKA: B‚renger Raimond, Vicomte de Millau(Abbott, Page 325). Born: 1114 in France, son of Raymond-B‚renger III, Count de Barcelone and Douce, Comtesse de Provence. Married: 1135 in France: B‚atrix, Countess de Melgueil, daughter of Bernard IV, Count de Melgueil and Guillemette de Montpellier. Died: 1144 in Spain B‚renger Raimond I was murdered.

      1.1.1.1.2.1 Ram¢n B‚renger III/V, Count de Provence(Abbott, Page 606). AKA: Raimond B‚renger V, Vicomte de G‚vaudan. AKA: Raimond B‚renger V, Vicomte de Rodez. AKA: Raimond B‚renger, Vicomte de Millau(Abbott, Page 325). AKA: Raimond B‚renger V, Count de Melgueil. AKA: Raimond B‚renger V, Vicomte de Carlat. Born: 1140 in France, son of B‚renger Raimond I, Count de Provence and B‚atrix, Countess de Melgueil. Married between 1161 and 1164: Richeza, Princess of Poland, daughter of Wladislaw II of Poland and Agnès of Austria. Died: 1166(Abbott, Page 606).

       1.1.1.1.2.1.1 Douce II, Countess de Provence(Abbott, Page 606). AKA: Douce, Vicomtesse de Millau(Abbott, Page 325). AKA: Douce, Countess de Melgueil. Born: circa 1165 in France, daughter of Ram¢n B‚renger III/V, Count de Provence and Richeza, Princess of Poland. Died: 1172 in France.

     1.1.1.1.3 B‚rengère de Barcelone(Stuart, Line 94-29, Page 73). AKA: B‚rengère de Barcelone(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls). Married Name: de Castile. Born: 1116 in Salda¤a, Spain, daughter of Raymond-B‚renger III, Count de Barcelone and Douce, Comtesse de Provence. Married: 10 Nov 1128 in Spain: Alfonso VII, King de Castile, son of Raymond, de Bourgogne and Urraque, Queen de Castile; Salda¤a was King Alfonso VII's first wife. Died: 15 Jan 1149 in Palencia, Spain, Salda¤a is burried at the Cathedral of Santiago el Mayor, Santiago de Compostela, Spain.

      1.1.1.1.3.1 Sancho III, King de Castile(Stuart, Page 60, Line 83-28). Born: 1134 in Spain, son of Alfonso VII, King de Castile and B‚rengère de Barcelone. Married: 30 Jan 1151 in Calahorra, Spain: Blanche, Queen de Navarre, daughter of Garcia-Ramirez VII, King de Navarre and Marguerite de l'Aigle. Note - in 1158 in Spain: Sancho III became King of Castile in 1158. Died: 31 Aug 1158 in Toledo, Spain.

       1.1.1.1.3.1.1 Alfonso VIII, King de Castile(Aug‚, Tome I, Page 51.) (Stuart, Page 61, Line 83-27). AKA: Alfonso VIII, King de Le¢n. AKA: Alphonse de Castile. Also Known As: Alphonse "Le Noble." Born: 11 Nov 1155 in Soria, Spain, son of Sancho III, King de Castile and Blanche, Queen de Navarre. Note - between 1158 and 1214 in Spain: Alfonso VIII was also the King of Le¢n (1158-1214). He vanquished the Moors at Las Navas de Tolosa, bringing about a decissive victory against the Moslem domination of Spain. He founded the first university of Spain at Palencia. Married: Sep 1170 in Burgos, Spain: Eleanor, Princess of England, daughter of Henry II, King of England and ?l‚onore, Duchess d'Aquitaine; Queen ?l‚onore d'Aquitaine personally escorted her daughter to Bordeaux, where the envoys of Alphonso VIII received the young princess and led her off to a splendid marriage in Burgos. Princess Eleanor, in addition to her bridal furniture, took with her to Spain the old Arthurian Tales that so enthralled her mother's court. Princess Eleanor also took with her to Castile, the distinctive Angevin style of architecture. At her request, the Royal Abbey of Las Huelgas, in Spain, was founded in 1187. Died: 5 Oct 1214 in Avevalo, Spain, at age 58 Alfonso VIII is buried at the Cistercian Monastery of Santa Maria la Re l de las Huelgas, near Burgos, Spain.

        1.1.1.1.3.1.1.1 B‚rengère de Castile(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 143) (Stuart, Page 61, Line 83-26.) (Aug‚, Tome I, Page 51). Married Name: de Souabe. Married Name: de Le¢n. Born: 1180 in Castile, Spain, daughter of Alfonso VIII, King de Castile and Eleanor, Princess of England, When her brother, Henri I of Castile died, B‚rengère passed her rights to Castile to her son Ferdinand III in 1217. Married: 1188: Conrad II, Duke de Souabe, son of Fr‚d‚rick I, Emperor of Germany and B‚atrix, Countess de Bourgogne; Conrad II was B‚rengère's first husband. Annulled she and Conrad II, Duke de Souabe: before 1196. Married: Dec 1197 in Villadolid, Spain: Alfonso IX, King de Le¢n, son of Fernando II, King de Le¢n and Urraca, Princess de Portugal. Annulled she and Alfonso IX, King de Le¢n: in 1204 in Spain. Note - in 1217 in Spain: When B‚rengère's brother, Henri I died, she passed the rights to Castile to her son Ferdinand III Le Saint. Died: 8 Nov 1246 in Las Huelgas, Spain.

         1.1.1.1.3.1.1.1.1 B‚rengère de Castile(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 143). Married Name: de Constantinople. Born: 1199 in Spain, daughter of Alfonso IX, King de Le¢n and B‚rengère de Castile. Married: 1224 in Toledo, Spain: Jean, Emperor de Constantinople, son of ?rard II, Count de Brienne and Agnès de Montb‚liard; Jean met B‚rengère, and married her, while on a pilgrimage to Saint James de Compostela. Died: Apr 1237.

         1.1.1.1.3.1.1.1.2 Fernando III, King de Castile(Stuart, Page 36, Line 52-25.) (Aug‚). AKA: Ferdinand III, King de Toledo. AKA: Fernando III, King de Extremadura. AKA: Fernando III, King de Le¢n. AKA: Fernando III, King de Galicia. AKA: Fernando III, King de C¢rdoba. Also Known As: Fernando "Le Saint." Born: 1199 in Castile, Spain, son of Alfonso IX, King de Le¢n and B‚rengère de Castile. Note - between 1199 and 1252: Fernando III became the King of Castile in 1217 and King of Le¢n in 1230, and became famous by his conquest of the Moors between 1236 and 1248. He was canonized by Pope Clement X in 1671. Married: 30 Nov 1219: Elizabeth von Hohenstaufen, daughter of Philippe, Duke de Souabe and Eirene=Maria Angelica. Married: 1237 in Burgos, Spain: Jeanne de Dammartin, daughter of Simon II, Count de Dammartin and Marie, Countess de Ponthieu. Died: 30 May 1252 in S‚ville, Spain.

         1.1.1.1.3.1.1.1.3 Constanza de Castile. Born: 1 May 1200 in Spain, daughter of Alfonso IX, King de Le¢n and B‚rengère de Castile. Died: 7 Sep 1242 in Las Huelgas, Spain, at age 42.

         1.1.1.1.3.1.1.1.4 Leonor, Infanta de Castile. Born: 11 Aug 1202 in Spain, daughter of Alfonso IX, King de Le¢n and B‚rengère de Castile. Died: 12 Nov 1202 in Le¢n, Spain.

         1.1.1.1.3.1.1.1.5 Alfonse de Castile. AKA: Alfonse, Seigneur de Molina. Born: circa 1204 in Spain, son of Alfonso IX, King de Le¢n and B‚rengère de Castile. Married: 1222 in Spain: Mafalda Gonzalez de Lara; Mafalda was Alfonse's first wife. Married between 1244 and 1246 in Spain: Teresa Gonzalez de Lara; Teresa was Alfonse's second wife. Married circa 1248 in Spain: Mayor Alfonsa de Meneses, daughter of Alfonso Telles II de Meneses and Maria A¤ez de Lima; Mayor was Alfonse's third wife. Died: 6 Jan 1272 in Salamanca, Spain.

        1.1.1.1.3.1.1.2 Sancho, Prince de Castile. Born: 1180 in Burgos, Spain, son of Alfonso VIII, King de Castile and Eleanor, Princess of England. Died: 1181 in Burgos, Spain.

        1.1.1.1.3.1.1.3 Sancha de Castile. Born: 1182 in Spain, daughter of Alfonso VIII, King de Castile and Eleanor, Princess of England. Died: after 3 Feb 1184.

        1.1.1.1.3.1.1.4 Blanche, Princess de Castile(Stuart, Page 66, Line 88-27.) (Hallam, Page 207.) (Paul Theroff, posts, Posting under Subject "Capet", 9 July 1994 at 20:04 Hours). Married Name: Blanche, Queen de France. Born: 4 Mar 1185 in Palencia, Spain, daughter of Alfonso VIII, King de Castile and Eleanor, Princess of England, Some sources [E.S., via Paul Theroff] indicate that Blanche was born in 1188. Note - between 1186 and 1252 in France: Blanche was a pious and energetic woman who was twice the Regent of the Kingdom of France. She had all the spirit of her grandmother ?l‚onore of Aquitaine and her great-grandmother the Empress Matilda. She was not afraid to take decisions and proved herself an able and forceful politician. Blanche prevented a major conflict with the Treaty of Vend“me on 16 March 1227, whereby Pierre Mauclerc, Hughes de Lusignan and Thibaud de Champagne (who was in love with her) paid hommage to the young Louis IX. Pierre obtained Bellˆme, Saint-James-de-Beuvron and La Perrière in the Perche. Hughes got 10,000 pounds and the promess that oneday he would rule Bordeaux, which was under King Henry III of England's control. Pierre's daughter Yolande is engaged to one of the King's brothers. Blanche finished the Crusade against the Albigeois {with the significant help of Humbert de Beaujeu} with the Treaty of Meaux (January, 1229). In honor of the coronation of Louis IX, she released Fernand of Portugal, Count of Flanders from prison, gaining and adherent. Renaud of Dammartin, formerly Count of Boulogne was kept incarcerated, and further, to encourage the loyalty of Philippe Hurepel {named Hurepel because his hair style was so dishevelled}, Blanche gave him the castles of Mortain and Lillebonne and the Lordship of Saint-Pol. During King Louis IX's absence from France (to the Crusade), it was Blanche who essentially ruled France with the help of the bishops. Married: 23 May 1200 in Bapaume, Normandie, France: Louis VIII, King de France, son of Philippe II Auguste, King de France and Isabelle, Queen de France; Louis VIII was tenderly in love with his spouse, Blanche de Castile and between 1205 and 1223 he is said to have had no less than 12 children with her of whom 2 were girls. Some sources indicate that Louis VIII and Blanche were married: 1200 others indicate it was in 1213. Died: 27 Nov 1252 in Abbey of Maubuisson, Paris, Seine, Ile-de-France, France, at age 67 Blanche is buried: the Abbaye de Maubuisson.

         1.1.1.1.3.1.1.4.1 Philippe, Prince de France(Paul Theroff, posts, 11 February 1995 at 23:20 Hours). Born: 1209 in France, son of Louis VIII, King de France and Blanche, Princess de Castile. Died: 1218 in Paris, Ile-de-France, France, Philippe is buried: the Cathedral of Notre Dame de Paris.

         1.1.1.1.3.1.1.4.2 Louis IX, King de France(Hallam, Page 215.) (Aug‚, Tome 2, Page 86.) (Stuart, Page 51, Line 70-26). AKA: Saint Louis. Born: 25 Apr 1214 in Poissy, Seine-et-Oise, Ile-de-France, France, son of Louis VIII, King de France and Blanche, Princess de Castile. Note - between 1226 and 1297: Louis IX was 12 years old when his father died, and his mother Blanche of Castile became regent. On 27 November 1226, as the Cortege made its way from Montpensier to Reims, Louis is knighted in Soissons. He is anointed King the next day. Henry III of England played a part in hostile coalitions in which nobles attempted to enhance their lands at the expense of royal holdings. Two Capetian princes, Philippe Hurepel, Count of Boulogne (son of Philippe Augustus and Agnes of M‚ran), and Peter Mauclerc, Count of Brittany (a descendant of Louis VII's brother Robert Count of Dreux) put forward counterclaims to the throne and were helped by Theobald IV, Count of Champagne and Hugh of Lusignan. Others supported the Regent and Louis IX (Montmorency, Montfort, Beaumont, Milly and others). He was the King of France from 1226 to 1270. Louis IX was able to subject with the Peace of Lorris (1243). He had Henry III, King of England sign the Treaty of Paris (1258) which legalized the acquisition of King Philip Auguste of Normandy, Anjou, Maine and Poitou, as well as the Guyenne. During the Crusade in the Holy Land, he was made captive at the Battle of Mansourah in the course of his first crusade after his brother Robert, Count d'Artois died at that battle in 1250. He reinforced the cities of Damascus, Jaffa and Sidon. In 1253, with the news that Blanch, his mother had died, he came back to France in 1254. He founded Sainte-Chapelle, the Sorbonne and the Quinze-Vingts. He arbitrated a dispute between Henry III, King of England and English Barons, supporting Henry almost entirely. Two popes had previously condemned the Barons' provisions. Of course, the influence of Louis' wife, the sister of Henry III's wife, ?l‚onore, cannot be discounted. The barons rebelled and war broke out, and Henry was defeated at Lewes. Simon of Montfort and Leicester, leader of the barons ruled England for a short time. The king's forces, however were victorious at Evesham in 1265 and Simon was killed. Starting in 1267, Louis began preparations for a Crusade against the Moslems in the Holy Land. He landed with his forces in Tunisia (thinking to convert the Emir to Christianity) on 18 July 1270, and the Moslems, after having suffered over 200 casualties compared to 1 crusader, capitulated in Carthage on 24 July. While waiting for his brother, Charles, to arrive with reinforcements, French crusaders were gradually weakened by guerillas, stifling heat, lack of water and an epidemic of dysentery. This epidemic would affect Louis, as well as his sons Philippe, inheritor of the Throne, and Jean-Tristan who had been born in Damiette. Louis died of typhoid fever in this ill-advised crusade. He left his family little more than his father Louis VIII had left, and was much less generous leaving his own sons small appanages, and being generous to the poor. Canonized 25 August 1297 by Pope Boniface VIII, Louis IX had 11 children. Married: 2 May 1234 in Sens, Yonne, Champagne, France: Marguerite, Queen de France, daughter of Raimond-B‚renger IV/V, Count de Provence and B‚atrix de Savoie; Louis IX and Marguerite became engaged on 8 March 1234, following lengthy negotiations with Raymond-B‚renger and with the guidance of the Bishop of Valence. The Queen would be crowned on 27 May. Their honeymoon would be interrupted in June by the hostilities of the Duke de Bretagne, Pierre Mauclerc. Marguerite and Louis IX would have no less than 12 children of whom only 7 would survive. Died: 25 Aug 1270 in Tunis, Tunisia, at age 56 Afflicted with typhoid fever and dysentery, Louis prayed all day on Sunday 24 August. By Monday the 25th., he feels death coming, he receives the sacrament of Extreme Unction, and requests to be laid on a bed of ashes. At noon he is heard to murmur "Introibo in dominum tuam. Adorabo ad templum sanctum. He expired at 15:00 hours. Shortly thereafter, his brother Charles arrived with the long-awaited reinforcement. After some bitter weeping, which may have been more theatrical than emotional, Charles has Louis' corpse sent from Tunis on 31 August 1270. Buried: 22 May 1271 in Saint-Denis, Seine, Ile-de-France, France, Louis IX's bones were brought back from Tunisia, while Charles of Anjou had Louis' entrails buried at Montr‚al. The retreat from the Tunis crusade through Italy also cost the lives of many crusaders including Philippe III's queen, Isabella of Aragon, Theobald II, King of Navarre, Alfonso of Poitiers and his wife Joan of Toulouse as a result of dysentery and typhoid fever(Hallam, Page 223).

