Our Back Rhodes Genealogy Pages


(note: I apologize for any typographical errors) 

  --- 1st Generation ---

1. Béatrix de Rodès(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls from his personal genealogical research. The Number refers to the family branch numbers on his many scrolls, 70, 106). Married Name: de La Tour. Born: before 1280 in France, daughter of Henri II, Count de Rodès and Mascarosse=Marguerite de Comminges. Married in 1295 in France: Bernard III de La Tour, son of Bertrand II de La Tour and Béatrix, Dame d'Olliergues. Died: after 1303 in France.

 --- 2nd Generation ---

2. Henri II, Count de Rodès(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls). AKA: Henri II, Seigneur de Roquefeuil. AKA: Henri II, Count de Rodez(P.D. Abbott, Provinces, Pays and Seigneuries of France in ISBN: 0-9593773-0-1 (Author at 266 Myrtleford, 3737, Australia: Priries Printers Pty. Ltd, Canberra A.C.T., Australia, November, 1981), Page 333). AKA: Henri II, Vicomte de Carlat(Abbott). Born: before 1245 in Guyenne, France, son of Hughes IV, Count de Rodès and Ysabeau, Dame de Roquefeuil, Henri II is presumed to have been at least 15 years old when he married for the first time. Married circa 1256 in France: Marquise de Baux, daughter of Barral, Sire de Baux and Sibylle d'Anduze. Married in 1270 in France: Mascarosse=Marguerite de Comminges, daughter of Bernard VI, Count de Comminges and Th‚rèse N?; Mascarose was Henri II's second wife. Married in 1302 in France: Anne de Poitiers, daughter of Aymar IV de Poitiers and Marguerite de Genève; Henri was Anne's first husband and she was his third wife. Died: 1303 in France.

3. Mascarosse=Marguerite de Comminges(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 106, 152). Born: before 1260 in Comminges, Haute-Garonne, Gascogne, France, daughter of Bernard VI, Count de Comminges and Th‚rèse N?, Mascarosse is presumed to have been at least 10 years old when she married Henri II. Married in 1270 in France: Henri II, Count de Rodès, son of Hughes IV, Count de Rodès and Ysabeau, Dame de Roquefeuil; Mascarose was Henri II's second wife. Died: after 1291 Mascarosse's Testament is dated in the year 1291

 --- 3rd Generation ---

4. Hughes IV, Count de Rodès(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 106, 183, 213). AKA: Hughes IV, Vicomte de Carlat(Abbott, Page 448). Born: before 1220 in Guyenne, France, son of Henri I, Count de Rodès and Algayette de Scorailles, Hughes IV is presumed to have been at least 10 years old when he married Ysabeau. Married in 1230 in France: Ysabeau, Dame de Roquefeuil, daughter of Raimond II, Seigneur de Roquefeuil and Dauphine de Turenne. Died: 1274 in France(Abbott).

5. Ysabeau, Dame de Roquefeuil(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 106, 183, 213). Married Name: de Rodès. Born: before 1215 in Roquefeuil, Languedoc, France, daughter of Raimond II, Seigneur de Roquefeuil and Dauphine de Turenne, Ysabeau is presumed to have been at least 15 years old when she married Hughes IV. Married in 1230 in France: Hughes IV, Count de Rodès, son of Henri I, Count de Rodès and Algayette de Scorailles. Died: after 1230.

6. Bernard VI, Count de Comminges(Abbott, Page 348). Born: before 1241 in France, son of Bernard V, Count de Comminges and C‚cile de Foix. Married on 26 Aug 1245 in France: Th‚rèse N?. Died: after 20 Mar 1295.

7. Th‚rèse N?. Married Name: de Comminges. Born: before 1235 in France T‚rèse is presumed to have been at least 10 years old when she married Bernard VI. Married on 26 Aug 1245 in France: Bernard VI, Count de Comminges, son of Bernard V, Count de Comminges and C‚cile de Foix. Died: after 1249.

 --- 4th Generation ---

8. Henri I, Count de Rodès(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 106, 230) (Abbott, Page 333). AKA: Henri, Vicomte de Carlat(Abbott). Born: before 1199 in Guyenne, France, son of Hughes III, Count de Rodès and Bertrande d'Amalon. Married before 1212: Algayette de Scorailles, daughter of Guy II de Scorailles and Béatrix N?; Henri I was alive in the year 1214. Died: circa 1227 Henry's Testament is dated in the year 1227.

9. Algayette de Scorailles(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 106, 183, 230). Born: before 1202 in France, daughter of Guy II de Scorailles and Béatrix N?, Algayette is presumed to have been at least 10 years old when she married Henri I. Married before 1212: Henri I, Count de Rodès, son of Hughes III, Count de Rodès and Bertrande d'Amalon; Henri I was alive in the year 1214. Died: after 1254 Algayette was alive in the year 1254.

10. Raimond II, Seigneur de Roquefeuil(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 125, 213). AKA: Raimond d'Anduse. Born: before 1198 in Roquefeuil, Languedoc, France, son of Raymond, Count de Roquefeuil and Guillemette de Montpellier, Raimond II was alive in the year 1209. Married before 1215 in France: Dauphine de Turenne, daughter of Boson III, Vicomte de Turenne and N? d'Auvergne. Died: after 1256 Raimond II and Dauphine were alive together in the year 1256 according to Andr‚ Roux. Other sources claim Raimond died circa 1247.

11. Dauphine de Turenne. Married Name: de Roquefeuil. Born: before 1200 in France, daughter of Boson III, Vicomte de Turenne and N? d'Auvergne, Dauphine is presumed to have been at least 15 years old by the time her daughter Ysabeau was born. Married before 1215 in France: Raimond II, Seigneur de Roquefeuil, son of Raymond, Count de Roquefeuil and Guillemette de Montpellier. Died: 1270 in France Dauphine and Raimond were alive together in the year 1256.

12. Bernard V, Count de Comminges(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls) (Abbott, Page 348). Born: before 1214 in Comminges, Haute-Garonne, Gascogne, France, son of Bernard IV, Count de Comminges and Contoure de La Barthe, Bernard is presumed to have been at least 10 years old when he married C‚cile. Married circa 1224 in France: C‚cile de Foix, daughter of Raymond-Roger, Count de Foix and Philippe de Moncade; C‚cile was Bernard V's first wife. Died: 30 Nov 1241.

13. C‚cile de Foix(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 138, 152). Married Name: de Comminges. Born: between 1189 and 1214 in Foix, Ariège, Foix, France, daughter of Raymond-Roger, Count de Foix and Philippe de Moncade, C‚cile is presumed to have been at least 10 years old when she married Bernard V. Married circa 1224 in France: Bernard V, Count de Comminges, son of Bernard IV, Count de Comminges and Contoure de La Barthe; C‚cile was Bernard V's first wife. Died: after 1230 in Comminges, Haute-Garonne, Gascogne, France.

 --- 5th Generation ---

16. Hughes III, Count de Rodès(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 106, 183). AKA: Hughes II, Vicomte de Carlat Hughes II abdicated the Viscounty in 1195(Abbott, Page 448). Born: before 1152 in Guyenne, France, son of Hughes II, Count de Rodès and Ermengarde de Creyssel, Hughes III was alive in the year 1156. Married before 1175 in Guyenne, France: Bertrande d'Amalon; Bertrande was Hughes III's second wife. Died: 1199 Hughes III abdicated the County in 1195(Abbott, Page 333).

17. Bertrande d'Amalon(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 106). Married Name: de Rodès. Born: before 1161 Bertrande is presumed to have been at least 15 years old by the time her son Hughes III, was born. Married before 1175 in Guyenne, France: Hughes III, Count de Rodès, son of Hughes II, Count de Rodès and Ermengarde de Creyssel; Bertrande was Hughes III's second wife. Died: after 1216 Bertrande was alive in the year 1216.

18. Guy II de Scorailles(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 230). Born: before 1187 in France, son of Raoul II de Scorailles and Dauphine de Comborn, Guy II is presumed to have been at least 15 years old by the time his daughter Algayette was born. Married before 1202: Béatrix N?. Died: 1211.

19. Béatrix N?(ibid). Married Name: de Scorailles. Born: before 1187 Béatrix is presumed to have been at least 15 years old by the time her daughter Algayette was born. Married before 1202: Guy II de Scorailles, son of Raoul II de Scorailles and Dauphine de Comborn.

20. Raymond, Count de Roquefeuil(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls) (Paul Theroff, posts on the Genealogy Bulletin Board of the Prodigy Interactive Personal Service, was a member as of 5 April 1994, at which time he held the identification MPSE79A, until July, 1996. His main source was Europaseische Stammtafeln, 08 August 1994 at 22:02 Hours). AKA: Raymond, Vicomte de Cheyssels. Born: before 1158 in Roquefeuil, Languedoc, France, son of Bertrand, Sire d'Anduze and Ad‚la‹de de Roquefeuil, Raymond is presumed to have been at least 11 years old when he married Guillemette. Married in 1169 in France: Guillemette de Montpellier, daughter of Guillaume VII, Duke de Montpellier and Mahaut=Mathilde de Bourgogne. Died: between 1200 and 1204.

21. Guillemette de Montpellier(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 126, 213). Married Name: de Roquefeuil. Born: before 1159, daughter of Guillaume VII, Duke de Montpellier and Mahaut=Mathilde de Bourgogne, Guillemette is presumed to have been at least 10 years old when she married Raymond. Married in 1169 in France: Raymond, Count de Roquefeuil, son of Bertrand, Sire d'Anduze and Ad‚la‹de de Roquefeuil. Died: after 1170 in France.

22. Boson III, Vicomte de Turenne(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls). Born: before 1174 in France, son of Raimond II, Vicomte de Turenne and H‚lis de Castelnau, Boson III is presumed to have been at least 18 years old by the time his daughter Marguerite was born.

The same sources that assert that Raimond II died in 1191, also insert a generation before this Boson III, and would have Raimond II have a son named Raimond III, Vicomte de Turenne who married one H‚lie de S‚verac and this son would be the father of Boson III rather than his brother. Married before 1192 in France: N? d'Auvergne. Died: 1209 in Flines-lès-Mortagne, Nord, Flandre-Occidentale, France, Boson III died with his father, Raimond II.

23. N? d'Auvergne(Paul Theroff, posts, 18 July 1994 at 01:12 Hours). Married Name: de Turenne. Born: before 1174 in France She is presumed to have been at least 18 years old by the time her daughter Marguerite was born. Married before 1192 in France: Boson III, Vicomte de Turenne, son of Raimond II, Vicomte de Turenne and H‚lis de Castelnau.

24. Bernard IV, Count de Comminges(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 85, 152) (Paul Theroff, posts, "de Foix" posted on 21 March 1995 at 02:14 Hours.) (Abbott, Page 348). AKA: Bernard IV, Count de Bigorre. Born: before 1170 in France, son of Bernard III, Comte de Comminges and Laurence de Toulouse, Bernard IV was alive in the year 1187, and is presumed to have been at least 10 years old when he married ?tiennette=St‚phanie. Married circa 1180 in France: B‚atrice IV, Comtesse de Bigorre, daughter of Centullo III, Count de Bigorre and Matelle de Baux. Divorced B‚atrice IV, Comtesse de Bigorre: between 1192 and 1194 in France. Married in 1195 in France: Contoure de La Barthe, daughter of Arnaud=Gilham I, Vicomte de La Barthe and N?; Contoure was Bernard IV's second wife. Married in 1197 in France: Marie, Dame de Montpellier, daughter of Guillaume VIII, Seigneur de Montpellier and Eudoxie Komnena; Bernard IV was Marie's second husband. Annulled he and Contoure de La Barthe: in 1197 in France. Divorced Marie, Dame de Montpellier: in 1201 in Italy. Married in Apr 1202 in France: Contoure de La Barthe, daughter of Arnaud=Gilham I, Vicomte de La Barthe and N?; Contoure married Bernard IV for the second time as his fourth wife. Died: 22 Feb 1225.

25. Contoure de La Barthe(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 152, 243). Married Name: de Comminges. Born: before 1185 in Gascogne, France, daughter of Arnaud=Gilham I, Vicomte de La Barthe and N?, Contoure is presumed to have been at least 10 years old when she married Bernard IV. Married in 1195 in France: Bernard IV, Count de Comminges, son of Bernard III, Comte de Comminges and Laurence de Toulouse; Contoure was Bernard IV's second wife. Annulled she and Bernard IV, Count de Comminges: in 1197 in France. Married in Apr 1202 in France: Bernard IV, Count de Comminges, son of Bernard III, Comte de Comminges and Laurence de Toulouse; Contoure married Bernard IV for the second time as his fourth wife.

26. Raymond-Roger, Count de Foix(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 138) (Paul Theroff, posts, "de Foix" posted on 21 March 1995 at 02:11 Hours.) (Abbott, Pages 482 - 483). Born: between 1152 and 1175 in Foix, Ariège, Foix, France, son of Roger-Bernard I/II, Count de Foix and C‚cile-F‚rrane de Béziers, Raymond-Roger is presumed to have been at least 14 years old when he married Philippe. Married in 1189: Philippe de Moncade. Died: 27 Mar 1223 Some sources indicate that Raymond-Roger died in 1222.

27. Philippe de Moncade(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 138). Married Name: de Foix. Born: before 1177 Philippe is presumed to have been at least 15 years old by the time her son Roger-Bernard II was born. Married in 1189: Raymond-Roger, Count de Foix, son of Roger-Bernard I/II, Count de Foix and C‚cile-F‚rrane de Béziers.

 --- 6th Generation ---

32. Hughes II, Count de Rodès(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls) (Abbott, Page 333). AKA: Hughes, Vicomte de Carlat(Abbott). Born: before 1112 in Rodès, Guyenne, France, son of Richard, Count de Rodès and Ad‚la‹de N?, Hughes II was alive in the year 1112. Married before 1142: Ermengarde de Creyssel. Died: circa 1154 Hughes II was alive in the year 1142(ibid).

33. Ermengarde de Creyssel(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 106, 183). Married Name: de Rodès. Born: before 1125 in France. Married before 1142: Hughes II, Count de Rodès, son of Richard, Count de Rodès and Ad‚la‹de N?. Died: after 1196 Ermengarde was alive in the year 1196.

36. Raoul II de Scorailles(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls). Born: before 1172 in Scorailles, Auvergne, France, son of Begon de Scorailles and Almodie de Castelnau-Bretenoux, Raoul II is presumed to have been at least 15 years old by the time his son Guy II was born. Married before 1187: Dauphine de Comborn, daughter of Archambaud V, Viscount de Comborn and Jourdaine de P‚rigord.

37. Dauphine de Comborn(ibid). Married Name: de Scorailles. Died: Scorailles, Auvergne, France. Born: before 1172 in Comborn, Limousin, France, daughter of Archambaud V, Viscount de Comborn and Jourdaine de P‚rigord, Dauphine is presumed to have been at least 15 years old by the time her son Guy II was born. Married before 1187: Raoul II de Scorailles, son of Begon de Scorailles and Almodie de Castelnau-Bretenoux.

40. Bertrand, Sire d'Anduze(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls) (Paul Theroff, posts, 08 August 1994 at 22:02 Hours). Born: before 1134 in France, son of Bernard IV/V, Sire d'Anduze and Sivila=Sibille, Vicomtesse de Narbonne, Bertrand is presumed to have been at least 15 years old when he married Ad‚la‹de. Married in 1149 in Languedoc, France: Ad‚la‹de de Roquefeuil; Bertrand married and then adopted the name Roquefeuil from his wife Ad‚la‹de. Died: between 1169 and 1170.

41. Ad‚la‹de de Roquefeuil(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 213) (Paul Theroff, posts, 08 August 1994 at 22:02 Hours). Married Name: d'Anduze. Born: before 1139 in France Ad‚la‹de is presumed to have been at least 10 years old when she married Bertrand. Married in 1149 in Languedoc, France: Bertrand, Sire d'Anduze, son of Bernard IV/V, Sire d'Anduze and Sivila=Sibille, Vicomtesse de Narbonne; Bertrand married and then adopted the name Roquefeuil from his wife Ad‚la‹de. Died: after 1150.

42. Guillaume VII, Duke de Montpellier(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 80, 126) (Roderick W. Stuart, Royalty for Commoners in ISBN: 0-8063-1344-7 (1001 North Calvert Street, Baltimore, MD 21202, USA: Genealogical Publishing Company, Inc., 1992), Page 110, Line 150-29). AKA: Guillaume VII, Duke de Montf‚rrier(Stuart). AKA: William VII, Lord de Tortosa. Born: circa 1130 in H‚rault, Languedoc, France, son of Guillaume VI, Lord de Montpellier and Sibel de Savona. Married on 25 Feb 1157 in Montpellier, H‚rault, Languedoc, France: Mahaut=Mathilde de Bourgogne, daughter of Hughes II Borel, Duke de Bourgogne and Mathilde, Countess de Turenne. Died: 1192 in France According to E.S. [via Paul Theroff] Guillaume VII is burried at the Abbey of Granselve and he died after May, 1173. Abbott states he died in 1192.

43. Mahaut=Mathilde de Bourgogne(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 80, 126) (Stuart, Page 262, Line 377-29). Married Name: de Montpellier. Born: 1130 in France, daughter of Hughes II Borel, Duke de Bourgogne and Mathilde, Countess de Turenne. Married on 25 Feb 1157 in Montpellier, H‚rault, Languedoc, France: Guillaume VII, Duke de Montpellier, son of Guillaume VI, Lord de Montpellier and Sibel de Savona. Died: 29 Sep 1172(Stuart).

44. Raimond II, Vicomte de Turenne(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 125) (Abbott, Page 438). Born: before 1139 in Turenne, Guyenne, France, son of Boson II, Vicomte de Turenne and Eustorgie d'Anduse, Raimond II is presumed to have been at least 18 years old by the time his son Comtors was born. Married before 1157 in France: H‚lis de Castelnau, daughter of Bernard de Castelnau and N?. Died: 1209 in Flines-lès-Mortagne, Nord, Flandre-Occidentale, France, Som sources assert that Raimond II was killed in 1191.

45. H‚lis de Castelnau(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 125). Married Name: de Turenne. Born: before 1139 in France, daughter of Bernard de Castelnau and N?, H‚lis is presumed to have been at least 18 years old by the time her son Comtors was born. Married before 1157 in France: Raimond II, Vicomte de Turenne, son of Boson II, Vicomte de Turenne and Eustorgie d'Anduse.

48. Bernard III, Comte de Comminges(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls) (Paul Theroff, posts, "de Foix" posted on 21 March 1995 at 02:14 Hours). AKA: Dodon, Count de Comminges(Abbott, Page 348). Born: before 1145 in Gascogne, France, son of Bernard I, Count de Comminges and Dias de Muret, Bernard III was alive in the year 1165. Married before 1169 in France: Laurence de Toulouse, daughter of Alfonse I Jourdain, Count de Toulouse and Faydide de Rodès. Died: circa 1176.

49. Laurence de Toulouse(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 85, 152). Married Name: de Comminges. Born: before 1147 in Toulouse, Haute-Garonne, Languedoc, France, daughter of Alfonse I Jourdain, Count de Toulouse and Faydide de Rodès, Some sources assert that Laurence was an illegitimate daughter of Alphonse I Jourdain. Married before 1169 in France: Bernard III, Comte de Comminges, son of Bernard I, Count de Comminges and Dias de Muret.

50. Arnaud=Gilham I, Vicomte de La Barthe(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls). Born: before 1180 in France, son of Auger, Count d'Aure and N?. Died: after 1180 Arnaud I was alive in the year 1180. Married before 1185: N?.

51. N?

52. Roger-Bernard I/II, Count de Foix(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls) (Paul Theroff, posts, "de Foix" posted on 21 March 1995 at 02:08 Hours.) (Abbott, Page 482). Also Known As: Bernardo "El Gordo." Born: before 1130 in Foix, Ariège, Foix, France, son of Roger III, Count de Foix and Ximène de Barcelone, Roger-Bernard I is presumed to have been at least 10 years old when he married his first wife. Roger-Bernard I became the Comte de Foix in 1149. Married circa 1140: N?. Married in 1151: C‚cile-F‚rrane de Béziers, daughter of Raimond Trincavel, Vicomte de Béziers and Ad‚la‹de N?; C‚cile-F‚rrane was Roger-Bernard I's second wife. Died: Nov 1188.

53. C‚cile-F‚rrane de Béziers(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 138, 151). Married Name: de Foix. Born: before 1141 in Béziers, H‚rault, Languedoc, France, daughter of Raimond Trincavel, Vicomte de Béziers and Ad‚la‹de N?, C‚cile-Ferrane is presumed to have been at least 10 years old when she married Roger-Bernard I. Married in 1151: Roger-Bernard I/II, Count de Foix, son of Roger III, Count de Foix and Ximène de Barcelone; C‚cile-F‚rrane was Roger-Bernard I's second wife. Died: after 1152.

 --- 7th Generation ---

64. Richard, Count de Rodès; Richard purchased the Count-ship (Comt‚) of Rodès, Guyenne, France in 1096 A.D (Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 106, 183). AKA: Richard, Vicomte de Lodève(Abbott, Page 448). AKA: Richard, Vicomte de Carlat(Abbott). Born: before 1081 in France, son of B‚renger II, Vicomte de Rodès and Adyle=Adèle, Vicomtesse de Carlat, Richard is presumed to have been at least 15 years old by the time he purchased the Comt‚ de Rodès. Married before 1111: Ad‚la‹de N?. Died: circa 1132(Abbott).

65. Ad‚la‹de N?(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 183). Married Name: de Rodès. Born: before 997 Ad‚la‹de is presumed to have been at least 15 years old by the time her son Hughes II was born. Married before 1111: Richard, Count de Rodès, son of B‚renger II, Vicomte de Rodès and Adyle=Adèle, Vicomtesse de Carlat.

72. Begon de Scorailles(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls). Born: before 1110 in France, son of Guy I de Scorailles and N?, Begon Succeded the line in 1120 and is presumed to have been at least 10 years old at that time. Died: after 1168 Begon's Testament is dated in the year 1168, and he is presumed to have been alive at that time. Married before 1172: Almodie de Castelnau-Bretenoux, daughter of Guibert de Castelnau-Bretenoux and N?.

73. Almodie de Castelnau-Bretenoux(ibid). Married Name: de Scorailles. Born: before 1157, daughter of Guibert de Castelnau-Bretenoux and N?, Almodie is presumed to have been at least 15 years old by the time her son Raoul II was born. Married before 1172: Begon de Scorailles, son of Guy I de Scorailles and N?.

74. Archambaud V, Viscount de Comborn(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls) (Abbott, Page 432). Born: before 1137 in Rouen, Normandie, France, son of Archambaud IV, Viscount de Comborn and Brunissende=Humberge de Limoges, Archambaud V is presumed to have been at least 15 years old by the time his son H‚lie was born. Married before 1151 in France: Jourdaine de P‚rigord, daughter of Boson IV, Count de P‚rigord and N?. Died: after 1159 Archambaud V was alive in the year 1159.

75. Jourdaine de P‚rigord(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 83, 136) (Paul Theroff, posts, 18 July 1994 at 01:12 Hours). Married Name: de Comborn. Born: before 1137, daughter of Boson IV, Count de P‚rigord and N?, Jourdaine is presumed to have been at least 15 years old by the time her son H‚lie was born. Married before 1151 in France: Archambaud V, Viscount de Comborn, son of Archambaud IV, Viscount de Comborn and Brunissende=Humberge de Limoges.

80. Bernard IV/V, Sire d'Anduze(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 153) (Paul Theroff, posts, 08 August 1994 at 22:02 Hours.) (Abbott, Page 378). Born: before 1105 in Anduze, Gard, Languedoc, France, son of Bernard III, Seigneur d'Anduze and Sivila N?. Married before 1131 in France: Sivila=Sibille, Vicomtesse de Narbonne. Died: circa 1165(ibid).

81. Sivila=Sibille, Vicomtesse de Narbonne(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 153). Married Name: d'Anduze. Born: before 1117 in Narbonne, Aude, Languedoc, France Sivila is presumed to have been at least 15 years old by the time her son Bernard V was born. Married before 1131 in France: Bernard IV/V, Sire d'Anduze, son of Bernard III, Seigneur d'Anduze and Sivila N?. Died: after 1150.

84. Guillaume VI, Lord de Montpellier(Stuart, Page 110, Line 150-30.) (Paul Theroff, posts, 05 August 1994 at 19:58 Hours.) (Abbott, Page 392). AKA: Guillaume, Seigneur d'Omelaz. AKA: Guillaume de Montpellier(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 177) (Paul Theroff, posts, 05 August 1994 at 19:58 Hours). Note -: Guillaume VI received Tortorosa. He abdicated the Seigneurie in 1149. Born: circa 1100 in Montepellier, H‚rault, Languedoc, France, son of Guillaume V, Lord de Montpellier and Ermessende de Melgueil. Married between 1119 and 1121 in France: Tiburge II, Comtesse d'Orange, daughter of Raymbaud II, Count d'Orange and N?. Married in Aug 1129: Sibel de Savona, daughter of Bonifacio I, Marchese de Savona and Agnès de Vermandois(Stuart). Died: 1162(Stuart).

85. Sibel de Savona(Stuart) (Paul Theroff, posts, 05 August 1994 at 19:58 Hours). Married Name: de Montpellier. AKA: Sibel de Vasto. AKA: Sibylle de Mataplane. Born: before 1115, daughter of Bonifacio I, Marchese de Savona and Agnès de Vermandois, Sibel is presumed to have been at least 15 years old by the time her son Guillaume VII was born. Married in Aug 1129: Guillaume VI, Lord de Montpellier, son of Guillaume V, Lord de Montpellier and Ermessende de Melgueil(Stuart). Died: circa 1172.

86. Hughes II Borel, Duke de Bourgogne(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 80, 121) (Stuart, Page 43, Line 60-30;

Page 262, Line 377-30.) (Andr‚ Castelot, Alain Decaux, Marcel Jullian et J. Levron, Histoire de La France et des Fran‡ais au Jour le Jour (Librairie Acad‚mique Perrin, 1976), Tome 2, Page 490). Also Known As: Hughes "Le Pacific." Born: 1085 in France, son of Eudes I Borel, Duke de Bourgogne and Mathilde=Sybille, Dame de Bourgogne. Married circa 1115: Mathilde, Countess de Turenne, daughter of Boson I, Vicomte de Turenne and Gerberge de Terrasson(Stuart, Page 262.) (Source is from a note posted on the Genealogy Electronic Bulletin Board of the Prodigy Interactive Personal Service a computer online service, by Roxanne Wolford [Prodigy ID# PDXS01A] under Subject "House of Burgundy", 5 November 1997 at 00:45 Hours). Died: 1143 Hughes II is buried at Citeaux(Abbott, Page 199).

87. Mathilde, Countess de Turenne(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 80, 125) (Stuart, Line 377-30, Page 262). Married Name: de Bourgogne. AKA: Mathilde de Mayenne. Born: before 1091 in Guyenne, France, daughter of Boson I, Vicomte de Turenne and Gerberge de Terrasson(Genealogy BB of Prodigy Svcs., by Roxanne Wolford [Prodigy ID# PDXS01A] under Subject "House of Burgundy", 5 November 1997 at 00:45 Hours). Married circa 1115: Hughes II Borel, Duke de Bourgogne, son of Eudes I Borel, Duke de Bourgogne and Mathilde=Sybille, Dame de Bourgogne(Stuart, Page 262.) (Genealogy BB of Prodigy Svcs., by Roxanne Wolford [Prodigy ID# PDXS01A] under Subject "House of Burgundy", 5 November 1997 at 00:45 Hours). Died: after 1162 in France.

88. Boson II, Vicomte de Turenne(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 125, 153) (Abbott, Page 438). Born: before 1118 in France, son of Raymond I, Vicomte de Turenne and Mathilde du Perche, Boson II is presumed to have been at least 25 years old when he died. Married before 1138 in France: Eustorgie d'Anduse, daughter of Bernard II, Seigneur d'Anduze and Ad‚la‹s de Mandagout. Died: 1143 in France Boson II was killed in action.

89. Eustorgie d'Anduse(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 125, 153). Married Name: de Turenne. Born: before 1078 in France, daughter of Bernard II, Seigneur d'Anduze and Ad‚la‹s de Mandagout, Some sources indicate she was the daughter of Bernard d'Anduze by his wife Ala‹s or Dandula de Lalest; others indicate she was the daughter of Bernard III, wife unknown. Married before 1138 in France: Boson II, Vicomte de Turenne, son of Raymond I, Vicomte de Turenne and Mathilde du Perche.

90. Bernard de Castelnau. Born: before 1119 in France Bernard is presumed to have been at least 20 years old by the time his daughter H‚lis was born. Married before 1138 in France: N?.

91. N?

96. Bernard I, Count de Comminges(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls) (Abbott, Page 347). Born: before 1105 in France, son of Roger II/III, Count de Comminges and N?, Bernard I was alive in the year 1119. Married before 1140: Dias de Muret, daughter of Geoffroy de Muret and Samathan N?. Died: 1145 in France Bernard I was killed in action.

97. Dias de Muret(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 152). Married Name: de Comminges. Born: before 1135 in Muret, Gascogne, France, daughter of Geoffroy de Muret and Samathan N?, Dias is presumed to have been at least 15 years old when her husband Bernard II was killed. Married before 1140: Bernard I, Count de Comminges, son of Roger II/III, Count de Comminges and N?.

98. Alfonse I Jourdain, Count de Toulouse(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls) (Paul Theroff, posts, 18 July 1994 at 01:11 Hours). AKA: Alphonse, Duke de Narbonne. Born: 1102 in Tripoli, Syria, son of Raymond IV, Count de Toulouse and Gesloire=?lvire de Castile. Note - in 1109: Alfonse Jourdain became Comte de Toulouse in 1109 upon the death of his step-brother Bertrand II(Abbott, Page 371). Married before 16 Sep 1125: Faydide de Rodès, daughter of Gerbert=Gilbert III, Vicomte de Carlat and Tiburge=Gerberge, Countess de Provence. Died: 16 Apr 1148 in Caesarea, Palestine, Holy Land, Alphonse was murdered.