         1.1.1.1.3.1.1.4.3 Robert I, Count d'Artois(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls) (Aug‚, Tome 2, Page) (Hallam, Page 216.) (Stuart, Page 107, Line 147-26.) (Abbott, Page 281). AKA: Prince Robert de France. Born: Sep 1216 in France, son of Louis VIII, King de France and Blanche, Princess de Castile, Robert was the brother of Louis IX (Saint Louis), King of France. Married: 14 Jun 1237 in Compiègne, Oise, Ile-de-France, France: Mahaut de Brabant, daughter of Henri II, Duke de Brabant and Marie de Souabe. Died: 9 Feb 1250 in Mansourah, Holy Land, Egypt, at age 33 It was upon his recommendation that King Louis IX, on his first crusade proceeded from Damietta to Mansourah on the way to Cairo rahter than taking Alexandria. The Egyptian forces were in a state of confusion owing to internal political problems and Damietta had fallen easily. At first, the crusaders advanced rapidly, their opponents being further weakened by the death of the Sultan. They had some difficulty crossing the Nile, however, and eventually the part of the crusaders led by Robert swept on Mansourah. The invasion of Mansourah was an ill-considered step, and the French had to fall back, losing many troops, including Robert himself. Instead of falling back to Damietta, the French stopped near Mansourah, and their supply lines were blocked and illness took a heavy toll. The King himself fell ill and was left in the hands of the enemy.

         1.1.1.1.3.1.1.4.4 Philippe de France(Paul Theroff, posts, 11 February 1995 at 23:20 Hours). Born: 1218 in France, son of Louis VIII, King de France and Blanche, Princess de Castile. Died: circa 1220 in France.

         1.1.1.1.3.1.1.4.5 Jean, Prince de France(Paul Theroff, posts, 11 February 1995 at 23:20 Hours). AKA: Jean, Comte du Maine. AKA: Jean, Comte d'Anjou. Born: 1219 in France, son of Louis VIII, King de France and Blanche, Princess de Castile. Died: 1232 in France.

         1.1.1.1.3.1.1.4.6 Alphonse de Poitiers(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls) (Andr‚ Castelot, Alain Decaux, Marcel Jullian et J. Levron, Histoire de La France et des Fran‡ais au Jour le Jour (Librairie Acad‚mique Perrin, 1976), Tome 2, Page 128.) (Paul Theroff, posts, 11 February 1995 at 23:20 Hours). AKA: Alphonse, Comte de Toulouse. AKA: Alphone III, Comte de Poitou. AKA: Alphonse III, Comte d'Auvergne. Born: Jun 1221 in France, son of Louis VIII, King de France and Blanche, Princess de Castile, Alphonse was brother to Saint Louis (King Louis IX of France). Some sources indicate that Alphonse was born in 1220. Married: 1241 in France: Jeanne, Countess de Toulouse, daughter of Raymond VII, Count de Toulouse and Sancha de Aragon. Occupation: in Jun 1241 in Poitou, France, Upon reaching his majority, Alphonse is knighted and invested with the Poitou in accordance with the specifications of his father's last Will and Testament. Died: 1271 in Corneto, Italy.

         1.1.1.1.3.1.1.4.7 Philippe, dit Dagobert, Prince de France(Paul Theroff, posts, 11 February 1995 at 23:20 Hours). Born: 1222 in France, son of Louis VIII, King de France and Blanche, Princess de Castile. Died: 1232 in France.

         1.1.1.1.3.1.1.4.8 Isabelle, Princess de France(Paul Theroff, posts, 11 February 1995 at 23:20 Hours). Born: 1224 in France, daughter of Louis VIII, King de France and Blanche, Princess de Castile. Died: 1269 in France.

         1.1.1.1.3.1.1.4.9 Charles ?tienne, Count d'Anjou(Hallam) (Stuart, Page 67, Line 88-26.) (Paul Theroff, posts, 11 February 1995 at 23:20 Hours). AKA: Charles I, King de Sicile. AKA: Charles I, King de Naples. AKA: Charles I, King de J‚rusalem. AKA: Charles I, Count du Maine King Louis IX gave Maine to his brother, Charles d'Anjou(Abbott, Page 130). AKA: Charles ?tienne, Count de Forcalquier. AKA: Charles I, Count de Provence According to Abbott, Charles gained Provence through his marriage with B‚atrix. On his return from the crusade, where he was imprisoned from 1248 to 1258, Charles d'Anjou found much resistance to his authority. Marseille, Apt, and Avignon had formed a league and several seigneurs revolted. By force and intrigue he mastered the province where the administrative and financial systems underwent new reforms. He defeated and evicted the chief of the conspiracy, Gaspard de Castellane. A s‚n‚chal was appointed but was often changed. There also appeared a juge-Mage and a treasurer. Alain de Luzarches, Bishop of Sisteron, became Charles' man of confidence and the S‚n‚chal had to accommodate himself with him. Following Alain's death in 1277, the Naples court increasingly took over administration. The consulates ended. Charles acquired neighboring lands, to the north and also beyond the Alps. He concluded a treaty of pariage with the bishop of Digne and obliged the consuls of Apt to cede him their powers. Seigneurs of Hyères and Toulon abandoned their rights to him and were compensated. He received the homage of Grignan. Alone Salon, Riez and Manosque remained independent. The conquest of the kingdom of Naples, encourage by the Pope, followed his achievements in Provence(Abbott, Page 607). Born: Mar 1226 in France, son of Louis VIII, King de France and Blanche, Princess de Castile. Married: 31 Jan 1246: B‚atrice, Countess de Provence, daughter of Raimond-B‚renger IV/V, Count de Provence and B‚atrix de Savoie. Note - between 1266 and 1282: Charles was given the County of Anjou by his father, King Louis VIII. By 1261, neither the death of the Emperor Frederick II nor that of Pope Innocent IV appeased the enmity that existed between the Empire and the Papal state. Pope Alexander IV, seeking a champion for the Church solicited the help of Edmond {son of King Henry III of England} who accepted the crown of Sicily as a fief of the Holy Seat. However, he proved to be rather incompetent. Pope Urban IV, born in Troyes, terminated the term of Edmond and put on the Throne of Sicily Charles d'Anjou, the King of France's brother, whose ambitions knew no bounds. In 1262, Charles established himself in Italy, a momentous event in French history because that excursion would drain France of many knights, and involve France in Italian wars until the 16th. Century. Charles followed Saint Louis (Louis IX), his brother to Egypt. He became the King of Sicily in 1266, and was also King of Naples. It is likely that by 1270 Charles had a decisive impact on King Louis' decision to undertake the Second Crusade. The King of Sicily and Naples was not on good terms with the Emir of Tunis, whereas most of the rest of Italy had important commercial interests in Tunis. Moreover, Charles' ambitions drew him to consider the possibility of taking over the Crown of Constantinople and to become the Champion of all Christianity. On 25 August 1270, Charles lands in near Carthage to reinforce King Louis' troops, but he's a month later than expected. King Louis is dead, and Charles arranges to have the remain shipped back to France on 31 August. By October, Geoffroy de Beaumont named Philippe arranges a truce with the Sultan Abou Zeyyan Mohammed, and the moslems pay the French 10,000 ounces of gold to defray the costs of the crusade. The French would then leave Tunisia and return home. Charles is the last to leave on 17 November. In 1272, Charles would have liked his nephew Philippe, become Emperor of Germany, but Pope Gregory X lends his support to Rodolph of Habsburg who is elected on 29 September. On 18 January 1281, Charles' designs are successful as Simon de Brie, a Counselor to King Philippe III de France, and Cardinal of Sainte-C‚cile is elected Pope as Martin IV. He lost Sicily in 1282 to Peter III of Aragon who takes the island and claims the Crown of Sicily {thus offending the Pope who would pronounce an Anathema against him, and confiscate all of Aragon}. It was on 28 April 1282 that Easter Monday that would be known as the Sicilian Vespers, as they came out of the Church of the Holy Spirit, near Palermo, that the French-Angevins were massacred. Married: 18 Nov 1268 in France: Marguerite de Bourgogne, daughter of Eudes IV de Bourgogne and Mahaud, Dame de Bourbon. Died: 7 Jan 1285 in Foggia, Italy, at age 58.

        1.1.1.1.3.1.1.5 Urraca, Princess de Castile(Paul Theroff, posts, Posting in Subject "Spain & Portugal" on 5 March 1994 at 03:34 Hours). Married Name: de Portugal. Born: 1186 in Spain, daughter of Alfonso VIII, King de Castile and Eleanor, Princess of England. Married: Apr 1206: Alfonso II, King de Portugal, son of Sancho I, King de Portugal and Dulcia de Barcelone. Died: 3 Nov 1220 in Lisbon, Portugal.

         1.1.1.1.3.1.1.5.1 Sancho II, King de Portugal (above)

         1.1.1.1.3.1.1.5.2 Alfonso III, King de Portugal (above)

         1.1.1.1.3.1.1.5.3 Leonor de Portugal (above)

        1.1.1.1.3.1.1.6 Ferdinand, Prince de Castile. Born: 29 Sep 1189 in Spain, son of Alfonso VIII, King de Castile and Eleanor, Princess of England. Note - between 1190 and 1211 in Spain: Ferdinand was the only surviving son, and heir, of Alphonso and Eleanor. Died: 14 Oct 1211 in Madrid, Spain, at age 22 Ferdinand died without issue.

        1.1.1.1.3.1.1.7 Mafalda = Matilda de Castile(Paul Theroff, posts, 11 February 1995 at 23:20 Hours). Born: between 1191 and 1201 in Spain, daughter of Alfonso VIII, King de Castile and Eleanor, Princess of England. Died: 1204 in Salamanca, Salamanca, Spain.

        1.1.1.1.3.1.1.8 L‚onore, Princess de Castile(Paul Theroff, posts, 11 February 1995 at 23:20 Hours). Married Name: de Aragon. Born: 1201 in Spain, daughter of Alfonso VIII, King de Castile and Eleanor, Princess of England, Some sources indicate that L‚onore was born in 1195 while others show she was born in 1201. Married: 6 Feb 1221 in Agreda, Spain: Jacques=Jayme I, King de Aragon, son of Pedro II, King de Aragon and Marie, Dame de Montpellier. Annulled she and Jacques=Jayme I, King de Aragon: in 1229 in Rome, Italy. Died: 1244 in Burgos, Spain.

         1.1.1.1.3.1.1.8.1 Alfonso, Prince de Aragon (above)

        1.1.1.1.3.1.1.9 Enrique I, King de Castile(Michael J.M. Raffin. Personal Research. References with "FHL" numbers refer to the microfilm number availble from the Family Home Library headquartered in Salt Lake City, with local branches, Encyclopedic Research). AKA: Henry I, Prince de Castile. Born: 14 Apr 1204 in Spain, son of Alfonso VIII, King de Castile and Eleanor, Princess of England(M.J.M. Raffin, Encyclopedic Research). Note - between 1212 and 1217 in Castile, Spain: Henri I was the King of Castile from 1212 to 1217. Married: 1215: Mafalda, Princess de Portugal, daughter of Sancho I, King de Portugal and Dulcia de Barcelone. Divorced Mafalda, Princess de Portugal: in 1216. Died: 6 Jun 1217 in Palencia, Spain, at age 13 Enrique I died without issue.

        1.1.1.1.3.1.1.10 Constance de Castile(Paul Theroff, posts, 11 February 1995 at 23:20 Hours). Born: between 1204 and 1205 in Spain, daughter of Alfonso VIII, King de Castile and Eleanor, Princess of England. Died: 1243 in Las Huelgas, Spain, Constance became the Abbess of Huelgas in the year 1205.

      1.1.1.1.3.2 Raimundo de Castile. Born: before 12 Apr 1136, son of Alfonso VII, King de Castile and B‚rengère de Barcelone. Died: before 1151 Raimundo died young.

      1.1.1.1.3.3 Fernando II, King de Le¢n(Stuart, Page 35, Line 52-27) (Aug‚, Tome I, Page 720). AKA: Fernando II, King de Extremadura. AKA: Fernando II, King de Galicia. Born: 1137 in Spain, son of Alfonso VII, King de Castile and B‚rengère de Barcelone. Note - between 1157 and 1188: Fernando II was the first king to use the royal symbol of the lion in a truly heraldic form. Fernando II fought vigorously against Castile and Portugal. Married: May 1165: Urraca, Princess de Portugal, daughter of Alfonso I Henriques, King de Portugal and Mahaut de Savoie; Urraca was Fernando II's first wife. Annulled he and Urraca, Princess de Portugal: in Jun 1175. Married: Aug 1179: T‚r‚sa Fernandez de Traba, daughter of Fernando Perez de Traba and Sancha Gonzalez; T‚r‚sa was Fernando II's second wife. Married: May 1187: Urraca Lopez de Haro, daughter of Lope Diaz, Vicomte de Haro and Aldonza Ru¡z; Urraca Lopez was Fernando II's third wife and he was her first husband. Died: 22 Jan 1188 in Benavente, Italy.

       1.1.1.1.3.3.1 Alfonso IX, King de Le¢n(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls) (Stuart, Page 36, Line 52-26) (Aug‚, Tome I, Page 51). AKA: Alfonso IX, King de Castile. Born: 15 Aug 1171 in Zamora, Le¢n, Spain, son of Fernando II, King de Le¢n and Urraca, Princess de Portugal. Note - between 1188 and 1230: Alfonso IX reigned as King from 1188 to 1230. Married: 15 Feb 1191 in Guimaraes, Portugal: Teresa, Princess de Portugal, daughter of Sancho I, King de Portugal and Dulcia de Barcelone; Teresa was King Alfonso IX's first wife. Annulled he and Teresa, Princess de Portugal: in 1197. Married: Dec 1197 in Villadolid, Spain: B‚rengère de Castile, daughter of Alfonso VIII, King de Castile and Eleanor, Princess of England. Annulled he and B‚rengère de Castile: in 1204 in Spain. Died: 24 Dec 1230 in Vallanueva de Sarria, Spain, at age 59.

        1.1.1.1.3.3.1.1 Fernando de Le¢n (above)

        1.1.1.1.3.3.1.2 Dulce de Castile (above)

        1.1.1.1.3.3.1.3 Sancha de Castile (above)

        1.1.1.1.3.3.1.4 B‚rengère de Castile (above)

        1.1.1.1.3.3.1.5 Fernando III, King de Castile (above)

        1.1.1.1.3.3.1.6 Constanza de Castile (above)

        1.1.1.1.3.3.1.7 Leonor, Infanta de Castile (above)

        1.1.1.1.3.3.1.8 Alfonse de Castile (above)

        1.1.1.1.3.3.1.9 Urraca de Le¢n(Paul Theroff, posts, post under Subject "Soberanos de Vizcaya" on 15 September 1994 at 00:56 Hours). Married Name: de Haro. Born Illeg.: before 1205 -, daughter of Alfonso IX, King de Le¢n, - Urraca is presumed to have been at least 15 years of age by the time her daughter, Mencia, was born. Married before 1219: Lope Diaz de Haro, son of Diego Lopez, Conde de Haro and Maria de Lara.

         1.1.1.1.3.3.1.9.1 Mencia de Haro(Paul Theroff, posts, post under Subject "Soberanos de Vizcaya" on 15 September 1994 at 02:27 Hours). Married Name: de Portugal. Born: before 1220, daughter of Lope Diaz de Haro and Urraca de Le¢n, Mencia is presumed to have been at least 20 years of age when her first husband, Alvar Perez de Castro, died: 1240. Married circa 1246: Sancho II, King de Portugal, son of Alfonso II, King de Portugal and Urraca, Princess de Castile. Died: 1270.

         1.1.1.1.3.3.1.9.2 Diego Lopez de Haro(Paul Theroff, posts, post under Subject "Soberanos de Vizcaya" on 15 September 1994 at 00:56 Hours). Born: before 1234, son of Lope Diaz de Haro and Urraca de Le¢n, Diego is presumed to have been at least 20 years of age when he died. Married before 1251: Constance de Moncade, daughter of Guillen Ram¢n de Moncade and Constanza de Aragon. Died: 1254 in Ba¤os de R¡o Tobia, Spain.

       1.1.1.1.3.3.2 Garcia, Infante de Le¢n. Born: before 1175 in Spain, son of Fernando II, King de Le¢n and Urraca, Princess de Portugal. Died: 1184 in Spain.

       1.1.1.1.3.3.3 Fernando, Infante de Le¢n. Born: circa 1180 in Spain, son of Fernando II, King de Le¢n and T‚r‚sa Fernandez de Traba. Died: 1187 in Spain.

       1.1.1.1.3.3.4 Sancho de Le¢n. Born: 1188 in Spain, son of Fernando II, King de Le¢n and Urraca Lopez de Haro. Married circa 1211 in Spain: Teresa Diaz de Haro, daughter of Diego Lopez, Conde de Haro and Toda de Azagra. Died: 1220 in Spain.

      1.1.1.1.3.4 Sancie=B‚atrix de Castile(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls) (Stuart, Page 64, Line 86-28). Married Name: de Navarre. Note - in 1137 in Spain: Sancie=Sancha was an "infanta de Castile." Born: 5 Aug 1137 in Spain, daughter of Alfonso VII, King de Castile and B‚rengère de Barcelone. Married: 20 Jul 1153 in Carrion de las Condes, Spain: Sancho VI, King de Navarre, son of Garcia-Ramirez VII, King de Navarre and Marguerite de l'Aigle. Died: 5 Aug 1179 at age 42 Sancie is buried at the Cathedral de Santa Maria, in Pamplona. Some sources assert that Sancie died: 1177.

       1.1.1.1.3.4.1 Sancho VII, King de Navarre(Castelot, Tome 2, Page 436.) (Paul Theroff, posts, Posting in Subject "Spain & Portugal" on 5 March 1994 at 03:32 Hours). Also Known As: Sancho "El Fuerte." Born: 1154 in Navarre, Spain, son of Sancho VI, King de Navarre and Sancie=B‚atrix de Castile. Married between 1196 and 1199: Cl‚mence=Constance de Toulouse, daughter of Raymond VI, Count de Toulouse and B‚atrix de B‚ziers; Sancho VII was Cl‚mence's first husband. Repudiated: Cl‚mence=Constance de Toulouse in 1200. Died: 1234 in Tudela, Spain,(Abbott, Page 492).

       1.1.1.1.3.4.2 B‚rengère de Navarre(Paul Theroff, posts, 11 February 1995 at 22:33 Hours). Married Name: Berengaria of England. Born: circa 1163 in Spain, daughter of Sancho VI, King de Navarre and Sancie=B‚atrix de Castile. Married: 1191 in Limassol, Cyprus: Richard I, King of England, son of Henry II, King of England and ?l‚onore, Duchess d'Aquitaine. Died: circa 1230 in Le Mans, France.

       1.1.1.1.3.4.3 Blanche, Princess de Navarre(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 121, 207) (Stuart, Page 64, Line 86-27.) (Castelot, Tome 2, Page 436.) (Abbott, Page 492). Married Name: de Champagne. Born: circa 1179, daughter of Sancho VI, King de Navarre and Sancie=B‚atrix de Castile. Note - in 1194: Blanche was the heiress of Navarre. Married: 1 Jul 1195 in Chartres, Eure-et-Loir, Orl‚anais, France: Thibaud V, Count de Champagne, son of Henri I, Comte de Champagne and Marie, Princesse de France. Died: 14 Mar 1229.

        1.1.1.1.3.4.3.1 Thibaud I, King de Navarre(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 103, 121, 129) (Hallam, Page 210.) (Stuart, Page 59, Line 81-26.) (Castelot, Tome 2, Page 437.) (Abbott, Page 492). AKA: Thibaud VI, Count de Bar-sur-Seine. AKA: Thibaud VI, Count de Champagne. AKA: Thibaud IV, Count de Brie. Also Known As: Thibaud "Le Grand." Born: 3 May 1201 in Troyes, Champagne, France, son of Thibaud V, Count de Champagne and Blanche, Princess de Navarre, Thibaud VI was born posthumously. Married: May 1220: Gertrude, Countess von Dagsburg, daughter of Albert II, Count von Dagsburg and N?; Gertrude was Thibaud VI's first wife. Married: 1222 in France: Agnès de Beaujeu, daughter of Guichard IV, Sire de Beaujeu and Sibille de Hainaut; Agnès was Thibaud VI's second wife. Note - between 1232 and 1239: Thibaud VI, also Count de Champagne, became King of Navarre in 1234. First her enemy, he became an ally of Blanche de Castile. Althrough he was not an unswerving ally of Blanche (Regent for Saint Louis). In 1232, being widowed, he had decided to marry Peter Mauclerc's (a constant enemy of the young King Louis IX) daughter, Yolande of Dreux. Blanche managed to prevent this, and instead he married Margaret, daughter of Archambaud of Bourbon. In 1234 Blanche and Louis IX made peace between Theobald and Alice of Cyprus. The King paid Alice a lump sum who in turn relinquished her claims to Cyprus. Theobald gave Louis suzerainty over Blois, Chartres, Sancerre and the Viscounty of Chƒteaudun, thus breaking the feudal links between Blois and Champagne, and departed for his new kingdom of Navarre. In 1235, he returned and without the King's permission arranged the marriage of his daughter Blanche of Navarre with John the Red, Peter Mauclerc de Dreux's son. Louis made Theobald promise to stay out of France, made him renounce suzerainty over Blois and took several important castles as pledges of good faith. In 1239, Theobald set out on the crusade. Married: 12 Sep 1232 in France: Marguerite de Bourbon, daughter of Archambaud IX, Sire de Dampierre and B‚atrix, Dame de Montlu‡on; Marguerite was Thibaud VI's third wife. Died: 1253 in Spain.

         1.1.1.1.3.4.3.1.1 Blanche de Champagne(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 121, 166). Married Name: de Bretagne. AKA: Blanche de Navarre. Born: circa 1223 in France, daughter of Thibaud I, King de Navarre and Agnès de Beaujeu. Married: 1235 in France: Jean I, Duc de Bretagne, son of Pierre de Dreux and Alix, Duchess de Bretagne; Without the King's (King Louis IX) permission, the marriage was arranged by Theobald of Champagne in order to cement his coallition with Jean's father. Since both Theobald and Peter Mauclerc had taken the cross, they hoped for papal support. King Louis however, gathered his armies at Vincennes, and the conspiracy collapsed (Hallam, Page 211). Died: 11 Aug 1283.

         1.1.1.1.3.4.3.1.2 ?l‚onore de Navarre(Paul Theroff, posts, 20 May 1995 at 21:50 Hours). Born: circa 1233, daughter of Thibaud I, King de Navarre and Marguerite de Bourbon, ?l‚onore died young.

         1.1.1.1.3.4.3.1.3 Marguerite, Princess de Navarre(Paul Theroff, posts, 10 January 1995 at 06:09 Hours). Married Name: de Lorraine. Born: between 1233 and 1245, daughter of Thibaud I, King de Navarre and Marguerite de Bourbon. Married: 10 Jul 1255: Frederick III, Duke de Lorraine, son of Matthias II, Duke de Lorraine and Catherine de Limbourg. Died: either 1307 or 1310.

         1.1.1.1.3.4.3.1.4 Thibaut II, King de Navarre(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 222) (Castelot, Tome 2, Pages 162, 437.) (Abbott, Page 492). AKA: Thibaut V, Comte de Champagne. Born: 1237, son of Thibaud I, King de Navarre and Marguerite de Bourbon. Married either 6 Apr 1255 or 1258 in Melun, Seine-et-Marne, Ile-de-France, France: Isabelle, Princesse de France, daughter of Louis IX, King de France and Marguerite, Queen de France; Some sources indicate that Thibaut II and Isabelle married: 1255 while others assert the marriage took place in 1258. The marriage was arranged by Isabelle's father, Saint Louis, King of France. The daughter of Thibaut "Le Chansonnier" {who in turn was in love with Blanche de Castile}, had been wed off to the son of Pierre Mauclerc, Jean "Le Roux", Duke de Bretagne. Her dowry included the Kingdom of Navarre, which would fall to her upon her father's death. Thibaud's son would refuse to leave Navarre to his sister, and the litigation is brought before King Louis IX. To strengthen his ties with the powerful Navarre, Louis engages his daughter Isabelle to Thibaut II, but requires that Thibaut make peace with Jean "Le Roux". Thibaut II {the fifth comte de Champagne} buys Navarre for a large sum of money which Jean "Le Roux" accepts, thus averting a major conflict. Died: 19 Nov 1270 in France Thibaut II died of the Black Plague.

         1.1.1.1.3.4.3.1.5 B‚atrix de Champagne(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 80, 121) (Paul Theroff, posts, 20 May 1995 at 21:50 Hours). Married Name: de Bourgogne. AKA: B‚atrix de Navarre(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 80, 121). AKA: Dame de l'Isle-sous-Montr‚al. Born: 1242 in France, daughter of Thibaud I, King de Navarre and Marguerite de Bourbon. Married: Nov 1258 in France: Hughes IV, Duke de Bourgogne, son of Eudes III, Duke de Bourgogne and Alix de Vergy; B‚atrix was Hughes IV's second wife. Died: Feb 1295 B‚atrix was alive in the years 1287 and in January 1295. She is buried: Villaines-en-Duèsmois.

         1.1.1.1.3.4.3.1.6 Henri I, King de Navarre(Hallam, Page 276.) (Stuart, Page 59, Line 81-25.) (Castelot, Tome 2, Page 437). AKA: Henri III, Count de Champagne. AKA: Henri I, Count de Troyes. AKA: Henri I, Count d'Aube. Also Known As: Henri "Le Gros"(Abbott, Page 492). Born: circa 1244, son of Thibaud I, King de Navarre and Marguerite de Bourbon. Married: 1269: Blanche d'Artois, daughter of Robert I, Count d'Artois and Mahaut de Brabant; Blanche was Henri's second wife and Henri was Blanche's first husband. Blanche and Henri I were married before February 1269. Died: 22 Jul 1274 in Pampelona, Navarre, Spain.

      1.1.1.1.3.5 Constance, Princess de Castile(Hallam, Page 113.) (Stuart, Page 51, Line 70-29; Page 99, Line 134-29). Married Name: de France. Born: 1141 in Spain, daughter of Alfonso VII, King de Castile and B‚rengère de Barcelone. Married: 1153: Louis VII, King de France, son of Louis VI, King de France and Alix=Ad‚la‹de de Maurienne; Constance was Louis VII's second wife. Died: 4 Oct 1160 in France Constance is buried at Saint Denis, France. Five weeks after Constance's death, Louis VII would marry again.

       1.1.1.1.3.5.1 Marguerite, Princesse de France(Paul Theroff, posts, 09 July 1994 at 19:25 Hours.) (Castelot, Tome I, Page 609). Married Name: Hungary. Married Name: England. AKA: Marguerite, Countess du Vexin. Born: Nov 1157 in France, daughter of Louis VII, King de France and Constance, Princess de Castile. Married: 6 Dec 1160 in Rouen, Normandie, France: Henry, King of England, son of Henry II, King of England and ?l‚onore, Duchess d'Aquitaine; In June, 1158, Thomas Becket is the envoy of Henry II, King of England to Louis VII, King de France. Following negotiations, during which Thomas impresses the parisians, Marguerite, barely 6 months of age, becomes Henry's fianc‚e. Henry had recently become heir to the Anglo-Angevin Empire by virtue of the death of his older brother, William. For Henry II, King of England, the marriage is viewed as having great potential, since Louis VII did not have any male heir to the Throne of France. Louis VII agrees to send Marguerite to England, but stipulates that she not be brought up by Eleanor. Louis VII offers Neauphle, a part of French Vexin and Gisors as dowry. Upon Louis VII's marriage to Adèle de Champagne, Henry II, fearing a male heir to the Throne of France rushed the wedding of Marguerite, who was barely 2 years of age with Henry, who was 5 years of age. Henry II also wasted no time in taking the promised dowry which included the Citadel of Gisors [which Louis VII had left in the hands of the templars, who in turn no longer resisted anything the English King wished to do]. Some sources indicate that Henry married Marguerite in 1172. Married: 1186: Bela III, King of Hungary, son of Geza II, King of Hungary and Euphrosyne of Kiev; Marguerite was Bela III's fourth wife, and he was her second husband. Died: 1197 in Saint-Jean-d'Acre, Palestine, Holy Land.

       1.1.1.1.3.5.2 Princesse Ad‚la‹de de France(Paul Theroff, posts, post under Subject "Capet" on 09 July 1994 at 19:35 Hours). Born: 1160 in France, daughter of Louis VII, King de France and Constance, Princess de Castile. Died: 1160 in France.

      1.1.1.1.3.6 Garcia de Castile. Born: before Mar 1142 in Spain, son of Alfonso VII, King de Castile and B‚rengère de Barcelone. Died: before 1157 in Spain.

      1.1.1.1.3.7 Alfonso de Castile. Born: circa 1145 in Spain, son of Alfonso VII, King de Castile and B‚rengère de Barcelone. Died: before 1160 in Spain.

     1.1.1.1.4 Bernard de Barcelone(Paul Theroff, posts). Born: before 1117, son of Raymond-B‚renger III, Count de Barcelone and Douce, Comtesse de Provence. Died: circa 1117.

     1.1.1.1.5 Estefania de Barcelone. Married Name: de Bigorre. Married Name: de Dax. Born: 1118 in Spain, daughter of Raymond-B‚renger III, Count de Barcelone and Douce, Comtesse de Provence. Married: 1128 in Spain: Centulio I, Count de Bigorre; Centulio was Estefania's first husband. Married circa 1130 in Spain: Ram¢n Arnaldo, Vicomte de Dax; Ram¢n Arnaldo was Estefania's second husband. Died: after 1131.

     1.1.1.1.6 Mafalda de Barcelone(Paul Theroff, posts). Born: between 1119 and 1125, daughter of Raymond-B‚renger III, Count de Barcelone and Douce, Comtesse de Provence.

     1.1.1.1.7 Almodis de Barcelone. Married Name: de Bas. Born: 1126 in Spain, daughter of Raymond-B‚renger III, Count de Barcelone and Douce, Comtesse de Provence. Married: 1148 in Spain: Ponce, Vicomte de Bas. Died: after 1171.

    1.1.1.2 ?tiennette=Stephanie de Provence; According to Abbott (Page 606) the dames of Urgel and Carlat [Douce and her sister ?tiennette], divided the Province in 1102-1105, making the Durance River the line of demarcation, but Avignon remained undivided. In 1125, a second partition was made between Provence and Toulouse which encroached on the rights of the Counts de Forcalquier of the house of Urgel. Under this agreement, the counts of Toulouse were to take the title of Marquis de Provence (Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 114, 177) (Paul Theroff, posts, 01 June 1995 at 03:16 Hours.) (Abbott, Page 606). Married Name: des Baux. AKA: de G‚vaudan. Born: before 1102, daughter of Gerbert=Gilbert III, Vicomte de Carlat and Tiburge=Gerberge, Countess de Provence, ?tiennette is presumed to have been at least 10 years of age when she married Raymond. Married before 1116: Raimond, Seigneur de Baux, son of Guillaume Hughes, Seigneur de Baux and Vierne N?. Died: after 1160.

     1.1.1.2.1 Hughes, Sire de Baux(Paul Theroff, posts, 01 June 1995 at 03:16 Hours). Born: before 1119 in France, son of Raimond, Seigneur de Baux and ?tiennette=Stephanie de Provence, Hughes was born before Guillaume. Married before 1151: N?; She was Hughes' first wife. Note - before 1156: Hughes obtained a new investiture for the County of Provence from Barbarossa. He revolted in 1156 but was soon subdued by the Count. He was not fianlly silenced until 1161, when Raymond B‚renger III married the niece of Barbarossa(Abbott, Page 616). Married before 1171: N?, Princess de Torre, daughter of Comita II, King de Torre and N?; She was Hguhes' second wife. Died: 1179 in Sardinia.

      1.1.1.2.1.1 Raimond de Baux(Paul Theroff, posts, 01 June 1995 at 03:16 Hours). Born: before 1152, son of Hughes, Sire de Baux and N?, Raimond is presumed to have been at least 20 years of age when he died. Died: between 1172 and 1180.

      1.1.1.2.1.2 Ugo de Basso(Paul Theroff, posts, 01 June 1995 at 03:16 Hours). Born: circa 1172 in Sardinia, son of Hughes, Sire de Baux and N?, Princess de Torre. Married before 1204: Preciosa de Lacon; Preciosa was Ugo's first wife. Occupation: before 1222 Ugo was the "iudicarius" of Arborea. Died: circa 1222.