99. Faydide de Rodès(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 85, 106) (Paul Theroff, posts, 18 July 1994 at 01:11 Hours). AKA: Faydiva d'Uzès. AKA: Faydide de Carlat. Married Name: de Toulouse. Born: before 1109 in France, daughter of Gerbert=Gilbert III, Vicomte de Carlat and Tiburge=Gerberge, Countess de Provence. MaterAlter: before 1110 Marie d'Uzès/Faydide de Rodès. PaterAlter before 1110 Faydide de Rodès/Raimond D‚can de Posquières. Married before 16 Sep 1125: Alfonse I Jourdain, Count de Toulouse, son of Raymond IV, Count de Toulouse and Gesloire=?lvire de Castile.

100. Auger, Count d'Aure(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 243). AKA: Auger, Vicomte de La Barthe. Born: before 1100, son of Sanche I, Vicomte de La Barthe and N?. Died: after 1100 Auger was alive in the year 1100. Married before 1180: N?.

101. N?

104. Roger III, Count de Foix(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls) (Abbott, Page 482). Born: before 1115 in Foix, Ariège, Foix, France, son of Roger II, Comte de Foix and St‚phanie, Dame de La Marche, Roger III is presumed to have been at least 15 years old by the time his son Roger-Bernard I was born. Married circa 1117: Ximène de Barcelone, daughter of Raymond-B‚renger III, Count de Barcelone and Maria de Bivar. Died: 1149(ibid).

105. Ximène de Barcelone(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 86, 138). Married Name: de Foix. Married Name: de Besalu. Born: between 1105 and 1106 in Barcelone, Barcelona, Spain, daughter of Raymond-B‚renger III, Count de Barcelone and Maria de Bivar. Married on 1 Oct 1107 in Spain: Bernard III, Count de Besalu, son of Guillaume II, Count de Besalu and ?tienette de Provence. Married circa 1117: Roger III, Count de Foix, son of Roger II, Comte de Foix and St‚phanie, Dame de La Marche.

106. Raimond Trincavel, Vicomte de Béziers(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls) (Paul Theroff, posts, "de Foix" posted on 21 March 1995 at 02:08 Hours). AKA: Raimond, Vicomte d'Albi(Abbott, Page 377). AKA: Raymond, Vicomte d'Agde(Abbott). AKA: Raymond Bernard, Comte de Carcassonne(Abbott). Born: between 1083 and 1126 in Agadais, Languedoc, France, son of Bernard Athon, Vicomte de Béziers and C‚cile, Vicomtesse de NŒmes, Raimond Trincavel is presumed to have been at least 15 years old by the time his daughter C‚cile F‚rrane was born. Married before 1140: Ad‚la‹de N?. Died: 15 Oct 1167 Raimond Trincavel, alive in 1150, was murdered in the massacre of 1167.

107. Ad‚la‹de N?(Paul Theroff, posts, "de Foix" posted on 21 March 1995 at 02:08 Hours). Married Name: de Béziers. Born: before 1126. Married before 1140: Raimond Trincavel, Vicomte de Béziers, son of Bernard Athon, Vicomte de Béziers and C‚cile, Vicomtesse de NŒmes.

 --- 8th Generation ---

128. B‚renger II, Vicomte de Rodès(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 106, 183) (Stuart, Page 165, Line 226-32). AKA: B‚renger, Vicomte de G‚vaudan(Abbott, Page 385). AKA: B‚renger, Vicomte de Carlat. AKA: B‚renger II, Vicomte de Millau(Abbott). Born: before 1041 in France, son of Richard II, Vicomte de Rodès and Rixinde de Narbonne, B‚renger is presumed to have been at least 10 years old when he was present on 29 February 1051, at which time Hughes, Count de Rouergues and his mother the Countess Richarde made a gift to the Abbey of Conquer. Married in 1071 in France: Adyle=Adèle, Vicomtesse de Carlat, daughter of Gilbert II, Vicomte de Carlat and Nobilie, Vicomtesse de Lodève. Died: after 12 Apr 1080 According to Stuart, B‚renger was named in a letter from Pope Gregory VII, dated 12 April 1080, complaining that he had refused the homage (voluntary tax) which he owed to the Abbey of Curillac.

129. Adyle=Adèle, Vicomtesse de Carlat(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 106, 183) (Stuart, Page 189, Line 257-32.) (Abbott, Page 448). AKA: Adèle, Vicomtesse de Millau(Abbott). AKA: Adèle de Lodève(Stuart, Page 189). Married Name: de Rodès. Born: before 1040 in France, daughter of Gilbert II, Vicomte de Carlat and Nobilie, Vicomtesse de Lodève, Adyle was alive in the year 1050. Note - between 1048 and 1071: Adyle was the heiress of the Viscounties of Carlat and Lodève. Married in 1071 in France: B‚renger II, Vicomte de Rodès, son of Richard II, Vicomte de Rodès and Rixinde de Narbonne. Died: after 12 Apr 1080.

144. Guy I de Scorailles(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 230). Born: before 1085 in France, son of Raymond de Scorailles and N?, Guy I was alive in the year 1085. Died: after 1105 Guy I was alive in the year 1105. Married before 1110: N?.

145. N?

146. Guibert de Castelnau-Bretenoux(ibid). Born: before 1142 Guibert is presumed to have been at least 15 years old by the time his daughter Almodie was born. Married before 1157: N?.

147. N?

148. Archambaud IV, Viscount de Comborn(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls) (Paul Theroff, posts, 18 July 1994 at 01:12 Hours). Also Known As: Archambaud "Le Barbu." Born: before 1088 in Limousin, France, son of Bernard I, Vicomte de Comborn and Ermengarde de Cours, Archambaud IV was the older brother of Ebles. Married before 1125 in France: Brunissende=Humberge de Limoges, daughter of Adh‚mar=Aymar IV, Viscount de Limoges and N?, Dame d'Angoulˆme. Died: circa 1147.

149. Brunissende=Humberge de Limoges(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 136, 137) (Paul Theroff, posts, 18 July 1994 at 01:12 Hours). Married Name: de Comborn. Born: before 1111 in Limoges, Haute-Vienne, Limousin, France, daughter of Adh‚mar=Aymar IV, Viscount de Limoges and N?, Dame d'Angoulˆme, Brunissende is presumed to have been at least 15 years old by the time her daughter, H‚lis, was born. Married before 1125 in France: Archambaud IV, Viscount de Comborn, son of Bernard I, Vicomte de Comborn and Ermengarde de Cours. Died: after 1160 in Comborn, Limousin, France, Brunissende was alive in the year 1160.

150. Boson IV, Count de P‚rigord(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 83) (Abbott, Page 330). Born: before 1116 in France, son of H‚lie V, Count de P‚rigord and Philippe N?, Boson IV was Count in 1149 and is presumed to have been at least 19 years old by the time his daughter Jourdaine was born. Andr‚ Roux shows Boson IV as the son of H‚lie V by Philippe, while Abbott indicates he was the son of Audebert III. PaterAlter before 1116 Boson IV, Count de P‚rigord/Audebert III de P‚rigord. Married before 1136: N?. PaterAlter before 1160 Boson IV, Count de P‚rigord/H‚lie VII Talleyrand, Count de P‚rigord. Died: circa 1160 Boson IV was alive in the year 1157.

151. N?

160. Bernard III, Seigneur d'Anduze(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls) (Paul Theroff, posts, 08 August 1994 at 22:02 Hours.) (Abbott, Page 378). Born: before 1090 in Anduze, Gard, Languedoc, France, son of Raymond I, Seigneur d'Anduze and Ermengarde de Melgueil, Some sources assert that this Bernard was the son of Bernard II, who appears here as his grandfather. Bernard III is presumed to have been at least 18 years old by the time his son Bernard IV was born. Married before 1103 in France: Sivila N?. Died: after 1128 in France Bernard III was alive in the year 1125 and in the year 1128.

161. Sivila N?(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 153). Married Name: d'Anduze. Born: before 1099 in France Sivila is presumed to have been at least 15 years old by the time her son Bernard IV was born. Married before 1103 in France: Bernard III, Seigneur d'Anduze, son of Raymond I, Seigneur d'Anduze and Ermengarde de Melgueil.

168. Guillaume V, Lord de Montpellier(Stuart, Page 110, Line 150-31). Born: between 1065 and 1069 in Bourgogne, France, son of Guillaume IV, Seigneur de Montpellier and Ermengarde de Melgueil, Abbott alleges that Guillaume V was the son of Guillaume III and thus skips one generation relative to the data provided by Stuart. Note - between 1076 and 1103 in Bourgogne, France: Guillaume V became Lord de Montpellier in 1076. He held Melgueil in 1103 and went on the first crusade with Raymond de Saint Giller. Married in 1086: Ermessende de Melgueil, daughter of Pierre, Count de Melgueil and Almodie de Toulouse. Died: 1121(Abbott, Page 392).

169. Ermessende de Melgueil(Stuart, Page 110, Line 150-31). Married Name: de Montpellier. Born: before 1076 in France, daughter of Pierre, Count de Melgueil and Almodie de Toulouse. Married in 1086: Guillaume V, Lord de Montpellier, son of Guillaume IV, Seigneur de Montpellier and Ermengarde de Melgueil. Died: after 1102.

170. Bonifacio I, Marchese de Savona(Stuart). AKA: Bonifacio, Marchese de Vasto. Born: 1060, son of Teto II, Marchese de Savona and Berta de Turin. Married before 1115: Agnès de Vermandois, daughter of Hughes, Count de Vermandois and Adèle, Countess de Vermandois; Agnès was Bonifacio I's third wife and he was her third husband. Died: 1130.

171. Agnès de Vermandois(Stuart, Page 81, Line 106-31.) (Paul Theroff, posts, Posting under Subject "Capet", 9 July 1994 at 19:43 Hours). Married Name: de Savona. Born: between 1077 and 1100, daughter of Hughes, Count de Vermandois and Adèle, Countess de Vermandois, Agnès is presumed to have been at least 15 years old by the time her daughter Sibel was born. Married before 1115: Bonifacio I, Marchese de Savona, son of Teto II, Marchese de Savona and Berta de Turin; Agnès was Bonifacio I's third wife and he was her third husband. Died: after 1125.

172. Eudes I Borel, Duke de Bourgogne(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 80, 123) (Castelot, Tome 2, Page 490.) (Abbott, Page 199). Born: 1058 in France, son of Henri de Bourgogne and Sybille, Countess de Bourgogne. Married in 1080 in France: Mathilde=Sybille, Dame de Bourgogne, daughter of Guillaume I, Comte de Vienne and ?tiennette de Barcelone. Note - in 1102: Eudes went on the crusades in 1102, after he founded the Abbey at Citeaux. Died: 23 Mar 1103 in Tarsus, Cilicia, Asia Minor,(Stuart, Page 182).

173. Mathilde=Sybille, Dame de Bourgogne(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 80, 123). Born: 1065 in France, daughter of Guillaume I, Comte de Vienne and ?tiennette de Barcelone. Married in 1080 in France: Eudes I Borel, Duke de Bourgogne, son of Henri de Bourgogne and Sybille, Countess de Bourgogne. Died: after 1103(Genealogy BB of Prodigy Svcs., by Roxanne Wolford [Prodigy ID# PDXS01A] under Subject "House of Burgundy", 5 November 1997 at 00:45 Hours).

174. Boson I, Vicomte de Turenne(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 80, 125) (Abbott, Page 438). Born: circa 1050 in Guyenne, France, son of Guillaume, Vicomte de Turenne and Mathilde N?(Stuart, Page 114). Married before 1074 in France: Gerberge de Terrasson, daughter of Pierre, Comtor de Terrasson and N?; Gerberge was Boson I's second wife. Died: 1091 in J‚rusalem, Holy Land, Boson left for the Holy Land in 1076 on a pilgrimage.

175. Gerberge de Terrasson(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 125). Married Name: de Turenne. Born: circa 1055 in Terrasson, Guyenne, France, daughter of Pierre, Comtor de Terrasson and N?. Married before 1074 in France: Boson I, Vicomte de Turenne, son of Guillaume, Vicomte de Turenne and Mathilde N?; Gerberge was Boson I's second wife. Died: 1103 in France.

176. Raymond I, Vicomte de Turenne(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 125, 211) (Abbott, Page 438). Born: circa 1080 in France, son of Boson I, Vicomte de Turenne and Gerberge de Terrasson. Married circa 1119: Mathilde du Perche, daughter of Geoffroy II, Comte de Mortagne and Béatrix de Roucy; Raymond I was Mathilde's first husband. Raymond I went on crusades in 1096. Died: between 1127 and 1137.

177. Mathilde du Perche(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 125, 211) (Stuart, Page 185, Line 249-29). Married Name: de Turenne. Born: 1105 in Perche, Maine, France, daughter of Geoffroy II, Comte de Mortagne and Béatrix de Roucy(Stuart). Married circa 1119: Raymond I, Vicomte de Turenne, son of Boson I, Vicomte de Turenne and Gerberge de Terrasson; Raymond I was Mathilde's first husband. Raymond I went on crusades in 1096. Died: 28 May 1143 in France Mathilde is buried at Arnac.

178. Bernard II, Seigneur d'Anduze(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 153) (Paul Theroff, posts, 08 August 1994 at 22:02 Hours). AKA: Bernard II, Lord de Sauve. AKA: Bernard II, Seigneur de Sommières. AKA: Bernard, Lord d'Alez. Born: before 1054 in Sauve, Gard, Languedoc, France, son of Bermond II de Sauve and Astrige, Dame d'Anduze. Married before 1071 in Languedoc, France: Ad‚la‹s de Mandagout. Died: after 1100 in France Bernard II was alive in the year 1078 and in the year 1100.

179. Ad‚la‹s de Mandagout(ibid). Married Name: d'Anduze. Born: before 1057 in Languedoc, France Ad‚la‹s is presumed to have been at least 15 years old by the time her son Raymond I was born. Married before 1071 in Languedoc, France: Bernard II, Seigneur d'Anduze, son of Bermond II de Sauve and Astrige, Dame d'Anduze.

192. Roger II/III, Count de Comminges(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 152) (Paul Theroff, posts, "de Foix" posted on 21 March 1995 at 02:11 Hours.) (Abbott, Page 347). Born: before 1070 in Comminges, Haute-Garonne, Gascogne, France, son of Arnaud II, Comte de Comminges and N?. Married before 1104: N?. Died: circa 1105 Roger II was alive in the year 1048.

193. N?

194. Geoffroy de Muret(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 152). Note -: In 1213 during the war with the Albigeois, the Count of Toulouse and King Pierre II of Aragon were vanquished by Simon de Montfort near Muret. Born: before 1120 in Muret, Gascogne, France Geoffroy is presumed to have been at least 15 years old by the time his daughter Dias was born. Married before 1135: Samathan N?.

195. Samathan N?(ibid). Married Name: de Muret. Born: before 1120 Samathan is presumed to have been at least 15 years old by the time her daughter Dias was born. Married before 1135: Geoffroy de Muret.

196. Raymond IV, Count de Toulouse(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls) (Paul Theroff, posts, 18 July 1994 at 01:11 Hours). AKA: Raymond, Count de Saint-Gilles. AKA: Raimond IV, Count de Tripoli. AKA: Raimond IV, Duke de Narbonne. Born: between 1046 and 1052 in Toulouse, Haute-Garonne, Languedoc, France, son of Pons II Guillaume, Count de Toulouse and Almodis de La Marche. Married before 1066 in France: N? d'Arles, daughter of Geofroy I, Count de Provence and ?tiennette=Douce de G‚vaudan. Repudiated: N? d'Arles circa 1076 Raymond IV repudiated her. Married in 1080: Matilda de Sicile, daughter of Roger I, Count de Sicile and Judith d'?vreux; Matilda was Raymond IV's second wife and he was her second husband. Note - between 1088 and 1096: Raymond IV was Comte de Toulouse 1088 - 1096(Abbott, Page 371). Married in 1094 in France: Gesloire=?lvire de Castile, daughter of Alfonso VI, King de Castile and Chimène de Nu¤ez y Guzman; Gesloire was Raymond IV's third wife. Note - in 1105: Raymond IV was one of the chief leaders of the First Crusade who led over 100,000, and distinguished himself in the Battle of Ascalon. He died at the siege of Tripoli in Syria(Paul Aug‚, Nouveau Larousse Universel (13 21 Rue Montparnasse et Boulevard Raspail 114: Librairie Larousse, 1948)). Died: 28 Feb 1105 in Tripoli, Syria.

197. Gesloire=?lvire de Castile(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 85). Married Name: de Toulouse. MaterAlter: before 1084 Jimena Nu¤ez/Gesloire=?lvire de Castile. Born: before 1084 in Spain, daughter of Alfonso VI, King de Castile and Chimène de Nu¤ez y Guzman, Gesloire is presumed to have been at least 10 years old when she married Raymond IV. Gesloire's maternal parentage is uncertain and she may have been born illegitimate by Jimena Nu¤ez. Married in 1094 in France: Raymond IV, Count de Toulouse, son of Pons II Guillaume, Count de Toulouse and Almodis de La Marche; Gesloire was Raymond IV's third wife.

198. Gerbert=Gilbert III, Vicomte de Carlat(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 106, 114, 183) (Stuart, Page 190, Line 257-31). AKA: Gilbert, Comte d'Arles. AKA: Gerbert, Vicomte de G‚vaudan(Abbott, Page 385). AKA: Gilbert, Vicomte de Millau(Abbott). Note -: Gilbert III, with his father B‚renger and his brothers Richard and Raymond were at the foundation of the Abbey of Monts in Auvergne, France. Born: circa 1071 in France, son of B‚renger II, Vicomte de Rodès and Adyle=Adèle, Vicomtesse de Carlat. Married between 1092 and 1098: Tiburge=Gerberge, Countess de Provence, daughter of Fouques Bertrand I, Count de Provence and Bertrande de Toulouse; Some sources indicate that the marriage took place in 1058, but that would contradict other sources which place Gilbert's birth in 1071. Died: 1109(Abbott, Page 448).

199. Tiburge=Gerberge, Countess de Provence(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 106, 114) (Abbott, Page 448). Married Name: de Carlat. AKA: Gerberge, Comtesse d'Arles. Born: before 1051, daughter of Fouques Bertrand I, Count de Provence and Bertrande de Toulouse. Married between 1092 and 1098: Gerbert=Gilbert III, Vicomte de Carlat, son of B‚renger II, Vicomte de Rodès and Adyle=Adèle, Vicomtesse de Carlat; Some sources indicate that the marriage took place in 1058, but that would contradict other sources which place Gilbert's birth in 1071. Died: 1112.

200. Sanche I, Vicomte de La Barthe(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 243). Born: before 1078, son of Auriel=Monse, Vicomte de La Barthe and N?, Sanche I was alive in the year 1078. Died: after 1086 Sanche I was alive in the year 1086. Married before 1100: N?.

201. N?

208. Roger II, Comte de Foix(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls) (Paul Theroff, posts, "de Foix" posted on 21 March 1995 at 02:08 Hours.) (Abbott, Page 482). Born: before 1071 in Amiens, Somme, Picardie, France, son of Pedro Bernardo, Comte de Foix and Am‚lie = Letgarde N?. Married in 1073: Siccarda N?; Siccarda was Roger II's first wife. Married before 1114: St‚phanie, Dame de La Marche, daughter of Guillaume II, Count de Besalu and ?tienette de Provence. Died: 1124 in Foix, Ariège, Foix, France.

209. St‚phanie, Dame de La Marche(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 138). Married Name: de Foix. AKA: ?tiennette, Dame de La Basse Provence. AKA: ?tienette de Besalu. Born: before 1065, daughter of Guillaume II, Count de Besalu and ?tienette de Provence. Died: after 1095 St‚phanie was alive in the year 1095. Married before 1114: Roger II, Comte de Foix, son of Pedro Bernardo, Comte de Foix and Am‚lie = Letgarde N?.

210. Raymond-B‚renger III, Count de Barcelone(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls) (Stuart, Page 39, Line 54-30.) (Paul Theroff, posts). AKA: Ram¢n, Count de Gerona. AKA: Raimond, Count de Osona. AKA: Raimond B‚renger, Count de Cerdagne. AKA: Raimond-B‚renger III, Marquis de Barcelone. Also Known As: Ram¢n "El Grande." Born: 11 Nov 1082 in Spain, son of Raymond-B‚renger II, Count de Barcelone and Mahaut de Guiscard. Married before 1103 in Spain: Maria de Bivar, daughter of Rodrigo Ruy Diaz de Bivar and Do¤a Ximena de Gormas; Maria was Raymond B‚renger III's first wife. Married in 1106: Almodis de Mortain; Almodis was Raymond B‚renger III's second wife. Married on 3 Feb 1112: Douce, Comtesse de Provence, daughter of Gerbert=Gilbert III, Vicomte de Carlat and Tiburge=Gerberge, Countess de Provence; Douce was Raymond-B‚renger III's second wife but he was Douce's third husband. Died: 19 Jul 1131 at age 48.

211. Maria de Bivar. Married Name: de Barcelone. Married Name: de Aragon. Born: before 1088 in Spain, daughter of Rodrigo Ruy Diaz de Bivar and Do¤a Ximena de Gormas, Maria is presumed to have been at least 15 years old when she married Raimond B‚renger III. Married in 1098 in Spain: Pedro de Aragon, son of Pedro I=Pierre, King de Aragon and Agnès de Poitou. Married before 1103 in Spain: Raymond-B‚renger III, Count de Barcelone, son of Raymond-B‚renger II, Count de Barcelone and Mahaut de Guiscard; Maria was Raymond B‚renger III's first wife. Died: 1106 in Spain.

212. Bernard Athon, Vicomte de Béziers(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 151) (Paul Theroff, posts, "de Foix" posted on 21 March 1995 at 02:08 Hours). AKA: Bernard Aton IV, Vicomte d'Albi(Abbott, Page 377). AKA: Bernard Aton, Comte de Carcassonne(Abbott). AKA: Bernard Aton, Seigneur de Lauraguais(Abbott). AKA: Bernard Aton III, Vicomte de NŒmes(Abbott). AKA: Bernard Aton, Vicomte d'Agde(Abbott). Born: before 1069 in Béziers, H‚rault, Languedoc, France, son of Bernard-Raymond, Vicomte de Béziers and Ermengarde, Comtesse de Carcassonne, Bernard Athon is presumed to have been at least 14 years old when he married C‚cile. Married in 1083: C‚cile, Vicomtesse de NŒmes, daughter of Bertrand II dit Fouques, Count de Forcalquier and Eld‚arde=Hildegarde N?. Note - in 1091: Bernard Athon succeeded Bernard-Raymond in 1091. Died: 1129(Abbott).

213. C‚cile, Vicomtesse de NŒmes(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 151) (Paul Theroff, posts, "de Foix" posted on 21 March 1995 at 02:08 Hours). Married Name: de Béziers. Born: before 1073 in NŒmes, Gard, Languedoc, France, daughter of Bertrand II dit Fouques, Count de Forcalquier and Eld‚arde=Hildegarde N?, C‚cile is presumed to have been at least 10 years old when she married Bernard Athon IV. Married in 1083: Bernard Athon, Vicomte de Béziers, son of Bernard-Raymond, Vicomte de Béziers and Ermengarde, Comtesse de Carcassonne. Died: 1150.

 --- 9th Generation ---

256. Richard II, Vicomte de Rodès(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 106, 161) (Stuart, Page 165, Line 226-33). AKA: Richard III, Vicomte de Millau Richard III was Vicomte de Millau in 1049(Abbott, Page 325). AKA: Richard, Vicomte de G‚vaudan(Abbott). Born: before 1013 in France, son of Richard I, Vicomte de Rodès and S‚n‚gonde, Viscomtesse de Béziers. Married circa 1030: Rixinde de Narbonne, daughter of B‚renger I, Vicomte de Narbonne and Garsinde de Besalu. Died: between 1049 and 1051.

257. Rixinde de Narbonne(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 106, 161) (Stuart, Page 165, Line 226-33). Married Name: de Rodès. AKA: Rixinde, Dame de Lodève. AKA: Rixinde, Dame de Montbrun. Born: between 1011 and 1020 in France, daughter of B‚renger I, Vicomte de Narbonne and Garsinde de Besalu, Rixinde is presumed to have been at least 10 years old when she married Richard II. Married circa 1030: Richard II, Vicomte de Rodès, son of Richard I, Vicomte de Rodès and S‚n‚gonde, Viscomtesse de Béziers. Died: between 1061 and 1079.

258. Gilbert II, Vicomte de Carlat(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 183) (Stuart, Page 189, Line 257-33.) (Abbott, Pages 325, 448). Born: before 1005 in Auvergne, France, son of Gilbert I, Vicomte de Carlat and Agnès, Viscountess de Mels, Gilbert II was alive in the year 1005. Married in 1020 in France: Nobilie, Vicomtesse de Lodève, daughter of Odon, Vicomte de Lodève and Chimberge N?; Gilbert II and Nobilie gave the manse of Serq to St. Guillem-de-D‚sert, in the Diocese of Lodève in October, 1048. Died: between 1048 and 1071.

259. Nobilie, Vicomtesse de Lodève; Nobilie was the heiress of Lodève (Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 183) (Stuart, Page 189, Line 257-33.) (Abbott, Page 448). Married Name: de Carlat. Born: before 1010 in Lodève, Languedoc, France, daughter of Odon, Vicomte de Lodève and Chimberge N?, Nobilie is presumed to have been at least 10 years old when she married Gilbert II. Married in 1020 in France: Gilbert II, Vicomte de Carlat, son of Gilbert I, Vicomte de Carlat and Agnès, Viscountess de Mels; Gilbert II and Nobilie gave the manse of Serq to St. Guillem-de-D‚sert, in the Diocese of Lodève in October, 1048. Died: after 1020.

288. Raymond de Scorailles(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 230). Born: before 1070 in France, son of Begon de Scorailles and N?, Raymond is presumed to have been at least 15 years old by the time his son Guy I was born. Died: after 1083 Raymond was alive in the year 1083. Married before 1085: N?.

289. N?

296. Bernard I, Vicomte de Comborn(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls) (Abbott, Pages 432, 439). Born: before 1055 in Blois, Loir-et-Cher, Orl‚anais, France, son of Archambaud II, Vicomte de Comborn and Rotberge de Rochechouart. Married before 1080 in France: Milisende N?; Milisende was Bernard I's first wife. Married before 1085 in France: Ermengarde de Cours, daughter of Hughes de Cours and Aine de Barmont; Ermengarde was Bernard I's second wife. Died: between 1092 and 1119 According to Andr‚ Roux, Bernard died circa 1092, but Abbott specifies he died in 1119.

297. Ermengarde de Cours(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 136, 229). Married Name: de Comborn. Born: before 1074 in Cours, Ag‚nois, Guyenne, France, daughter of Hughes de Cours and Aine de Barmont, Ermengarde is presumed to have been at least 18 years old by the time her son Archambaud was born. Married before 1085 in France: Bernard I, Vicomte de Comborn, son of Archambaud II, Vicomte de Comborn and Rotberge de Rochechouart; Ermengarde was Bernard I's second wife.

298. Adh‚mar=Aymar IV, Viscount de Limoges(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 87, 137) (Abbott, Page 435). Born: before 1086 in l'Aigle, France, son of Aymar III, Vicomte de Limoges and Umberge N?, Adh‚mar IV is presumed to have been at least 18 years old by the time his son, Guy III, was born. Married before 1103 in France: N?, Dame d'Angoulˆme, daughter of Wulgrin II/III, Count d'Angoulˆme and Ponce de La Marche. Died: 1139 According to Andr‚ Roux, Aimar was alive in the year 1126(ibid).

299. N?, Dame d'Angoulˆme(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 87, 137). Married Name: de Limoges. Died: Limoges, Haute-Vienne, Limousin, France. Born: before 1098 in France, daughter of Wulgrin II/III, Count d'Angoulˆme and Ponce de La Marche, She is presumed to have been at least 14 years old by the time her daughter Brunissende was born. Married before 1103 in France: Adh‚mar=Aymar IV, Viscount de Limoges, son of Aymar III, Vicomte de Limoges and Umberge N?.

300. H‚lie V, Count de P‚rigord(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls) (Abbott, Page 330). Born: before 1102 in France, son of Guillaume Talleyrand, Comte de P‚rigord and N?, H‚lie V is presumed to have been at least 18 years old by the time his son Boson III was born. H‚lie V's parentage is in dispute with Andr‚ Roux showing him to be the son of H‚lie IV by Gasconie, while Abbott asserts he was the son of Guillaume. MaterAlter: before 1102 Gasconie N?/H‚lie V, Count de P‚rigord. PaterAlter before 1102 H‚lie V, Count de P‚rigord/H‚lie IV, Count de P‚rigord. Married before 1119 in Guyenne, France: Philippe N?. Died: after 1131 H‚lie IV became Count in 1131.

301. Philippe N?(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 83). Married Name: de P‚rigord. Born: before 1105 in France Philippe is presumed to have been at least 15 years old by the time her son Boson III was born. Married before 1119 in Guyenne, France: H‚lie V, Count de P‚rigord, son of Guillaume Talleyrand, Comte de P‚rigord and N?.

320. Raymond I, Seigneur d'Anduze(Paul Theroff, posts, 08 August 1994 at 22:02 Hours.) (Abbott, Page 378). Born: before 1072 in Anduze, Gard, Languedoc, France, son of Bernard II, Seigneur d'Anduze and Ad‚la‹s de Mandagout, Raymond I is presumed to have been at least 18 years old by the time his son, Bernard III, was born. Married circa 1078 in Languedoc, France: Ermengarde de Melgueil, daughter of Raymond I, Count de Melgueil and Béatrix de Poitou. Died: after 1078 Raymond I was alive in the year 1078.

321. Ermengarde de Melgueil(Stuart, Page 110, Line 150-32.) (Paul Theroff, posts, 08 August 1994 at 22:02 Hours). Married Name: de Montpellier. Married Name: d'Anduze. Born: before 1050, daughter of Raymond I, Count de Melgueil and Béatrix de Poitou, Ermengarde is presumed to have been at least 10 years old when she married Guillaume IV. Married circa 1060: Guillaume IV, Seigneur de Montpellier, son of Guillaume III, Lord de Montpellier and B‚liarde N?. Married circa 1078 in Languedoc, France: Raymond I, Seigneur d'Anduze, son of Bernard II, Seigneur d'Anduze and Ad‚la‹s de Mandagout.