       1.1.1.2.1.2.1 Pietro I, Vicomte de Baux(Paul Theroff, posts, 01 June 1995 at 03:16 Hours). AKA: Pietro I, King de Arborea. AKA: Pietro de Lacon. Occupation: Pietro I was the "iudicarius" of Arborea. Born: before 1205, son of Ugo de Basso and Preciosa de Lacon. Died: after 1237 Pietro I was alive in the year 1237. Married before 1244: Diana N?.

        1.1.1.2.1.2.1.1 Marianus, Vicomte de Baux(Paul Theroff, posts, 01 June 1995 at 03:16 Hours). Occupation: Marianus was the "iudicarius" of Arborea. Born: before 1245, son of Pietro I, Vicomte de Baux and Diana N?, Marianus is presumed to have been at least 18 years of age by the time his son, Giovanni I, was born. Married before 1262: N?. Died: after 1286 Marianus was alive in the year 1286.

         1.1.1.2.1.2.1.1.1 Giovanni I, Vicomte de Baux(Paul Theroff, posts, 01 June 1995 at 03:16 Hours). Occupation: Giovanni I was the "iudicarius" of Arborea. Born: before 1263, son of Marianus, Vicomte de Baux and N?, Giovanni I is presumed to have been at least 18 years of age by the time his son, Marianus II, was born. Significant-Other: N? before 1280 -. Died: circa 1310.

     1.1.1.2.2 Guillaume de Baux(Paul Theroff, posts, 01 June 1995 at 03:16 Hours). Born: before 1120 in France, son of Raimond, Seigneur de Baux and ?tiennette=Stephanie de Provence, Guillaume was a monk in 1130 and is presumed to have been at least 10 years of age at that time. Died: after 1156.

     1.1.1.2.3 Alsacie de Baux(Paul Theroff, posts, 01 June 1995 at 03:16 Hours). Born: before 1134 in Provence, France, daughter of Raimond, Seigneur de Baux and ?tiennette=Stephanie de Provence, Alsacie was born before Matelle. Died: after 1143 Alsacie was alive in the year 1143. She married Pierre de Lambesc.

     1.1.1.2.4 Bertrand I, Prince d'Orange(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 177) (Paul Theroff, posts, 01 June 1995 at 03:16 Hours). AKA: Bertrand, Seigneur de Baux Bertrand made a substantial acquisition by marrying Tiburge d'Orange. In 1178, he was created Pince d'Orange. The Seigneurie des Baux remained united to Orange until 1393, when the domains were divided between two daughters(Abbott, Page 616). Born: before 1135 in Provence, France, son of Raimond, Seigneur de Baux and ?tiennette=Stephanie de Provence, Bertrand I was born before Gilbert. Married before 1175 in France: Tiburge, Princess d'Orange, daughter of Guillaume VI, Lord de Montpellier and Tiburge II, Comtesse d'Orange; Bertrand I was Tiburge's second husband. It is from this marriage that the Princes of Orange descended. Died: 1181 Bertrand I was assassinated. Bertrand I is buried at the Abbaye de Sylvacane.

      1.1.1.2.4.1 Hughes des Baux(Paul Theroff, posts, 01 June 1995 at 03:18 Hours.) (Abbott, Page 616). Born: before 1176 in Les Baux, Bouches-du-Rh“ne, Provence, France, son of Bertrand I, Prince d'Orange and Tiburge, Princess d'Orange. Married: 1207: Barrale, Vicomtesse de Marseille, daughter of Raimond Geoffroi, Vicomte de Marseille and Ad‚la‹de Porcelet(Abbott, Page 617). AKA: Hughes, Vicomte de Marseille Following the deaths of the two older sons of Hughes Geoffroy II [Guillaume who died: 1188 and Raymond Geoffroy who died: 1192], there no longer remained a viscount in Marseille as the elder branch had abandoned the town in favor of Toulon and Trets through Raymond possessed 7/24 of the viscounty and his sister Alasacie 5/24. Hughes des Baux, married Roncelin's niece, Barrale [daughter of Raymond Geoffroy], and decided to appropriate half of the viscounty whilst the other half would go to Alphonse, Comte de Provence. But the Marseillais did not like the proposal. In 1193, they withdrew Roncelin from his monastery, and made him Viscount. But Hughes des Baux, having effected his marriage in 1207, persuaded the Pope to excommunicate Roncelin. The resistance of the latter and the Marseillais was long, but in 1211 Roncelin capitulated. He had to give his share of 4/24 of the viscounty to the Abbey of Saint-Victor whilst reserving the usufruct. Hughes des Baux continued his fight, but in 1226 he sold his rights to the commune. But following the marriage of his nephew [twice removed] with Alasacie, he tried to annul the sale. The fight was over in 1230. The commune possessed 20/24 of the viscounty. However, they still had to contend with the Bishop who possessed the high town and the Abbey de Saint-Victor and therefore owned 1/6 of the Viscounty(Abbott, Page 617). Died: between 1239 and 1240.

       1.1.1.2.4.1.1 Barral, Sire de Baux(Paul Theroff, posts, 09 August 1994 at 01:59 Hours). AKA: Barral des Baux(Paul Theroff, posts, 13 March 1995 at 18:53 Hours). AKA: Barral, Vicomte de Marseille. Born: before 1209 in Provence, France, son of Hughes des Baux and Barrale, Vicomtesse de Marseille, Barral is presumed to have been at least 20 years of age by the time his daughter, C‚cile, was born. Married before 1227 in France: Sibylle d'Anduze, daughter of Pierre-Bermond, Seigneur d'Anduze and Cl‚mence=Constance de Toulouse. Died: 1268 Barral went to Italy in 1253 and became an official in Sicily and in Milan. He is buried: Sylvacane.

        1.1.1.2.4.1.1.1 Marquise de Baux(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls) (Paul Theroff, posts, 01 June 1995 at 03:19 Hours). Married Name: de Rodès. Born: before 1228 in France, daughter of Barral, Sire de Baux and Sibylle d'Anduze. Married circa 1256 in France: Henri II, Count de Rodès, son of Hughes IV, Count de Rodès and Ysabeau, Dame de Roquefeuil. Died: circa 1279.

        1.1.1.2.4.1.1.2 C‚cile de Baux(Paul Theroff, posts, 13 March 1995 at 18:53 Hours). Married Name: de Savoie. Born: before 1229 in Provence, France, daughter of Barral, Sire de Baux and Sibylle d'Anduze, C‚cile is presumed to have been at least 15 years of age by the time her son, Boniface, was born. Married: 1244 in France: Am‚d‚ IV, Count de Savoie, son of Thomas I, Count de Savoie and B‚atrix de Genève; C‚cile was Am‚d‚ IV's second wife. Died: 1275 in France.

         1.1.1.2.4.1.1.2.1 Boniface, Comte de Savoie(Paul Theroff, posts, 13 March 1995 at 18:53 Hours). Born: 1244 in Savoie, France, son of Am‚d‚ IV, Count de Savoie and C‚cile de Baux. Died: 1263(Abbott, Page 644).

         1.1.1.2.4.1.1.2.2 B‚atrix de Savoie(Paul Theroff, posts, 13 March 1995 at 18:53 Hours). Married Name: de Chalon. Married Name: de Castile. Born: between 1245 and 1248 in France, daughter of Am‚d‚ IV, Count de Savoie and C‚cile de Baux, B‚atrix is presumed to have been at least 10 years of age when she married Pierre. Married: 21 Oct 1258 in France: Pierre de Chalon, son of Jean, Count de Chalon and Isabeau de Courtenay. Married circa 1274 in Spain: Juan Manuel de Castile, son of Fernando III, King de Castile and Elizabeth von Hohenstaufen; B‚atrix was Manuel's second wife and he was her second husband. Died: 23 Feb 1292 in Spain.

         1.1.1.2.4.1.1.2.3 ?l‚onore de Savoie(Paul Theroff, posts, 13 March 1995 at 18:53 Hours). Married Name: de Beaujeu. Born: between 1246 and 1252 in Savoie, France, daughter of Am‚d‚ IV, Count de Savoie and C‚cile de Baux. Married: 1269 in France: Guichard de Beaujeu, son of Renaud I, Count de Forez and Isabelle, Dame de Beaujeu. Died: after 1270.

         1.1.1.2.4.1.1.2.4 Constance de Savoie(Paul Theroff, posts, 13 March 1995 at 18:53 Hours). Born: between 1247 and 1253 in Savoie, France, daughter of Am‚d‚ IV, Count de Savoie and C‚cile de Baux. Died: after 1263 Constance was alive in the year 1263.

        1.1.1.2.4.1.1.3 Hughes de Baux(Paul Theroff, posts, 01 June 1995 at 03:18 Hours). Born: before 1229, son of Barral, Sire de Baux and Sibylle d'Anduze. Died: circa 1251.

        1.1.1.2.4.1.1.4 Bertrand II des Baux(Paul Theroff, posts, 21 October 1994 at 22:47 Hours; E.S. Band III, Tafel 740ff). AKA: Bertrand, Conde d'Avellino. AKA: Bertrand, Conde di Avellino. Born: before 1230 in Provence, France, son of Barral, Sire de Baux and Sibylle d'Anduze, Bertrand is presumed to have been at least 14 years of age when he married Philippa. Married circa 1244: Philippe de Poitiers, daughter of Aymar II, Count de Poitiers and Philippe de Fay; This Philippa de Poitiers was Bertrand II's first wife; althrough she bore the same name as his second wife, she had different parentage. Married between 1265 and 1267 in France: Philippe de Poitiers, daughter of Aymar III de Poitiers and Sibylle de Beaujeu. Married before 1303 in France: Agathe de M‚vouillon; Agathe was Bertrand II's third wife. Died: between 1304 and 1305 in Italy.

         1.1.1.2.4.1.1.4.1 Raymond I, Sire de Baux(Paul Theroff, posts, 01 June 1995 at 03:18 Hours). AKA: Raymond I, Comte d'Avellino. Born: between 1244 and 1260, son of Bertrand II des Baux and Philippe de Poitiers, Raymond I is presumed to have been at least 14 years of age when he married Jeanne. Married: 1274 in France: Jeanne Britaud, Dame de Nangis; Jeanne was Raymond I's first wife. Occupation: in 1295 Raymond I was the Seneschal de Provence, and in 1295 he was the Regent of Naples and Sicily. Married before 1307 in France: ?tiennette de Baux, daughter of Raymond de Baux and Eustachie ?tendard; ?tiennette was Raymond I's second wife. Died: 1321 in Crusans Raymond I was killed in action.

         1.1.1.2.4.1.1.4.2 C‚cile de Baux(Paul Theroff, posts, 14 May 1995 at 03:24 Hours). Married Name: de La Tour-du-Pin. Born: between 1244 and 1264 in France, daughter of Bertrand II des Baux and Philippe de Poitiers. Married circa 1284 in France: Guigues de La Tour-du-Pin, son of Humbert I, Comte de La Tour-du-Pin and Anne, Dauphine de Savoie.

         1.1.1.2.4.1.1.4.3 Hughes de Baux(Paul Theroff, posts, 01 June 1995 at 03:18 Hours). Born: between 1244 and 1264, son of Bertrand II des Baux and Philippe de Poitiers. Married before 3 Apr 1301: C‚cile de Sabran(Paul Theroff, posts, Posted on the Internet, at Uniform Resource Locator (URL) ftp://members.aol.com/ptheroff/Baux.txt, 2 June 1996 at 14:17 hours). Died: 1302 in Milan, Italy, Hughes was murdered.

         1.1.1.2.4.1.1.4.4 Sibylle de Baux(Paul Theroff, posts, 21 October 1994 at 22:47 Hours; E.S. Band III, Tafel 740ff). Married Name: de Poitiers. Born: before 1269 in France, daughter of Bertrand II des Baux and Philippe de Poitiers, Sibylle is presumed to have been at least 10 years of age when she married Aymar V/IV/II. Married: 1284 in France: Aymar V de Poitiers, son of Aymar IV de Poitiers and Hippolyte de Bourgogne. Died: 1360 in France.

         1.1.1.2.4.1.1.4.5 B‚atrix dite Pontessona de Baux(Paul Theroff, posts, 01 June 1995 at 03:18 Hours). Born: before 1274, daughter of Bertrand II des Baux and Philippe de Poitiers, B‚atrix is presumed to have been at least 10 years of age when she married Guigues, Dauphin du Viennois circa 1284. Died: after 3 Aug 1344.

         1.1.1.2.4.1.1.4.6 Barral des Baux(Paul Theroff, posts, Posted on the Internet, at Uniform Resource Locator (URL) ftp://members.aol.com/ptheroff/Baux.txt, 2 June 1996 at 14:17 hours). Born: before 1303, son of Bertrand II des Baux and Agathe de M‚vouillon(Paul Theroff, posts, Posted on the Internet, at Uniform Resource Locator (URL) ftp://members.aol.com/ptheroff/Baux.txt, 2 June 1996 at 14:17 hours). Died: circa 1331(Paul Theroff, posts, Posted on the Internet, at Uniform Resource Locator (URL) ftp://members.aol.com/ptheroff/Baux.txt, 2 June 1996 at 14:17 hours).

         1.1.1.2.4.1.1.4.7 Agout de Baux(Paul Theroff, posts, 01 June 1995 at 03:19 Hours). AKA: Agout, Seigneur de Caromb. Born: before 1304 in Vaucluse, Comtat Venaissin, France, son of Bertrand II des Baux and Agathe de M‚vouillon. Married before Jan 1321 in France: Catherine Artaude de Chƒtillon. Occupation: before 1346 in France Agout was the Seneschal of Beaucaire, NŒmes, Toulouse and Albi and later became the Captain-General of Languedoc. Died: 1346.

        1.1.1.2.4.1.1.5 Marguerite de Baux(Paul Theroff, posts, 01 June 1995 at 03:19 Hours). Born: before 1236, daughter of Barral, Sire de Baux and Sibylle d'Anduze. Died: after 1256 Marguerite was alive in the year 1256.

       1.1.1.2.4.1.2 Alsacie de Baux(Paul Theroff, posts, 01 June 1995 at 03:19 Hours). Born: before 1213 in Provence, France, daughter of Hughes des Baux and Barrale, Vicomtesse de Marseille. Died: circa 1274 Alsacie married Guillaume, dit "de Pertuis", de Forcalquier(Paul Theroff, posts, Posted on the Internet, at Uniform Resource Locator (URL) ftp://members.aol.com/ptheroff/Baux.txt, 2 June 1996 at 14:17 hours).

       1.1.1.2.4.1.3 C‚cile de Baux(Paul Theroff, posts, 01 June 1995 at 03:19 Hours). Born: before 1214 in Provence, France, daughter of Hughes des Baux and Barrale, Vicomtesse de Marseille. Died: after 1219 C‚cile was alive in the year 1219.

       1.1.1.2.4.1.4 Gilbert de Baux(Paul Theroff, posts, 01 June 1995 at 03:19 Hours). Born: before 1227 in France, son of Hughes des Baux and Barrale, Vicomtesse de Marseille, Gilbert is presumed to have been at least 14 years of age when he married Sibylle. Married before 27 Feb 1241 in Provence, France: Sibylle, Dame de Toulon. Died: 1243 in Toulon, Var, Provence, France.

      1.1.1.2.4.2 Bertrand de Baux(Paul Theroff, posts, 01 June 1995 at 03:19 Hours). AKA: Bertrand, Seigneur de Meyrargues. AKA: Bertrand, Seigneur de Puyricard. AKA: Bertrand, Seigneur de Berre(Abbott, Page 616). Born: before 1177 in Provence, France, son of Bertrand I, Prince d'Orange and Tiburge, Princess d'Orange, Bertrand is presumed to have been at least 18 years of age by the time his son, Raymond, was born. Married before 1194 in France: ?tiennette de Baux. Died: 1201.