336. Guillaume IV, Seigneur de Montpellier(Stuart, Page 110, Line 150-32). Note -: Guillaume IV bought the castle at Melgueil. Born: between 1030 and 1035 in Bourgogne, France, son of Guillaume III, Lord de Montpellier and B‚liarde N?. Married circa 1060: Ermengarde de Melgueil, daughter of Raymond I, Count de Melgueil and Béatrix de Poitou. Died: 1076(Stuart).

337. Ermengarde de Melgueil (above)

338. Pierre, Count de Melgueil(Stuart). Born: before 1055 in France, son of Raymond I, Count de Melgueil and Béatrix de Poitou, Pierre is presumed to have been at least 10 years old when he married Almodie. Married circa 1065: Almodie de Toulouse, daughter of Pons II Guillaume, Count de Toulouse and Almodis de La Marche(Stuart). Died: after 1085 Pierre was alive in the year 1085.

339. Almodie de Toulouse(Stuart). Married Name: de Melgueil. Born: between 1045 and 1052 in France, daughter of Pons II Guillaume, Count de Toulouse and Almodis de La Marche. Married circa 1065: Pierre, Count de Melgueil, son of Raymond I, Count de Melgueil and Béatrix de Poitou(Stuart). Died: after 1132(Stuart).

340. Teto II, Marchese de Savona(Stuart). AKA: Teto II, Marchese de Vasto. Born: before 1045, son of Oberto II, Marchese de Savona and B‚atrice de Ramagnano, Teto II is presumed to have been at least 15 years old by the time his son Bonifacio I was born. Married before 1060: Berta de Turin, daughter of Ulrich=Manfredo II, Marquis de Turin and Berthe d'Este. Died: 1064.

341. Berta de Turin(ibid). Married Name: de Savona. Born: before 1035, daughter of Ulrich=Manfredo II, Marquis de Turin and Berthe d'Este. Married before 1060: Teto II, Marchese de Savona, son of Oberto II, Marchese de Savona and B‚atrice de Ramagnano. Died: after 1065 Berta was alive in the year 1065.

342. Hughes, Count de Vermandois(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 79, 112) (Stuart, Page 105, Line 143-30). AKA: Hughes, Count de Paris. AKA: Hughes, Count de Clermont-en-Beauvaisis. AKA: Hughes, Count de Valois. AKA: Hughes Magnus de Cr‚py. AKA: Hughes Magnus, Duke de Bourgogne. AKA: Hughes Magnus, Marquis d'Orl‚ans. AKA: Hughes Magnus, Count d'Amiens. Also Known As: Hughes "Le Grand." AKA: Hughes, Comte d'Amiens. Born: 1057 in Ile-de-France, France, son of Henri I, King de France and Anne, Queen de France. Married in 1077: Adèle, Countess de Vermandois, daughter of Herbert IV, Count de Vermandois and Adèle, Countess de Cr‚py; Hughes was Adèle's first husband. Note - before 1101: Hughes was a leader in the First Crusade. Died: 18 Oct 1101 in Tarsus, Cilicia, Asia Minor, Hughes is buried in Saint-Paul-de-Tarse.

343. Adèle, Countess de Vermandois(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 79, 112) (Stuart, Page 175, Line 239-30; Page 196, Line 268-32.) (Paul Theroff, posts, 23 April 1994 at 15:57 Hours). AKA: Ad‚la‹de, Dame de Saint-Quentin(Abbott, Page 127). AKA: Ad‚la‹de, Countess de Valois(Abbott). Married Name: de Clermont-en-Beauvaisis. Born: circa 1062, daughter of Herbert IV, Count de Vermandois and Adèle, Countess de Cr‚py. Married in 1077: Hughes, Count de Vermandois, son of Henri I, King de France and Anne, Queen de France; Hughes was Adèle's first husband. Married in 1103 in France: Renaud II, Count de Clermont-en-Beauvaisis, son of Hugues, Comte de Clermont-en-Beauvaisis and Marguerite de Roucy; Adèle was Renaud II's first wife. Died: 1124 in Meulan, Seine-et-Oise, Ile-de-France, France, Adèle was alive in the year 1118(Abbott, Pages 57).

344. Henri de Bourgogne(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 80, 123) (Stuart, Page 63, Line 85-30.) (Castelot, Tome 2, Page 490.) (Abbott, Page 198). Also Known As: Henri "Le Damoiseau." Born: 1035 in France, son of Robert, Duke de Bourgogne and H‚lie de Semur(Stuart, Page 182). Married circa 1056: Sibylle de Barcelone, daughter of B‚renger-Raymond, Count de Barcelone and Gisèle de Lluca. Married before 1058 in France: Sybille, Countess de Bourgogne, daughter of Renaud I, Comte de Bourgogne and Ad‚lise=Judith de Normandie. Died: either 1066 or 1074 According to Abbott, Henri died in 1074. R. Wolford's sources indicate he died 27 January 1070(Genealogy BB of Prodigy Svcs., by Roxanne Wolford [Prodigy ID# PDXS01A] under Subject "House of Burgundy", 5 November 1997 at 00:45 Hours).

345. Sybille, Countess de Bourgogne(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 80, 123). Born: circa 1035, daughter of Renaud I, Comte de Bourgogne and Ad‚lise=Judith de Normandie. Married before 1058 in France: Henri de Bourgogne, son of Robert, Duke de Bourgogne and H‚lie de Semur. Died: 6 Jul 1074 in France Sybille is burried at the Church of Saint ?tienne in Besan‡on(Stuart, Page 182).

346. Guillaume I, Comte de Vienne(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 123) (Stuart, Page 73, Line 94-31). Also Known As: Guillaume "Tˆte Hardie." AKA: Guillaume, Comte de Mƒcon(Abbott, Page 213). AKA: Guillaume, Count de Bourgogne(Abbott). Also Known As: Guillaume "Le Grand"(Abbott). Born: circa 1024 in Vienne, Isère, France, son of Renaud I, Comte de Bourgogne and Ad‚lise=Judith de Normandie. Married in 1049 in France: ?tiennette de Barcelone, daughter of Raymond II, Count de Barcelone and Sancha de Navarre; Guillaume's wife was Stephanie of Barcelone who is probably the same person as Stephanie of Longwy. Died: 12 Nov 1087(Stuart, Page 73).

347. ?tiennette de Barcelone(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 123). Married Name: de Vienne. AKA: ?tienette de Longwy. AKA: Stephanie de Longwy. PaterAlter circa 1035 ?tiennette de Barcelone/Adalbert III, Count de Longwy. MaterAlter: circa 1035 Cl‚mence de Foix/?tiennette de Barcelone. Born: circa 1035, daughter of Raymond II, Count de Barcelone and Sancha de Navarre, ?tiennette's parentage may be in dispute with sources referenced in Roderick Stuart's "Royalty for Commoners" showing her to be the daughter of Adalbert III, Comte de Longwy by Cl‚mence de Foix. Married in 1049 in France: Guillaume I, Comte de Vienne, son of Renaud I, Comte de Bourgogne and Ad‚lise=Judith de Normandie; Guillaume's wife was Stephanie of Barcelone who is probably the same person as Stephanie of Longwy. Died: after 1088.

348. Guillaume, Vicomte de Turenne(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 125) (Abbott, Page 432). AKA: Guillaume de Comborn. Born: before 1000 in Blois, Loir-et-Cher, Orl‚anais, France, son of Ebles I, Vicomte de Comborn and Béatrix de Normandie, Guillaume was alive in the year 1000(Stuart, Page 114). Married before 1049: Mathilde N?. Died: 1074 Guillaume was the Vicomte de Turenne in the year 1040(Abbott, Page 438).

349. Mathilde N?(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 125). Married Name: de Turenne. Born: before 1035 Mathilde is presumed to have been at least 15 years old by the time her son Boson I was born. Married before 1049: Guillaume, Vicomte de Turenne, son of Ebles I, Vicomte de Comborn and Béatrix de Normandie.

350. Pierre, Comtor de Terrasson(ibid). Born: before 1040 in Terrasson, Guyenne, France Pierre is presumed to have been at least 15 years old by the time his daughter Gerberge was born. Married before 1055: N?.

351. N?

352. Boson I, Vicomte de Turenne (above)

353. Gerberge de Terrasson (above)

354. Geoffroy II, Comte de Mortagne(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls) (Stuart, Page 185, Line 249-30). AKA: Geoffroy II, Count du Perche(Abbott, Page 138). Born: before 1051 in Mortagne-au-Perche, Normandie, France, son of Rotrou I, Vicomte de Chƒteaudun and Ad‚la‹de de Domfront, Geoffroy II fought in the Norman Army at the Battle of Hastings 11 October 1066 and is presumed to have been at least 15 years old at that time. Married before 1069: Béatrix de Roucy, daughter of Hildouin, Comte d'Arcis-sur-Aube and Ad‚la‹de=Alice, Countess de Roucy. Died: circa 1105.

355. Béatrix de Roucy(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 198) (Stuart, Page 195, Line 266-30). Married Name: de Mortagne. AKA: Béatrix de Montdidier. Born: before 1054 in France, daughter of Hildouin, Comte d'Arcis-sur-Aube and Ad‚la‹de=Alice, Countess de Roucy, Béatrix is presumed to have been at least 15 years old by the time her daughter Juhanne was born. Married before 1069: Geoffroy II, Comte de Mortagne, son of Rotrou I, Vicomte de Chƒteaudun and Ad‚la‹de de Domfront. Died: after 1129.

356. Bermond II de Sauve(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 153) (Paul Theroff, posts, 08 August 1994 at 22:02 Hours). AKA: Bermond d'Anduze. Born: before 1019 in Sauve, Gard, Languedoc, France, son of Bernard, Seigneur de Sauve and Garcende, Vicomtesse de Béziers, Bermond II was live in the year 1020. Married before 1047 in Gard, Languedoc, France: Astrige, Dame d'Anduze, daughter of Pierre d'Anduze and N?. Died: 1054 in Rome, Italy.

357. Astrige, Dame d'Anduze(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 153) (Paul Theroff, posts, 08 August 1994 at 22:02 Hours). Married Name: de Sauve. Born: before 1032 in Anduse, Gard, Languedoc, France, daughter of Pierre d'Anduze and N?, Astrige is presumed to have been at least 17 years old by the time her son Pierre Bermond was born. Married before 1047 in Gard, Languedoc, France: Bermond II de Sauve, son of Bernard, Seigneur de Sauve and Garcende, Vicomtesse de Béziers.

384. Arnaud II, Comte de Comminges(Paul Theroff, posts) (Abbott, Page 347). Born: circa 1035, son of Roger I/II, Comte de Comminges and Aldane N?. Married before 1069: N?. Died: 1070.

385. N?

392. Pons II Guillaume, Count de Toulouse(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 55, 85) (Stuart, Page 261, Line 374-31.) (Paul Theroff, posts, 2 May 1994 at 14:37 Hours.) (Abbott, Page 371). AKA: Pons II, Count de Dijon. AKA: Pons II, Count d'Albi. Born: circa 990 in Languedoc, France, son of Guillaume III, Count de Toulouse and Emm‚ de Forcalquier. Married before 1037 in France: Marjorie N?; Marjorie was Pons II Guillaume's first wife. Married between 1044 and 1045 in France: Almodis de La Marche, daughter of Bernard, Count de La Marche and Am‚lie de Montignac; Pons III was Almodis' third husband. Divorced Almodis de La Marche: before 1053. Died: 1060 Pons III is buried at the Abbey de Saint-Sernin, in Toulouse, Languedoc, France.

393. Almodis de La Marche(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 55, 86) (Stuart, Page 233, Line 327-32). Married Name: de Toulouse. Married Name: de Lusignan. Married Name: de Barcelone. Born: circa 990, daughter of Bernard, Count de La Marche and Am‚lie de Montignac. Married before 1040: Hughes V de Lusignan, son of Hughes IV, Lord de Lusignan and Aldiarde de Thouars; Hughes V was Almodis' first husband. Married between 1044 and 1045 in France: Pons II Guillaume, Count de Toulouse, son of Guillaume III, Count de Toulouse and Emm‚ de Forcalquier; Pons III was Almodis' third husband. Divorced Pons II Guillaume, Count de Toulouse: before 1053. Married in 1053: Raymond-B‚renger I, Count de Barcelone, son of B‚renger-Raymond, Count de Barcelone and Sancha, de Gascogne; Raymond B‚renger was Almodis' fourth husband. Almodis was Raymond-B‚renger's second wife. Died: 16 Oct 1071 in Spain Almodis was murdered by her step-son Pierre-Raymond de Barcelone(Stuart, Page 233, Line 327-32).

394. Alfonso VI, King de Castile(Stuart). Also Known As: Alphonse "Le Brave." AKA: Alfonso VI, King de Le¢n. AKA: de Navarre. AKA: Alphonse de Castille. Born: 15 Jun 1040 in Spain, son of Fernando I, King de Castile and Sancha de Le¢n. Note - between 1065 and 1109 in Spain: Spanish King of Le¢n (1065-1109) and Castille (1072-1109), Alfonso VI was King of Navarre as well. He captured Toledo from the Moors extending his frontier to the Tagus River and the center of the Iberian peninsula in 1085. That same year (1085), he conquered Madrid. El Cid (1065 - 1109) lived during his reign. The marriage of his two daughters to French nobles resulted in the establishment of the Burgundian dynasties in Leon, Castille and Portugal. In 1093, he defeated Lisbon. Married in 1069 in Spain: Agnès d'Aquitaine, daughter of Guillaume VI dit Guy, Comte de Poitou and Anne de P‚rigord. Significant-Other: Jimena Nu¤ez before 1070 in Spain - Jimena was a concubine of Alfonso VI. Divorced Agnès d'Aquitaine: in 1077. Married on 8 May 1081: Constance de Bourgogne, daughter of Robert, Duke de Bourgogne and H‚lie de Semur. Married before 1083: Chimène de Nu¤ez y Guzman. Married in 1093: Berthe de Bourgogne, daughter of Guillaume I, Comte de Vienne and ?tiennette de Barcelone. Married in 1098: Isabel=Zaida Alheje, daughter of Abn-Alheje, King de Dania and N?. Married in 1108: B‚atrice d'Aquitaine, daughter of Guillaume VI dit Guy, Comte de Poitou and Hildegarde de Bourgogne. Died: 29 Jun 1109 in Toledo, Spain, at age 69 He is burried at the monastery of Sahegun.

395. Chimène de Nu¤ez y Guzman(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 85). Married Name: de Le¢n. Married Name: de Castile. Born: before 1069 Chimène is presumed to have been at least 15 years old by the time her daughter Gesloire was born. Married before 1083: Alfonso VI, King de Castile, son of Fernando I, King de Castile and Sancha de Le¢n.

396. B‚renger II, Vicomte de Rodès (above)

397. Adyle=Adèle, Vicomtesse de Carlat (above)

398. Fouques Bertrand I, Count de Provence(Paul Theroff, posts, 18 July 1994 at 01:12 Hours.) (Abbott, Page 606). Born: before 1010 in France, son of Guillaume II/III, Count de Provence and Gerberge de Bourgogne, Bertrand I is presumed to have been at least 10 years old when he married Bertrande. Occupation: between 1018 and 1042 in France Bertrand was Count of Provence in 1018 and Marquis de Provence from 1042. Married before 1025 in France: Bertrande de Toulouse, daughter of Guillaume III, Count de Toulouse and Emm‚ de Forcalquier; Bertrand I and Bertrande are throught by some to have been the parents of Gerberge rather than Bertrand's brother Geofroy. PaterAlter circa 1025 Fouques Bertrand I, Count de Provence/Guillaume IV/VI dit Bertrand, Count de Forcalquier(Abbott, Page 606). Died: 27 Apr 1051 in France.

399. Bertrande de Toulouse(Paul Theroff, posts, 18 July 1994 at 01:12 Hours). Married Name: de Provence. Married Name: de Forcalquier. Born: before 998 in Languedoc, France, daughter of Guillaume III, Count de Toulouse and Emm‚ de Forcalquier, Bertrande is presumed to have been at least 10 years old when she married Bertrand I. Married before 1025 in France: Fouques Bertrand I, Count de Provence, son of Guillaume II/III, Count de Provence and Gerberge de Bourgogne; Bertrand I and Bertrande are throught by some to have been the parents of Gerberge rather than Bertrand's brother Geofroy. MaterAlter: circa 1025 Guillaume IV/VI dit Bertrand, Count de Forcalquier/Bertrande de Toulouse(Abbott, Page 606).

400. Auriel=Monse, Vicomte de La Barthe(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 243). Born: before 975, son of Arnaud II, Count d'Aure and N., Dame de Magnoac. Died: after 1020 Auriel was alive in the year 1020. Married before 1078: N?.

401. N?

416. Pedro Bernardo, Comte de Foix(Paul Theroff, posts, "de Foix" posted on 21 March 1995 at 02:08 Hours). AKA: Pierre Bernard, Comte de Cons‚rans(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 138). AKA: Pierre, Comte de Foix(Abbott, Page 482). Born: between 1013 and 1035 in Amiens, Somme, Picardie, France, son of Bernard I, Count de Foix and Gersinde de Bigorre. Married before 1070: Am‚lie = Letgarde N?. Died: 1071.

417. Am‚lie = Letgarde N?(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 138). Married Name: de Foix. Married Name: de Carcassonne. Born: before 1056 Am‚lie is presumed to have been at least 15 years old by the time her son Roger II was born. Married before 1070: Pedro Bernardo, Comte de Foix, son of Bernard I, Count de Foix and Gersinde de Bigorre.

418. Guillaume II, Count de Besalu(Abbott, Page 480). AKA: Guillermo II Trunus, Count de Ripoll(Paul Theroff, posts). Born: between 1022 and 1046 in Spain, son of Guillaume, Count de Besalu and Ad‚la‹de N?, Guillermo II is presumed to have been at least 20 years old when he died. Married before 1064: ?tienette de Provence, daughter of Geofroy I, Count de Provence and ?tiennette=Douce de G‚vaudan. Died: between 1066 and 1070 Guillermo II was murdered.

419. ?tienette de Provence. Married Name: de Besalu. Born: before 1050 in France, daughter of Geofroy I, Count de Provence and ?tiennette=Douce de G‚vaudan, ?tienette is presumed to have been at least 20 years old when her husband Guillermo II was murdered. Married before 1064: Guillaume II, Count de Besalu, son of Guillaume, Count de Besalu and Ad‚la‹de N?. Died: 1085.

420. Raymond-B‚renger II, Count de Barcelone(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 86, 155) (Stuart, Page 39, Line 54-31). AKA: Raymond B‚renger, Count de Osona. AKA: Raymond B‚renger, Count de Radez. AKA: Ram¢n "Cabeza de Estopa." AKA: Raymond-B‚renger II, Count de G‚rone. AKA: Ram¢n-B‚renger II, Count de Carcassonne. Born: 1055 in Spain, son of Raymond-B‚renger I, Count de Barcelone and Almodis de La Marche. Married in 1078: Mahaut de Guiscard, daughter of Robert de Guiscard and Sikelgaita de Salerno. Died: 5 Dec 1082 Raymond-B‚renger II was assassinated by his half-brother. It is interesting that he was assassinated the year his male child was born.

421. Mahaut de Guiscard(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 86, 155) (Stuart, Page 39, Line 54-31; Page 212, Line 296-31). Married Name: de Narbonne. AKA: Mathilde de Pouille. AKA: Mathilda of Apulia. AKA: Mathilde de Hauteville. Married Name: de Barcelone. Born: circa 1059, daughter of Robert de Guiscard and Sikelgaita de Salerno. Married in 1078: Raymond-B‚renger II, Count de Barcelone, son of Raymond-B‚renger I, Count de Barcelone and Almodis de La Marche. Married in 1084: Aimeri, Vicomte de Narbonne, son of Bernard B‚renger, Vicomte de Narbonne and Foy, Vicomtesse de Rouergue. Died: between 1108 and 1112.

422. Rodrigo Ruy Diaz de Bivar(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 207) (Stuart, 136, Line 179-31.) (Aug‚, Tome I, Page 372). AKA: Rodrigo, Count de Valencia. Also Known As: Rodrigo "El Cid." Also Known As: Rodrigo "Muy Ciel el Compeador." AKA: Rodrigo, Se¤or de Bibar. Born: between 1030 and 1043, son of Diego Lainez, Se¤or de Bivar and Teresa Rodriguez. Married on 14 Nov 1074: Do¤a Ximena de Gormas, daughter of Diego, Count de Orviedo and Christina Fernandez. Note - between 1081 and 1094: Rodrigo was a famous Knight of the 11th. Century, and the subject of the great Castilian epic poem. Known to the Moors as Cid (lord), he was exiled in 1081 by Alfonso VI, because of the jealousy of other nobles. In 1094, he seized Valencia from the Moors, and ruled as Lord until his death, whereupon his widow abandoned it to the Moors. He was given the title El Campeador. Died: 10 Jul 1099 in Spain.

423. Do¤a Ximena de Gormas(Stuart, Page 137, Line 180-30.) (Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls). Married Name: de Bivar. AKA: Do¤a Jimina Diaz de Las Asturias. Born: circa 1054, daughter of Diego, Count de Orviedo and Christina Fernandez. Married on 14 Nov 1074: Rodrigo Ruy Diaz de Bivar, son of Diego Lainez, Se¤or de Bivar and Teresa Rodriguez. Died: 1115.

424. Bernard-Raymond, Vicomte de Béziers(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls). AKA: Bernard-Raymond Trincavel. AKA: Raymond Bernard, Vicomte de NŒmes(Abbott, Page 375, 395). AKA: Raymond Bernard Trincavel, Vicomte d'Albi(Abbott). AKA: Raymond Bernard Trencavel, Vicomte d'Albi(Abbott). Born: before 1017 in Albigeois, Languedoc, France, son of Bernard Aton III, Vicomte d'Albi and N?, Bernard Raymond is presumed to have been at least 18 years old by the time his daughter Isabel was born. Married before 1027 in France: Ermengarde, Comtesse de Carcassonne, daughter of Pedro=Pierre II, Count de Carcassonne and Rangarda de Toulouse. Died: 1074 Bernard-Raymond was alive in the year 1060.

425. Ermengarde, Comtesse de Carcassonne(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 151) (Abbott, Page 379). Married Name: de Béziers. AKA: Ermengarde, Vicomtesse d'Agde(Abbott). Born: before 1013 in Carcassonne, Aude, Languedoc, France, daughter of Pedro=Pierre II, Count de Carcassonne and Rangarda de Toulouse, Ermengarde is presumed to have been at least 15 years old by the time her daughter Isabelle was born. Married before 1027 in France: Bernard-Raymond, Vicomte de Béziers, son of Bernard Aton III, Vicomte d'Albi and N?. Note - in 1067: Ermengarde was the sister of, and inherited the lands of Roger III, Count of Carcassonne.

426. Bertrand II dit Fouques, Count de Forcalquier(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 148). AKA: Bertrand I, Count de Forcalquier(ibid) (Stuart, Page 213, Line 298-32). AKA: Bertrand II, Count d'Avignon. AKA: Bertrand II, Count de Montfort. AKA: Bertrand, Count d'Embrun. AKA: Bertrand II, Count de Provence. PaterAlter before 1051 Bertrand II dit Fouques, Count de Forcalquier/Guillaume III, Count de Toulouse. MaterAlter: before 1051 Emm‚ de Forcalquier/Bertrand II dit Fouques, Count de Forcalquier. Born: before 1051 in France, son of Fouques Bertrand I, Count de Provence and Bertrande de Toulouse. Married before Feb 1061: Eld‚arde=Hildegarde N?. Died: between 1090 and 1094.

427. Eld‚arde=Hildegarde N?(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 148) (Stuart, Page 147, Line 197-34). Married Name: de Forcalquier. Born: before 1010 Eld‚arde is presumed to have been at least 15 years old by the time his son Guillaume IV was born. Died: after 23 Jun 1040. Married before Feb 1061: Bertrand II dit Fouques, Count de Forcalquier, son of Fouques Bertrand I, Count de Provence and Bertrande de Toulouse.

 --- 10th Generation ---

512. Richard I, Vicomte de Rodès(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 105, 183) (Stuart, Page 274, Line 402-34). AKA: Richard II, Vicomte de Milhaud Richard I was Vicomte de Millau in the year 1018(Abbott, Page 325). Born: before 970 in Guyenne, France, son of B‚renger, Vicomte de Millau and N?, Richard I is presumed to have been at least 10 years old when he married S‚n‚gonde. Married circa 980: S‚n‚gonde, Viscomtesse de Béziers, daughter of Guillaume, Count de Béziers and Arsinde, Vicomtesse N?. Died: after 1049 Richard I was alive in the year 1049.

513. S‚n‚gonde, Viscomtesse de Béziers(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 106). Married Name: de Rodès. Born: before 970, daughter of Guillaume, Count de Béziers and Arsinde, Vicomtesse N?, S‚n‚gonde is presumed to have been at least 10 years old when she married Richard. Married circa 980: Richard I, Vicomte de Rodès, son of B‚renger, Vicomte de Millau and N?. Died: before 1013(Stuart, Page 165).

514. B‚renger I, Vicomte de Narbonne(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 161, 245) (Stuart, Page 161, Line 218-34). Born: before 995 in France, son of Raymond, Vicomte de Narbonne and Ricarde de Rodez, B‚renger I is presumed to have been at least 15 years old when he married Garsinde. Married in 1010: Garsinde de Besalu, daughter of Bernard I, Count de Besalu and Toda de Provence. Died: 1067(Abbott, Page 393).

515. Garsinde de Besalu(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 161, 245) (Stuart, Page 161, Line 218-34). Married Name: de Narbonne. Born: between 992 and 1000 in Besalu, Barcelona, Spain, daughter of Bernard I, Count de Besalu and Toda de Provence, Garsinde is presumed to have been at least 10 years old when she married B‚renger I. Married in 1010: B‚renger I, Vicomte de Narbonne, son of Raymond, Vicomte de Narbonne and Ricarde de Rodez.

516. Gilbert I, Vicomte de Carlat(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 183) (Stuart, Page 189, Line 257-34.) (Abbott, Pages 325, 448). Born: before 988 in Carlat, Auvergne, France, son of Bernard II, Vicomte de Carlat and Ad‚la‹de de Millau. Died: after 988 Gilbert I was alive in the year 988. Occupation: between 996 and 1031 Gilbert I was Vicomte de Carlat at the time of King Robert's reign (996-1031). Married before 1004: Agnès, Viscountess de Mels.

517. Agnès, Viscountess de Mels(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 183) (Stuart, Page 189, Line 257-34). Married Name: de Carlat. Born: before 990 in France Agnès is presumed to have been at least 15 years old by the time her son Gilbert II was born. Married before 1004: Gilbert I, Vicomte de Carlat, son of Bernard II, Vicomte de Carlat and Ad‚la‹de de Millau.

518. Odon, Vicomte de Lodève(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 183) (Stuart, Page 204, Line 282-34). Born: before 995 in Languedoc, France, son of Ant‚garius, Vicomte de Lodève and N?, Odon is presumed to have been at least 15 years old by the time his daughter Nobilie was born. Married before 1010 in France: Chimberge N?. Died: after 1048 Odon was alive in the year 1048.

519. Chimberge N?(ibid). Married Name: de Lodève. Born: before 995 Chimberge is presumed to have been at least 15 years old by the time her daughter Nobilie was born. Married before 1010 in France: Odon, Vicomte de Lodève, son of Ant‚garius, Vicomte de Lodève and N?.

576. Begon de Scorailles(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 230). Born: before 1010 in France Begon is presumed to have been at least 20 years old when he made his Testament. Died: after 1030 Begon's Testament is dated in the year 1030, and he is presumed to have been alive at that time. Married before 1070: N?.

577. N?

592. Archambaud II, Vicomte de Comborn(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls) (Abbott, Page 432). AKA: Archambaud, Vicomte de Ventadour(Abbott). Born: before 1009 in Rouen, Normandie, France, son of Ebles I, Vicomte de Comborn and Béatrix de Normandie, Archambaud II was born before his brother Ebles. Married before 1038 in France: Rotberge de Rochechouart, daughter of Aimery II, Seigneur de Rochechouart and Ermessinde de Champagne. Died: 1059 According to Andr‚ Roux, Archambaud II was killed in 1059, but Abbott [on Page 432] lists 1099 as the year Archambaud II died. On page 439, Abbott indicates that Archambaud died circa 1059.

593. Rotberge de Rochechouart(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 136, 212, 228). Married Name: de Comborn. Born: before 1028 in Rochechouard, Limousin, France, daughter of Aimery II, Seigneur de Rochechouart and Ermessinde de Champagne, Rotberge is presumed to have been at least 10 years old when she married Archambaud II. Married before 1038 in France: Archambaud II, Vicomte de Comborn, son of Ebles I, Vicomte de Comborn and Béatrix de Normandie. Died: after 1095 Rotberge was alive in the year 1095.

594. Hughes de Cours(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls). Born: before 1063 in France, son of Pierre de Cours and N?, Hughes is presumed to have been at least 15 years old by the time his daughter Ermengarde was born. Married before 1078: Aine de Barmont.

595. Aine de Barmont(ibid). Married Name: de Cours. Born: before 1063 Aine is presumed to have been at least 15 years old by the time her daughter Ermengarde was born. Married before 1078: Hughes de Cours, son of Pierre de Cours and N?.

596. Aymar III, Vicomte de Limoges(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls). Born: before 1063 in Limoges, Haute-Vienne, Limousin, France, son of Aymar II, Viscount de Limoges and S‚n‚gonde N?, Aymar III is presumed to have been born before his father was 50 years old. Married before 1085 in France: Umberge N?. Died: 1090(Abbott, Page 435).

597. Umberge N?(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 137). Married Name: de Limoges. Born: before 1052 Umberge was alive in the year 1052. Married before 1085 in France: Aymar III, Vicomte de Limoges, son of Aymar II, Viscount de Limoges and S‚n‚gonde N?. Died: after 1086 Umberge was alive in the year 1086.