       1.1.1.2.4.2.1 Raymond de Baux(Paul Theroff, posts, 01 June 1995 at 03:19 Hours). AKA: Raymond, Vicomte de Marseille(Paul Theroff, posts, Posted on the Internet, at Uniform Resource Locator (URL) ftp://members.aol.com/ptheroff/Baux.txt, 2 June 1996 at 14:17 hours). Born: before 1195 in Provence, France, son of Bertrand de Baux and ?tiennette de Baux, Raymond is presumed to have been at least 18 years of age by the time his son, Bertrand, was born. Married before 1209 in Provence, France: Alacassie = Alasacie, Vicomtesse de Marseille, daughter of Hughes Geoffroy III, Vicomte de Marseille and N?. Died: between 1235 and 1237.

        1.1.1.2.4.2.1.1 Bertrand de Baux(Paul Theroff, posts, 01 June 1995 at 03:19 Hours). AKA: Bertrand, Seigneur de Puyricard. AKA: Bertrand, Seigneur de Meyrargues. Born: before 1210 in Les Baux, Bouches-du-Rh“ne, Provence, France, son of Raymond de Baux and Alacassie = Alasacie, Vicomtesse de Marseille. Married: Apr 1213 in Les Baux, Bouches-du-Rh“ne, Provence, France: Eudiarde Adh‚mar; Eudiarde was Bertrand's first wife. Married before 1256 in Provence, France: Alix N?; Alix was Bertrand's second wife. Died: 1266.

         1.1.1.2.4.2.1.1.1 Hughes de Baux. AKA: Hughes, Seigneur de Puyricard. AKA: Hughes, Seigneur de Meyrargues. Born: before 1257 in Provence, France, son of Bertrand de Baux and Alix N?. Died: between 1304 and 1305.

         1.1.1.2.4.2.1.1.2 Raymond de Baux(Paul Theroff, posts, 01 June 1995 at 03:19 Hours). AKA: Raymond, Seigneur de Puyricard. Born: before 1258 in Les Baux, Bouches-du-Rh“ne, Provence, France, son of Bertrand de Baux and Alix N?, Raymond is presumed to have been at least 14 years of age when he married Eustachie. Married: 1272 in Provence, France: Eustachie ?tendard. Died: circa 1320.

         1.1.1.2.4.2.1.1.3 B‚atrix de Baux(Paul Theroff, posts, 01 June 1995 at 03:20 Hours). Married Name: de La Tour-du-Pin. Born: before 1259 in Provence, France, daughter of Bertrand de Baux and Alix N?. Married circa 1279 in France: Henri de La Tour-du-Pin. Died: after 1280.

         1.1.1.2.4.2.1.1.4 Hughes de Baux(Paul Theroff, posts, 01 June 1995 at 03:19 Hours). Born: before 1260 in Provence, France, son of Bertrand de Baux and Alix N?. Died: after 1263 Hughes was alive in the year 1263.

         1.1.1.2.4.2.1.1.5 Mabile de Baux(Paul Theroff, posts, Posted on the Internet, at Uniform Resource Locator (URL) ftp://members.aol.com/ptheroff/Baux.txt, 2 June 1996 at 14:17 hours). Born: before 1261, daughter of Bertrand de Baux and Alix N?, Mabile married Ermengaud N?.

         1.1.1.2.4.2.1.1.6 Alasacie de Baux(Paul Theroff, posts, Posted on the Internet, at Uniform Resource Locator (URL) ftp://members.aol.com/ptheroff/Baux.txt, 2 June 1996 at 14:17 hours). Born: before 1262, daughter of Bertrand de Baux and Alix N?, Alasacie married Bertrand de M‚vouillon after 1266(Paul Theroff, posts, Posted on the Internet, at Uniform Resource Locator (URL) ftp://members.aol.com/ptheroff/Baux.txt, 2 June 1996 at 14:17 hours).

         1.1.1.2.4.2.1.1.7 Sancia de Baux(Paul Theroff, posts, Posted on the Internet, at Uniform Resource Locator (URL) ftp://members.aol.com/ptheroff/Baux.txt, 2 June 1996 at 14:17 hours). Born: before 1263 in Provence, France, daughter of Bertrand de Baux and Alix N?, Sancia married Pedro de Cadaval before 1 July 1263(Paul Theroff, posts, Posted on the Internet, at Uniform Resource Locator (URL) ftp://members.aol.com/ptheroff/Baux.txt, 2 June 1996 at 14:17 hours).

        1.1.1.2.4.2.1.2 Gilbert de Baux(Paul Theroff, posts, 01 June 1995 at 03:20 Hours). AKA: Gilbert, Seigneur de Marignane(Paul Theroff, posts, Posted on the Internet, at Uniform Resource Locator (URL) ftp://members.aol.com/ptheroff/Baux.txt, 2 June 1996 at 14:17 hours). Born: before 1211 in Provence, France, son of Raymond de Baux and Alacassie = Alasacie, Vicomtesse de Marseille. Married before 1273 in Provence, France: Sibylle N?. Died: after 1277 Gilbert's Testament is dated in the year 1277, and he is presumed to have been alive at that time.

        1.1.1.2.4.2.1.3 Guillaume de Baux(Paul Theroff, posts, 01 June 1995 at 03:20 Hours). AKA: Guillaume, Seigneur de Berre. Born: before 1212 in Provence, France, son of Raymond de Baux and Alacassie = Alasacie, Vicomtesse de Marseille. Married before 1253: Eucharie de Tournel. Died: between 1265 and 1266.

         1.1.1.2.4.2.1.3.1 Guillaume de Baux(Paul Theroff, posts, 01 June 1995 at 03:20 Hours). Born: before 1254 in France, son of Guillaume de Baux and Eucharie de Tournel. Died: after 1308 Guillaume was the Bishop of Troja in 1308.

         1.1.1.2.4.2.1.3.2 Bertrand de Baux(Paul Theroff, posts, 01 June 1995 at 03:20 Hours). Born: before 1255 in France, son of Guillaume de Baux and Eucharie de Tournel, Bertrand went to Italy in 1265 and is presumed to have been at least 10 years of age at that time. Married before 1291: B‚rengère N?. Died: after 17 Jun 1309.

       1.1.1.2.4.2.2 Guillaume de Baux(Paul Theroff, posts, 01 June 1995 at 03:20 Hours). Born: before 1200, son of Bertrand de Baux and ?tiennette de Baux. Died: after 1210 Guillaume was alive in the year 1210.

       1.1.1.2.4.2.3 Raymond-Hughes de Baux(Paul Theroff, posts, 01 June 1995 at 03:20 Hours). Born: before 1201 in France, son of Bertrand de Baux and ?tiennette de Baux. Died: after 1237 Raymond Hughes was alive in the year 1237.

      1.1.1.2.4.3 Guillaume I/IV, Baron de Baux(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 177) (Abbott, Page 616). AKA: Guillaume II, Prince d'Orange Guillaume II was the fifth Prince of Orange. AKA: Guillaume II, King d'Arles. AKA: Guillaume IV, Comte d'Orange(Abbott, Page 593). Also Known As: Guillaume "Courte-Nez"(Abbott, Page 593). Born: before 1181 in Hertford, Hertford, England, son of Bertrand I, Prince d'Orange and Tiburge, Princess d'Orange. Married before 1202 in France: Ermengarde de M‚vouillon, daughter of Raymond II., Seigneur de M‚vouillon and N?. Divorced Ermengarde de M‚vouillon: in 1204. Married circa 1205 in Vaucluse, Comtat Venaissin, France: Alix N?. Died: either 1218 or 1248 According to Andr‚ Roux, Guillaume II was alive in the year 1182. According to Abbott [Page 593] Guillaume died: 1218, but [on Page 616] he shows Guillaume died: 1248(Abbott, Pages 593, 616).

       1.1.1.2.4.3.1 Raimond I, Prince d'Orange(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 177) (Paul Theroff, posts, 01 June 1995 at 03:22 Hours). Also Known As: Raimond "Le Vieux." AKA: Raymond II, Seigneur des Baux(Abbott, Page 616). Born: before 1204 in Orange, Vaucluse, Comtat Venaissin, France, son of Guillaume I/IV, Baron de Baux and Ermengarde de M‚vouillon. Married circa 1239 in France: Malberjone d'Aix. Died: 1282(Abbott, Pages 593, 616).

        1.1.1.2.4.3.1.1 Guillaume de Baux(Paul Theroff, posts, 01 June 1995 at 03:22 Hours). Born: between 1239 and 1253 in France, son of Raimond I, Prince d'Orange and Malberjone d'Aix, Guillaume is presumed to have been at least 18 years of age by the time his daughter, ?tiennette, was born. Married before 1270 in Comtat Venaissin, France: Guise de Lunel. Died: circa 1281.

         1.1.1.2.4.3.1.1.1 ?tiennette de Baux(Paul Theroff, posts, 01 June 1995 at 03:22 Hours). Married Name: d'Orange. Born: before 1271 in Orange, Vaucluse, Comtat Venaissin, France, daughter of Guillaume de Baux and Guise de Lunel, ?tiennette is presumed to have been at least 10 years of age when she married Bertrand III. Married circa 1281 in Orange, Vaucluse, Comtat Venaissin, France: Bertrand II/III, Co-Prince d'Orange, son of Raymond II de Baux and Bigne N?; ?tiennette was Bertrand III's first wife. Died: after 1282.

        1.1.1.2.4.3.1.2 Bertrand III, Prince d'Orange(Paul Theroff, posts, 07 August 1994 at 10:50 Hours; E.S. Band XI, Tafel 158 (1986).) (Abbott, Page 593). AKA: Bertrand II/IV, Seigneur de Baux(Paul Theroff, posts, 07 August 1994 at 10:50 Hours; E.S. Band XI, Tafel 158 (1986).) (Abbott, Page 616). Born: between 1240 and 1254 in Orange, Vaucluse, Comtat Venaissin, France, son of Raimond I, Prince d'Orange and Malberjone d'Aix. Married: 1273 in France: ?l‚onore de Genève, daughter of Henri, Count de Genève and N?. PaterAlter before 1290 Bertrand III, Prince d'Orange/Raimond III/IV, Prince d'Orange(Paul Theroff, posts, 07 August 1994 at 10:50 Hours; E.S. Band XI, Tafel 158 (1986)). Died: either 1300 or 1314 According to E.S. [via Paul Theroff], Bertrand IV died: 1314 and is buried: Orange. According to Abbott, Bertrand II died: 1300(Abbott, Page 616.) (Paul Theroff, posts, 07 August 1994 at 10:50 Hours; E.S. Band XI, Tafel 158 (1986)).

         1.1.1.2.4.3.1.2.1 Bertrande de Baux(Paul Theroff, posts, 01 June 1995 at 03:22 Hours). Born: between 1273 and 1285 in Orange, Vaucluse, Comtat Venaissin, France, daughter of Bertrand III, Prince d'Orange and ?l‚onore de Genève. Died: after 1309 Bertrande was a nun at Aix and was alive in the year 1309.

         1.1.1.2.4.3.1.2.2 Guillaume de Baux(Paul Theroff, posts, 08 August 1994 at 22:02 Hours). Born: between 1273 and 1292 in Orange, Vaucluse, Comtat Venaissin, France, son of Bertrand III, Prince d'Orange and ?l‚onore de Genève, Guillaume is presumed to have been at least 20 years of age when he died. Married before 1312 in France: Tiburge d'Anduze, daughter of Bermond I d'Anduze and Raimbaude, Dame de Saint-Martin. Died: 1312.

         1.1.1.2.4.3.1.2.3 Isabelle de Baux(Paul Theroff, posts, 01 June 1995 at 03:23 Hours). Married Name: d'Agoult. Born: between 1274 and 1286 in Orange, Vaucluse, Comtat Venaissin, France, daughter of Bertrand III, Prince d'Orange and ?l‚onore de Genève, Isabelle married Raymond d'Agoult who died: 1321. Married before 1320: Raymond, Seigneur d'Agoult(Paul Theroff, posts, Posted on the Internet, at Uniform Resource Locator (URL) ftp://members.aol.com/ptheroff/Baux.txt, 2 June 1996 at 14:17 hours).

         1.1.1.2.4.3.1.2.4 B‚atrix de Baux(Paul Theroff, posts, 01 June 1995 at 03:23 Hours). Married Name: de Polignac. Born: between 1275 and 1287 in Orange, Vaucluse, Comtat Venaissin, France, daughter of Bertrand III, Prince d'Orange and ?l‚onore de Genève. Married before 21 Jul 1314 in France: Guillaume de Polignac, son of Armand IV, Vicomte de Polignac and Marguerite, Dame de Randon. Died: after 1332 B‚atrix was alive in the year 1332.

         1.1.1.2.4.3.1.2.5 Henri de Baux(Paul Theroff, posts, 01 June 1995 at 03:23 Hours). Born: between 1275 and 1304 in Orange, Vaucluse, Comtat Venaissin, France, son of Bertrand III, Prince d'Orange and ?l‚onore de Genève, Henri is presumed to have been born before his father was 50 years of age. Died: circa 1340 in Autun, Sa“ne-et-Loire, Bourgogne, France, Henri was a Canon in Autun.

         1.1.1.2.4.3.1.2.6 Catherine de Baux(Paul Theroff, posts, 01 June 1995 at 03:23 Hours). Born: between 1276 and 1288 in Orange, Vaucluse, Comtat Venaissin, France, daughter of Bertrand III, Prince d'Orange and ?l‚onore de Genève. Died: circa 1340 Catherine married Raymond de Ceva.

         1.1.1.2.4.3.1.2.7 St‚phanie de Baux(Paul Theroff, posts, 01 June 1995 at 03:23 Hours). Married Name: de Monteil. Born: between 1277 and 1289 in Orange, Vaucluse, Comtat Venaissin, France, daughter of Bertrand III, Prince d'Orange and ?l‚onore de Genève. Married before 25 Jul 1314 in France: Hughes Adh‚mar, Seigneur de Monteil. Died: circa 1370.

         1.1.1.2.4.3.1.2.8 Tiburge de Baux(Paul Theroff, posts, 01 June 1995 at 03:23 Hours). Married Name: du Thor. Born: between 1278 and 1290 in Orange, Vaucluse, Comtat Venaissin, France, daughter of Bertrand III, Prince d'Orange and ?l‚onore de Genève, Tiburge is presumed to have been at least 10 years of age when she married Giraud. Married before 1300 in Vaucluse, Comtat Venaissin, France: Giraud, Seigneur du Thor. Died: circa 1314 in France.

         1.1.1.2.4.3.1.2.9 Bertrand III, Seigneur des Baux(Abbott, Page 616). Born: before 1274 in Provence, France, son of Bertrand III, Prince d'Orange and ?l‚onore de Genève, Bertrand III is presumed to have been at least 16 years of age when his alleged son, Raymond III, was born. Married before 1289: N?. Died: 1353(Abbott, Page 616).

         1.1.1.2.4.3.1.2.10 Marguerite de Baux(Paul Theroff, posts, 01 June 1995 at 03:23 Hours). Born: between 1279 and 1304 in Orange, Vaucluse, Comtat Venaissin, France, daughter of Bertrand III, Prince d'Orange and ?l‚onore de Genève, Marguerite is presumed to have been born before her father was 50 years of age. Died: after 1331 Marguerite was alive in the year 1331. Married before 1344 in Courth‚zon, Vaucluse, Comtat Venaissin, France: Bertrand V de Baux, son of Bertrand II/III, Co-Prince d'Orange and Bertrande Giraud.

       1.1.1.2.4.3.2 Guillaume II de Baux(Paul Theroff, posts, 01 June 1995 at 03:23 Hours). AKA: Guillaume II/V, Co-Prince d'Orange(Abbott, Page 593). Born: circa 1207 in Orange, Vaucluse, Comtat Venaissin, France, son of Guillaume I/IV, Baron de Baux and Alix N?. Married before 1223 in Comtat Venaissin, France: Pr‚cieuse N?. Died: circa 1239.

        1.1.1.2.4.3.2.1 Bertrand II de Baux(Paul Theroff, posts, 01 June 1995 at 03:23 Hours). Born: before 1224 in Orange, Vaucluse, Comtat Venaissin, France, son of Guillaume II de Baux and Pr‚cieuse N?. Died: after 1248 Bertrand II was a priest in 1248.