598. Wulgrin II/III, Count d'Angoulˆme; Lindemans shows this Wulgrin as Wulgrin III (Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls) (Stuart, Page 65, Line 87-29.) (Genealogy BB of Prodigy Svcs., by Marian Sampson [Prodigy ID# RTNL57A], posted in Subject "Fitzalan", 25 March 1997 at 04:36 Hours, citing "Voorouders in der Middeleeuwen" by Leo Lindemans.) (Abbott, Page 458). Also Known As: Wulgrin "Taillefer." Born: 1089 in France, son of Guillaume III, Count d'Angoulˆme and Vitapont, Dame de Benauges. Married before 1097 in France: Ponce de La Marche, daughter of Roger de Montgommery and Almodis de La Marche. Married before 1140: Aimable de Chƒtellerault, daughter of Aimery I, Vicomte de Chƒtellerault and Dangerose de l'Isle-Bouchard; Aimable was Vulgrin II's second wife. Died: 16 Nov 1140.

599. Ponce de La Marche(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 55, 87) (Stuart, Page 65, Line 87-29). Married Name: d'Angoulˆme. Born: before 1083 in Normandie, France, daughter of Roger de Montgommery and Almodis de La Marche, Ponce is presumed to have been at least 15 years old by the time her daughter was born. Married before 1097 in France: Wulgrin II/III, Count d'Angoulˆme, son of Guillaume III, Count d'Angoulˆme and Vitapont, Dame de Benauges. Died: 1140.

600. Guillaume Talleyrand, Comte de P‚rigord(Abbott, Page 330). Born: before 1084 in P‚rigord, France, son of H‚lie IV, Count de P‚rigord and Gasconie N?, Guillaume is presumed to have been at least 18 years old by the time his son, H‚lie V, was born. Married before 1101: N?.

601. N?

640. Bernard II, Seigneur d'Anduze (above)

641. Ad‚la‹s de Mandagout (above)

642. Raymond I, Count de Melgueil(Stuart, Page 151, Line 203-31). Born: before 1035 in France, son of Bernard III, Count de Melgueil and Adèle, Countess de Substantion, Raymond I is presumed to have been at least 15 years old by the time his daughter Ermengarde was born. Married before 1050: Béatrix de Poitou, daughter of Guillaume III, Comte de Poitou and Agnès, Princess de Lombardie. Died: circa 1079.

643. Béatrix de Poitou(ibid) (Paul Theroff, posts, 07 June 1995 at 14:11 Hours). Married Name: de Melgueil. Born: between 1019 and 1030 in France, daughter of Guillaume III, Comte de Poitou and Agnès, Princess de Lombardie. Married before 1050: Raymond I, Count de Melgueil, son of Bernard III, Count de Melgueil and Adèle, Countess de Substantion. Died: 1109.

672. Guillaume III, Lord de Montpellier(Stuart, Page 110, Line 150-33). Born: circa 1001 in Bourgogne, France, son of Guillaume II Bernard, Seigneur de Montpellier and B‚liarde N?. Married before 1030 in France: B‚liarde N?. Died: circa 1067(Abbott, Page 392).

673. B‚liarde N?(Paul Theroff, posts, 04 February 1995 at 15:14 Hours). Married Name: de Montpellier. Born: before 1015 B‚liarde is presumed to have been at least 15 years old by the time her son, Guillaume IV, was born. Married before 1030 in France: Guillaume III, Lord de Montpellier, son of Guillaume II Bernard, Seigneur de Montpellier and B‚liarde N?.

676. Raymond I, Count de Melgueil (above)

677. Béatrix de Poitou (above)

678. Pons II Guillaume, Count de Toulouse (above)

679. Almodis de La Marche (above)

680. Oberto II, Marchese de Savona(Stuart, Page 81, Line 106-33). AKA: Oberto II, Margrave de Ligurie. Born: before 1030, son of Oberto I, Lord de Savona and N?, Oberto II is presumed to have been at least 15 years old by the time his son Teto II was born. Married before 1045: B‚atrice de Ramagnano, daughter of Odelrico, Marchese de Ramagnano and N?. Died: after 1062.

681. B‚atrice de Ramagnano(Stuart). Married Name: de Savona. Born: before 1030, daughter of Odelrico, Marchese de Ramagnano and N?, B‚atrice is presumed to have been at least 15 years old by the time her son Teto II was born. Married before 1045: Oberto II, Marchese de Savona, son of Oberto I, Lord de Savona and N?.

682. Ulrich=Manfredo II, Marquis de Turin(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 119) (Stuart, Page 225, Line 315-34.) (Paul Theroff, posts, "9th/10th Centy.Kings" posted on 18 February 1994 at 01:03 Hours). AKA: Manfredo II, Marquis de Susa. Born: before 1000 in Italy, son of Manfredo I, Marquis de Turin and Prangarda di Canossa, Ulrich is presumed to have been at least 15 years old by the time his daughter Ad‚la‹de was born. Married before 1014: Berthe d'Este, daughter of Humbert=Oberto I, Count de Genoa and Railinda de Como. Died: 23 Dec 1035 in Turin, Italy.

683. Berthe d'Este(Stuart, Page 71, Line 93-33.) (Paul Theroff, posts, 04 February 1995 at 15:14 Hours). Married Name: de Turin. AKA: Berta degli Obertenghi. Born: before 1001 in Este, Liguria, Italy, daughter of Humbert=Oberto I, Count de Genoa and Railinda de Como, Berthe is presumed to have been at least 15 years old by the time her daughter Ad‚la‹de was born. Married before 1014: Ulrich=Manfredo II, Marquis de Turin, son of Manfredo I, Marquis de Turin and Prangarda di Canossa. Died: 29 Dec 1037.

684. Henri I, King de France(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 79) (Elizabeth M. Hallam, Capetian France: 987 - 1328 in ISBN: 0-582-48909-1 (Burnt Mill, Harlow, Essex, UK: Longman Group, Ltd., 1980), Page 73.) (Stuart, Page 99, Line 134-32.) (von Redlich, Marcellus Donald R., Pedigrees and Some of the Emperor Charlemagne's Descendants in ISBN: 0-8063-0494-4 (1001 North Calvert Street, Baltimore, MD 21202: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1996), Page 125). AKA: Henry I, Comte de Paris. AKA: Henry I, Duke de Bourgogne(Abbott, Page 198). Born: 1008 in Bourgogne, France, son of Robert II, King de France and Constance de Provence. Note - between 1031 and 1060 in France: King: 1031-1060. Until about 1044, Henri I was preoccupied with Odo II, Count of Blois, who was trying to make good his own claim to the Kingdom of Burgundy, and the nobles of the Ile-de-France. In disputes with his younger brother Robert goaded by the malicious hatred of his mother Constance for Henri, Henri managed to keep his crown thanks to the help of Robert Le Diable, Duke of Normandy. Henry pardoned his brother, and gave him the Duchy of Bourgogne, thus forming the first Capetian House of Bourgogne. In 1033, Henry concluded an alliance with the Emperor Conrad II, but the Count of Blois took the side of Odo, the King's youngest brother who had been left landless. They, in turn, rallied a coalitions of nobles in opposition to Henry. In 1034, after savage fighting, Odo of Blois submitted thanks to the vigorous actions of Robert "Le Magnifique", but the war broke out soon afterwards. In July, 1034, Constance died.

In 1037 Odo of Blois died while fighting in Lorraine, and his lands were divided between his two sons, Theobald I who took Blois and Stephen who was given Troyes and Meaux. The King was victorious against them, and Eudes (Henri's brother) was captured and incarcerated in Orl‚ans in 1039; Stephen defeated and his ally, the Count of Vermandois was imprisoned. The Comte de Blois would lose Touraine to the Comte d'Anjou, Henri's ally. The King took control of Sens together with the abbeys of Saint-Père at Chƒlons, and Saint-M‚dard at Soissons. In 1043, Emperor Henri III of Germany and King Henri I of France meet in Ivois to arrange a lasting peace (shortly after Henry III married Agnès de Bourgogne). By 1046, while relations between the Emperor and the King of France soured -- the Emperor apparently still miffed at Henri I's having fomented a revolt against the imperial crown in 1044 by the lords of Franche-Comt‚ and of Bourgogne, Guillaume, the young Duke de Normandie, requests the royal assistance of the King to quell a rebellion by the lords of lower Bourgogne led by Renouf, Vicomte de Bessin and Gui, son of the Comte de Bourgogne, titular fief of Brionne. In 1047 at Val-ès-Dunes, just South of Caen, William fighting at the King's side is victorious and erects the Chapel de Sainte-Paix near Caen to commemorate the occasion. Gui de Brionne would require 3 more years of fighting to tame. In 1050, Henry I fought against Geoffrey Martel of Anjou with the help of William, Duke de Normandie. In Northern France, he was therefore able to contain the threats from Blois-Champagne and to profit from the involvement of Normandy and Anjou against one another. He consolidated his power within the royal principality, but his broader schemes, particularly for regaining Lorraine were not so successful. Married before 1033: Mathilde, Princess of Germany, daughter of Conrad II, King of Germany and Gisèle de Souabe; Mathilde was Henri I's first of three wives. Married in 1043: Mathilda de Saxe, daughter of Ludwig von Braunschweig and Gertrude von Egisheim(Hallam, Page 72). Married on 19 May 1051 in Reims, Marne, Champagne, France: Anne, Queen de France, daughter of Yaroslav, Grand Duke of Kiev and Ingigerd-Irene, Princess of Sweden; According to Stuart's "Royalty for Commoners": After 7 years of being a widower, Henri I, King de France marries Anne de Russie, daughter of the Grand-Duke de Kiev, Jaroslaf Vladimirovitch. Henri is 39 years old and Anne is 27 years old. She is marvelously beautiful.

However, von Redlich's "Pedigrees of some of the Emperor Charlemagne's Descendants" claims that Henri I and Anne were married circa 29 January 1044 [id est, immediately after Henri I's second wife died. Died: 4 Aug 1060 in Vitry-en-Brie, France, Some French history text indicate that Henri I died in Vitry-aux-Loges. Henri I is buried at Saint Denis. Buried: 24 Aug 1060.

685. Anne, Queen de France(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 79) (Stuart, Page 104, Line 143-31.) (von Redlich, Page 63). AKA: Anne de Russie. AKA: Anna=Agnès Jaroslawna. Married Name: de Valois. AKA: Anne de Kiev. Born: 1036 in Kiev, Ukraine, daughter of Yaroslav, Grand Duke of Kiev and Ingigerd-Irene, Princess of Sweden. Married on 19 May 1051 in Reims, Marne, Champagne, France: Henri I, King de France, son of Robert II, King de France and Constance de Provence; According to Stuart's "Royalty for Commoners": After 7 years of being a widower, Henri I, King de France marries Anne de Russie, daughter of the Grand-Duke de Kiev, Jaroslaf Vladimirovitch. Henri is 39 years old and Anne is 27 years old. She is marvelously beautiful.

However, von Redlich's "Pedigrees of some of the Emperor Charlemagne's Descendants" claims that Henri I and Anne were married circa 29 January 1044 [id est, immediately after Henri I's second wife died. Married circa 1061 in France: Raoul III, Comte de Valois, son of Raoul II, Count de Cr‚py and Adèle de Clermont-en-Beauvaisis; Anne was Raoul III's third wife and he her second husband as she was the widow of Henri I when she married Raoul. When Henri I died on 4 August 1060, Anne, 36 years old, was still considered quite lovely. It is said that she had herself whisked off by Raoul Comte de Cr‚py and de Valois, as he in turn, repudiated his wife, Haquenez. She complains to Pope Alexander II, who would excommunicate Raoul. Died: between 1076 and 1089 in France Anna is buried at the Abbey of Villiers in La Fert‚-Alais on the Essonne, 19-km from Corbeil, in the Seine & Oise Department, France.

686. Herbert IV, Count de Vermandois(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 112) (Stuart, Page 175, Line 239-31). AKA: Herbert IV, Seigneur de Saint-Quentin(Abbott, Page 127). AKA: Herbert, Count de Vexin. AKA: H‚ribert IV, Count de Valois. Born: circa 1032 in France, son of Othon, Comte de Vermandois and Pavie N?. Married before 1060: N?; She was Herbert IV's first wife. Married before 1062: Adèle, Countess de Cr‚py, daughter of Raoul III, Comte de Valois and Alix de Bar-sur-Aube; Adèle was Herbert IV's second wife. Died: circa 1080.

687. Adèle, Countess de Cr‚py(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 112) (Stuart, Page 196, Line 268-32.) (Paul Theroff, posts, 15 September 1994 at 00:16 Hours). AKA: Adèle de Vexin. Married Name: de Vermandois. AKA: Adèle, Countess de Valois(Abbott, Pages 56). Born: before 1043, daughter of Raoul III, Comte de Valois and Alix de Bar-sur-Aube, Adèle was alive in the year 1043. Married before 1062: Herbert IV, Count de Vermandois, son of Othon, Comte de Vermandois and Pavie N?; Adèle was Herbert IV's second wife. Note - in 1074 in France: Adèle became the heiress of the countship of Valois when her brother Simon became a monk, and her father redistributed the lands. Died: 1118 Adèle was alive in the year 1118.

688. Robert, Duke de Bourgogne; Robert became Duke de Bourgogne in 1032 (Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 79, 116) (Stuart, Page 113, Line 154-33.) (Castelot, Tome 2, Page 490.) (Abbott, Page 198). Also Known As: Robert "Le Vieux." AKA: Robert, Prince de France. Born: 1011 in France, son of Robert II, King de France and Constance de Provence. Married in 1033: H‚lie de Semur, daughter of Dalmace, Sire de Semur and Aremburge de Vergy; Robert and H‚lie were alive together in the year 1042. Robert was alive in the year 1043. Repudiated: H‚lie de Semur in 1046. Married in 1048: Ermengarde d'Anjou, daughter of Foulques III, Count d'Anjou and Hildegarde de Metz. Died: 21 Mar 1076 in Fleury-sur-Ouche, Normandie, France.

689. H‚lie de Semur(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 79, 116, 130) (Stuart, Page 63, Line 85-31). AKA: Alice, Dame de Semur(Abbott, Page 206). Married Name: de Bourgogne. AKA: ?l‚anor de Semur-en-Auxerre. Born: 1016 in Semur, Sa“ne-et-Loire, Bourgogne, France, daughter of Dalmace, Sire de Semur and Aremburge de Vergy. Married in 1033: Robert, Duke de Bourgogne, son of Robert II, King de France and Constance de Provence; Robert and H‚lie were alive together in the year 1042. Robert was alive in the year 1043. Repudiated: Robert, Duke de Bourgogne in 1046. Died: 22 Apr 1056.

690. Renaud I, Comte de Bourgogne; The Franche-Comt‚ or County of Bourgogne corresponded to the regions now constituting the d‚partement of Jura and those of Haute-Sa“ne and Doubs excluding the County of Montb‚liard. The Capital of the Comt‚ was D“le but became Besan‡on following the acquisition of the province by France in the Seventeenth Century.

The province had been established since the Stone Age. From the Fourth Century BC, the inhabitants were the S‚quanes, a Celtic tribe. At odds with most of their neighbors, they imprudently sought the aid of the Barbarian Chief Arioviste who threatened to become master of Gaul. Saved by Julius Caesar in 58 BC, the soon became impatient of Roman discipline and rallied to Vercing‚torix. Following the defeat at Al‚sia in 52 BC, the Romans retook control. The region became part of the Roman province of S‚quanaise.

Having survived the invasions of the Second and Third centuries, the province was occupied in 457 by the Burgunds who established a kingdom. In 534, after their final defeat by the Franks, this kingdom disappeared. Troubled under the Merovingians, the province found peace under Charlemagne and was administered by counts, the Archbishop and missi dominici. The Monastery of Saint-Clause became an important force. Part of the province was given to western Gaul by the Treaty of Meersen in 870, but became again imperial in the following decade. The control of Boson de Provence was only temporary but in 888 Rodolphe Welf was elected King of Burgundy, a kingdom which comprised not only the province but also other regions such as western Switzerland. The province was ravaged by Hungarians who in 937 put Besan‡on, Luxeuil and Mandeure to the torch. The weakness of the kings of Burgundy facilitated the acquisition of power by the local seigneurs. The province comprised several pays, Varais, Amous, ?cuens [later Montagne], Portois, a part of Ajoie, the deaneries of Sexte and Atuyer and the city of Besan‡on. From 914, Hughes "Le Noir", brother of Raoul, Duke of Burgundy and King of France, held the Varais and was able to dominate a large part of the province which was, on Raoul's death, annexed to the duchy of Burgundy. Following Hughes' death, Burgundy passed to his son-in-law Gilbert, whilst the lands to the East of the Sa“ne went to Aubri de Narbonne, Comte de Mƒcon, whose son Lieutaud was perhaps also a son-in-law of Hughes.

From Lieutaud, these lands passed to Othe Guillaume, son of his daughter, as did also Mƒcon, the latter indirectly. It was either Othe Guillaume or his son, Raynaud, who was the first to style himself Comte de Bourgogne. The counties of Varasque, Portois, Scodingue [?cuens], and Amous were abolished and viscounts installed at Besan‡on, Vesoul, Salins and Gray (Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 123, 149) (Abbott, Pages 504 - 505). AKA: Raymond de Mƒcon(Abbott). Born: 990 in France, son of Otto-Guillaume, Duke de Bourgogne and Ermentrude de Reims. Married before 1 Sep 1016: Ad‚lise=Judith de Normandie, daughter of Richard II, Duke de Normandie and Judith de Bretagne. Died: 3 Sep 1057 in France.

691. Ad‚lise=Judith de Normandie(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 123, 149) (Paul Theroff, posts, 08 June 1995 at 18:28 Hours). Married Name: de Bourgogne. Born: circa 1002 in Normandie, France, daughter of Richard II, Duke de Normandie and Judith de Bretagne. Married before 1 Sep 1016: Renaud I, Comte de Bourgogne, son of Otto-Guillaume, Duke de Bourgogne and Ermentrude de Reims. Died: after 1 Jul 1037(Stuart, Page 135).

692. Renaud I, Comte de Bourgogne (above)

693. Ad‚lise=Judith de Normandie (above)

694. Raymond II, Count de Barcelone(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 123). Born: before 1020 in Spain Raymond II is presumed to have been at least 15 years old by the time his daughter ?tiennette was born. Married before 1035: Sancha de Navarre.

695. Sancha de Navarre(ibid). Married Name: de Barcelone. Born: before 1020 in Spain Sanche=Sancha is presumed to have been at least 15 years old by the time her daughter ?tiennette was born. Married before 1035: Raymond II, Count de Barcelone.

696. Ebles I, Vicomte de Comborn(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls) (Stuart, Page 114, Line 156-32.) (Abbott, Page 432). AKA: Ebles, Vicomte de Ventadour(Abbott). AKA: Ebles, Vicomte de Turenne(Abbott). Born: circa 978 in Blois, Loir-et-Cher, Orl‚anais, France, son of Archambaud I, Vicomte de Comborn and Sulpicie de Turenne. Married between 999 and 1000: Béatrix de Normandie, daughter of Richard I, Duke de Normandie and Gonnor, Dame de Bolbec; Béatrix was Ebles I's first wife. Divorced Béatrix de Normandie: before 1028. Married before 1029 in France: P‚tronille N?; P‚tronille was Ebles I's second wife and they had no issue. Died: 1030.

697. Béatrix de Normandie(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 125, 136, 149). Married Name: de Comborn. Born: before 985 in France, daughter of Richard I, Duke de Normandie and Gonnor, Dame de Bolbec, Béatrix is presumed to have been at least 15 years old by the time her son, Guillaume, was born. Married between 999 and 1000: Ebles I, Vicomte de Comborn, son of Archambaud I, Vicomte de Comborn and Sulpicie de Turenne; Béatrix was Ebles I's first wife. Divorced Ebles I, Vicomte de Comborn: before 1028. Died: 18 Jan 1035.

708. Rotrou I, Vicomte de Chƒteaudun(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 167) (Stuart, Page 185, Line 249-31). AKA: Rotrou, Comte du Perche(Abbott, Page 138). AKA: Rotrou I, Seigneur de Nogent-le-Rotrou(Abbott). AKA: Rotrou, Comte de Dunois(Abbott). AKA: Rotrocus, Comte de Mortagne-au-Perche(K.S.B. Keats-Rohan (Ed), Family Trees and the Roots of Politics: The Prosopography of Britain and France from the Tenth to the Twelfth Century , ISBN: 0-85115-625-8, (Rochester, NY: Boydell & Brewer, Inc., 1997), Settipani, Christain: Chapter 11: " Les comtes d'Anjou et leurs alliances aux Xe et XIe siècles", Page 262). Born: before 1005 in Chƒteaudun, Orl‚anais, France, son of Geoffroi II/IV, Vicomte de Chƒteaudun and ?lizabeth=H‚lvise de Carbon, Rotrou I was alive in the year 1005. Married before 1041: Ad‚la‹de de Domfront, daughter of Gh‚rin = Warin, Lord de Mortagne-au-Perche and M‚lisende, Countess de Chƒteaudun. Died: 1074 in Mortagne-au-Perche, Normandie, France,(Abbott, Page 102).

709. Ad‚la‹de de Domfront(Stuart, Page 185, Line 249-31). AKA: Adeliz de Bellˆme. Married Name: de Chƒteaudun. Born: before 1026 in France, daughter of Gh‚rin = Warin, Lord de Mortagne-au-Perche and M‚lisende, Countess de Chƒteaudun. Married before 1041: Rotrou I, Vicomte de Chƒteaudun, son of Geoffroi II/IV, Vicomte de Chƒteaudun and ?lizabeth=H‚lvise de Carbon.

710. Hildouin, Comte d'Arcis-sur-Aube(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 135, 198, 254) (Stuart, Page 195, Line 266-31.) (Paul Theroff, posts, 04 February 1995 at 15:14 Hours). AKA: Hildouin IV, Comte de Montdidier(Stuart, Page 195, Line 266-31). AKA: Hildouin IV, Seigneur de Ram‚ru. Born: circa 1010 in France, son of Hildouin III, Comte de Montdidier and Lesseline N?. Married in 1031: Ad‚la‹de=Alice, Countess de Roucy, daughter of Ebles I, Vidƒme de Reims and Ad‚la‹de=Béatrix de Hainaut; Adèle brought Roucy to the Count of Montdidier as dowry, enriching his land holdings. Occupation: between 1061 and 1068 Hildouin IV was also the Count de Montdidier (Picardie, France) Seigeur de Ram‚ru in 1061 then Count de Ram‚ru in 1063, and obtained Roucy in dowry from his marriage to Ad‚la‹de. Died: between 1063 and 1068 E.S. [via Paul Theroff] suggests that Hildouin died in 1063.

711. Ad‚la‹de=Alice, Countess de Roucy(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 135, 198, 254) (Stuart, Page 128, Line 170-31). AKA: Isabelle de Roucy. Born: circa 1014 in Roucy, Champagne, France, daughter of Ebles I, Vidƒme de Reims and Ad‚la‹de=Béatrix de Hainaut. Married in 1031: Hildouin, Comte d'Arcis-sur-Aube, son of Hildouin III, Comte de Montdidier and Lesseline N?; Adèle brought Roucy to the Count of Montdidier as dowry, enriching his land holdings. Died: between 1062 and 1063.

712. Bernard, Seigneur de Sauve(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 153) (Paul Theroff, posts, 08 August 1994 at 22:02 Hours). AKA: Bernard I, Seigneur d'Anduze(Abbott, Page 378). AKA: Bernard, Seigneur de Sommières. Born: before 955 in Anduze, Gard, Languedoc, France, son of Aleradus, Seigneur de Sauve and Blitgarde N?, Bernard is presumed to have been at least 15 years old by the time his son Bermond II was born. Married before 1012 in Languedoc, France: Ermengarde N?; Ermengarde was Bernard I's first wife. Married in 1013 in Languedoc, France: Garcende, Vicomtesse de Béziers, daughter of Guillaume, Count de Béziers and Arsinde, Vicomtesse N?; Garsinde was Bernard I's second wife. Died: between 1020 and 1029 in Sommières, Gard, Languedoc, France, Sommières is 24 km from NŒmes on the Vidourie River.

713. Garcende, Vicomtesse de Béziers(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 138). Married Name: de Carcassonne. Married Name: de Sauve. AKA: Garsinde, Vicomtesse d'Agde(Abbott, Page 375). AKA: Garsinde de Béziers(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 153) (Paul Theroff, posts, 08 August 1994 at 22:02 Hours). Born: before 978 in Béziers, H‚rault, Languedoc, France, daughter of Guillaume, Count de Béziers and Arsinde, Vicomtesse N?, Garsinde is presumed to have been at least 15 years old by the time her son, Pedro, was born. Married before 990: Raymond I, Count de Carcassonne, son of Roger I, Seigneur de Comminges and Ad‚la‹de de Rouergue. Married in 1013 in Languedoc, France: Bernard, Seigneur de Sauve, son of Aleradus, Seigneur de Sauve and Blitgarde N?; Garsinde was Bernard I's second wife. Died: after 1029 Garsinde was alive in the year 1029.

714. Pierre d'Anduze(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 153). Born: before 1017 in Anduze, Gard, Languedoc, France Pierre is presumed to have been at least 20 years old by the time his daughter was born. Married before 1036: N?.

715. N?

768. Roger I/II, Comte de Comminges(Paul Theroff, posts, "de Foix" posted on 21 March 1995 at 02:11 Hours.) (Abbott, Page 347). Born: circa 1003, son of Arnaud II, Comte de Comminges and N?. Married before 1034: Aldane N?. Died: 1035.

769. Aldane N?(Paul Theroff, posts, "de Foix" posted on 21 March 1995 at 02:11 Hours). Married Name: de Comminges. Born: before 1020 Aldane is presumed to have been at least 15 years old by the time her son, Arnaud II, was born. Married before 1034: Roger I/II, Comte de Comminges, son of Arnaud II, Comte de Comminges and N?.

784. Guillaume III, Count de Toulouse(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 85, 148) (Stuart, Page 232, Line 326-32). Also Known As: Guillaume "Taillefer"(Abbott, Page 371). Born: circa 947, son of Raimond de Toulouse and Ad‚la‹s=Adèle d'Anjou, The assertion that the parents of Guillaume III were Waymond III Pons and Garsinde is severely challenged. Numerous scholarly documents dmonstrate that Guillaume III was the son of a more recent Raymond, who in turn was the son of Raymond III and Garsinde. The earliest filliation of this relationship is the "Codex de Roda" dated 992(Keats-Rohan, Family Trees and Roots, Settipani, Christain: Chapter 11: " Les comtes d'Anjou et leurs alliances aux Xe et XIe siècles", Page 247). MaterAlter: circa 947 Garsinde de Gascogne/Guillaume III, Count de Toulouse. PaterAlter circa 947 Guillaume III, Count de Toulouse/Raymond III, Count de Toulouse. Married circa 975 in France: Arsinde d'Anjou, daughter of Fouques II, Count d'Anjou and Gerberge, Comtesse de Gƒtinais. Married in 1019: Emm‚ de Forcalquier, daughter of Robaud III, Count de Forcalquier and Ermengarde=?mildis de G‚vaudan; Emm‚ was Guillaume's second wife. Died: Oct 1037. PaterAlter before 1051 Guillaume III, Count de Toulouse/Bertrand II dit Fouques, Count de Forcalquier.

785. Emm‚ de Forcalquier(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 85, 148) (Stuart, Page 261, Line 375-32). Married Name: de Toulouse. AKA: Emma de Provence(ibid) (Abbott, Page 606). Born: before 975, daughter of Robaud III, Count de Forcalquier and Ermengarde=?mildis de G‚vaudan, Emm‚ is presumed to have been at least 15 years old by the time her son Pons III was born. Married in 1019: Guillaume III, Count de Toulouse, son of Raimond de Toulouse and Ad‚la‹s=Adèle d'Anjou; Emm‚ was Guillaume's second wife. MaterAlter: before 1051 Bertrand II dit Fouques, Count de Forcalquier/Emm‚ de Forcalquier. Died: after 1063.

786. Bernard, Count de La Marche(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 55) (Abbott, Page 423). AKA: Bernard, Count de P‚rigord. Born: before 975, son of Audebert I, Count de La Marche and Almodis de Limoges, Bernard is presumed to have been at least 15 years old by the time his daughter Almodie was born. Married before 990 in Poitou, France: Am‚lie de Montignac, daughter of G‚rard de Montignac and Nonia=No¤a de Granol. Died: 1047.

787. Am‚lie de Montignac(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 55) (Genealogy BB of Prodigy Svcs., Teresa Smith [KFDD12B] note posted 30 May 1995 at 21:30 Hours). Married Name: de La Marche. Born: before 975 in France, daughter of G‚rard de Montignac and Nonia=No¤a de Granol, Am‚lie is presumed to have been at least 15 years old by the time her daughter Almodis was born. Married before 990 in Poitou, France: Bernard, Count de La Marche, son of Audebert I, Count de La Marche and Almodis de Limoges. Died: between 1053 and 1058.

788. Fernando I, King de Castile(Stuart, Page 183, Line 248-32). AKA: Fernando I, King de Le¢n. Also Known As: Fernando "El Grande." Born: 1016, son of Sancho Garcia III, King de Navarre and Major=Mu¤a=Elvira, Countess de Castile(Stuart). Married on 30 Nov 1032 in Spain: Sancha de Le¢n, daughter of Alfonso V, King de Le¢n and Elvira Menendez de Galicia; By this marriage, the Crowns of Castile, Le¢n, Galicia and the Asturias were united. Note - between 1037 and 1065 in Spain: Fernando I was the King of Castille and of Le¢n from 1037 to 1065. Died: 27 Dec 1065 in Leon, Spain, He is burried at the Cathedral of Saint Isidoro de Leon(Stuart).

789. Sancha de Le¢n(Stuart) (Paul Theroff, posts, Posting in Subject "Spain & Portugal" on 5 March 1994 at 03:29 Hours). Married Name: de Castile. Born: circa Jul 1013, daughter of Alfonso V, King de Le¢n and Elvira Menendez de Galicia(Stuart). Married on 30 Nov 1032 in Spain: Fernando I, King de Castile, son of Sancho Garcia III, King de Navarre and Major=Mu¤a=Elvira, Countess de Castile; By this marriage, the Crowns of Castile, Le¢n, Galicia and the Asturias were united. Died: 7 Nov 1067 in Fromista, Spain, Sancha is burried at the Church of Saint Martin of Fromista(Stuart).

796. Guillaume II/III, Count de Provence(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 114, 123) (Paul Theroff, posts, 2 May 1994 at 14:37 Hours.) (Abbott, Page 606). AKA: Guillaume II, Count d'Arles. Note -: Guillaume acquired lands from his maternal Uncle Drozon, Bishop of Puy. Born: between 983 and 984 in Provence, France, son of Guillaume I/II, Count de Provence and Arsinde de Comminges. Married circa 1002: Gerberge de Bourgogne, daughter of Otto-Guillaume, Duke de Bourgogne and Ermentrude de Reims. Died: 1018 Guillaume II/III is buried at Montmajour(ibid).

797. Gerberge de Bourgogne(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 114, 123) (Paul Theroff, posts, 2 May 1994 at 14:37 Hours). Married Name: de Provence. Born: circa 985, daughter of Otto-Guillaume, Duke de Bourgogne and Ermentrude de Reims(Stuart, Page 213). Married circa 1002: Guillaume II/III, Count de Provence, son of Guillaume I/II, Count de Provence and Arsinde de Comminges. Died: between 1020 and 1023 in France.

798. Guillaume III, Count de Toulouse (above)

799. Emm‚ de Forcalquier (above)

800. Arnaud II, Count d'Aure(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 243). AKA: Arnaud II, Count de Magnoac. Born: before 952, son of Garcie=Oriol, Count d'Aure and Fachilène d'Astarac, Arnaud II was alive in the year 952. Married before 975: N., Dame de Magnoac. Died: after 975 Arnaud II was alive in the year 975.

801. N., Dame de Magnoac(ibid). Married Name: d'Aure. Born: before 960 She is presumed to have been at least 15 years old by the time her son Auriel was born. Married before 975: Arnaud II, Count d'Aure, son of Garcie=Oriol, Count d'Aure and Fachilène d'Astarac.

832. Bernard I, Count de Foix(Stuart, Page 111, Line 151-32.) (Paul Theroff, posts, "de Foix" posted on 21 March 1995 at 02:08 Hours.) (Abbott, Page 482). AKA: Bernard, Count de Carcassonne(Abbott). AKA: Bernard Rodger, Count de Cons‚rans. AKA: Bernard, Count de Bigorre. AKA: Bernard Roger I, Seigneur de Foix. Born: before 995 in Foix, Ariège, Foix, France, son of Roger I, Seigneur de Comminges and Ad‚la‹de de Rouergue, Bernard I is presumed to have been at least 15 years old by the time his son Bernard II was born. Married circa 1010: Gersinde de Bigorre, daughter of Garcia Arnaldo, Comte de Bigorre and Ricarde d'Astarac. Died: circa 1035(ibid).

833. Gersinde de Bigorre(Stuart, Page 111, Line 151-32; Page 166, Line 227-33.) (Paul Theroff, posts, 17 July 1994 at 19:02 Hours.) (Abbott, Page 346). Married Name: de Foix. Note -: Gersinde was the heiress of Bigorre. Born: before 980 in Tarbes, Hautes Pyr‚n‚es, Bigorre, France, daughter of Garcia Arnaldo, Comte de Bigorre and Ricarde d'Astarac, Gersinde is presumed to have been at least 15 years old by the time her son Bernard II was born. Married circa 1010: Bernard I, Count de Foix, son of Roger I, Seigneur de Comminges and Ad‚la‹de de Rouergue. Died: after 1038.

836. Guillaume, Count de Besalu(Abbott). Born: between 993 and 1015 in Spain, son of Bernard I, Count de Besalu and Toda de Provence, Guillermo I is presumed to have been at least 20 years old by the time his daughter Ad‚la‹de was born. Married in 1020: Ad‚la‹de N?(Paul Theroff, posts). Died: circa 1052(ibid).

837. Ad‚la‹de N?. Married Name: de Besalu. Born: before 1005 in France Ad‚la‹de is presumed to have been at least 15 years old when she married Guillermo I. Married in 1020: Guillaume, Count de Besalu, son of Bernard I, Count de Besalu and Toda de Provence(ibid).

838. Geofroy I, Count de Provence(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 114) (Paul Theroff, posts, 18 July 1994 at 01:11 Hours). AKA: Geofroy, Count d'Arles. AKA: Godfrey I, Count d'Arles. Born: between 1004 and 1009 in Provence, France, son of Guillaume II/III, Count de Provence and Gerberge de Bourgogne. Married before 1024 in France: ?tiennette=Douce de G‚vaudan, daughter of Bertrand, Comte de Marseille and N?. Died: 1063(Abbott, Page 606).

839. ?tiennette=Douce de G‚vaudan(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 114) (Paul Theroff, posts, 12 September 1994 at 00:57 Hours). AKA: ?tienette de Marseille. Married Name: de Provence. Born: before 1007 in Berge, Languedoc, France, daughter of Bertrand, Comte de Marseille and N?, ?tienette is presumed to have been born before her father was 50 years old. Married before 1024 in France: Geofroy I, Count de Provence, son of Guillaume II/III, Count de Provence and Gerberge de Bourgogne.

840. Raymond-B‚renger I, Count de Barcelone(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 55, 85) (Stuart, Page 39, Line 54-32.) (Paul Theroff, posts). Also Known As: Ram¢n "El Viejo." AKA: Raymond-B‚renger I, Count de G‚rone. AKA: Raymond-B‚renger I, Count de Carcassonne. Born: 1023 in Spain, son of B‚renger-Raymond, Count de Barcelone and Sancha, de Gascogne. Married before 1042 in France: Isabelle de NŒmes, daughter of Bernard-Raymond, Vicomte de Béziers and Ermengarde, Comtesse de Carcassonne; Isabelle was Raymond-B‚renger I's first wife. Married before 16 Mar 1051 in Spain: Blanca N?; Blanca was Raymond-B‚renger I's second wife. Divorced Blanca N?: in 1052 in Spain. Married in 1053: Almodis de La Marche, daughter of Bernard, Count de La Marche and Am‚lie de Montignac; Raymond B‚renger was Almodis' fourth husband. Almodis was Raymond-B‚renger's second wife. Died: 26 May 1076 in Barcelone, Spain.

841. Almodis de La Marche (above)

842. Robert de Guiscard(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 86, 155) (Stuart, Page 212, Line 296-32.) (Paul Theroff, posts, 16 July 1994 at 01:59 Hours.) (Genealogy BB of Prodigy Svcs., by Kenneth Roberts [ID#: JNTF74A], "Normandy", posted on 05 August 1995 at 01:31 Hours). AKA: Robert, Duke de Pouille. AKA: Robert, Duke de Calabre. AKA: Robert, Duke de Sicile. AKA: Robert Guiscard, Count de Hauteville. Born: circa 1020 in Hauteville, Ain, Bourgogne, France, son of Tancrède, Comte de Hauteville and Fr‚desende de Normandie, Some sources indicate that Robert was born in 1015 rather than circa 1020. Married in 1051: Alb‚rade de Pouille, daughter of Renaud I, Comte de Bourgogne and Ad‚lise=Judith de Normandie; Alb‚rade was Robert Guiscard's first wife. Divorced Alb‚rade de Pouille: between 1057 and 1058. Married in 1058 in France: Sikelgaita de Salerno, daughter of Gaimar IV, Prince de Salerno and Porpora de Tabellaria; Sikelgaita was Robert's second wife. Died: 17 Jul 1085 in Bithymia, Nicea, Turkey.

843. Sikelgaita de Salerno(Stuart, Page 213, Line 297-32.) (Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls). Married Name: de Guiscard. Born: 1025, daughter of Gaimar IV, Prince de Salerno and Porpora de Tabellaria. Married in 1058 in France: Robert de Guiscard, son of Tancrède, Comte de Hauteville and Fr‚desende de Normandie; Sikelgaita was Robert's second wife. Died: 27 Jul 1090.

844. Diego Lainez, Se¤or de Bivar(Stuart, Page 136, Line 179-32). AKA: Diego Lainez. Born: before 1015, son of Lain Nu¤ez, Lord de Castile and N?, Diego is presumed to have been at least 15 years old by the time his son Rodrigo was born. Married before 1030: Teresa Rodriguez, daughter of Roderigo Alvarez, Count des Asturies and Theresa Lainez de Castile. Note - on 29 Oct 1047: Diego witnessed a charter of Carde¤a on 29 October 1047. He fought against the Navarrese. Died: circa 1058.

845. Teresa Rodriguez(ibid). Married Name: de Bivar. Born: before 1015, daughter of Roderigo Alvarez, Count des Asturies and Theresa Lainez de Castile, Teresa is presumed to have been at least 15 years old by the time her son Rodrigo was born. Married before 1030: Diego Lainez, Se¤or de Bivar, son of Lain Nu¤ez, Lord de Castile and N?. Died: after 1043.

846. Diego, Count de Orviedo(Stuart). Born: before 1039 in Spain Diego is presumed to have been at least 15 years old by the time his daughter Ximena was born. Married before 1054: Christina Fernandez, daughter of Fernando Gundemariz and Ximena de Le¢n.

847. Christina Fernandez(ibid). Married Name: de Orviedo. Born: before 1039, daughter of Fernando Gundemariz and Ximena de Le¢n, Christina is presumed to have been at least 15 years old by the time her daughter Ximena was born. Married before 1054: Diego, Count de Orviedo.

848. Bernard Aton III, Vicomte d'Albi(Abbott, Page 377). AKA: Bernard Aton II, Vicomte de NŒmes(Abbott). Born: before 999 in Albigeois, Languedoc, France, son of Aton II, Vicomte d'Albi and N?, Bernard Aton III is presumed to have been at least 18 years old by the time his son, Raymond Bernard, was born. Married before 1016: N?. Died: 1060(Abbott).

849. N?

850. Pedro=Pierre II, Count de Carcassonne(Paul Theroff, posts, 18 July 1994 at 01:12 Hours.) (Abbott, Page 379). AKA: Pedro Ramon, Vicomte de Béziers. AKA: Pierre Raimond, Vicomte d'Agde(Abbott). Born: before 993 in Carcassonne, Aude, Languedoc, France, son of Raymond I, Count de Carcassonne and Garcende, Vicomtesse de Béziers, He is presumed to have been at least 20 years old by the time his daughter Ermengarde was born. Married before 1012 in France: Rangarda de Toulouse, daughter of Guillaume III, Count de Toulouse and Emm‚ de Forcalquier. Died: circa 1060.

851. Rangarda de Toulouse(Paul Theroff, posts, 18 July 1994 at 01:12 Hours). Married Name: de Carcassonne. Born: before 998 in France, daughter of Guillaume III, Count de Toulouse and Emm‚ de Forcalquier, Ramangarda is presumed to have been at least 15 years old by the time her daughter, Ermengarde, was born. Married before 1012 in France: Pedro=Pierre II, Count de Carcassonne, son of Raymond I, Count de Carcassonne and Garcende, Vicomtesse de Béziers.

852. Fouques Bertrand I, Count de Provence (above)

853. Bertrande de Toulouse (above)

 --- 11th Generation ---

1024. B‚renger, Vicomte de Millau(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 183) (Stuart, Page 274. Line 402-35.) (Abbott, Page 325). Born: before 937 in France, son of Bernard II, Vicomte de Carlat and Ad‚la‹de de Millau. Married before 970 in France: N?. Died: after 1000 B‚renger I was alive in the year 1000.

1025. N?

1026. Guillaume, Count de Béziers(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 106). AKA: Guillaume, Vicomte d'Agde(Abbott, Page 375). Born: before 952 in Agadais, Languedoc, France, son of Reinold II, Viscount de Béziers and N?, Guilaume was alive in the year 969 and he is presumed to have been at least 18 years old by the time his daughter, S‚n‚gonde, was born. Married before 969 in Languedoc, France: Arsinde, Vicomtesse N?. Died: after 1013.

1027. Arsinde, Vicomtesse N?(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 106). Married Name: de Béziers. Born: before 955 in Languedoc, France Arsinde is presumed to have been at least 15 years old by the time her daughter, S‚n‚gonde, was born. Married before 969 in Languedoc, France: Guillaume, Count de Béziers, son of Reinold II, Viscount de Béziers and N?.

1028. Raymond, Vicomte de Narbonne(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls) (Stuart, Page 160. Line 218-35.) (Abbott, Page 393). Born: before 967 in Languedoc, France, son of Manfred = Matfrid, Vicomte de Narbonne and Ad‚la‹s de Toulouse. Married before 994: Ricarde de Rodez, daughter of Hughes de Rodez and N?. Died: after 1023 Raymond was alive in the year 1023.

1029. Ricarde de Rodez(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 161) (Stuart, Page 160, Line 218-35). Married Name: de Narbonne. Born: Before 980 in France, daughter of Hughes de Rodez and N?, Ricarde is presumed to have been at least 15 years old by the time her son B‚renger I was born. Married before 994: Raymond, Vicomte de Narbonne, son of Manfred = Matfrid, Vicomte de Narbonne and Ad‚la‹s de Toulouse. Died: after 1023 Ricarde was alive in the year 1023.

1030. Bernard I, Count de Besalu(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 245) (Stuart, Page 244, Line 347-35.) (Abbott, Pages 479 - 480). AKA: Bernard I, Count de Ripoll. Also Known As: Bernard "Taillefer." Born: before 982, son of Oliva II, Count de Cerdagne and Ermengarde des Ampurias, Bernard I is presumed to have been at least 10 years old when he married Toda. Married in 992: Toda de Provence, daughter of Guillaume I/II, Count de Provence and Ad‚la‹s=Adèle d'Anjou. Died: 1020(Abbott).

1031. Toda de Provence(Stuart, Page 244, Line 347-35). Married Name: de Besalu. Born: 985 in France, daughter of Guillaume I/II, Count de Provence and Ad‚la‹s=Adèle d'Anjou. Married in 992: Bernard I, Count de Besalu, son of Oliva II, Count de Cerdagne and Ermengarde des Ampurias. Died: after 997.

1032. Bernard II, Vicomte de Carlat(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 183) (Stuart, Page 189, Line 257-35.) (Abbott, Page 448). AKA: Bernard, Vicomte de Millau(Abbott). AKA: Bernard, Vicomte de G‚vaudan(Abbott). Born: before 914 in Auvergne, France, son of Richard I=G‚rard, Vicomte de Carlat and N?, Bernard II was alive in the years 914 and 952. Married before 936 in Carlat, Auvergne, France: Ad‚la‹de de Millau. Died: after 987 Bernard II was alive in the years 980 and 987.

1033. Ad‚la‹de de Millau(Stuart, Page 274, Line 402-36). Married Name: de Carlat. Born: before 922 She is presumed to have been at least 15 years old by the time her son B‚renger I was born. Married before 936 in Carlat, Auvergne, France: Bernard II, Vicomte de Carlat, son of Richard I=G‚rard, Vicomte de Carlat and N?.

1036. Ant‚garius, Vicomte de Lodève(Stuart). Born: before 980 in France Ant‚garius is presumed to have been at least 15 years old by the time his son Odon was born. Married before 995: N?.

1037. N?

1184. Ebles I, Vicomte de Comborn (above)

1185. Béatrix de Normandie (above)

1186. Aimery II, Seigneur de Rochechouart(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 228) (Abbott, Page 417). Born: before 1010 in France, son of Aimery, Vicomte de Limoges and Ave N?, Aimery II was alive in the years 1037 - 1047, and is presumed to have been at least 18 years old by the time his daughter Rotberge was born. Married before 1027 in France: Ermessinde de Champagne, daughter of Foucaud de Champagne and N?. Died: after 1047.

1187. Ermessinde de Champagne(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 228). Married Name: de Rochechouart. Born: before 1013 in France, daughter of Foucaud de Champagne and N?, Ermessinde is presumed to have been at least 15 years old by the time her daughter Rotberge was born. Married before 1027 in France: Aimery II, Seigneur de Rochechouart, son of Aimery, Vicomte de Limoges and Ave N?.

1188. Pierre de Cours(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls). Born: before 1048 in Cours, Ag‚nois, France Pierre is presumed to have been at least 15 years old by the time his son Hughes was born. Married before 1063: N?.

1189. N?

1192. Aymar II, Viscount de Limoges(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls) (Abbott, Page 435). Born: before 1013 in Limoges, Haute-Vienne, Limousin, France, son of Guy I, Vicomte de Limoges and Emm‚=Anne de Limoges, Aymar is presumed to have been born before his father was 50 years old. Married before 1030: S‚n‚gonde N?; Aymar II and S‚n‚gonde were alive together in the year 1030. Died: after 1030.

1193. S‚n‚gonde N?(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 137). Married Name: de Limoges. Born: before 1020 in Limousin, France S‚n‚gonde is presumed to have been at least 10 years old when she married Aymar II. Married before 1030: Aymar II, Viscount de Limoges, son of Guy I, Vicomte de Limoges and Emm‚=Anne de Limoges; Aymar II and S‚n‚gonde were alive together in the year 1030. Died: after 1030.

1196. Guillaume III, Count d'Angoulˆme(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 87) (Stuart, Page 65, Line 87-30.) (Abbott, Page 458). AKA: Guillaume V, Count d'Angoulˆme. Also Known As: Guillaume III "Taillefer"(Genealogy BB of Prodigy Svcs., Posted by Robert Carver, MGC [Prodigy ID# CQGW37A] under Subject "Fitzalan", on 12 April 1997 at 13:38 Hours, and citing Lord Mountbatten's handwritten document on "The Plantagenet Ancestry"). AKA: Guillaume III, Seigneur de Montausier(Abbott, Page 469). Born: circa 1065 in Aquitaine, France, son of Fouques, Count d'Angoulˆme and Condohe V‚gena. Married in 1086: Vitapont, Dame de Benauges, daughter of Amanieu, Sire de Benauges and N?. Died: 6 Apr 1120 in France While other sources indicate that Guillaume III died 6-Apr-1120, Lord Mountbatten [Via Robert Carver] shows he died 6-Apr-1122(Genealogy BB of Prodigy Svcs., Posted by Robert Carver, MGC [Prodigy ID# CQGW37A] under Subject "Fitzalan", on 12 April 1997 at 13:38 Hours, and citing Lord Mountbatten's handwritten document on "The Plantagenet Ancestry").

1197. Vitapont, Dame de Benauges(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 87) (Stuart, Page 65, Line 87-30.) (Abbott, Page 311). Married Name: d'Angoulˆme. Born: before 1074 in France, daughter of Amanieu, Sire de Benauges and N?, Vitapont is presumed to have been at least 15 years old by the time her son Wulgrin II was born. Roderick Stuart's Royalty for Commoners has her birth year at 1086 which makes her all of three years old when her son Wulgrin was born (1089). Stuart confused Vitapont's date of marriage with her date of birth. Married in 1086: Guillaume III, Count d'Angoulˆme, son of Fouques, Count d'Angoulˆme and Condohe V‚gena. Died: after 1089.

1198. Roger de Montgommery(Stuart, Page 238.) (Leana Randall, a Prodigy Bulletin Board Member [ID#GRMG48A], was active in posting lengthy lines since July 1994, Posting in Subject "Peverell", 22 July 1994 at 00:54 Hours). Also Known As: Roger "Le Poitevin." AKA: Roger, Vicomte d'Exmes. AKA: Roger, Earl of Arundel. AKA: Roger, Comte de La Marche. AKA: Roger III, Count of Lancaster. Note -: Roger III was the Earl of Arundel and Shrewsbury as well as Viscomte of Exemes and Lord of Lancaster. A companion of William The Bastard (The Conqueror as the British would have it), Roger was exiled from England by Henry I in 1102. Born: circa 1054 in Wales, son of Roger, Seigneur de Montgommery and Mabile, Comtesse de Bellˆme. Married before 1082 in France: Almodis de La Marche, daughter of Audebert II, Comte de La Marche and Ponce N?; Almodis was Roger's second wife. Died: 1123 in France Roger Le Poitevin is burried at Grestain(Stuart, Page 238).

1199. Almodis de La Marche(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 36, 55). AKA: Ad‚la‹de de Breteuil. Married Name: de Montgommery. Born: before 1068 in Breteuil, Haute Marche, France, daughter of Audebert II, Comte de La Marche and Ponce N?, Almodis is presumed to have been at least 15 years old by the time her daughter Ponce was born. Married before 1082 in France: Roger de Montgommery, son of Roger, Seigneur de Montgommery and Mabile, Comtesse de Bellˆme; Almodis was Roger's second wife.

1200. H‚lie IV, Count de P‚rigord(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 83) (Abbott, Page 330). Born: before 1066, son of Audebert II, Count de P‚rigord and Arceline N?, H‚lie IV is presumed to have been at least 18 years old by the time his son, Guillaume, was born. Married before 1083 in France: Gasconie N?. PaterAlter before 1102 H‚lie IV, Count de P‚rigord/H‚lie V, Count de P‚rigord. Died: circa 1104 H‚lie IV became Count in the year 1086(ibid).

1201. Gasconie N?(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 83). Married Name: de P‚rigord. Married before 1083 in France: H‚lie IV, Count de P‚rigord, son of Audebert II, Count de P‚rigord and Arceline N?. Born: before 1087 Gasconie is presumed to have been at least 15 years old by the time her son H‚lie IV was born. MaterAlter: before 1102 H‚lie V, Count de P‚rigord/Gasconie N?.

1284. Bernard III, Count de Melgueil(Stuart, Page 151, Line 203-32). Born: before 989 in France, son of N?, Count de Melgueil and N?, Bernard III was alive in the year 989. Married before 1035: Adèle, Countess de Substantion. Died: circa 1055.

1285. Adèle, Countess de Substantion(ibid). Married Name: de Melgueil. Born: before 1020 in France Adèle is presumed to have been at least 15 years old by the time her son Raymond I was born. Married before 1035: Bernard III, Count de Melgueil, son of N?, Count de Melgueil and N?. Died: 1066.

1286. Guillaume III, Comte de Poitou(Stuart) (Paul Theroff, posts, 07 June 1995 at 14:11 Hours.) (Abbott, Pages 303, 402). Also Known As: Guillaume "Le Grand." AKA: Guillaume V, Duke d'Aquitaine. Born: circa 969, son of Guillaume IV, Duke d'Aquitaine and Emma de Blois(Stuart). Married circa 997: Almodis=Adèle de G‚vaudan, daughter of ?tienne, Comte de G‚vaudan and Ad‚la‹s=Adèle d'Anjou; Almodis was Guillaume III/V's first wife. Married in 1011: Sanche de Gascogne, daughter of Garcia I, Count de Castile and Sancha Abba de Ribagorza; Sanche was Guillaume III's second wife. Married in 1019: Agnès, Princess de Lombardie, daughter of Otto-Guillaume, Duke de Bourgogne and Ermentrude de Reims; Guillaume's marriage to Agnès was his third. Died: 31 Jan 1030 Guillaume died a monk(Stuart).

1287. Agnès, Princess de Lombardie(Stuart) (Paul Theroff, posts, 07 June 1995 at 14:11 Hours). AKA: Agnès de Bourgogne. Married Name: d'Anjou. Born: circa 995 in Lombardie, Italy, daughter of Otto-Guillaume, Duke de Bourgogne and Ermentrude de Reims(Stuart, Page 117). Married in 1019: Guillaume III, Comte de Poitou, son of Guillaume IV, Duke d'Aquitaine and Emma de Blois; Guillaume's marriage to Agnès was his third. Married in 1032 in France: Geoffroi II, Count d'Anjou, son of Foulques III, Count d'Anjou and Hildegarde de Metz; Geoffroi II was Agnès' second husband. Died: 10 Nov 1068 in Italy(Stuart, Page 117).

1344. Guillaume II Bernard, Seigneur de Montpellier(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls) (Stuart, Page 110, Line 150-34.) (Abbott, Page 392). Born: before 990 in Bourgogne, France, son of Guillaume I, Seigneur de Montpellier and N?. Married before 1001: B‚liarde N?. Died: between 1019 and 1025.

1345. B‚liarde N?(Stuart, Page 110, Line 150-34). Married Name: de Montpellier. Born: before 986 B‚liarde is presumed to have been at least 15 years old by the time her son Guillaume III was born. Married before 1001: Guillaume II Bernard, Seigneur de Montpellier, son of Guillaume I, Seigneur de Montpellier and N?.

1360. Oberto I, Lord de Savona(Stuart). AKA: Oberto I, Margrave de Ligurie. Born: before 1004, son of Anselm I, Marchese de Savona and Gisela of Vincenza, Oberto I was alive in the year 1004. Married before 1030: N?. Died: circa 1035.

1361. N?

1362. Odelrico, Marchese de Ramagnano(Stuart). AKA: Odelrico, Marchese de Turin. Born: before 1015, son of Guido, Marchese de Turin and N?, Odelrico is presumed to have been at least 15 years old by the time his daughter B‚atrice was born. Married before 1030: N?. Died: after 1064 Odelrico was alive in the years 1040 and 1064.

1363. N?

1364. Manfredo I, Marquis de Turin(Paul Theroff, posts, "9th/10th Centy.Kings" posted on 18 February 1994 at 01:03 Hours). Born: before 981 in Italy, son of Ardouin=Ardvino, Count di Turino and N. di Mosezzo, Manfredo I is presumed to have been at least 10 years old when he married Prangarda. Married before 8 Mar 991: Prangarda di Canossa, daughter of Otton II, Count di Canossa and N?. Died: circa 1000.

1365. Prangarda di Canossa(Stuart, Page 225, Line 315-35). Married Name: de Turin. Born: before 981, daughter of Otton II, Count di Canossa and N?, Prangarda is presumed to have been at least 10 years old when she married Mandredo I. Married before 8 Mar 991: Manfredo I, Marquis de Turin, son of Ardouin=Ardvino, Count di Turino and N. di Mosezzo.

1366. Humbert=Oberto I, Count de Genoa(Stuart). AKA: Humbert, Count de Tortone. AKA: Humbert, Marquis of Italy. AKA: Humbert, Marquis d'Este. Born: before 955 in Italy, son of Alberto=Azzo, Count de Lucca and Guilla de Spoleto, Humbert is presumed to have been at least 15 years old by the time his son Alberto Azzo I was born. Married before 970: Railinda de Como, daughter of Wiprand, Count de Como and N?. Died: between 1014 and 1021.

1367. Railinda de Como(ibid). Married Name: de Genoa. Born: before 955 in Italy, daughter of Wiprand, Count de Como and N?, Railinda is presumed to have been at least 15 years old by the time her son Alberto Azzo I was born. Married before 970: Humbert=Oberto I, Count de Genoa, son of Alberto=Azzo, Count de Lucca and Guilla de Spoleto.

1368. Robert II, King de France(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 79, 80, 114) (Hallam, Page 71.) (Stuart, Page 99, Line 134-33.) (Castelot, Tome I, Pages 439 - 449; Tome II, Page 490). Also Known As: Robert "Le Pieux." AKA: Robert II, Duke de Bourgogne Arms: "Band‚ d'or et d'azur six pièces la bordure de gueules"(Abbott, Page 198). Born: between 27 Mar 970 and 972 in Orl‚ans, Loiret, Orl‚anais, France, son of Hughes II, King de France and Ad‚la‹de de Poitiers, Some sources indicate that Robert II was born in the year 972 while other indicate the date 27 March 970 which would make his birth some three months after his father, Hughes Capet's, marriage to his mother, Ad‚la‹de. Married in 989: Rosèla=Suzanne, Princess of Italy, daughter of B‚renger II, King of Italy and Willa d'Arles; It is considered a strange idea on the part of Hughes that his young son should marry a woman who was some 32-years [some say she was even 37 years] older than Robert. In 988, she had become the widow of Arnoul II de Flandre. She is quite pretty but has "troubling" black eyes, but most importantly, she brings as dowry Montreuil-sur-Mer. This will allow the capetian sovereigns to have access to the French Channel. Repudiated: Rosèla=Suzanne, Princess of Italy in 992 in France Robert II repudiated his wife because she was "an old woman", but he would keep the dowry of Montreuil-sur-Mer. Note - between 996 and 1031: Robert II became King of France upon the death of his father on 24 October 996. In 1000, Angers is destroyed by fire. When the King's Uncle, Henri, Duke of Burgundy died without heir in 1002. Married in 997 in Tours, Indre-et-Loire, Touraine, France: Princess Berthe de Bourgogne, daughter of Conrad I, King de Bourgogne and Mahaut=Mathilde, Princess de France; Robert had made Berthe, the beautiful widow of the Count of Anjou, his mistress in 996. But because it was better to sin a little bit than to sin a lot, he married her as King. They are related in the third degree, and Robert is the godfather of one of Berthe's children. This spiritual relationship makes the marriage incestuous in the eyes of the Church. In 998, the Council, called by then Pope Gregory V, stipulates that Robert should leave Berthe forever, and do penance for 7 years in accordance with the laws of the Church. In the midst of the deliberations, Gregory V dies and is replaced by Pope Sylvester II who is none other than the Monk, Gerbert, ancient mentor of the King. However, while the pronouncement of an anathema is lifted, the excommunication is maintained. In 1001, Robert concedes. Two years later, in 1003, he marries Constance. That same year on 7 February 1003, the old Queen Suzanne died. Repudiated: Princess Berthe de Bourgogne between 1001 and 1003. Married in 1003 in France: Constance de Provence, daughter of Guillaume I/II, Count de Provence and Ad‚la‹s=Adèle d'Anjou; Constance was Robert II's third wife. Constance would immediately satisfy Robert's needs for a male heir by giving him four boys, but her cruelty [when Constance spotted one of her mentors accused of heresy opn his way to the pyre to be burned alive, she stepped up to him and pierced one of his eyes with the pin of her corsage] and Southern ways would alienated and antagonize the Court. The couple remained married beyond 1010, after Robert had been persuaded by Pope Sergius IV not to divorce Constance, but continued to quarrel until Robert's death. Hughes, their eldest son, was crowned in 1017, but died in 1025. The next son, Henry, was Robert's choice, but Constance favored their third son, Robert and fomented rebellions in his favor. Died: 20 Jul 1031 in Meulun, Seine-et-Oise, Ile-de-France, France, Robert II is buried at Saint Denis.