        1.1.1.2.4.3.2.2 Guillaume III de Baux(Paul Theroff, posts, 01 June 1995 at 03:23 Hours). AKA: Guillaume III, Seigneur de Courth‚zon. AKA: Guillaume III/VI, Co-Prince d'Orange(Abbott, Page 593). Born: before 1225 in Orange, Vaucluse, Comtat Venaissin, France, son of Guillaume II de Baux and Pr‚cieuse N?, Guillaume III is presumed to have been at least 14 years of age when he married Guiburge. Married circa 1239 in Comtat Venaissin, France: Guiburge de M‚vouillon, daughter of Raymond III, Seigneur de M‚vouillon and N?. Died: between 1248 and 1257 in Courth‚zon, Vaucluse, Comtat Venaissin, France.

        1.1.1.2.4.3.2.3 Raymond II de Baux(Paul Theroff, posts, 01 June 1995 at 03:23 Hours). AKA: Raymond II, Seigneur de Courth‚zon. AKA: Raymond II, Co-Prince d'Orange(Abbott, Page 593). Born: before 1238 in Courth‚zon, Vaucluse, Comtat Venaissin, France, son of Guillaume II de Baux and Pr‚cieuse N?. Married before 1256 in France: Bigne N?. Married before 1277 in France: Laur‚ Adh‚mar; Laur‚ was Raymond II's second wife. Died: 1279 in Comtat Venaissin, France,(Abbott, Page 593).

         1.1.1.2.4.3.2.3.1 Bertrand II/III, Co-Prince d'Orange(Paul Theroff, posts, 01 June 1995 at 03:23 Hours.) (Abbott, Page 593). AKA: Bertrand III de Baux. AKA: Bertrand III, Seigneur de Courth‚zon. Born: before 1267 in Courth‚zon, Vaucluse, Comtat Venaissin, France, son of Raymond II de Baux and Bigne N?, Bertrand III is presumed to have been at least 14 years of age when he married ?tiennette. Married circa 1281 in Orange, Vaucluse, Comtat Venaissin, France: ?tiennette de Baux, daughter of Guillaume de Baux and Guise de Lunel; ?tiennette was Bertrand III's first wife. Married before 1294 in France: Bertrande Giraud; Bertrande was Bertrand III's second wife. Died: 1305 in Holy Land.

         1.1.1.2.4.3.2.3.2 Raymond III de Baux(Paul Theroff, posts, 01 June 1995 at 03:23 Hours). AKA: Raymond III, titular Co-Prince d'Orange. AKA: Raymond III, Seigneur de Suse. Born: before 1278 in Vaucluse, Comtat Venaissin, France, son of Raymond II de Baux and Laur‚ Adh‚mar. Died: circa 1339.

     1.1.1.2.5 Matelle de Baux(Paul Theroff, posts, 01 June 1995 at 03:16 Hours). Married Name: de B‚arn. Married Name: de Bigorre. Born: before 1135 in Provence, France, daughter of Raimond, Seigneur de Baux and ?tiennette=Stephanie de Provence, Matelle is presumed to have been at least 10 years of age when she married Pierre. Married circa 1145 in France: Pierre, Vicomte de B‚arn, son of Pierre, Vicomte de Gavaret and Guiscarde de B‚arn; Pierre was Matelle's first husband. Married circa 1155 in France: Centullo III, Count de Bigorre, son of Pierre, Vicomte de Marsan and B‚atrix III, Comtesse de Bigorre; Centullo III was Matelle's second husband. Died: after Oct 1175.

      1.1.1.2.5.1 Marie, Vicomtesse de B‚arn(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 154, 232). Married Name: de Moncade. Born: before 1153 in Pau, B‚arn, France, daughter of Pierre, Vicomte de B‚arn and Matelle de Baux(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls). Married before 1165: Guillaume V de Moncade, son of Guillaume Raimond IV de Moncade and N? de Castelvo. Died: after 1173 Marie was deposed in the year 1173(Abbott, Page 488).

       1.1.1.2.5.1.1 Guillaume-Raimond, Vicomte de B‚arn(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 154, 232) (Abbott, Page 488). AKA: Guillaume-Raimond, Vicomte de Moncade. Born: before 1170, son of Guillaume V de Moncade and Marie, Vicomtesse de B‚arn. Married before 1208: N?. Note - in 1214: Gauillaume became Vicomte in 1214, when his brother Gaston VI died. Died: 1223.

        1.1.1.2.5.1.1.1 Guillaume, Vicomte de B‚arn(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 232) (Abbott, Page 488). Born: before 1209, son of Guillaume-Raimond, Vicomte de B‚arn and N?, Guillaume is presumed to have been at least 20 years of age when he died. Married before 1229: Garsende de Forcalquier, daughter of Alfonso, Prince de Aragon and Gersinde II de Sabran. Died: 1229 Guillaume II became Vicomte in 1224 and was killed in action in 1229.

         1.1.1.2.5.1.1.1.1 Gaston VII/VIII, Vicomte de B‚arn (above)

       1.1.1.2.5.1.2 Gaston VI de Moncade. AKA: Gaston VI, Vicomte de B‚arn. AKA: Gaston "Le Jeune"(Abbott, Page 488). Born: before 1186 in France, son of Guillaume V de Moncade and Marie, Vicomtesse de B‚arn, Gaston VI is presumed to have been at least 10 years of age when he married P‚tronelle. Married: 1 Jun 1186 in France: P‚tronille de Comminges, daughter of Bernard IV, Count de Comminges and B‚atrice IV, Comtesse de Bigorre. Died: 1214.

        1.1.1.2.5.1.2.1 Guillemette de B‚arn. Married Name: de Castile. Born: before 1214 in France, daughter of Gaston VI de Moncade and P‚tronille de Comminges. Married: 1266 in Spain: Alfonso Manuel de Castile, son of Juan Manuel de Castile and Constanza de Aragon. Died: 1306.

      1.1.1.2.5.2 Gaston V de B‚arn(Paul Theroff, posts, Posting in Subject "Spain & Portugal" on 5 March 1994 at 03:32 Hours). Born: before 1153, son of Pierre, Vicomte de B‚arn and Matelle de Baux, Gaston became Vicomte in 1154. Married before 1164: Sancha de Navarre, daughter of Garcia-Ramirez VII, King de Navarre and Urraque Alfonsa, Princess de Castile; Gaston V was Sancha's first husband. Died: 1170(Abbott, Page 488).

      1.1.1.2.5.3 B‚atrice IV, Comtesse de Bigorre(Abbott, Page 346). Married Name: ?tiennette, Comtesse de Comminges(Abbott, Page 346). AKA: ?tiennette, Vicomtesse de Marsan(Abbott, Page 361). Born: before 1170 in France, daughter of Centullo III, Count de Bigorre and Matelle de Baux, B‚atrice III is presumed to have been at least 10 years of age when she married Bernard IV, and became the heiress of Bigorre in 1178. Married circa 1180 in France: Bernard IV, Count de Comminges, son of Bernard III, Comte de Comminges and Laurence de Toulouse. Died: circa 1190(Abbott, Page 346). Divorced Bernard IV, Count de Comminges: between 1192 and 1194 in France.

       1.1.1.2.5.3.1 P‚tronille de Comminges(Abbott, Page 346). AKA: P‚tronille, Vicomtesse de Marsan(Abbott, Page 361). AKA: P‚tronelle, Countess de Bigorre P‚tronelle became the heiress of Bigorre in 1190 upon her mother's death. Married Name: de Moncade. Married Name: de Aragon. Married Name: de Montfort-l'Amaury. Married Name: de Rancon. Married Name: de Mastas. Born: 1181 in France, daughter of Bernard IV, Count de Comminges and B‚atrice IV, Comtesse de Bigorre. Married: 1 Jun 1186 in France: Gaston VI de Moncade, son of Guillaume V de Moncade and Marie, Vicomtesse de B‚arn. Married: 1215: Nu¤o Sanchez de Aragon, son of Sancho, Count de Roussillon and Sancha Nu¤ez de Lara; Nu¤o was P‚tronelle's second husband and she was his first wife. Annulled she and Nu¤o Sanchez de Aragon: in 1216. Married: 6 Nov 1216 in Tarbes, Bigorre, Gascogne, France: Gui de Montfort, son of Simon V, Count de Montfort and Alix de Montmorency; Gui was P‚tronelle's third husband. Married before 1226: Aimar de Rancon; Aimar was P‚tronelle's fourth husband. Married: Dec 1227 in France: Boson de Mastas; Boson was P‚tronelle's fifth husband. Died: circa 1229.

        1.1.1.2.5.3.1.1 Guillemette de B‚arn (above)

        1.1.1.2.5.3.1.2 Alix de Montfort(Paul Theroff, posts, Posted under Subject "Montfort" on 26 February 1994 at 23:13 Hours). Married Name: de Chabanais. AKA: Alix, Countess de Bigorre(Abbott, Page 346). Married Name: de Courtenay. Born: before 1220 in France, daughter of Gui de Montfort and P‚tronille de Comminges. Married before 1246: Jourdain VIII Eschivat de Chabanais, son of Jourdain II, Seigneur de Chabanais and N?; Jourdain VIII was Alix's first husband. Married circa 1247 in Italy: Raoul de Courtenay, son of Robert de Courtenay and Mahaut, Dame de Mehun; Raoul was Alix's second husband. Died: 1255 in France.

         1.1.1.2.5.3.1.2.1 Esquivaut II, Seigneur de Chabanais(Abbott, Page 407). AKA: Esquivat, Comte de Bigorre. Born: before 1251, son of Jourdain VIII Eschivat de Chabanais and Alix de Montfort, Esquivat became the Comte de Bigorre in 1251. Married before 1255: Mascarose II, Comtesse d'Armagnac, daughter of Arnaud III Odon, Vicomte de Lomagne and Mascarose I, Comtesse d'Armagnac. Married circa 1256 in France: Ines de Foix, daughter of Roger IV, Comte de Foix and Brunissende de Cardonne. Died: 1283(Abbott, Page 346).

         1.1.1.2.5.3.1.2.2 Laure, Countess de Bigorre(Paul Theroff, posts, 18 July 1994 at 01:12 Hours.) (Abbott, Page 346). Married Name: de Turenne. AKA: Laur‚, Dame de Chabanais(Abbott, Page 407). AKA: Laur‚ de Rochechouart(Paul Theroff, posts, 11 February 1995 at 23:22 Hours). Born: before 1255 in Chabanais, Charente, Angoumois, France, daughter of Jourdain VIII Eschivat de Chabanais and Alix de Montfort, Lore became the heiress of Bigorre in 1283 when her brother, Esquivat, died. Born: before 1284 in France, daughter of Jourdain VIII Eschivat de Chabanais and Alix de Montfort, Laur‚ is presumed to have been at least 20 years of age when she married Simon. Married: 1284 in France: Raimond V/VI, Vicomte de Turenne, son of Raimond, Seigneur de Servières and Allemande, Dame de Malemort; Lore was Raimond V's second wife. Married circa 1304 in France: Simon, Vicomte de Rochechouart, son of Aimery IX, Vicomte de Rochechouart and Mathilde Jeanne, Dame de Vivonne. Died: 1316 in France.

         1.1.1.2.5.3.1.2.3 Mahaut, Countess de Chieti(Paul Theroff, posts, 11 February 1995 at 23:25 Hours). Married Name: de Dampierre. Born: 1254 in France, daughter of Raoul de Courtenay and Alix de Montfort. Married: 1284: Philippe de Dampierre, son of Gui de Dampierre and Mahaut=Mathilde, Dame de B‚thune. Died: either 1301 or 1303 in Italy.

        1.1.1.2.5.3.1.3 Marthe = Aim‚e, Countess de Bigorre(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 232). Married Name: de B‚arn. AKA: Aim‚e de Mastas. AKA: Mathe, Vicomtesse de Marsan(Abbott, Page 361). Born: circa 1227, daughter of Boson de Mastas and P‚tronille de Comminges. Married before 1241: Gaston VII/VIII, Vicomte de B‚arn, son of Guillaume, Vicomte de B‚arn and Garsende de Forcalquier; Marthe was Gaston VIII's first wife. Died: after 1251 Marthe became the Comtesse de Bigorre in 1251, upon the death of her mother.

         1.1.1.2.5.3.1.3.1 Marguerite, Vicomtesse de B‚arn(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 138, 232) (Abbott, Page 488). Married Name: de Foix. AKA: Marguerite de Moncade. Born: before 1242, daughter of Gaston VII/VIII, Vicomte de B‚arn and Marthe = Aim‚e, Countess de Bigorre, Marguerite is presumed to have been at least 10 years of age when she married Roger-Bernard III. Married: 1252 in France: Roger-Bernard III/IV, Comte de Foix, son of Roger IV, Comte de Foix and Brunissende de Cardonne; Marguerite brings the Viscounty of B‚arn to the House of Foix. Died: 1319.

         1.1.1.2.5.3.1.3.2 Math‚ de B‚arn(Abbott, Page 488). Married Name: d'Armagnac. Born: before 1245, daughter of Gaston VII/VIII, Vicomte de B‚arn and Marthe = Aim‚e, Countess de Bigorre, Math‚ is presumed to have been at least 15 years of age by the time her son, Bernard VI, was born. Married: 1260: G‚raud VI, Comte d'Armagnac, son of Roger, Comte d'Armagnac and Puncela d'Albret.

         1.1.1.2.5.3.1.3.3 Constance de Moncade. AKA: Constance, Countess de Bigorre. Married Name: de Genève. AKA: Constance, Vicomtesse de Marsan(Abbott, Page 361). Married Name: de Aragon. Born: before 1250, daughter of Gaston VII/VIII, Vicomte de B‚arn and Marthe = Aim‚e, Countess de Bigorre, Constance is presumed to have been at least 10 years of age when she married Alfonso. Married: 23 Mar 1260 in Spain: Alfonso, Prince de Aragon, son of Jacques=Jayme I, King de Aragon and L‚onore, Princess de Castile. Married: 1279 in France: Aimon II, Comte de Genève, son of Rodolph I, Comte de Genève and Marie de Coligny. Died: 25 Apr 1310.

         1.1.1.2.5.3.1.3.4 Guillermina de Moncade. Married Name: de Aragon. AKA: Guillelme de B‚arn(Abbott, Page 488). AKA: Guillelme, Dame de Rivière-Basse(Abbott, Page 488). Born: before 1272, daughter of Gaston VII/VIII, Vicomte de B‚arn and Marthe = Aim‚e, Countess de Bigorre. Married: 28 Aug 1291: Pedro, Prince de Aragon, son of Pedro III, King de Aragon and Constance von Hohenstaufen. Died: 1309.

     1.1.1.2.6 Gilbert de Baux(Paul Theroff, posts, 01 June 1995 at 03:16 Hours). Born: before 1136 in Provence, France, son of Raimond, Seigneur de Baux and ?tiennette=Stephanie de Provence, Gilbert was alive in the year 1137. Died: after 1160 Gilbert was alive in the year 1160.

     1.1.1.2.7 Raimond de Baux(Paul Theroff, posts, 01 June 1995 at 03:16 Hours). Born: before 1140 in Provence, France, son of Raimond, Seigneur de Baux and ?tiennette=Stephanie de Provence, Raimond is presumed to have been born before his father was 50 years of age. Died: after 1168 Raimond was alive in the year 1168.

    1.1.1.3 Faydide de Rodès(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 85, 106) (Paul Theroff, posts, 18 July 1994 at 01:11 Hours). AKA: Faydiva d'Uzès. AKA: Faydide de Carlat. Married Name: de Toulouse. Born: before 1109 in France, daughter of Gerbert=Gilbert III, Vicomte de Carlat and Tiburge=Gerberge, Countess de Provence. MaterAlter: before 1110 Marie d'Uzès/Faydide de Rodès. PaterAlter before 1110 Faydide de Rodès/Raimond D‚can de Posquières. Married before 16 Sep 1125: Alfonse I Jourdain, Count de Toulouse, son of Raymond IV, Count de Toulouse and Gesloire=?lvire de Castile.