1369. Constance de Provence(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 79, 114) (Hallam, Page 73.) (Stuart, Page 236, Line 333-34). Married Name: de France. AKA: Constance d'Arles. AKA: Constance de Toulouse. Note -: Constance was an imperious and unscrupulous woman who polarized the French court into two factions: one favoring herself and the Angevin faction, the other Bertha and her sons. Soon after the death of Robert Le Pieux in 1031, Constance seized on behalf of her son and favorite Robert the towns and castles of Senlis, Sens, B‚thisy, Dammartin, Le Puiset, Melun and Poissy. She bought the support of Odo II of Blois by handing over half of Sens to him. Henry, the designated and crowned heir to the throne fled for assistance to Robert the Magnificent, Duke of Normandy, and obtained help from Gulk de Nerra as well. Thus, Henry was able to regain Poissy, Le Puiset, and Constance surrendered to him. Her first cousin, Fulk Nerra had Hugues, Count de Beauvais (one of Bertha's sons) assassinated in 1008. In 1010, the King tried to divorce Constance, but was dissuaded from this by Pope Sergius IV. Born: circa 986 in Anjou, France, daughter of Guillaume I/II, Count de Provence and Ad‚la‹s=Adèle d'Anjou. Married in 1003 in France: Robert II, King de France, son of Hughes II, King de France and Ad‚la‹de de Poitiers; Constance was Robert II's third wife. Constance would immediately satisfy Robert's needs for a male heir by giving him four boys, but her cruelty [when Constance spotted one of her mentors accused of heresy opn his way to the pyre to be burned alive, she stepped up to him and pierced one of his eyes with the pin of her corsage] and Southern ways would alienated and antagonize the Court. The couple remained married beyond 1010, after Robert had been persuaded by Pope Sergius IV not to divorce Constance, but continued to quarrel until Robert's death. Hughes, their eldest son, was crowned in 1017, but died in 1025. The next son, Henry, was Robert's choice, but Constance favored their third son, Robert and fomented rebellions in his favor. Died: 25 Jul 1032 in Meulan, Seine-et-Oise, Ile-de-France, France,(Stuart, Page 236). Buried: 28 Jul 1032.

1370. Yaroslav, Grand Duke of Kiev(Aug‚, Tome I, Page 965.) (Stuart, Page 104, Line 143-32). AKA: Yaroslav Vladimirowitsch. AKA: Yaroslaw, Grand Duke of Russia. AKA: Jaroslaw, Great Prince of Kiev. Also Known As: Jaroslaw "The Wise." Born: 980 in Kiev, Ukraine, son of Saint Vladimir, Grand Prince of Kiev and Rognieda de Polotsk. Note - between 1015 and 1054: Yaroslav was the Grand Duke of Russia from 1015 to 1054. He took lands back from Poland which the Poles had previously conquered from Russia. He fought frequently with his brothers. Married in Feb 1019 in Russia: Ingigerd-Irene, Princess of Sweden, daughter of Olaf III, King of Sweden and Astrid, Princess of the Obotrites. PaterAlter circa 1025 Yaroslav, Grand Duke of Kiev/Agatha von Braunschweig(Genealogy BB of Prodigy Svcs., posted by Robert Young [Prodigy ID# GCAW73D] under Subject "Edward the Exile" on the Genealogy Bulletin Board of the Prodigy Interactive Services, on 27 December 1996 at 11:41 hours, citing athe current quarter's issue of the New England Historic & Genealogic Register). Died: 20 Feb 1053 in Kiev, Ukraine, Some sources indicate that Yaroslav died in 20 February 1054. He is buried in the cemetary of Saint Sophia which he built, in Russia. His demise marked the end of Norse rule of Kiev.

1371. Ingigerd-Irene, Princess of Sweden(Stuart, Page 177, Line 240-32). Married Name: Kiev. Born: circa 1001 in Uppsala, Sweden, daughter of Olaf III, King of Sweden and Astrid, Princess of the Obotrites. Married in Feb 1019 in Russia: Yaroslav, Grand Duke of Kiev, son of Saint Vladimir, Grand Prince of Kiev and Rognieda de Polotsk. MaterAlter: circa 1025 Agatha von Braunschweig/Ingigerd-Irene, Princess of Sweden(Genealogy BB of Prodigy Svcs., posted by Robert Young [Prodigy ID# GCAW73D] under Subject "Edward the Exile" on the Genealogy Bulletin Board of the Prodigy Interactive Services, on 27 December 1996 at 11:41 hours, citing athe current quarter's issue of the New England Historic & Genealogic Register). Died: 10 Feb 1050 in Kiev, Ukraine.

1372. Othon, Comte de Vermandois(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 112) (Stuart, Page 175, Line 239-32). AKA: Eudes, Comte de Vermandois. AKA: Othon, Seigneur de Saint-Quentin(Abbott, Page 127). Born: circa 1000, son of H‚ribert III, Count de Vermandois and Ermengarde de Bar-sur-Seine. Note - in 1010: Othon was the Count de Vermandois in 1010. Married before 1032: Pavie N?. Died: 25 May 1045.

1373. Pavie N?(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 112) (Stuart, Page 175, Line 239-32). Married Name: de Vermandois. Born: before 1017 Pavie is presumed to have been at least 15 years old by the time her son Herbert V was born. Married before 1032: Othon, Comte de Vermandois, son of H‚ribert III, Count de Vermandois and Ermengarde de Bar-sur-Seine.

1374. Raoul III, Comte de Valois(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 112) (Paul Theroff, posts, 15 September 1994 at 00:16 Hours). Also Known As: Raoul "Le Grand." AKA: Raoul, Count de Cr‚py. AKA: Raoul III, Count de Vitry. AKA: Raoul III, Count d'Amiens. AKA: Raoul III, Count du Vexin. Born: 1025, son of Raoul II, Count de Cr‚py and Adèle de Clermont-en-Beauvaisis. Married before 1041 in France: Alix de Bar-sur-Aube, daughter of Nocher III, Count de Bar-sur-Aube and N?; Alix was Raoul III's first wife. Married before 1059: Haquenez N?; Haquenez was Raoul III's second wife. Married circa 1061 in France: Anne, Queen de France, daughter of Yaroslav, Grand Duke of Kiev and Ingigerd-Irene, Princess of Sweden; Anne was Raoul III's third wife and he her second husband as she was the widow of Henri I when she married Raoul. When Henri I died on 4 August 1060, Anne, 36 years old, was still considered quite lovely. It is said that she had herself whisked off by Raoul Comte de Cr‚py and de Valois, as he in turn, repudiated his wife, Haquenez. She complains to Pope Alexander II, who would excommunicate Raoul. Repudiated: Haquenez N? in 1061. Died: 23 Feb 1074 in P‚ronne, Somme, Picardie, France, Raoul III was buried at Cr‚py, France 8 Sep 1084.

1375. Alix de Bar-sur-Aube(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 112) (Stuart, Page 82, Line 108-33). Married Name: de Valois. AKA: Adèle de Bar. Born: before 1028, daughter of Nocher III, Count de Bar-sur-Aube and N?, Alix is presumed to have been at least 15 years old by the time her daughter Adèle was born. Married before 1041 in France: Raoul III, Comte de Valois, son of Raoul II, Count de Cr‚py and Adèle de Clermont-en-Beauvaisis; Alix was Raoul III's first wife. Died: 1053.

1376. Robert II, King de France (above)

1377. Constance de Provence (above)

1378. Dalmace, Sire de Semur(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 116) (Stuart, Page 62, Line 85-32.) (Abbott, Page 206). Born: 970 in Semur, Brionnais, Bourgogne, France, son of Geoffroy I, Count de Semur and N. de Brioude. Married before 1010 in France: Aremburge de Bourgogne, daughter of Henri, Duke de Bourgogne and Mahaut de Chalon. Married before 1014 in France: Aremburge de Vergy, daughter of G‚rard, Count de Vergy and ?lizabeth de Chƒlon. Died: circa 1048 in France Dalmace was murdered by his son-in-law, Robert, Duke of Burgundy.

1379. Aremburge de Vergy(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 116, 130) (Stuart, Page 62, Line 85-32). Married Name: de Semur. Born: 960, daughter of G‚rard, Count de Vergy and ?lizabeth de Chƒlon. Married before 1014 in France: Dalmace, Sire de Semur, son of Geoffroy I, Count de Semur and N. de Brioude.

1380. Otto-Guillaume, Duke de Bourgogne(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 98, 123.) (Abbott, Page 506). AKA: Othon, Count de Nevers. AKA: Otton I, King de Lombardie. AKA: Othe Guillaume, Count de Mƒcon(Abbott). Note -: Otton-Guillaume was Count and then Duke de Bourgogne. Adelbert, Duke of Lombardie married Gerberge, Countess of Dijon. Their son Otto-Guillaume was adopted by Henri, Duke of Burgundy who died in 1001/1002, and who is Gerberge's second husband and the Uncle to King Robert II de France. Born: between 958 and 959 in France, son of Adelbert II, King de Lombardie and Gerberge=Garsinde de Chalon. Married before 973: Ermentrude de Reims, daughter of Renaud, Count de Reims and Alb‚rade=Aubr‚e de Lorraine; Ermentrude was Otton's first wife. PaterAlter circa 991 Otto-Guillaume, Duke de Bourgogne/Henri, Duke de Bourgogne Henri, Duke de Bourgogne, being without heir of his own, adopted Otto-Guillaume. Married before 1016: Arsinde=Adèle dite Blanche d'Anjou, daughter of Geoffroy I = Gausfred, Count d'Anjou and Ad‚la‹s de Vermandois; Otton was Ad‚la‹s' Fourth husband and she was his second wife. Died: 21 Oct 1026 in Pouilly-sur-Sa“ne, France, Otton-Guillaume is buried in Dijon. Some sources indicate that Otto-Guillaume died on 15 October 1002.

1381. Ermentrude de Reims(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 123, 193, 269) (Stuart, Page 70, Line 92-33). AKA: Ermentrude de Roucy. Married Name: Ermentrude, Countess de Mƒcon. AKA: Ermentrude, Queen de Lombardie. Married Name: de Bourgogne. Born: 958 in Reims, Marne, Champagne, France, daughter of Renaud, Count de Reims and Alb‚rade=Aubr‚e de Lorraine, For reasons that are not clear the British call it Rheims rather than Reims. Married before 960: Alb‚ric=Aubri II, Count de Mƒcon, son of Li‚taud II, Count de Mƒcon and Ermengarde de Chalon. Married before 973: Otto-Guillaume, Duke de Bourgogne, son of Adelbert II, King de Lombardie and Gerberge=Garsinde de Chalon; Ermentrude was Otton's first wife. Died: 5 Mar 1005 Some sources indicate Ermentrude may have died in 1002.

1382. Richard II, Duke de Normandie(Stuart, Page 67, Line 89-32; Page 134, Line 176-33.) (Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 149, 168) (Paul Theroff, posts, 08 June 1995 at 18:26 Hours). Also Known As: Richard "Le Bon"(Abbott, Page 219). Born Illeg.: circa 958 in Normandie, France, -, son of Richard I, Duke de Normandie and Gonnor, Dame de Bolbec, -. Married circa 1000: Judith de Bretagne, daughter of Conan I, Duke de Bretagne and Ermengarde d'Anjou. Married in 1017: Estrid of Denmark, daughter of Svend I, King of England and Gunhild of Poland; Richard was Estrid's first husband. Repudiated: Estrid of Denmark circa 1019. Married between 1020 and 1027: Poppa N?; Poppa was Richard II's third wife. Died: 28 Aug 1027 in F‚camp, Seine-Inf‚rieure, Normandie, France.

1383. Judith de Bretagne(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 149, 168) (Stuart, Page 125, Line 167-33; Page 135, Line 176-32.) (Paul Theroff, posts, 07 June 1995 at 14:10 Hours). Married Name: de Normandie. AKA: Judith de Rennes. Born: 982 in Rennes, Bretagne, France, daughter of Conan I, Duke de Bretagne and Ermengarde d'Anjou. Married circa 1000: Richard II, Duke de Normandie, son of Richard I, Duke de Normandie and Gonnor, Dame de Bolbec. Died: 16 Jun 1017.

1392. Archambaud I, Vicomte de Comborn(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 125, 136) (Stuart, Page 114, Line 156-33.) (Abbott, Page 432). AKA: Archambaud II, Vicomte de Ventadour. AKA: Archambaud I, Vicomte de Turenne. Born: before 953 in Blois, Loir-et-Cher, Orl‚anais, France, son of Hugues II, Vicomte de Comborn and N?, Archambaud I is presumed to have been at least 10 years old when he began construction of the Chƒteau de Monceaux in 963. Married circa 970 in France: Sulpicie de Turenne, daughter of Bernard, Vicomte de Turenne and Doda N?. Died: circa 993 Archambaud completed the construction of the Chƒteau de Monceaux in 992.

1393. Sulpicie de Turenne; Sulpicie was the heiress of Turenne (Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 125, 136) (Stuart, Page 220, Line 308-33). Married Name: de Comborn. AKA: Sulpice, Dame de Tournès(Abbott, Page 438). Born: before 962 in Turenne, Guyenne, France, daughter of Bernard, Vicomte de Turenne and Doda N?, Sulpicie was alive in the year 962(Stuart, Page 220). Married circa 970 in France: Archambaud I, Vicomte de Comborn, son of Hugues II, Vicomte de Comborn and N?. Died: after 975 Sulpicie was alive in the year 975.

1394. Richard I, Duke de Normandie(Michael J.M. Raffin. Personal Research. References with "FHL" numbers refer to the microfilm number availble from the Family Home Library headquartered in Salt Lake City, with local branches, Encyclopedic Research) (Stuart, Page 124, Line 166-33.) (Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 149, 195, 242) (Rosamond McKitterick, The Frankish kingdom under the Carolingians: 751-987 (Singapore: Longman Singapore Publishers Pte Ltd, (c) 1983), Page 238.) (Paul Theroff, posts, 08 June 1995 at 18:26 Hours). AKA: Richard, Regent de France Richard was the Regent of France from 956 to 960. Also Known As: Richard "Sans Peur;" "The Fearless" (Abbott, Page 219). Born: 933 in F‚camp, Caux, Normandie, France, son of Guillaume I, Duke de Normandie and Sprote de Bretagne. Note - between 942 and 965: When in 942 Richard I's father William Longsword (Longue ?p‚e) was murdered at the instigation of Arnoul, Count of Flanders, Richard was still a minor. Louis IV and Hugh The Great both tried to seize Normandy, and Louis took charge of Richard. Richard escaped from his custody at Laon, and retook Rouen. From 947, Richard governed in relative peace and in 965, he swore allegiance to the Carolingian King Lothar. Officially married to Emma, daughter of Hugh the Great; they had no children, but from his common-law wife Gonnor, a Dane, they had many. Married between 956 and 960 in France: Emma de France, daughter of Hughes, dux Francorum and Hadwige, Princess de Saxe. Significant-Other: Gonnor, Dame de Bolbec before 958 -. Married in 978: Gonnor, Dame de Bolbec, daughter of Herbastus de Cr‚pon and N?; Lady Gonnor was Richard's common-law wife as Richard had no children with his wife Emma, daughter of Hugh the Great. Significant-Other: N? before 988 - She was a concubine of Richard I. Died: 20 Nov 996 in F‚camp, Caux, Normandie, France.

1395. Gonnor, Dame de Bolbec(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 36) (Stuart, Page 67, Line 89-33). Married Name: de Normandie. AKA: Gonnor, Dame de Cr‚pon. Born: circa 936 in France, daughter of Herbastus de Cr‚pon and N?, According to some sources, Lady Gonnor's parentage is unknown other than that her parents were Danes. Significant-Other: Richard I, Duke de Normandie before 958 -. Married in 978: Richard I, Duke de Normandie, son of Guillaume I, Duke de Normandie and Sprote de Bretagne; Lady Gonnor was Richard's common-law wife as Richard had no children with his wife Emma, daughter of Hugh the Great. Died: 1031 in France.

1416. Geoffroi II/IV, Vicomte de Chƒteaudun(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls) (Stuart, Page 185, Line 249-32.) (Keats-Rohan, Family Trees and Roots, Settipani, Christain: Chapter 11: " Les comtes d'Anjou et leurs alliances aux Xe et XIe siècles", Page 264). AKA: Geoffroy III, Comte du Perche(Abbott, Page 138). AKA: Geoffoi I, Seigneur de Nogent-le-Rotrou(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls). AKA: Geoffroy III, Comte de Dunois(Abbott, Page 102). MaterAlter: before 990 Hildegarde de Blois/Geoffroi II/IV, Vicomte de Chƒteaudun(Stuart, Page 185, Line 249-32). PaterAlter before 990 Geoffroi II/IV, Vicomte de Chƒteaudun/Hughes I, Vicomte de Chƒteaudun(ibid). Born: before 990 in Chƒteaudun, Orl‚anais, France, son of Gausfred = Geoffroi III, Vicomte de Chƒteaudun and Melisindis, Dame de Nogent-le-Rotrou, Geoffroi is presumed to have been at least 15 years old by the time his son Rotrou was born. The parentage of Geoffroi II [per Stuart] / III [per Sattipani is in dispute. Stuart shows him as the son of Hughes I by Hildegarde de Blois, whereas Settipani shows him to be the son of Geoffroi II by Melisendis. Married before 1005: ?lizabeth=H‚lvise de Carbon, daughter of Fouques, Count de Carbon and N?. Note - circa 1033 in Perche, Maine, France: Geoffroy rebuilt the Chƒteau de Mortagne. Died: 1039 Geoffroi I was alive in the year 1031, and was assassinated in 1039(Abbott, Page 102).

1417. ?lizabeth=H‚lvise de Carbon(Stuart, Page 185, Line 249-32). AKA: H‚lvise de Mortagne Roderick Stuart in his Royalty for Commoners erroneously calls Mortagne "Montagne." Married Name: Helvidis de Chƒteaudun(Keats-Rohan, Family Trees and Roots, Settipani, Christain: Chapter 11: " Les comtes d'Anjou et leurs alliances aux Xe et XIe siècles", Page 262). Born: before 900, daughter of Fouques, Count de Carbon and N?, ?lizabeth is presumed to have been at least 15 years old by the time her son Rotrou I was born. Married before 1005: Geoffroi II/IV, Vicomte de Chƒteaudun, son of Gausfred = Geoffroi III, Vicomte de Chƒteaudun and Melisindis, Dame de Nogent-le-Rotrou.

1418. Gh‚rin = Warin, Lord de Mortagne-au-Perche(Stuart, Page 185, Line 249-31.) (Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 211). AKA: Gu‚rin de Bellˆme. AKA: Warin, Seigneur de Domfront. AKA: Yves, Seigneur d'Alen‡on(Abbott, Page 224). Born: before 1011 in Mortagne-au-Perche, Normandie, France, son of Guillaume I dit Talvas, Count de Bellˆme and Mathilde, Dame de Cond‚-sur-Noireau, Gu‚rin is presumed to have been at least 15 years old by the time his daughter Ad‚la‹de was born. Married before 1026: M‚lisende, Countess de Chƒteaudun. Died: 1070(ibid).

1419. M‚lisende, Countess de Chƒteaudun(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 211). Married Name: de Mortagne-au-Perche. Born: before 1006 in France M‚lisende is presumed to have been at least 20 years old when she died. Married before 1026: Gh‚rin = Warin, Lord de Mortagne-au-Perche, son of Guillaume I dit Talvas, Count de Bellˆme and Mathilde, Dame de Cond‚-sur-Noireau. Died: 1026.

1420. Hildouin III, Comte de Montdidier(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls) (Stuart, Page 195, Line 266-32.) (Paul Theroff, posts, 04 February 1995 at 15:14 Hours). AKA: Hildouin III, Seigneur de Ram‚ru. Also Known As: Hildouin "Comes." Born: before 992 in Picardie, France, son of Hildouin II, Count de Montdidier and N. de Dammartin. Married before 1010: Lesseline N?. Died: after 1037 Hildouin III was alive in the years 1033-1037.

1421. Lesseline N?(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 198). Married Name: de Montdidier. Born: before 995 in France Lesseline is presumed to have been at least 15 years old by the time her son Hildouin IV was born. Married before 1010: Hildouin III, Comte de Montdidier, son of Hildouin II, Count de Montdidier and N. de Dammartin.

1422. Ebles I, Vidƒme de Reims(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls) (Stuart, Page 127, Line 170-32). AKA: Ebles I, Comte de Reims. AKA: Ebles, Comte de Roucy. Born: circa 988 in Reims, Champagne, France, son of Gervais, Count de Chƒtillon-sur-Marne and N. de Poitiers. Married before 1014: Ad‚la‹de=Béatrix de Hainaut, daughter of Raynier V, Count de Hainaut and Hadwige Capet, Princesse de France. Divorced Ad‚la‹de=Béatrix de Hainaut: on 11 May 1033. Occupation: before 1053 in France Ebles I was the Vidƒme and Count of Reims and Count of Roucy. Died: 11 May 1053.

1423. Ad‚la‹de=Béatrix de Hainaut(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 135, 254) (Stuart, Page 119, Line 163-32). Married Name: de Reims. Born: circa 997 in Netherlands, Pays Bas, daughter of Raynier V, Count de Hainaut and Hadwige Capet, Princesse de France. Married before 1014: Ebles I, Vidƒme de Reims, son of Gervais, Count de Chƒtillon-sur-Marne and N. de Poitiers. Divorced Ebles I, Vidƒme de Reims: on 11 May 1033. Married circa 1035: Manasses, Vicomte de Reims. Died: after 1035 Ad‚la‹de was alive in the year 1035.

1424. Aleradus, Seigneur de Sauve(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 153) (Paul Theroff, posts, 08 August 1994 at 22:02 Hours). AKA: Bermond, Seigneur de Sommières. Born: before 933 in Sauve, Gard, Languedoc, France Aleradus is presumed to have been at least 18 years old by the time his son Almeradus was born. Married before 953 in Gard, Languedoc, France: Blitgarde N?. Died: circa 955.

1425. Blitgarde N?(ibid). Married Name: de Sauve. Born: before 936 in Languedoc, France Blitgarde is presumed to have been at least 18 years old by the time her son Bernard I was born. Married before 953 in Gard, Languedoc, France: Aleradus, Seigneur de Sauve. Died: after 954.

1426. Guillaume, Count de Béziers (above)

1427. Arsinde, Vicomtesse N? (above)

1536. Arnaud II, Comte de Comminges(Paul Theroff, posts) (Abbott, Page 347). Born: before 965, son of Roger, Comte de Comminges and Ad‚la‹de de Rouergue. Married before 1002: N?.

1537. N?

1568. Raimond de Toulouse. Born: before 930, son of Raymond III, Count de Toulouse and Garsinde de Gascogne. Married before 946: Ad‚la‹s=Adèle d'Anjou, daughter of Fouques II, Count d'Anjou and Gerberge, Comtesse de Gƒtinais; 'Qui suscepti a regina id sibi videri optimum dixerunt Ludovico regi assciscendam conjugem Adelaidem, Ragemundi nuper defuncti ducis Gothorum olim uxorem." In an act of 1021, Ad‚la‹de, Comtesse de Provence, previously and briefly Queen of France, acknowledges the existence of her son Willem III de Toulouse and his wife the Countess Emma. In addition, a Papal Bull from Pope Benoit VIII is addressed to Count Willem of Toulouse and his mother Ad‚la‹de, as follows: "domno Willelmo comiti ... et domno Hugoni comiti, domnoque Rainaldo comito filio ... Willelmi ... et ... dignissimae domnae Adeleidi comitissae, cognomento Blanchae, nuruque ejus domnae Gerberge comitissae." - The Pope clearly specifies that the Countess Adelaide, known as Blanche has as step-daughter Gerberge, daughter of Otto-Wilhelm from his first spouse Ermentrude of Mƒcon. The Benedictin Monks of the 18th. Century upon which most works on the genealogy of the House of Toulouse are based, apparently dismissed the significance of these documents (Keats-Rohan, Family Trees and Roots, Settipani, Christain: Chapter 11: " Les comtes d'Anjou et leurs alliances aux Xe et XIe siècles", Pages 248-249).

1569. Ad‚la‹s=Adèle d'Anjou(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 85, 147). Married Name: de G‚vaudan. Married Name: de France. Married Name: Blanche de Provence. AKA: N?. Married Name: de Toulouse(Keats-Rohan, Family Trees and Roots, Settipani, Christain: Chapter 11: " Les comtes d'Anjou et leurs alliances aux Xe et XIe siècles", Pages 248-249). Born: circa 930 in France, daughter of Fouques II, Count d'Anjou and Gerberge, Comtesse de Gƒtinais, According to Stuart's Royalty for Commoners, this Ad‚la‹de was known as "Blanche", where Andr‚ Roux claims the daughter of Geoffroy [son of Fouques II] was Known as Blanche. Ad‚la‹s is presumed to have been at least 15 years old when she married ?tienne(Keats-Rohan, Family Trees and Roots). Married before 946: Raimond de Toulouse, son of Raymond III, Count de Toulouse and Garsinde de Gascogne; 'Qui suscepti a regina id sibi videri optimum dixerunt Ludovico regi assciscendam conjugem Adelaidem, Ragemundi nuper defuncti ducis Gothorum olim uxorem." In an act of 1021, Ad‚la‹de, Comtesse de Provence, previously and briefly Queen of France, acknowledges the existence of her son Willem III de Toulouse and his wife the Countess Emma. In addition, a Papal Bull from Pope Benoit VIII is addressed to Count Willem of Toulouse and his mother Ad‚la‹de, as follows: "domno Willelmo comiti ... et domno Hugoni comiti, domnoque Rainaldo comito filio ... Willelmi ... et ... dignissimae domnae Adeleidi comitissae, cognomento Blanchae, nuruque ejus domnae Gerberge comitissae." - The Pope clearly specifies that the Countess Adelaide, known as Blanche has as step-daughter Gerberge, daughter of Otto-Wilhelm from his first spouse Ermentrude of Mƒcon. The Benedictin Monks of the 18th. Century upon which most works on the genealogy of the House of Toulouse are based, apparently dismissed the significance of these documents (Keats-Rohan, Family Trees and Roots, Settipani, Christain: Chapter 11: " Les comtes d'Anjou et leurs alliances aux Xe et XIe siècles", Pages 248-249). Married before 955 in France: ?tienne, Comte de G‚vaudan, son of Ermengaud, Count de Rouergue and Ad‚la‹s=Ala‹s de Toulouse; ?tienne was Ad‚la‹de's first husband (Keats-Rohan, Family Trees and Roots, Settipani, Christain: Chapter 11: " Les comtes d'Anjou et leurs alliances aux Xe et XIe siècles", Page 247). Married in 982 in Brioude, Aquitaine, France: Louis V, King de France, son of Lothaire, King de France and Emma, Princess of Italy; Ad‚la‹de was the widow of Stephen (?tienne), Count of G‚vaudun, when she married the young King Louis V, son of King Lothaire -- she being much older than he. Conjugal love between the couple was nil. After all, King Louis was still an adolescent and she was quite old and set in her ways. They refused to share a common bed. They even had different residences. Not surprisingly, Ad‚la‹de bore Louis no children. Married in 984 in France: Guillaume I/II, Count de Provence, son of Bozon II, Count d'Arles and Folcoare=Constance de Toulouse; "Regina, sese viduatam dolens ..., Wilelmum Arelatensem [Wilhelm of Arles] adiit, eique nupsit" (Keats-Rohan, Family Trees and Roots, Settipani, Christain: Chapter 11: " Les comtes d'Anjou et leurs alliances aux Xe et XIe siècles", Page 248). Divorced Louis V, King de France: in 984 in France; When King Louis V's father felt that his son was having problems and also that he lacked the dignity expected of royalty, he came to Brioude to confer with him. They left Brioude together. The Queen, Ad‚la‹de, feeling abandoned, sought support from Guillaume d'Arles and married him. The divorce from Louis followed shortly. Died: 1026(Keats-Rohan, Family Trees and Roots, Settipani, Christain: Chapter 11: " Les comtes d'Anjou et leurs alliances aux Xe et XIe siècles", Page 247.) (Walter D., Jr. Perro, The Ancient, Royal, and Colonial America Ancestry of Walter D. Perro, Jr., Draft A. (8-Feb-1995 at 16:17 Hours), Page 4 [2-Feb-95 @ 16:10 Hrs], Citing A.G. Moriarty: "The Ancestry of King Edward III, The Plantagenets"; F. Weiss & W.L. Sheppard "Ancestral Roots of 60 Colonists:, 5th. Ed, G. Paget "Lineage and Ancestry of HRH Prince Charles, Prince of Wales").

1570. Robaud III, Count de Forcalquier(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 148) (Stuart, Page 261, Line 375-33). AKA: Robaud III, Marquis de Provence. AKA: Robaud III, Count de Venaissin. AKA: Rotbaud II, Count de Provence(Abbott, Page 606). Born: before 951 in Provence, France, son of Bozon II, Count d'Arles and Folcoare=Constance de Toulouse, Robaud III was Count de Provence in Avignon in 961 and is presumed to have been at least 10 years old at that time. Married before 974: Ermengarde=?mildis de G‚vaudan. Died: 1008.

1571. Ermengarde=?mildis de G‚vaudan(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 148) (Stuart, Page 261, Line 375-33). Married Name: de Forcalquier. Born: before 960 Ermengarde is presumed to have been at least 15 years old by the time her daughter Emm‚ was born. Married before 974: Robaud III, Count de Forcalquier, son of Bozon II, Count d'Arles and Folcoare=Constance de Toulouse. Died: 22 Aug 1057.

1572. Audebert I, Count de La Marche(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 55) (Abbott, Page 423). Born: before 960 in Poitou, France, son of Boson I, Count de La Marche and Emm‚, Countess de P‚rigord, Audebert was alive in the year 992. He is presumed to have been at least 15 years old by the time his son Bernard was born. Married circa 974: Almodis de Limoges, daughter of Giraud, Vicomte de Limoges and Rothilde de Brosse. Died: 997 in Gen‡ay, Vienne, Poitou, France, Audebert I was killed in battle(Stuart, Page 232).

1573. Almodis de Limoges(Stuart). Married Name: de La Marche. Born: before 960, daughter of Giraud, Vicomte de Limoges and Rothilde de Brosse, Almodis is presumed to have been at least 15 years old by the time her son Bernard was born. Married circa 974: Audebert I, Count de La Marche, son of Boson I, Count de La Marche and Emm‚, Countess de P‚rigord. Died: between 1007 and 1011(Stuart).

1574. G‚rard de Montignac(Stuart). Born: before 955 in France G‚rard is presumed to have been at least 20 years old by the time his daughter Am‚lie was born. Married before 974 in France: Nonia=No¤a de Granol.

1575. Nonia=No¤a de Granol. Married Name: de Montignac. Born: before 960 No¤a is presumed to have been at least 15 years old by the time her daughter Am‚lie was born. Married before 974 in France: G‚rard de Montignac.

1576. Sancho Garcia III, King de Navarre(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 207, 259) (Stuart, Page 111, Line 151-33; Page 164, Line 223-36.) (Aug‚) (Castelot, Tome 2, Page 436). Also Known As: Sancho Garcia "The Great." AKA: Sanche "Le Grand"(Abbott, Page 491). Born: between 990 and 992 in Navarre, Spain, son of Garcia IV Sanchez, King de Navarre and Ximena=Chimène Fernandez. Note - between 1000 and 1035 in Arag¢n, Spain: Sancho Garcia III became the King of Castile in 1026, and was also the King of Castille and of Arag¢n. Sancho Garcia III was the King of Navarre from 1000 to 1035 and also ruled the adjacent County of Arag¢n. Through marriage, politics and force he added the County of Castile (1029) and the Kingdom of Le¢n (1034) to his domain. He assumed the title emperor, and claimed leadership of Christian Spain. He supported the Monks of Cluny. His kingdom was divided among his four sons, each bearing the title of King, and giving rise to the kingdoms of Arag¢n and of Castile. Married in 1010 in Spain: Major=Mu¤a=Elvira, Countess de Castile, daughter of Sancho Garcia, Count de Lara and Urraque Salvadores. Significant-Other: Sancha, Se¤ora de Aybar before 1025 - Sancha was the heiress of Aybar, and a concubine of Sancho Garcia III. Died: 18 Oct 1035 in Bureba, Spain, Sancho Garcia III was murdered, and was burried at Saint Salvadore de Ona.

1577. Major=Mu¤a=Elvira, Countess de Castile(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 207, 259) (Stuart, Page 206, Line 285-33.) (Paul Theroff, posts, Posting in Subject "Spain & Portugal" on 5 March 1994 at 03:30 Hours). Married Name: de Navarre. AKA: Mu¤a Mayor. Born: 995 in Burgos, Castile, Spain, daughter of Sancho Garcia, Count de Lara and Urraque Salvadores. Married in 1010 in Spain: Sancho Garcia III, King de Navarre, son of Garcia IV Sanchez, King de Navarre and Ximena=Chimène Fernandez. Note - between 1025 and 1028: Major was the co-heir of Castile and of the Countship of Alava. Castile was developed as a Christian state fighting to resist conquest by the Moors. Old Castile lies North of the Guadarrama Mountains, but in the 11th. Century, the Castilians pushed across the Sierra de Guadarrama and occupied new Castile and the region now occupies much of the interior of Spain with its major cities being Madrid, Cuenca and Toleda. When Queen Isabella I of Castile married Ferdinand II, King of Aragon, the two provinces were merged to create the Kingdom of Spain, in 1479. Died: after 13 Jul 1066 in Fromista, Spain, Major Mu¤a is burried at San Salvador de Ona.

1578. Alfonso V, King de Le¢n(Stuart, Page 201, Line 276-33) (Aug‚, Volume 1, Page 51). AKA: Alfonso V, King des Asturies. AKA: Alfonso V, King de Castile. Born: 994 in Spain, son of Bermudo II, King de Le¢n and Elvira Garcia de Castile. Note - between 999 and 1027 in Spain: Alfonso V was King of Le¢n and of the Asturies. He waged war on the Moors in Portugal from 999 to 1027. Married in Jan 1013: Elvira Menendez de Galicia, daughter of Menendo Gonzalez, Count de Galicia and Urraque Garces de Navarre. Married in 1023: Urraque Garces de Navarre, daughter of Garcia IV Sanchez, King de Navarre and Ximena=Chimène Fernandez. Died: 7 Aug 1028 in Viseu, France, Alfonso V was slain and is burried at the Church of San Isidore de Leon.

1579. Elvira Menendez de Galicia(Stuart, Page 202, Line 277-33). Married Name: des Asturies. Married Name: de Le¢n. Born: circa 996 in Spain, daughter of Menendo Gonzalez, Count de Galicia and Urraque Garces de Navarre(Stuart). Married in Jan 1013: Alfonso V, King de Le¢n, son of Bermudo II, King de Le¢n and Elvira Garcia de Castile. Died: 2 Dec 1022 in Le¢n, Spain, Elvira is buried at the Church of Saint Isidoro de Le¢n.

1592. Guillaume I/II, Count de Provence(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 114, 147) (Stuart, Page 236, Line 333-35.) (Paul Theroff, posts, 2 May 1994 at 14:37 Hours.) (Castelot, Tome 1, Page 419.) (Abbott, Page 606). AKA: Guillaume II d'Arles. Born: circa 955 in Anjou, France, son of Bozon II, Count d'Arles and Folcoare=Constance de Toulouse. Occupation: in 968 Guillaume was the Count de Provence at Arles in the year 968, and the Marquis of Provence. Married before 983: Arsinde de Comminges, daughter of Arnold I, Comte de Comminges and Arsende, Countess de Carcassonne; Arsinde was Guillaume I/II's first wife. Married in 984 in France: Ad‚la‹s=Adèle d'Anjou, daughter of Fouques II, Count d'Anjou and Gerberge, Comtesse de Gƒtinais; "Regina, sese viduatam dolens ..., Wilelmum Arelatensem [Wilhelm of Arles] adiit, eique nupsit" (Keats-Rohan, Family Trees and Roots, Settipani, Christain: Chapter 11: " Les comtes d'Anjou et leurs alliances aux Xe et XIe siècles", Page 248). Occupation: between 992 and 994 in Avignon, Provence, France, Guillaume I/II was a priest in Avignon. Died: circa 994 in Avignon, France, Guillaume died a priest.

1593. Arsinde de Comminges(Paul Theroff, posts, 12 September 1994 at 00:57 Hours). Married Name: de Provence. Born: between 941 and 956 in France, daughter of Arnold I, Comte de Comminges and Arsende, Countess de Carcassonne, The parentage of Arsinde is hypothetical. Married before 983: Guillaume I/II, Count de Provence, son of Bozon II, Count d'Arles and Folcoare=Constance de Toulouse; Arsinde was Guillaume I/II's first wife.

1594. Otto-Guillaume, Duke de Bourgogne (above)

1595. Ermentrude de Reims (above)

1600. Garcie=Oriol, Count d'Aure(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 243). Born: before 937 in France Garcie is presumed to have been at least 15 years old by the time his son Arnaud II was born. Married before 952: Fachilène d'Astarac, daughter of Arnaldo=Renoud, Count d'Astarac and N?; Garcie was Fachilène's second husband.

1601. Fachilène d'Astarac(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 243) (Stuart, Page 159, Line 216-35). Married Name: d'Aure. Married Name: de Bigorre. AKA: Faquilène, Vicomtesse de Magnoac(Abbott, Page 360). Born: before 935, daughter of Arnaldo=Renoud, Count d'Astarac and N?, Fachilène is presumed to have been at least 15 years old by the time her son Arnaud II was born. Married before 949: Raymond I Dato, Count de Bigorre, son of Dato II Loup, Count de Bigorre and Lupa Sanchez de Navarre; Raymond I Dato was Fachilène's first husband. Married before 952: Garcie=Oriol, Count d'Aure; Garcie was Fachilène's second husband. Married before 960: Oriol, Vicomte d'Aure, son of Dato II Loup, Count de Bigorre and Lupa Sanchez de Navarre; Oriol married his older brother's widow. Died: after 990 Fachilène was alive in the year 990.

1664. Roger I, Seigneur de Comminges(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 86) (Stuart, Page 209, Line 291-35.) (Paul Theroff, posts, "de Foix" posted on 21 March 1995 at 02:08 Hours). AKA: Roger I, Count de Cons‚rans. AKA: Roger, Count de Carcassonne(Abbott, Pages 379, 482). Born: before 957 in Carcassonnais, France, son of Arnold I, Comte de Comminges and Arsende, Countess de Carcassonne. Married before Apr 970: Ad‚la‹de de Rouergue; Ad‚la‹de was the widow of Roger I's Uncle. Died: 1019.

1665. Ad‚la‹de de Rouergue(Stuart, Page 209, Line 291-35). Married Name: de Comminges. Married Name: de Carcassonne. AKA: Ad‚la‹de de Pons. Born: before 948 in France Ad‚la‹de is presumed to have been at least 17 years old when her husband, Roger, died. Married before 964: Roger, Comte de Comminges, son of Aznar, Count de Cons‚rans and N?; Roger was Ad‚la‹de's first husband. Married before Apr 970: Roger I, Seigneur de Comminges, son of Arnold I, Comte de Comminges and Arsende, Countess de Carcassonne; Ad‚la‹de was the widow of Roger I's Uncle. Died: after 1011.

1666. Garcia Arnaldo, Comte de Bigorre(Stuart, Page 159, Line 227-34.) (Paul Theroff, posts, 17 July 1994 at 19:02 Hours). Born: before 965, son of Arnaud I, Count de Bigorre and N?, Garcia Arnaldo is presumed to have been at least 15 years old by the time his daughter Gersinde was born. Married before 980: Ricarde d'Astarac, daughter of Guillermo I, Count d'Astarac and N?. Died: circa 1035(Abbott, Page 346).

1667. Ricarde d'Astarac(Stuart, Page 159, Line 227-34.) (Paul Theroff, posts, 17 July 1994 at 19:02 Hours). Married Name: de Bigorre. Born: before 965, daughter of Guillermo I, Count d'Astarac and N?, Ricarde is presumed to have been at least 15 years old by the time her daughter Gersinde was born. Married before 980: Garcia Arnaldo, Comte de Bigorre, son of Arnaud I, Count de Bigorre and N?.

1672. Bernard I, Count de Besalu (above)

1673. Toda de Provence (above)

1676. Guillaume II/III, Count de Provence (above)

1677. Gerberge de Bourgogne (above)

1678. Bertrand, Comte de Marseille(Paul Theroff, posts). AKA: Bertrand, Comte de G‚vaudan(Paul Theroff, posts) (Abbott, Page 385). Born: before 957 in France, son of ?tienne, Comte de G‚vaudan and Ad‚la‹s=Adèle d'Anjou. Married before 997: N?. Died: after 998 Bertrand was alive in the year 998.

1679. N?

1680. B‚renger-Raymond, Count de Barcelone(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 86) (Stuart, Page 39, Line 54-33). AKA: Ram¢n-B‚renger I, Marquis de Barcelone. Also Known As: Ram¢n "El Curvo." Born: 1005, son of Raymond I dit Borel, Count de Barcelone and Ermessinde de Carcassonne. Married in 1018 in Spain: Sancha, de Gascogne, daughter of Sancho Garcia, Count de Lara and Urraque Salvadores; Sancha was B‚renger-Raymond's first wife. According to E.S. [via Paul Theroff], B‚renger-Raymond married Sancha de Castile as his second wife, but Stuart's "Royalty for Commoners" indicates that Sancha de Gascogne and Sancha de Castile were one in the same person. Andr‚ Roux indicates Sancha de Gascogne married B‚renger Raymond in 1218 which matches E.S.'s marriage date for the first marriage. Stuart shows the date of marriage as 1021 which matches E.S.'s date of B‚renger-Raymond's second marriage. Married in 1027: Gisèle de Lluca; Gisèle was B‚renger-Raymond's third wife. Died: 26 May 1035 B‚renger-Raymond was killed and is buried in Santa Maria de Ripoll.

1681. Sancha, de Gascogne(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 86) (Stuart, Page 39, Line 54-33). AKA: Sanche de Bordeaux. Married Name: de Barcelone. AKA: Sancha Sanchez de Castile. Born: between 996 and 1006, daughter of Sancho Garcia, Count de Lara and Urraque Salvadores, Sanche is presumed to have been at least 20 years old when she died. Married in 1018 in Spain: B‚renger-Raymond, Count de Barcelone, son of Raymond I dit Borel, Count de Barcelone and Ermessinde de Carcassonne; Sancha was B‚renger-Raymond's first wife. According to E.S. [via Paul Theroff], B‚renger-Raymond married Sancha de Castile as his second wife, but Stuart's "Royalty for Commoners" indicates that Sancha de Gascogne and Sancha de Castile were one in the same person. Andr‚ Roux indicates Sancha de Gascogne married B‚renger Raymond in 1218 which matches E.S.'s marriage date for the first marriage. Stuart shows the date of marriage as 1021 which matches E.S.'s date of B‚renger-Raymond's second marriage. Died: 26 Jun 1026 Sancha is buried in Santa Maria de Ripoll.

1684. Tancrède, Comte de Hauteville(Stuart, Page 212, Line 296-33.) (Paul Theroff, posts, 16 July 1994 at 01:59 Hours.) (Aug‚, Tome II, Page 882). Born: before 995 in Hauteville, Ain, Bourgogne, France Tancrède is presumed to have been at least 15 years old by the time his son Serlon Richard was born. Tancrède was the father of several princes who were the founders of the Norman domination in Italy. Hauteville is about 34 km. from Belley and near the Albarine River. Married before 1013: Murielle de Normandie, daughter of Richard I, Duke de Normandie and N?; Murielle was Tancred's first wife. Married in 1020: Fr‚desende de Normandie, daughter of Richard I, Duke de Normandie and Gonnor, Dame de Bolbec; Fr‚desende was Tancred's second wife and Murielle's (his first wife) sister. Died: circa 1041.

1685. Fr‚desende de Normandie(Paul Theroff, posts, 16 July 1994 at 01:59 Hours). Married Name: de Hauteville. Born Illeg.: before 995 in France -, daughter of Richard I, Duke de Normandie and Gonnor, Dame de Bolbec, -. Married in 1020: Tancrède, Comte de Hauteville; Fr‚desende was Tancred's second wife and Murielle's (his first wife) sister.

1686. Gaimar IV, Prince de Salerno; Gaimar IV was Prince in the year 1043 (Stuart, Page 213, Line 297-33). AKA: Gaimar IV, Prince de Capua. AKA: Gaimar IV, Prince de Amalfi. AKA: Gaimar IV, Prince de Calabre. Born: 1010, son of Gaimar III, Prince de Salerno and Gaitelgrima de Benevento. Married before 1025: Porpora de Tabellaria, daughter of Laidolfo, Count de Tabellaria and Aldara de San Massimo. Died: 3 Jun 1052 Gaimar IV was murdered.

1687. Porpora de Tabellaria(Stuart). Married Name: de Salerno. Born: before 1010, daughter of Laidolfo, Count de Tabellaria and Aldara de San Massimo, Porpora is presumed to have been at least 15 years old by the time her daughter Sikelgaita was born. Married before 1025: Gaimar IV, Prince de Salerno, son of Gaimar III, Prince de Salerno and Gaitelgrima de Benevento.

1688. Lain Nu¤ez, Lord de Castile(Stuart). Born: before 1000, son of Nu¤o Lainez and Eilone Fernandez, Lain is presumed to have been at least 15 years old by the time his son Diego was born. Married before 1015: N?. Occupation: between 1045 and 1063 Lain was a Lord at the court of Fernando I, 1045 - 1063. Died: after 1063 Lain was alive in the year 1063.

1689. N?

1690. Roderigo Alvarez, Count des Asturies(Stuart). AKA: Roderigo Alvarez. Born: before 1000 Roderigo is presumed to have been at least 15 years old by the time his daughter Teresa was born. Married before 1015: Theresa Lainez de Castile. Died: after 1066 Roderigo was Count des Asturies, 1038 - 1066.

1691. Theresa Lainez de Castile(ibid). AKA: Theresa Lainez. Married Name: des Asturies. Born: before 1000 Theresa is presumed to have been at least 15 years old by the time her daughter Teresa was born. Married before 1015: Roderigo Alvarez, Count des Asturies.

1694. Fernando Gundemariz(Stuart). Born: before 1011, son of Gundemaro des Asturies and N?. Married before 1039: Ximena de Le¢n, daughter of Alfonso V, King de Le¢n and Urraque Garces de Navarre.

1695. Ximena de Le¢n(ibid). Married Name: Gundemariz. Born: before 1024, daughter of Alfonso V, King de Le¢n and Urraque Garces de Navarre, Ximena is presumed to have been at least 15 years old by the time her daughter Christina was born. Married before 1039: Fernando Gundemariz, son of Gundemaro des Asturies and N?.

1696. Aton II, Vicomte d'Albi(Abbott, Page 377). AKA: Aton, Vicomte de NŒmes(Abbott). Born: before 970 in Albi, Albigeois, Languedoc, France, son of Bernard Aton II, Vicomte d'Albi and Gaucie, Vicomtesse de NŒmes. Married before 998: N?. Died: 1030(ibid).

1697. N?

1700. Raymond I, Count de Carcassonne(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 138) (Abbott, Page 482). AKA: Ramon Roger I, Comte de Carcassonne(Paul Theroff, posts, "de Foix" posted on 21 March 1995 at 02:08 Hours). Born: before 976 in Amiens, Somme, Picardie, France, son of Roger I, Seigneur de Comminges and Ad‚la‹de de Rouergue, Ramon Roger I is presumed to have been at least 14 years old when he married Garsinde. Married before 990: Garcende, Vicomtesse de Béziers, daughter of Guillaume, Count de Béziers and Arsinde, Vicomtesse N?.

1701. Garcende, Vicomtesse de Béziers (above)

1702. Guillaume III, Count de Toulouse (above)

1703. Emm‚ de Forcalquier (above)

 --- 12th Generation ---

2048. Bernard II, Vicomte de Carlat (above)

2049. Ad‚la‹de de Millau (above)

2052. Reinold II, Viscount de Béziers. AKA: Boson II, Vicomte d'Agde(Abbott, Page 375). AKA: Boson II, Vicomte de Biterrois Boson II was Vicomte de Biterrois around 960(Abbott). Born: before 934 in Vincennes, Seine, Champagne, France, son of Teudon, Viscount d'Agde and N?, Reinold II is presumed to have been at least 18 years old by the time his son Guillaume was born. Married before 951: N?. Died: after 969 Reinold II was alive in the year 969.

2053. N?

2056. Manfred = Matfrid, Vicomte de Narbonne(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 161) (Stuart, Page 160, Line 218-36.) (Abbott, Page 393). Born: circa 933 in Narbonne, Aude, Languedoc, France, son of Odon, Vicomte de Narbonne and Richilde de Barcelone. Married before 945 in France: Ad‚la‹s de Toulouse, daughter of Raymond III, Count de Toulouse and Garsinde de Gascogne. Died: 970 in France.

2057. Ad‚la‹s de Toulouse(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 161) (Stuart, Page 160, Line 218-36). Married Name: de Narbonne. Born: before 935 in Languedoc, France, daughter of Raymond III, Count de Toulouse and Garsinde de Gascogne. Married before 945 in France: Manfred = Matfrid, Vicomte de Narbonne, son of Odon, Vicomte de Narbonne and Richilde de Barcelone. Died: after 977 Ad‚la‹s was alive in the year 977.

2058. Hughes de Rodez(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 161) (Stuart, Page 160, Line 218-35). Born: before 960 in Guyenne, France Hughes is presumed to have been at least 20 years old by the time his daughter Ricarde was born. Married before 979: N?.

2059. N?

2060. Oliva II, Count de Cerdagne(Stuart). AKA: Oliva II Cabreta, Count de Barcelone. AKA: Oliva Cabreta, Comte de Conflent(Abbott, Page 479). AKA: Oliva Cabreta, Count de Besalu(ibid). Born: before 924, son of Myr, Count de Barcelone and Ava de Ribagorza. Occupation: between 965 and 988 Oliva II wads Count of Cerdagne and of Besalu from 965 to 988. Married before 981: Ermengarde des Ampurias, daughter of Gausbert, Comte de Roussillon and Trudegarda N?. Significant-Other: Ingilberga de Besora before 986 -. Occupation: between 988 and 990 Oliva II entered the Benedictine Monastery at Montecassino circa 988(Paul Theroff, posts). Died: either 988 or 990 Stuatr inidicates that Oliva II died in 990, but Abbott indicates it was in 988(Abbott, Page 480).

2061. Ermengarde des Ampurias(Stuart, Page 206, Line 284-36). Married Name: de Cerdagne. Born: before 967, daughter of Gausbert, Comte de Roussillon and Trudegarda N?, Ermengarde is presumed to have been at least 15 years old by the time her son Bernard I was born. Her parentage is unproven. Married before 981: Oliva II, Count de Cerdagne, son of Myr, Count de Barcelone and Ava de Ribagorza. Died: 994.

2062. Guillaume I/II, Count de Provence (above)

2063. Ad‚la‹s=Adèle d'Anjou (above)

2064. Richard I=G‚rard, Vicomte de Carlat(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 183) (Stuart, Page 189, Line 257-36.) (Abbott, Page 448). Born: before 907 in Cantal, Carlat, Auvergne, France, son of Bernard I, Vicomte de Carlat and N?, Richard I is presumed to have been at least 15 years old by the time his son Bernard II was born. Married before 914: N?. Died: after 950 Richard I was alive in the year 950(Stuart, Page 189).

2065. N?

2372. Aimery, Vicomte de Limoges(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 137, 228). AKA: Aimery I Ostrafranc, Vicomte de Rochechouart(Abbott, Pages 417, 434). Born: before 964 in Limoges, Haute-Vienne, Limousin, France, son of Giraud, Vicomte de Limoges and Rothilde de Brosse, Aimery is presumed to have been born before his father was 50 years old. Married before 1009 in France: Ave N?. Died: after 1018 in Rochechouard, Limousin, France, Aimery was alive in the year 1018.

2373. Ave N?(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 137, 228). Married Name: de Limoges. Married Name: de Rochechouart. Born: before 995 in France Ave is presumed to have been at least 15 years old by the time her son Aimery II was born. Married before 1009 in France: Aimery, Vicomte de Limoges, son of Giraud, Vicomte de Limoges and Rothilde de Brosse.

2374. Foucaud de Champagne(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls). Born: before 993 in France Foucaud is presumed to have been at least 20 years old by the time his daughter Ermessinde was born. Married before 1012: N?.

2375. N?

2384. Guy I, Vicomte de Limoges(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls). Born: before 963 in Limoges, Haute-Vienne, Limousin, France, son of Giraud, Vicomte de Limoges and Rothilde de Brosse. Married before 993: Emm‚=Anne de Limoges, daughter of Aymar = Adh‚mar, Vicomte de Limoges and M‚lisende N?. Died: 1025(Abbott, Pages 434 - 435).

2385. Emm‚=Anne de Limoges(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 137) (Abbott, Pages 434 - 435). Married Name: de Limoges. Born: before 978 in Limoges, Haute-Vienne, Limousin, France, daughter of Aymar = Adh‚mar, Vicomte de Limoges and M‚lisende N?, Emm‚ is presumed to have been at least 15 years old when she married Guy I. Married before 993: Guy I, Vicomte de Limoges, son of Giraud, Vicomte de Limoges and Rothilde de Brosse.

2392. Fouques, Count d'Angoulˆme(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 87) (Stuart, Page 65, Line 87-31). AKA: Fouques, Count d'Archiac. Also Known As: Foulques "Taillefer"(Genealogy BB of Prodigy Svcs., Posted by Robert Carver, MGC [Prodigy ID# CQGW37A] under Subject "Fitzalan", on 12 April 1997 at 13:38 Hours, and citing Lord Mountbatten's handwritten document on "The Plantagenet Ancestry"). Born: between 1025 and 1029, son of Geoffroy, Count d'Angoulˆme and P‚tronille, Dame d'Archiac. Married circa 1062 in France: Condohe V‚gena, daughter of Robert, Comte d'Eu and B‚atrice N?; Roderick Stuart in Royalty for Commoners confused Condoh‚'s birth date with her date of marriage, and ascribes her the wrong father. Died: 1089(Abbott, Page 458).

2393. Condohe V‚gena(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 87) (Stuart, Page 65, Line 87-31.) (Paul Theroff, posts, 04 February 1995, at 15:14 Hours). Married Name: d'Angoulˆme. AKA: Condoha d'Eu. Born: before 1050 in Angoulˆme, Aquitaine, France, daughter of Robert, Comte d'Eu and B‚atrice N?, Condohe is presumed to have been at least 15 years old by the time her son Guillaume III. Andr‚ Roux's as well as Lord Mountbatten's [via Robert Carver] data indicate this Condohe was Condohe V‚gena, daughter of Ounorman. Other sources (including Stuart's "Royalty for Commoners", Line 87-31) indicate she was Condohe of Angouleme, daughter of Robert, Comte d'Eu. Stuart also has her date of birth at circa 1062 which would have made her all of 3 years old by the time he asserts her son Guillaume was born(Genealogy BB of Prodigy Svcs., Posted by Robert Carver, MGC [Prodigy ID# CQGW37A] under Subject "Fitzalan", on 12 April 1997 at 13:38 Hours, and citing Lord Mountbatten's handwritten document on "The Plantagenet Ancestry"). PaterAlter before 1050 Condohe V‚gena/Ounorman V‚gena. MaterAlter: before 1050 N?/Condohe V‚gena. Married circa 1062 in France: Fouques, Count d'Angoulˆme, son of Geoffroy, Count d'Angoulˆme and P‚tronille, Dame d'Archiac; Roderick Stuart in Royalty for Commoners confused Condoh‚'s birth date with her date of marriage, and ascribes her the wrong father.

2394. Amanieu, Sire de Benauges(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 87) (Stuart, Page 65, Line 87-30.) (Paul Theroff, posts, 04 February 1995 at 15:14 Hours.) (Abbott, Page 311). AKA: Amanieu, Sire de Saint-Mƒcaire(ibid). AKA: Guillen Amanieu II d'Albret. AKA: Guillen Amanieu II, Vicomte de Bezaume. Born: before 1056 in La R‚ole, Bezaume, Gascogne, France, son of Guillen Amanieu, Comte de Benauges and Amalvina, Vicomtesse de Bezaume, Amanjeu is presumed to have been at least 18 years old by the time his daughter Vitapont was born. Married before 1074: N?. Died: circa 1103.

2395. N?

2396. Roger, Seigneur de Montgommery(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 36) (Stuart, Page 237, Line 335-33). AKA: Roger, Earl of Shrewsbury. AKA: Roger, Regent de Normandie. AKA: Roger, Earl of Shropshire. AKA: Roger, Earl of Arundel. Born: circa 1005 in Shrewbury, Shropshire, England, son of Hughes, Baron of Montgommery and Josseline de Bolbec. Note - between 1035 and 1094: In 1035, Roger was exiled to Paris because of treason to the Duke. Roger raised an enormous army and provided over 60 ships for William the Conqueror, then stayed behind to hold Normandie for William while the latter went off to conquer England. His loyalty was rewarded by William in the form of huge land grants in England and the Welsh March. Roger frequently spent extended periods of time in England to tend to these interests, and left his wife Mabel, behind in Normandie to oversee their Norman lands and properties. She even led forces into battle on his behalf and was involved in numerous political intrigues. Married between 1048 and 1055 in England: Mabile, Comtesse de Bellˆme, daughter of Guillaume II Talvas, Comte de Bellˆme and Hildeburge = Haberge de Beaumont. Died: 27 Jul 1094 in Shrewsbury, England, Roger was a monk when he died and is buried at the Abbey of Saint Peter in Shrewbury.

2397. Mabile, Comtesse de Bellˆme(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 36, 53) (Stuart, Page 252, Line 360-32.) (Genealogy BB of Prodigy Svcs., Posted by Dorothy Clark in the Prodigy Interactive Personal Services Genealogy BB [Prodigy ID#DULW93A] under Subject "Talvas" on 7 January 1996 at 16:23 Hours.) (Abbott, Page 133). AKA: Mabile, Dame d'Alen‡on Alen‡on became a County upon its acquisition into the Montgommery family(Abbott). Married Name: de Montgommery. Born: circa 1015 in Alen‡on, Orne, Maine, France, daughter of Guillaume II Talvas, Comte de Bellˆme and Hildeburge = Haberge de Beaumont. Married between 1048 and 1055 in England: Roger, Seigneur de Montgommery, son of Hughes, Baron of Montgommery and Josseline de Bolbec. Note - circa 1065: Mabile was the heiress of Bellˆme and Alen‡on. She tended the lands of her family and her husband while he was off in England overseeing his lands deeded by William the Conqueror in rocognition of Roger's massive support. Mabile apparently bested someone in a property dispute and he sough revenge by having her assassinated with the help of some of Roger's disgruntled officers. The four officers, while pursued, were never found. Died: 2 Dec 1082 in Chƒteau de Bures-sur-Dives, Normandie, France, Mabile met her end while her husband was away, while depriving a sub-tenant, Pantulf of Perai, of his lands. She was murdered in her bed by his friend, Hughes de La Roche-d'Inge [Abbott identifies him as Hughes de La Roche-d'Iz‚at], who cut off her head with a sword after his men had stormed the castle at Bures-dur-Dives.

2398. Audebert II, Comte de La Marche(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 55) (Abbott, Page 423). Born: before 1029 in France, son of Bernard, Count de La Marche and Am‚lie de Montignac, Audebert II is presumed to have been at least 15 years old by the time his daughter Matilde was born. Married before 1043: Ponce N?; Ponce was Audebert's second wife. Died: 1088.

2399. Ponce N?(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 55). Married Name: de La Marche. Born: before 1029 in France Ponce is presumed to have been at least 15 years old by the time her daughter Matilde was born. Married before 1043: Audebert II, Comte de La Marche, son of Bernard, Count de La Marche and Am‚lie de Montignac; Ponce was Audebert's second wife. Died: after 1076 Ponce was alive in the year 1076.

2400. Audebert II, Count de P‚rigord(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 83) (Abbott, Page 330). Born: before 1047 in Guyenne, France, son of H‚lie II de P‚rigord and Adèle N?, Audebert III is presumed to have been at least 18 years old by the time his son H‚lie IV was born. Andr‚ Roux shows Audebert II to be the son of H‚lie II by Adèle, but Abbott indicates Audebert II was the son of Boson III, H‚lie II's brother. PaterAlter before 1047 Audebert II, Count de P‚rigord/Boson III, Comte de P‚rigord. Married before 1065 in France: Arceline N?. Died: circa 1073 Audebert II was Count in 1068(ibid).