     1.1.1.3.1 Raimond V, Count de Toulouse(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 79, 85) (Aug‚, Tome II, Page 619.) (Paul Theroff, posts, 18 July 1994 at 01:12 Hours.) (Abbott, Page 371). AKA: Raimond, Margrave de Provence. AKA: Raimond V, Duke de Narbonne. Note -: Count of Toulouse, Languedoc, France: 1148-1194. He fought against Pope Alexander III who imposed the Interdict on the County of Toulouse. Born: 1134 in Languedoc, France, son of Alfonse I Jourdain, Count de Toulouse and Faydide de Rodès. Married: 1154: Constance, Princess de France, daughter of Louis VI, King de France and Alix=Ad‚la‹de de Maurienne; Raimond V was Constance's second husband and she was his first wife. . Died: 1194 in NŒmes, Gard, Languedoc, France, NŒmes was the Capital of ancient NŒmois.

      1.1.1.3.1.1 Raymond VI, Count de Toulouse(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 85, 151) (Castelot, Tome 2, Pages 41, 95.) (Paul Theroff, posts, 18 July 1994 at 01:12 Hours.) (Abbott, Page 371). AKA: Raymond VI, Margrave de Provence. AKA: Raimond VI, Duke de Narbonne. Born: 27 Oct 1156 in Languedoc, France, son of Raimond V, Count de Toulouse and Constance, Princess de France. Married: 11 Dec 1172 in France: Ermessende, Countess de Melgueil, daughter of Bernard d'Alais and B‚atrix, Countess de Melgueil; Ermessende was Raymond VI's first wife. Married circa 1178 in France: B‚atrix de B‚ziers, daughter of Raimond Trincavel, Vicomte de B‚ziers and Ad‚la‹de N?; B‚atrix was Raymond VI's second wife. Married: 1193 in France: Bourgogne de Lusignan; Bourgogne was Raymond VI's third wife. Repudiated: B‚atrix de B‚ziers in 1193. Note - between 1195 and 1218: Raimond VI was the Count of Toulouse, Languedoc, France from 1195. After his defeat at the Battle of Muret, he was stripped of his estates by Simon de Montfort. They fought again in 1216, and Raymond de Toulouse defended the city against Simon de Montfort in 1218(Aug‚, Page 619). Repudiated: Bourgogne de Lusignan in 1196. Married: Oct 1196: Joanna, Princess of England, daughter of Henry II, King of England and ?l‚onore, Duchess d'Aquitaine; Joanna was Raymond VI's fourth wife. Married: 1200: N? Komnene, daughter of Isaac Dukas Komnenos and N?, Princess de Sicile; She was Raymond VI's fifth wife. Divorced N? Komnene: in 1202. Married: Jan 1203: Leonor de Aragon, daughter of Alfonso II, King de Aragon and Sancha, Princess de Castile; Leonor was Raymond VI's sixth wife. Died: 2 Aug 1222 in France at age 65 Upon the death of Raymond VI, his young son, Raymond VII would take up the banner of the Albigensians and fight energetically against the French.

       1.1.1.3.1.1.1 Cl‚mence=Constance de Toulouse(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 85, 153) (Paul Theroff, posts, 18 July 1994 at 01:12 Hours). Married Name: d'Anduze. Married Name: de Navarre. Born: between 1179 and 1192 in Languedoc, France, daughter of Raymond VI, Count de Toulouse and B‚atrix de B‚ziers. Married between 1196 and 1199: Sancho VII, King de Navarre, son of Sancho VI, King de Navarre and Sancie=B‚atrix de Castile; Sancho VII was Cl‚mence's first husband. Repudiated: Sancho VII, King de Navarre in 1200. Married between 1200 and 1209: Pierre-Bermond, Seigneur d'Anduze, son of Bernard VII, Sire d'Anduze and Marquise N?; Pierre was Cl‚mence's second husband. Died: after 12 May 1260.

        1.1.1.3.1.1.1.1 Pierre Bermond II, Seigneur d'Anduze(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 153, 216) (Paul Theroff, posts, 08 August 1994 at 22:02 Hours.) (Abbott, Page 378). AKA: Pierre-Bermond VII, Seigneur de Sauve(Abbott, Page 378). Born: before 1210 in France, son of Pierre-Bermond, Seigneur d'Anduze and Cl‚mence=Constance de Toulouse. Married before 1235 in France: Josserande de Poitiers, daughter of Aymar II, Count de Poitiers and Philippe de Fay; Josserande was Pierre Bermond VII's first wife. Married before 1252 in France: Alasacie de Pierre; Alasacie was Pierre Bermond VII's second wife. Died: 1254(Abbott, Page 378).

         1.1.1.3.1.1.1.1.1 Marie d'Anduze(Paul Theroff, posts, 08 August 1994 at 22:02 Hours). Married Name: de Lomagne. Born: before 1235 in Anduze, Gard, Languedoc, France, daughter of Pierre Bermond II, Seigneur d'Anduze and Josserande de Poitiers, Marie was the older sister of Philippe. Married before 11 Feb 1248 in France: Arnoul III, Vicomte de Lomagne.

         1.1.1.3.1.1.1.1.2 Philippe d'Anduse(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 153, 161). Married Name: de Narbonne. Born: before 1236 in France, daughter of Pierre Bermond II, Seigneur d'Anduze and Josserande de Poitiers, Philippe is presumed to have been at least 15 years of age by the time her son Amalric was born. Married before 1251: Amalric=Aimeri II/IV, Vicomte de Narbonne, son of Aimery I/III, Vicomte de Narbonne and Marguerite de Marly.

         1.1.1.3.1.1.1.1.3 Guillaume d'Anduze(Paul Theroff, posts, 08 August 1994 at 22:02 Hours). Born: before 1243 in Gard, Languedoc, France, son of Pierre Bermond II, Seigneur d'Anduze and Josserande de Poitiers. Married before 1285 in Languedoc, France: Cavajere, Dame d'Olargues. Died: 1300 in Hierle, Gard, Languedoc, France.

         1.1.1.3.1.1.1.1.4 Roger d'Anduze(Paul Theroff, posts, 08 August 1994 at 22:02 Hours). AKA: Roger, Seigneur de La Vo-te. Born: before 1244 in Anduze, Gard, Languedoc, France, son of Pierre Bermond II, Seigneur d'Anduze and Josserande de Poitiers. Married before 1270 in France: Audis, Dame de Livron, daughter of G‚raud Bastet, Seigneur de Crussol and N?. Died: circa 1302 in La Vo-te-Chilhac, Haute-Loire, Auvergne, France, La Vo-te-Chilhac is 21 km from Brioude on the Allier River.

         1.1.1.3.1.1.1.1.5 Aymar d'Anduze. Born: before 1245 in Anduze, Gard, Languedoc, France, son of Pierre Bermond II, Seigneur d'Anduze and Josserande de Poitiers. Died: after 1254 Aymar was alive in the year 1254.

         1.1.1.3.1.1.1.1.6 Bernard d'Anduze(Paul Theroff, posts, 08 August 1994 at 22:02 Hours). Born: before 1246 in Anduze, Gard, Languedoc, France, son of Pierre Bermond II, Seigneur d'Anduze and Josserande de Poitiers. Died: after 1246 Bernard was alive in the year 1246.

         1.1.1.3.1.1.1.1.7 B‚raud d'Anduze(Paul Theroff, posts, 08 August 1994 at 22:02 Hours). Born: before 1249 in Anduze, Gard, Languedoc, France, son of Pierre Bermond II, Seigneur d'Anduze and Josserande de Poitiers. Died: after 1291 B‚raud was alive in the year 1291.

        1.1.1.3.1.1.1.2 Raymond d'Anduze(Paul Theroff, posts, 09 August 1994 at 01:59 Hours). AKA: Raymond, Baron de Florac Florac is located in Lozère, France on the Tarnon Branch of the Tarn River, about 40 km from Mende. It was a major city in the ancient territory of G‚vaudan. AKA: Raymond, Baron de Moissac Moissac is in Tarn-et-Garonne, on the Tarn River 7 km from Gastelsarrasin and is known for its magnificent cloister of the XIIth. Century [at that time it would have been in the Agenais region of the Guyenne Territory. Born: before 1213 in Anduze, Gard, Languedoc, France, son of Pierre-Bermond, Seigneur d'Anduze and Cl‚mence=Constance de Toulouse. Married before 1227 in France: N?. Died: 1242 in Florac, G‚vaudan, Languedoc, France.

         1.1.1.3.1.1.1.2.1 Bernard d'Anduze(Paul Theroff, posts, 09 August 1994 at 01:59 Hours). AKA: Bernard I, Baron de Moissac. AKA: Bernard I, Baron de Florac. Born: before 1229 in Florac, G‚vaudan, Languedoc, France, son of Raymond d'Anduze and N?, Bernard I is presumed to have been at least 15 years of age by the time his son Raymond II was born. Married before 1243 in France: Raymonde de Roquefeuil.

        1.1.1.3.1.1.1.3 B‚atrix d'Anduze(Paul Theroff, posts, 09 August 1994 at 01:59 Hours). Married Name: de Roquefeuil. Born: before 1213 in Anduze, Gard, Languedoc, France, daughter of Pierre-Bermond, Seigneur d'Anduze and Cl‚mence=Constance de Toulouse. Married: 1229 in France: Arnaud de Roquefeuil, son of Raymond, Count de Roquefeuil and Guillemette de Montpellier; B‚atrix was Arnaud's first wife. Died: after 1231.

         1.1.1.3.1.1.1.3.1 Raymond II, Seigneur de Roquefeuil(Paul Theroff, posts, 09 August 1994 at 01:59 Hours). Born: between 1229 and 1238 in Roquefeuil, Languedoc, France, son of Arnaud de Roquefeuil and B‚atrix d'Anduze. Married: 1259 in France: Alazie de Chƒteauneuf, daughter of B‚renger de Chƒteauneuf and N?; Raymond II and Alazie also had daughters B‚atrix, Isabeau, Miraille, Marquise, Idoine and Guise. Died: circa 1281.

         1.1.1.3.1.1.1.3.2 Alasie de Roquefeuil(Paul Theroff, posts, 09 August 1994 at 01:59 Hours). Born: between 1230 and 1239 in Roquefeuil, Languedoc, France, daughter of Arnaud de Roquefeuil and B‚atrix d'Anduze.

         1.1.1.3.1.1.1.3.3 H‚lix de Roquefeuil(Paul Theroff, posts, 09 August 1994 at 01:59 Hours). Born: between 1231 and 1240 in Roquefeuil, Languedoc, France, daughter of Arnaud de Roquefeuil and B‚atrix d'Anduze.

        1.1.1.3.1.1.1.4 Bermond I d'Anduze. AKA: Bermond I, Seigneur de Montmirat. Born: before 1214 in Anduze, Gard, Languedoc, France, son of Pierre-Bermond, Seigneur d'Anduze and Cl‚mence=Constance de Toulouse. Married before 1254 in France: Agnès de S‚v‚rac; Agnès and Bermond I left descendant who became extinct in the male line in the XVIth. Century. Died: 1288.

        1.1.1.3.1.1.1.5 Sibylle d'Anduze(Paul Theroff, posts, 09 August 1994 at 01:59 Hours). Married Name: de Baux. Born: before 1214 in Anduze, Gard, Languedoc, France, daughter of Pierre-Bermond, Seigneur d'Anduze and Cl‚mence=Constance de Toulouse. Married before 1227 in France: Barral, Sire de Baux, son of Hughes des Baux and Barrale, Vicomtesse de Marseille. Died: after 9 Jun 1279.

         1.1.1.3.1.1.1.5.1 Marquise de Baux (above)

         1.1.1.3.1.1.1.5.2 C‚cile de Baux (above)

         1.1.1.3.1.1.1.5.3 Hughes de Baux (above)

         1.1.1.3.1.1.1.5.4 Bertrand II des Baux (above)

         1.1.1.3.1.1.1.5.5 Marguerite de Baux (above)

       1.1.1.3.1.1.2 Raymond VII, Count de Toulouse(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls) (Aug‚, Tome II, Page 619.) (Paul Theroff, posts, 18 July 1994 at 01:12 Hours.) (Abbott, Page 371). Born: Jul 1197 in Beaucaire, Gard, Languedoc, France, son of Raymond VI, Count de Toulouse and Joanna, Princess of England, Beaucaire is 24 km. from NŒmes. Married: 1211: Sancha de Aragon, daughter of Alfonso II, King de Aragon and Sancha, Princess de Castile; Sancha was Raymond VII's first wife. Note - between 1222 and 1249: Raymond VII was the Count of Toulouse (Languedoc, France) 1222 to 1249. He fought with success against Amaury de Montfort. Divorced Sancha de Aragon: in 1241. Married between 1241 and 1245 in France: Marguerite de Lusignan, daughter of Hughes X, Comte de Lusignan and Isabelle, Comtesse d'Angoulˆme; Marguerite was Raymond VII's second wife. Annulled he and Marguerite de Lusignan: in 1246. Died: 27 Sep 1249 in Millau, Aveyron, Rouergue, France, at age 52.

        1.1.1.3.1.1.2.1 Jeanne, Countess de Toulouse (above)

       1.1.1.3.1.1.3 Guillemine, Bƒtarde de Toulouse(Paul Theroff, posts, 18 July 1994 at 01:12 Hours). Born Illeg.: before 1206 in France -, daughter of Raymond VI, Count de Toulouse, -.

       1.1.1.3.1.1.4 Raymonde, Bƒtarde de Toulouse(Paul Theroff, posts, 18 July 1994 at 01:12 Hours). Born Illeg.: before 1207 in France -, daughter of Raymond VI, Count de Toulouse, - Raymonde was a nun.

       1.1.1.3.1.1.5 Indie, Bƒtarde de Toulouse(Paul Theroff, posts, 18 July 1994 at 01:12 Hours.) (Abbott, Page 356). Married Name: de Lautrec. Married Name: de l'Isle-Jourdain. Born Illeg.: before 1208 in France -, daughter of Raymond VI, Count de Toulouse, - Indie is presumed to have been at least 18 years of age when she married her second husband, Bernard. Married before 1225 in France: Guillaume, Vicomte de Lautrec; Guillaume was Indie's first husband. Married: 1226 in France: Bernard II, Seigneur de l'Isle-Jourdain, son of Jourdain III, Seigneur de l'Isle-Jourdain and N?; Bernard was Indie's second husband. Died: after 1229.

        1.1.1.3.1.1.5.1 Bernard III, Seigneur de l'Isle-Jourdain(Abbott, Page 356). Born: circa 1226 in France, son of Bernard II, Seigneur de l'Isle-Jourdain and Indie, Bƒtarde de Toulouse. Died: circa 1240(Abbott, Page 356).

        1.1.1.3.1.1.5.2 Jourdain IV, Seigneur de l'Isle-Jourdain(Abbott, Page 356). Born: before 1241 in France, son of Bernard II, Seigneur de l'Isle-Jourdain and Indie, Bƒtarde de Toulouse, Jourdain IV is presumed to have been at least 18 years of age by the time his son, Jourdain V, was born. Married before 1258: N?. Died: circa 1271(Abbott, Page 356).

         1.1.1.3.1.1.5.2.1 Jourdain V, Seigneur de l'Isle-Jourdain(Abbott, Page 356). Born: before 1259 in Gers, France, son of Jourdain IV, Seigneur de l'Isle-Jourdain and N?, Jourdain V is presumed to have been at least 18 years of age by the time his son, Bernard IV, was born. Married before 1276: N?. Died: 1305(Abbott, Page 356).

       1.1.1.3.1.1.6 Bertrand, Vicomte de Bruniquel(Paul Theroff, posts, 18 July 1994 at 01:12 Hours.) (Abbott, Page 315). Born Illeg.: before 1209 in France -, son of Raymond VI, Count de Toulouse, - Bertrand is presumed to have been at least 15 years of age when he married Contorosse. Married: 1224 in France: Contorosse de Mainfroi. Died: 1249 In accordance with his father's will, Raymond VII de Toulouse gave the viscounty of Bruniquel to his natural brother, Bertrand in 1224(Abbott, Page 315).

      1.1.1.3.1.2 Alb‚ric de Toulouse(Paul Theroff, posts, 18 July 1994 at 01:12 Hours). AKA: Alb‚ric, Count de Saint-Gilles. Also Known As: Alb‚ric "Taillefer." Born: circa 1157 in France, son of Raimond V, Count de Toulouse and Constance, Princess de France. Married circa 1164 in France: B‚atrix, Dauphine du Viennois, daughter of Guigues X, Dauphin d'Albon and B‚atrix de Montferrat; Alb‚ric was B‚atrix's first husband. Died: 1183.

      1.1.1.3.1.3 Ad‚la‹de de Toulouse(Paul Theroff, posts, 18 July 1994 at 01:12 Hours). Married Name: de B‚ziers. Born: between 1158 and 1161 in France, daughter of Raimond V, Count de Toulouse and Constance, Princess de France, Ad‚la‹de is presumed to have been at least 10 years of age when she married Roger II. Married: 1171 in France: Roger II, Vicomte de B‚ziers, son of Raimond Trincavel, Vicomte de B‚ziers and Ad‚la‹de N?. Died: after 1199.

      1.1.1.3.1.4 Baudouin de Toulouse(Paul Theroff, posts, 18 July 1994 at 01:12 Hours). Born: 1165 in France, son of Raimond V, Count de Toulouse and Constance, Princess de France. Married before 1195: Alix, Vicomtesse de Lautrec, daughter of Sicard V, Vicomte de Lautrec and N?. Died: 1212.

       1.1.1.3.1.4.1 Sicard VI, Vicomte de Lautrec(Abbott, Page 387). AKA: Sicard de Toulouse(Abbott, Page 387). Born: before 1212 in Tarn, Languedoc, France, son of Baudouin de Toulouse and Alix, Vicomtesse de Lautrec. Married before 1252: N?.

        1.1.1.3.1.4.1.1 Isarn II, Vicomte de Lautrec(Abbott, Page 387). Born: before 1256 in Tarn, Languedoc, France, son of Sicard VI, Vicomte de Lautrec and N?, Isarn II is presumed to have been at least 18 years of age by the time his son, Frotard, was born. Married before 1273: N?.

         1.1.1.3.1.4.1.1.1 Frotard, Vicomte de Lautrec(Abbott, Page 387). Born: before 1274 in Tarn, Languedoc, France, son of Isarn II, Vicomte de Lautrec and N?, Frotard is presumed to have been at least 18 years of age by the time his son, Guillaume, was born. Married before 1291: N?.

        1.1.1.3.1.4.1.2 Bertrand II, Vicomte de Lautrec(Abbott, Page 387). AKA: Bertrand II de Toulouse(Abbott, Page 387). Born: before 1262 in Tarn, Languedoc, France, son of Sicard VI, Vicomte de Lautrec and N?, Bertrand II is presumed to have been born before his father was 50 years of age. Married before 1285: N?. Died: circa 1290(Abbott, Page 387).

         1.1.1.3.1.4.1.2.1 B‚atrix, Vicomtesse de Lautrec(Abbott, Page 387). AKA: B‚atrix de Toulouse(Abbott, Page 387). Married Name: de L‚vis. Born: before 1290 in Tarn, Languedoc, France, daughter of Bertrand II, Vicomte de Lautrec and N?. Married before 1304 in France: Philippe I, Seigneur de L‚vis, son of Gui III, Seigneur de L‚vis and Isabel=Isabeau de Marly.

     1.1.1.3.2 Alphonse de Toulouse(Paul Theroff, posts, 18 July 1994 at 01:12 Hours). Born: between 1135 and 1147 in France, son of Alfonse I Jourdain, Count de Toulouse and Faydide de Rodès.

     1.1.1.3.3 Faydiva de Toulouse(Paul Theroff, posts, 18 July 1994 at 01:12 Hours). Married Name: de Savoie. Born: before 1141 in France, daughter of Alfonse I Jourdain, Count de Toulouse and Faydide de Rodès, Faydiva is presumed to have been at least 10 years of age when she married Humbert III. Married: 1151 in France: Humbert III, Comte de Savoie, son of Am‚=Am‚d‚ III, Count de Savoie and Mathilde=Mahaut d'Albon. Died: 1154.

     1.1.1.3.4 Laurence de Toulouse(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 85, 152). Married Name: de Comminges. Born: before 1147 in Toulouse, Haute-Garonne, Languedoc, France, daughter of Alfonse I Jourdain, Count de Toulouse and Faydide de Rodès, Some sources assert that Laurence was an illegitimate daughter of Alphonse I Jourdain. Married before 1169 in France: Bernard III, Comte de Comminges, son of Bernard I, Count de Comminges and Dias de Muret.

      1.1.1.3.4.1 Bernard IV, Count de Comminges(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 85, 152) (Paul Theroff, posts, "de Foix" posted on 21 March 1995 at 02:14 Hours.) (Abbott, Page 348). AKA: Bernard IV, Count de Bigorre. Born: before 1170 in France, son of Bernard III, Comte de Comminges and Laurence de Toulouse, Bernard IV was alive in the year 1187, and is presumed to have been at least 10 years of age when he married ?tiennette=St‚phanie. Married circa 1180 in France: B‚atrice IV, Comtesse de Bigorre, daughter of Centullo III, Count de Bigorre and Matelle de Baux. Divorced B‚atrice IV, Comtesse de Bigorre: between 1192 and 1194 in France. Married: 1195 in France: Contoure de La Barthe, daughter of Arnaud=Gilham I, Vicomte de La Barthe and N?; Contoure was Bernard IV's second wife. Married: 1197 in France: Marie, Dame de Montpellier, daughter of Guillaume VIII, Seigneur de Montpellier and Eudoxie Komnena; Bernard IV was Marie's second husband. Annulled he and Contoure de La Barthe: in 1197 in France. Divorced Marie, Dame de Montpellier: in 1201 in Italy. Married: Apr 1202 in France: Contoure de La Barthe, daughter of Arnaud=Gilham I, Vicomte de La Barthe and N?; Contoure married Bernard IV for the second time as his fourth wife. Died: 22 Feb 1225.

       1.1.1.3.4.1.1 P‚tronille de Comminges (above)

       1.1.1.3.4.1.2 Bernard V, Count de Comminges(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 138, 152) (Abbott, Page 348). Born: before 1214 in Comminges, Haute-Garonne, Gascogne, France, son of Bernard IV, Count de Comminges and Contoure de La Barthe, Bernard is presumed to have been at least 10 years of age when he married C‚cile. Married circa 1224 in France: C‚cile de Foix, daughter of Raymond-Roger, Count de Foix and Philippe de Moncade; C‚cile was Bernard V's first wife. Died: 30 Nov 1241.

        1.1.1.3.4.1.2.1 Bernard VI, Count de Comminges(Abbott, Page 348). Born: before 1241 in France, son of Bernard V, Count de Comminges and C‚cile de Foix. Married: 26 Aug 1245 in France: Th‚rèse N?. Died: after 20 Mar 1295.

         1.1.1.3.4.1.2.1.1 Mascarosse=Marguerite de Comminges(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 106, 152). Born: before 1260 in Comminges, Haute-Garonne, Gascogne, France, daughter of Bernard VI, Count de Comminges and Th‚rèse N?, Mascarosse is presumed to have been at least 10 years of age when she married Henri II. Married: 1270 in France: Henri II, Count de Rodès, son of Hughes IV, Count de Rodès and Ysabeau, Dame de Roquefeuil; Mascarose was Henri II's second wife. Died: after 1291 Mascarosse's Testament is dated in the year 1291, and he is presumed to have been alive at that time.

         1.1.1.3.4.1.2.1.2 Bernard VII, Comte de Comminges(Abbott, Page 348). Born: before 1278 in France, son of Bernard VI, Count de Comminges and Th‚rèse N?, Bernard VII is presumed to have been at least 15 years of age by the time his son Bernard VIII was born. Married before 1292 in France: Laur‚ de Montfort, daughter of Philippe II de Montfort and Jeanne de L‚vis. Died: 21 Jul 1312 in France.

         1.1.1.3.4.1.2.1.3 Arnaud Roger de Comminges. AKA: Arnaud Roger, Bishop de Toulouse. Born: before 1278 in France, son of Bernard VI, Count de Comminges and Th‚rèse N?, Arnaud Roger is presumed to have been at least 20 years of age when he died. Died: Oct 1298 in Toulouse, Toulousain, Languedoc, France.

         1.1.1.3.4.1.2.1.4 Pierre Raimond de Comminges. Born: before 1295 in France, son of Bernard VI, Count de Comminges and Th‚rèse N?.

         1.1.1.3.4.1.2.1.5 S‚guine de Comminges. Born: before 1295 in France, daughter of Bernard VI, Count de Comminges and Th‚rèse N?, S‚guine was a nun.

       1.1.1.3.4.1.3 Arnaud Roger, Bishop de Comminges. Born: 1214 in France, son of Bernard IV, Count de Comminges and Contoure de La Barthe. Died: 1260 in France.

       1.1.1.3.4.1.4 Mathilde de Comminges. Married Name: de La Barthe. Born: between 1197 and 1201 in France, daughter of Bernard IV, Count de Comminges and Marie, Dame de Montpellier, Mathilde is presumed to have been born before her father divorced her mother. Married: 1212 in France: Sanche III, Vicomte de La Barthe. Died: after 1212.

       1.1.1.3.4.1.5 P‚tronelle de Comminges. Married Name: d'Astarac. Born: between 1198 and 1201 in France, daughter of Bernard IV, Count de Comminges and Marie, Dame de Montpellier. Married after 1201 in France: Centullo I, Count d'Astarac. Died: circa 1225.

   1.1.2 Richard, Count de Rodès; Richard purchased the Count-ship (Comt‚) of Rodès, Guyenne, France in 1096 A.D (Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 106, 183). AKA: Richard, Vicomte de Lodève(Abbott, Page 448). AKA: Richard, Vicomte de Carlat(Abbott, Pages 333, 448). Born: before 1081 in France, son of B‚renger II, Vicomte de Rodès and Adyle=Adèle, Vicomtesse de Carlat, Richard is presumed to have been at least 15 years of age by the time he purchased the Comt‚ de Rodès. Married before 1111: Ad‚la‹de N?. Died: circa 1132(Abbott, Page 333).

    1.1.2.1 Hughes II, Count de Rodès(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 106, 183) (Abbott, Page 333). AKA: Hughes, Vicomte de Carlat(Abbott, Page 448). Born: before 1112 in Rodès, Guyenne, France, son of Richard, Count de Rodès and Ad‚la‹de N?, Hughes II was alive in the year 1112. Married before 1142: Ermengarde de Creyssel. Died: circa 1154 Hughes II was alive in the year 1142(Abbott, Page 448).

     1.1.2.1.1 Hughes III, Count de Rodès(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 106, 183). AKA: Hughes II, Vicomte de Carlat Hughes II abdicated the Viscounty in 1195(Abbott, Page 448). Born: before 1152 in Guyenne, France, son of Hughes II, Count de Rodès and Ermengarde de Creyssel, Hughes III was alive in the year 1156. Married before 1175 in Guyenne, France: Bertrande d'Amalon; Bertrande was Hughes III's second wife. Died: 1199 Hughes III abdicated the County in 1195(Abbott, Page 333).

      1.1.2.1.1.1 Hughes III, Vicomte de Carlat(Abbott, Page 448). Born: before 1176 in Auvergne, France, son of Hughes III, Count de Rodès and Bertrande d'Amalon, Hughes III is presumed to have been at least 20 years of age when he died. Died: 1196(Abbott, Page 448).

      1.1.2.1.1.2 Guillaume, Vicomte de Carlat(Abbott, Page 448). Born: before 1189 in Auvergne, France, son of Hughes III, Count de Rodès and Bertrande d'Amalon, Guillaume is presumed to have been at least 20 years of age when he died. Died: 1209(Abbott, Page 448).

      1.1.2.1.1.3 Henri I, Count de Rodès(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 106, 230) (Abbott, Page 333). AKA: Henri, Vicomte de Carlat(Abbott, Page 448). Born: before 1199 in Guyenne, France, son of Hughes III, Count de Rodès and Bertrande d'Amalon. Married before 1212: Algayette de Scorailles, daughter of Guy II de Scorailles and B‚atrix N?; Henri I was alive in the year 1214. Died: circa 1227 Henry's Testament is dated in the year 1227.

       1.1.2.1.1.3.1 Hughes IV, Count de Rodès(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 106, 183, 213). AKA: Hughes IV, Vicomte de Carlat(Abbott, Page 448). Born: before 1220 in Guyenne, France, son of Henri I, Count de Rodès and Algayette de Scorailles, Hughes IV is presumed to have been at least 10 years of age when he married Ysabeau. Married: 1230 in France: Ysabeau, Dame de Roquefeuil, daughter of Raimond II, Seigneur de Roquefeuil and Dauphine de Turenne. Died: 1274 in France(Abbott, Pages 333, 448).

        1.1.2.1.1.3.1.1 Henri II, Count de Rodès(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 106, 152). AKA: Henri II, Seigneur de Roquefeuil. AKA: Henri II, Count de Rodez(Abbott, Page 333). AKA: Henri II, Vicomte de Carlat(Abbott, Page 448). Born: before 1245 in Guyenne, France, son of Hughes IV, Count de Rodès and Ysabeau, Dame de Roquefeuil, Henri II is presumed to have been at least 15 years of age when he married for the first time. Married circa 1256 in France: Marquise de Baux, daughter of Barral, Sire de Baux and Sibylle d'Anduze. Married: 1270 in France: Mascarosse=Marguerite de Comminges, daughter of Bernard VI, Count de Comminges and Th‚rèse N?; Mascarose was Henri II's second wife. Married: 1302 in France: Anne de Poitiers, daughter of Aymar IV de Poitiers and Marguerite de Genève; Henri was Anne's first husband and she was his third wife. Died: 1303 in France.

         1.1.2.1.1.3.1.1.1 Hughes de Rodès. Born: circa 1271 in France, son of Henri II, Count de Rodès and Mascarosse=Marguerite de Comminges, Hughes died young. Died: before 1291.

         1.1.2.1.1.3.1.1.2 B‚atrix de Rodès(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 70, 106). Married Name: de La Tour. Born: before 1280 in France, daughter of Henri II, Count de Rodès and Mascarosse=Marguerite de Comminges. Married: 1295 in France: Bernard III de La Tour, son of Bertrand II de La Tour and B‚atrix, Dame d'Olliergues. Died: after 1303 in France.

         1.1.2.1.1.3.1.1.3 C‚cile, Comtesse de Rodez(Abbott, Page 333). Married Name: d'Armagnac. AKA: C‚cile, Dame de Carlat(Abbott, Page 448). Born: before 1288 in France, daughter of Henri II, Count de Rodès and Mascarosse=Marguerite de Comminges, C‚cile is presumed to have been at least 10 years of age when she married Bernard VI. Married: 1298: Bernard VI, Count d'Armagnac, son of G‚raud VI, Comte d'Armagnac and Math‚ de B‚arn. Died: 1313 in France.

         1.1.2.1.1.3.1.1.4 Valburge de Rodez. Married Name: d'Armagnac. AKA: Valburge, Vicomtesse de Creyssels. Born: before 1288 in France, daughter of Henri II, Count de Rodès and Mascarosse=Marguerite de Comminges. Married: 1298 in France: Gaston d'Armagnac, son of G‚raud VI, Comte d'Armagnac and Math‚ de B‚arn. Died: after 28 Feb 1321.

        1.1.2.1.1.3.1.2 Algaye de Rodès(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 106, 161). Born: before 1251 in France, daughter of Hughes IV, Count de Rodès and Ysabeau, Dame de Roquefeuil, Algaye is presumed to have been at least 20 years of age when she died. Married before 1271 in France: Amalric de Narbonne, son of Amalric=Aimeri II/IV, Vicomte de Narbonne and Philippe d'Anduse. Died: after 1271.

         1.1.2.1.1.3.1.2.1 Amalric de Narbonne(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 161). AKA: Aimery VI/VII, Vicomte de Narbonne(Abbott, Page 394). Born: before 1298, son of Amalric de Narbonne and Algaye de Rodès. Married before 1325: Maude de Clermont-Lodève, daughter of B‚rengier de Guilhem and N?. Died: either 1328 or 1336 According to Abbott, Aimery VI died: 1328. According to Andr‚ Roux, Amalric died: 1336. But Abbott contends Aimery VII died: 1336. It is possible that Abbott has inserted a generation somewhere between Aimery IV and Aimery VII, that Andr‚ Roux might have missed, or that the same person has been counted as two different persons.

 Printed on: 08 Jun 1998        

Prepared by:

Michael J.M. Raffin, Ph.D.

mvrs13a@prodigy.com