2401. Arceline N?(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 83). Married Name: de P‚rigord. Born: before 1051 in France Arceline is presumed to have been at least 15 years old by the time her son H‚lie IV was born. Married before 1065 in France: Audebert II, Count de P‚rigord, son of H‚lie II de P‚rigord and Adèle N?.

2568. N?, Count de Melgueil(Stuart, Page 151, Line 203-33). Born: before 969 in France, son of Bernard II, Count de Melgueil and S‚n‚gonde N?, He is presumed to have been at least 20 years old when he died. Married before 989: N?. Died: 20 Feb 989.

2569. N?

2572. Guillaume IV, Duke d'Aquitaine(Data from Encyclopedia entry) (Stuart, Page 66, Line 88-34.) (Paul Theroff, posts, 07 June 1995 at 14:11 Hours). AKA: Guillaume II, Comte de Poitou Guillaume II abdicated in 990(Abbott, Page 402). AKA: Guillaume II, Duke de Normandie. Also Known As: Guillaume "Bras de Fer"(Abbott). Born: circa 937 in France, son of Guillaume=William I, Comte d'Aquitaine and Adèle de Normandie. Married in 968: Emma de Blois, daughter of Thibaut, Count de Blois and Leutgarde de Vermandois. Died: 3 Apr 995.

2573. Emma de Blois(Encyclopedia) (Stuart, Page 240, Line 340-34). Married Name: d'Aquitaine. Born: 951, daughter of Thibaut, Count de Blois and Leutgarde de Vermandois. Married in 968: Guillaume IV, Duke d'Aquitaine, son of Guillaume=William I, Comte d'Aquitaine and Adèle de Normandie. Died: 1 Aug 1003.

2574. Otto-Guillaume, Duke de Bourgogne (above)

2575. Ermentrude de Reims (above)

2688. Guillaume I, Seigneur de Montpellier(Stuart). Born: before 958 in Languedoc, France Guillaume I is presumed to have been at least 17 years old by the time he became Seigneur. Note - in 975 in Montpellier, H‚rault, Languedoc, France: In the tenth Centuey, two ladies of the House of Melgueil gave Montpellier to the Bishop of Maguelonne, Ricuin II. He gave part of these lands, on which a town scarcely existed to a vassal of the Comte de Melgueil, named Guy or Guillaume, who already possessed some land in the neighborhood. The Bishop kept the part called Montpellieret(Abbott, Page 392). Married before 986: N?. Died: after 999 Guillaume I was alive in the year 999.

2689. N?

2720. Anselm I, Marchese de Savona(Stuart, Page 80, Line 106-35). Born: circa 961, son of Adelramus, Marchese de Ligurie and Gerberge d'Ivr‚e. Married before 1004: Gisela of Vincenza, daughter of Adalberto II, Marchese d'Este and N?. Died: circa 1014 Anselm was alive in the year 1014.

2721. Gisela of Vincenza(ibid). Married Name: de Savona. Born: before 989, daughter of Adalberto II, Marchese d'Este and N?, Gisela is presumed to have been at least 15 years old by the time her son Oberto I was born. Married before 1004: Anselm I, Marchese de Savona, son of Adelramus, Marchese de Ligurie and Gerberge d'Ivr‚e.

2724. Guido, Marchese de Turin(Stuart). AKA: Guido, Marchese de Alberaza. Born: before 1000, son of Ardoino IV, Marchese de Turin and N?, Guido is presumed to have been at least 15 years old by the time his son Odelrico was born. Married before 1015: N?. Died: after 1026 Guido was alive in the year 1026.

2725. N?

2728. Ardouin=Ardvino, Count di Turino(Stuart) (Paul Theroff, posts, "9th/10th Centy.Kings" posted on 18 February 1994 at 01:03 Hours). AKA: Ardouin, Marquis de Turin. AKA: Ardvino, Count di Auriate. Also Known As: Ardvino "il Glabro." Born: before 962 in Italy, son of Roger d'Auvergne and N. di Auriate, Ardouin is presumed to have been at least 15 years old by the time his son Manfredo I was born. Died: after 4 Apr 976 Ardouin was alive in the year 976. Married before 981: N. di Mosezzo, daughter of Manfredo, Seignore di Mosezzo and N?.

2729. N. di Mosezzo(Stuart, Page 225, Line 315-36). Married Name: di Turino. Born: before 886 in Italy, daughter of Manfredo, Seignore di Mosezzo and N?, She is presumed to have been born by the time her father was blinded by Lambert. Married before 981: Ardouin=Ardvino, Count di Turino, son of Roger d'Auvergne and N. di Auriate.

2730. Otton II, Count di Canossa(Stuart). AKA: Adalbert, Count de Modena. Born: before 966 in Italy, son of Siefried Langobarde and N?, Otton II is presumed to have been at least 15 years old by the time his daughter Prangarda was born. Married before 981: N?. Died: 13 Feb 988 Otton II is buried at Canossa, Italy.

2731. N?

2732. Alberto=Azzo, Count de Lucca; Alberto was Pfalzgrave from 962-972 in Lucca (Stuart). Born: before 940 in Italy, son of Adalbert III, Margrave de Toscane and N?, Alberto was made Marquis (Marchese) in the year 960 by B‚renger. He is presumed to have been at least 15 years old by the time his son Humbert was born. Married before 955: Guilla de Spoleto, daughter of Bonifacio I, Duke de Spoleto and N?. Died: circa 975.

2733. Guilla de Spoleto(ibid). Married Name: de Lucca. Born: before 928 in Spoleto, Italy, daughter of Bonifacio I, Duke de Spoleto and N?. Married before 955: Alberto=Azzo, Count de Lucca, son of Adalbert III, Margrave de Toscane and N?.

2734. Wiprand, Count de Como(Stuart). Born: before 940 in Italy, son of Olderado, Count de Como and Railinda de Verticilio, Wiprand is presumed to have been at least 15 years old by the time his daughter Railinda was born. Married before 955: N?. Died: 999.

2735. N?

2736. Hughes II, King de France(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 79) (Hallam, Pages 67 - 69.) (Stuart, Page 99, Line 134-34.) (Castelot, Tome 1, Pages 415, 424). AKA: Hughes Capet, Count de Paris. AKA: Hughes Capet, Count de Poitou. AKA: Hughes Capet, Count d'Orl‚ans. AKA: Hughes Capet, Comte d'Auxerre(Abbott, Page 202). AKA: Hughes Capet. Born: between 939 and 941, son of Hughes, dux Francorum and Hadwige, Princess de Saxe. Married in Jan 970 in France: Ad‚la‹de de Poitiers, daughter of Guillaume=William I, Comte d'Aquitaine and Adèle de Normandie; Some sources indicate that Alice and Hughes were married in 968. Note - between 987 and 996 in France: Hughes became King crowned and anointed on 3 July 987 in Noyon. Hughes was the Chief of the Capetian Dynasty, and ruled as King from 987 to 996 with the support of Adalb‚ron, Archbishop of Reims, and of the ecclesiastical Feudal churchmen. In 970, he married Ad‚la‹de de Poitiers, daughter of Guillaume III "Tˆte d'?toupe", Duke of Aquitaine. In the first month, hoping to secure the support of the Emperor Lothar, Hughes returns Verdun to him. On 25 December 987, he has his son, Robert, crowned King in the Cathedral of Sainte-Croix in Orl‚ans, to rule over the peoples West from the Meuse to the Ocean. He then gets the idea in his head to have his son marry Suzanne known as Rosala, daughter of the ex-King of Italy Berenger II, and widow that very year of Arnould II, Comte de Flandre. She is however 32, some claim 35, years older than young Robert. Her dowry would bring to the Capetian House, Montreuil-sur-Mer and direct access to the Channel. He was victorious over the last Carolingiens, Charles de Lorraine, with the help of Arnoul, Bishop of Orl‚ans, and was at the mercy of his vassals most notably the lords of Blois. His beginnings were very weak: Consider the dispute: While Adalbert, Comte de P‚rigord, laid siege to Tours, King Hughes and his son, Robert, would never dare to declare war on him, but they asked him "Who made you Count?", and Adalbert answered "Who made you King?". Succinctly put, this summarizes Hughes' difficult situation. Upon the death of Th‚ophano, Empress of Germany, one of Hughes most potent enemies, one who had supported Charles de Lorraine and the Archbishop Arnoul de Reims against Hughes, was eliminated in 992. However, Eudes de Chartres would take Melun. At this time, Hughes was in accord with Foulques Nerra, Comte d'Anjou. Richard of Rouen also is called to the rescue and Melun is given back to its rightful owner, Bouchard de Vend“me. He had his son Robert canonized.

The direct line of Hughes ruled for twelve succeeding generations following his death in 996 until 1328. Early kings associated their elder sons with the Throne during their lifetime.  While the direct line appeared content to use the name Capet, once the direct line was broken, the cadet line preferred to use the more euphonious names of Valois and Bourbon they derived from their fiefs. Died: 24 Oct 996 in Les Juifs, France, Les Juifs is near Chartres. Hughes is buried at Saint Denis.

2737. Ad‚la‹de de Poitiers(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 79) (Stuart, Page 119, Line 163-34.) (Paul Theroff, posts, 07 June 1995 at 14:11 Hours). Married Name: de France(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls). AKA: Alice de Poitou. AKA: Ad‚la‹de d'Aquitaine. Born: circa 950 in Poitiers, Vienne, Poitou, France, daughter of Guillaume=William I, Comte d'Aquitaine and Adèle de Normandie, History would remember Ad‚la‹de, the first capetian Queen of France, for her charity and piety. She was the founder of the Monastery de Saint-Frambault as well as of the Convent d'Argenteuil. Married in Jan 970 in France: Hughes II, King de France, son of Hughes, dux Francorum and Hadwige, Princess de Saxe; Some sources indicate that Alice and Hughes were married in 968. Died: between 1004 and 1006.

2738. Guillaume I/II, Count de Provence (above)

2739. Ad‚la‹s=Adèle d'Anjou (above)

2740. Saint Vladimir, Grand Prince of Kiev(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls) (Stuart, Page 104, Line 143-33.) (Aug‚, Tome II, Page 1054.) (Paul Theroff, posts, "Byzantium", Posted on 09 October 1995 at 03:15 Hours, citing E.S., Band II, Tafel 128.) (Genealogy BB of Prodigy Svcs., posted by Robert Carver, [Prodigy ID# MNDY85D], "Russian Royals" on 26 August 1995 at 11:58 Hours.) (Leana Randall, Prodigy Post, post under Subject "Russia" on 27 July 1994 at 02:43 Hours). AKA: Vladimir I, Prince of Russia. AKA: Vladimir I Swjatoslawitsch. AKA: Vladimir, Grand Prince of Novgorod. AKA: Vladimir, Grand Duke de Kiev. Born: circa 956 in Kiev, Ukraine, son of Swiatoslav I, Grand Prince of Kiev and Maloucha, the Slav. Married circa 976: Adlaga N?. Married circa 977 in Kiev, Ukraine: Olava N?. Married in 980: Rognieda de Polotsk, daughter of Rogwolod, Prince de Polotsk and N?; Rognieda is throught to have been Vladimir's third wife but may have been his first. Married circa 981: N?; She was a Greek and the widow of his Vladimir's brother T‚ropolk when she married Saint Vladimir. Married before 983 in Kiev, Ukraine: Malfrida of Bohemia. Baptized: in 988; Vladimir was baptized a Christian in the year 988, through he had many wives and concubines. The Russians were converted to Christianity as a people at that time. Prior to that, they tended to worship natural spirits. Married in 989: Anna, Princess of the East, daughter of Romain II, Emperor of Constantinople and Th‚ophano = Sophia Phokas; Saint Vladimir I, while continuing the Varangian practice of multiple spouses [married and otherwise], married Princess Anne, sister of Basil II, Eastern Emperor. Married between 1012 and 1017: N. von Ohningen, daughter of Kuno, Count von Ohningen and Richilde, Princess of Germany. Note - before 1015: Saint Vladimir reunited Russia, and his several sons re-divided the patrimony among themselves. The idea that "might makes right" kept the princes at war with each other, so it was agreed that the Rota system would be established. This was a ranking of the various principalities with Kiev at first being #1 ... at the death of the reigning Grand Prince, the then Prince of city-state #2 advanced to Kiev, the Prince of #3 city-state moved to city-state #2, and so forth ... this never worked well. After more bloodshed, this as replaced by the Patrimonial Succession laws, thereby the sons of each princely father inherited his property and stayed there ... well, they were supposed to do so. At any rate, this created the princely lines of Kiev, Novgorod, Chernigov, Yaroslav, Polotsk, Vladimir, Pereslovl, etc...

A junior line of princes was founded by Andrew Bobulinsky [abbreviated version of his real name] and the juncture of the Moskva and Oka rivers. A KREML [fort] had been built there to control the commercial flow on the rivers ... and with that foundation, the rise of Moscow and its line of princes began, based upon economic materialism. Died: 15 Jul 1015 in Berestovoye, Kiev, Ukraine, Vladimir ruled from his seat in Kiev, where he had a brilliant court and laid the foundation for the Russian Empire. He embrassed the Christian faith. The Order of Saint Vladimir was created by Catherine II, Empress of Russia in 1782 to commemorate his memory, and was designed to reward civil or military servants. The Order has four classes and the ribbon is comprised of 3 vertical bands, 2 black with a red one in the middle. His Feast Day is 15 June. Vladimir is buried in the Church of Ti in Kiev.

2741. Rognieda de Polotsk(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls) (Stuart, Page 104, Line 143-33.) (Leana Randall, Prodigy Post, post under Subject "Russia" on 27 July 1994 at 02:43 Hours). Married Name: Kiev. Born: circa 952 in Polotsk, Byelorussia, Russia, daughter of Rogwolod, Prince de Polotsk and N?. Married in 980: Saint Vladimir, Grand Prince of Kiev, son of Swiatoslav I, Grand Prince of Kiev and Maloucha, the Slav; Rognieda is throught to have been Vladimir's third wife but may have been his first. Died: 1002. MaterAlter: circa 1011 Dobronega Maria of Kiev/Rognieda de Polotsk.

2742. Olaf III, King of Sweden(Stuart, Page 177, Line 240-33.) (Leana Randall, Prodigy Post, post under Subject "Russia" on 27 July 1994 at 02:43 Hours). Also Known As: Olaf "Skotkonung." Born: before 983, son of Erik, King of Sweden and Sigrid of Sweden, Olaf III is presumed to have been at least 18 years old by the time his daughter Ingegerd was born. Other sources, posted by Leana Randall, indicate that Olaf III was born circa 950, which makes his mother's birthdate [alleged to be ca. 950, per Stuart's "Royalty for Commoners"] improbable. Married before 998: Astrid, Princess of the Obotrites, daughter of Mieceslas III, Prince of the Obotrites and Sophia N?; Astride was Olaf III's second wife. Significant-Other: Endia of Mecklenburg before 1000 -. Died: 1022.

2743. Astrid, Princess of the Obotrites(Stuart, Page 265, Line 380-33.) (Leana Randall, Prodigy Post, post under Subject "Russia" on 27 July 1994 at 02:49 Hours). Married Name: Astrid = Ingrid, Princess of Sweden. Born: circa 979 in Sweden, daughter of Mieceslas III, Prince of the Obotrites and Sophia N?. Married before 998: Olaf III, King of Sweden, son of Erik, King of Sweden and Sigrid of Sweden; Astride was Olaf III's second wife. Died: after 1001.

2744. H‚ribert III, Count de Vermandois(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 112) (Stuart, Page 175, Line 239-33). AKA: Herbert III, Seigneur de Saint-Quentin(Abbott, Page 127). Born: circa 955, son of Albert I=Adalbert, Count de Vermandois and Gerberge de Brabant. Married between 997 and 1000 in France: Ermengarde de Bar-sur-Seine, daughter of Renaud, Count de Bar-sur-Seine and N?; Herbert III was Ermengarde's second husband. Died: 29 Aug 1002.

2745. Ermengarde de Bar-sur-Seine(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 112) (Stuart, Page 189, Line 256-34). Married Name: de Vermandois. Married Name: de Tonnerre. Born: before 965, daughter of Renaud, Count de Bar-sur-Seine and N?, Ermengarde is presumed to have been at least 10 years old when she married Milon II/IV. Married circa 975: Milon II/IV, Count de Tonnerre, son of Milon I/III, Count de Tonnerre and Ingeltrude de Brienne. Married between 997 and 1000 in France: H‚ribert III, Count de Vermandois, son of Albert I=Adalbert, Count de Vermandois and Gerberge de Brabant; Herbert III was Ermengarde's second husband. Note - between 998 and 1018: Ermengarde was the Heiress of Bar-sur-Seine. Died: after 1035 Ermengarde died a widow of Milo, Count de Tonnerre. MaterAlter: before 1036 Ermengarde = Marguerite, Countess de Tonnerre/Ermengarde de Bar-sur-Seine(Abbott, Page 86).

2748. Raoul II, Count de Cr‚py(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 121) (Paul Theroff, posts, 15 September 1994 at 00:16 Hours). AKA: Raoul II, Count du Vexin(Stuart, Page 196, Line 268-34). AKA: Raoul II, Seigneur de Cr‚py. AKA: Raoul II, Seigneur de Valois(Abbott, Pages 56). AKA: Raoul IV, Count de Valois. Note -: When his son became a monk in 1077, some of his estates (Bar and Vitry) passed to Thibaud who had married his daughter. Born: before 994 in Vexin, Normandie, France, son of Gautier II, Count du Vexin and Adèle de Senlis, Raoul II is presumed to have been born before his father was 50 years old. Married before 1025: Adèle de Clermont-en-Beauvaisis, daughter of Hildouin, Count de Breteuil and Emmeline de Chƒteaudun. Died: between 1040 and 1060 Some sources indicate that Raoul II died in 1040, others claim it was in 1060.

2749. Adèle de Clermont-en-Beauvaisis(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 121) (Stuart, Page 196, Line 268-34.) (Paul Theroff, posts, 15 September 1994 at 00:16 Hours). Married Name: de Valois. Married Name: de Cr‚py. AKA: Ad‚la‹de de Breteuil(Stuart, Page 196, Line 268-34). Married Name: de Vexin. Born: before 1010 in France, daughter of Hildouin, Count de Breteuil and Emmeline de Chƒteaudun, Ad‚la‹de is presumed to have been at least 15 years old by the time her son Raoul III was born. Married before 1025: Raoul II, Count de Cr‚py, son of Gautier II, Count du Vexin and Adèle de Senlis. Died: 11 Sep 1051.

2750. Nocher III, Count de Bar-sur-Aube(Stuart) (Paul Theroff, posts, 04 February 1995 at 15:14 Hours). Born: before 1008 in France, son of Nocher II, Count de Bar-sur-Aube and A‚lis=Ad‚la‹de, Comtesse de Soissons, Nocher III is presumed to have been at least 20 years old by the time his daughter Alix was born. Married before 1028: N?. Died: circa 1039.

2751. N?

2756. Geoffroy I, Count de Semur(Stuart, Page 62, Line 85-33.) (Paul Theroff, posts, 09 August 1994 at 01:59 Hours.) (Abbott, Page 206). Born: before 942 in Semur, Brionnais, Bourgogne, France, son of Josserand, Count de Semur and Ricoère N?, Geoffroy I is presumed to have been at least 18 years old by the time his son, Geoffroy II, was born. Married before 959 in France: N. de Brioude, daughter of Dalmace, Vicomte de Brioude and N?; She was Geoffroy I's first wife. Married circa 1003 in France: Mahaut de Chalon, daughter of Lambert, Count de Chalon and Ad‚la‹s=Were de Bourgogne; Mahaut was Geoffroy I's second wife and he was her second husband. Died: after 1015 Geoffroy I was alive in the year 1015.

2757. N. de Brioude(Stuart, Page 62, Line 85-33). Married Name: de Semur. Born: before 955 in Brioude, Haute-Loire, Auvergne, France, daughter of Dalmace, Vicomte de Brioude and N?, She is presumed to have been at least 15 years old by the time her son Dalmace was born. Married before 959 in France: Geoffroy I, Count de Semur, son of Josserand, Count de Semur and Ricoère N?; She was Geoffroy I's first wife.

2758. G‚rard, Count de Vergy(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 130). Born: before 945 in Vergy, Bourgogne, France G‚rard is presumed to have been at least 15 years old by the time his daughter Aremburge was born. Married before 960: ?lizabeth de Chƒlon.

2759. ?lizabeth de Chƒlon(ibid). Married Name: de Vergy. Born: before 945 ?lizabeth is presumed to have been at least 15 years old by the time her daughter Aremburge was born. Married before 960: G‚rard, Count de Vergy.

2760. Adelbert II, King de Lombardie(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls). AKA: Adalbert, Count of Aosta. AKA: Adelbert II, Count de Bourgogne. AKA: Adelbert II, Count de Mƒcon. Born: circa 936 in Italy, son of B‚renger II, King of Italy and Willa d'Arles(Stuart, Page 72). Note - between 950 and 961: Adelbert II was the King of Italy 950-961. Married in 956 in France: Gerberge=Garsinde de Chalon, daughter of Li‚taud II, Count de Mƒcon and Berthe de Troyes. Died: 30 Apr 971.

2761. Gerberge=Garsinde de Chalon(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 98). AKA: Gerberge de Besan‡on. Married Name: de Lombardie. AKA: Gerberge, Countess de Dijon. Married Name: de Bourgogne. AKA: Gerberge de Mƒcon(Abbott, Page 212). MaterAlter: before 919 Ad‚la‹s=Were de Bourgogne/Gerberge=Garsinde de Chalon. PaterAlter before 919 Gerberge=Garsinde de Chalon/Lambert, Count de Chalon. Born: before 919 in France, daughter of Li‚taud II, Count de Mƒcon and Berthe de Troyes, Gerberge is presumed to have been born before her father, Li‚taud, was 50 years old. Some sources indicate that this Gerberge was the daughter of Lambert, Count de Chalon by Ad‚la‹s de Bourgogne [other sources do not indicate Ad‚la‹s as being de Bourgogne] rather they show her to be the daughter of Li‚taud II de Mƒcon by Berthe de Troyes. Married in 956 in France: Adelbert II, King de Lombardie, son of B‚renger II, King of Italy and Willa d'Arles. Married circa 972 in France: Henri, Duke de Bourgogne, son of Hughes, dux Francorum and Hadwige, Princess de Saxe; Henri was Gerberge's second husband and she was his first wife. Died: 11 Dec 991.

2762. Renaud, Count de Reims(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 123, 193, 269). AKA: Reginald, Count de Roucy. Born: circa 920 in France, son of Achard de La Fert‚-sur-Aube and Acharda de Bar-sur-Aube(Keats-Rohan, Family Trees and Roots, Settipani, Christain: Chapter 11: " Les comtes d'Anjou et leurs alliances aux Xe et XIe siècles", Page 225). Married between 944 and 947: Alb‚rade=Aubr‚e de Lorraine, daughter of Gilbert, Count de Brabant and Gerberge de Saxe. Died: 10 May 967 Renaud is burried at the Abbey of Saint-R‚mi, Reims, France.

2763. Alb‚rade=Aubr‚e de Lorraine(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 123, 193) (Stuart, Page 70, Line 92-34). Married Name: de Reims. AKA: Albrade de Hainaut. Born: circa 930, daughter of Gilbert, Count de Brabant and Gerberge de Saxe. Married between 944 and 947: Renaud, Count de Reims, son of Achard de La Fert‚-sur-Aube and Acharda de Bar-sur-Aube. Died: 15 Mar 973.

2764. Richard I, Duke de Normandie (above)

2765. Gonnor, Dame de Bolbec (above)

2766. Conan I, Duke de Bretagne(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 147, 166) (Stuart, Page 237, Line 334-35) (Paul Theroff, posts, 07 June 1995 at 14:08 Hours). AKA: Conan, Count de Rennes(Abbott, Page 272). Also Known As: Conan "Le Tort." Born: before 953, son of Juhel B‚renger, Count de Rennes and Gerberge N?, Conan I is presumed to have been born before his father was 50 years old. Married either 973 or 980 in France: Ermengarde d'Anjou, daughter of Geoffroy I = Gausfred, Count d'Anjou and Ad‚la‹s de Vermandois(Keats-Rohan, Family Trees and Roots, Settipani, Christain: Chapter 11: " Les comtes d'Anjou et leurs alliances aux Xe et XIe siècles", Page 247). Died: 27 Jun 992 in Conquereuil, Loire-Inf‚rieure, Bretagne, France, Conan I was killed.

2767. Ermengarde d'Anjou(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 147, 166) (Stuart, Page 125, Line 167-34.) (Paul Theroff, posts, 07 June 1995 at 14:08 Hours). Married Name: de Bretagne. Born: circa 965 in France, daughter of Geoffroy I = Gausfred, Count d'Anjou and Ad‚la‹s de Vermandois, Ermengarde is presumed to have been at least 15 years old by the time her son Geoffroy was born. Married either 973 or 980 in France: Conan I, Duke de Bretagne, son of Juhel B‚renger, Count de Rennes and Gerberge N?(Keats-Rohan, Family Trees and Roots, Settipani, Christain: Chapter 11: " Les comtes d'Anjou et leurs alliances aux Xe et XIe siècles", Page 247). Died: after 983.

2784. Hugues II, Vicomte de Comborn(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls) (Stuart, Page 114, Line 156-34.) (Abbott, Page 432). AKA: Hughes, Sire de Quercy. AKA: Hughes, Vicomte de Cambour Hughes II was the first hereditary Vicomte de Cambour [Comborn](Stuart, Page 114). Born: before 938 in Quercy, Guyenne, France, son of Hugues I, Count de Quercy and Gunidilde N?, Hughes II is presumed to have been at least 15 years old by the time his son Archambaud II was born. Some sources skip this generation and assert that Archambaud II was the son of Hughes I, the first hereditary Vicomte de Comborn. Married before 952: N?. Died: circa 983 in Blois, Loir-et-Cher, Orl‚anais, France,(Abbott, Page 432).

2785. N?

2786. Bernard, Vicomte de Turenne(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 125) (Abbott, Page 438). Note -: Bernard was made Vicomte de Turenne by Louis IV, King of France. Born: before 930 in Turenne, Guyenne, France, son of Adhemer, Count de Quercy and N?, Bernard was alive in the year 930(Stuart, Page 220). Married before 952: Doda N?. Died: between 980 and 984 in France Bernard was alive in the year 980.

2787. Doda N?(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 125). Married Name: de Turenne. Born: before 942 in France Doda is presumed to have been at least 10 years old when she married Bernard. Married before 952: Bernard, Vicomte de Turenne, son of Adhemer, Count de Quercy and N?. Died: after 984 Doda was a widow in the year 984(Stuart, Page 220).

2788. Guillaume I, Duke de Normandie(Rosamond, Page 238.) (Stuart, Page 124, Line 166-34) (Paul Theroff, posts, 08 June 1995 at 18:26 Hours). AKA: Guillaume, Comte du Maine King Raoul gave Maine to Guillaume I in 923, but the normans lost it after 20 years(Abbott, Page 130). Also Known As: Guillaume "Longue ?p‚e"(Abbott). Born: circa 900 in Normandie, France, son of Rollon=Rolf, Duke de Normandie and Popa de Bayeux. Married before 932: Sprote de Bretagne, daughter of Hubert, Comte de Senlis and N?; Sprote was a Breton concubine "Danish Wife" and also first wife of William Longsword. Note - between 933 and 942: While married to the daughter of Herbert of Vermandois, Guillaume I's children were born of the Breton concubine. William had supported King Louis IV and attempted to establish his protection over Brittany (Bretagne), gaining at least the Contentin and Avranchin in 933. When, in 942, William was murdered at the instigation of Arnoul, Count of Flanders, his son Richard, still a minor, succeeded him. Married in 940 in France: Leutgarde de Vermandois, daughter of Herbert II, Count de Vermandois and Hildebrante de Neustrie. Died: 17 Dec 943 in France Guillaume I was assassinated.

2789. Sprote de Bretagne(Rosamond, Page 238) (Stuart, Page 124, Line 166-34) (Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls). Married Name: de Normandie. Born: circa 911 in Bretagne, France, daughter of Hubert, Comte de Senlis and N?. Married before 932: Guillaume I, Duke de Normandie, son of Rollon=Rolf, Duke de Normandie and Popa de Bayeux; Sprote was a Breton concubine "Danish Wife" and also first wife of William Longsword.

2790. Herbastus de Cr‚pon(Stuart, Page 237.) (Genealogy BB of Prodigy Svcs., David Dowell posting on the Genealogy BB of the Prodigy Interactive Personal Service under Subject "Antrobus" on 7 January 1996 at 22:23 Hours). Occupation: Herbastus was the Forrester of Arques. Born: circa 911 in Normandie, France. Married before 936 in France: N?.

2791. N?

2832. Gausfred = Geoffroi III, Vicomte de Chƒteaudun(Keats-Rohan, Family Trees and Roots, Settipani, Christain: Chapter 11: " Les comtes d'Anjou et leurs alliances aux Xe et XIe siècles", Pages 262 - 264). Born: circa 965, son of Geoffroy = Gausfred II, Vicomte de Chƒteaudun and Hermengarde = Hildegard N?. Married before 989: Melisindis, Dame de Nogent-le-Rotrou, daughter of Rotrocus, Seigneur de Nogent-le-Rotrou and N?. Died: between 1015 and 1029.

2833. Melisindis, Dame de Nogent-le-Rotrou(Keats-Rohan, Family Trees and Roots). Married Name: de Chƒteaudun. Born: before 975, daughter of Rotrocus, Seigneur de Nogent-le-Rotrou and N?. Married before 989: Gausfred = Geoffroi III, Vicomte de Chƒteaudun, son of Geoffroy = Gausfred II, Vicomte de Chƒteaudun and Hermengarde = Hildegard N?.

2834. Fouques, Count de Carbon. AKA: Fulcoin, Comte de Mortagne(ibid). Born: before 875 in Mortague-au-Perche, Normandie, France. Married before 900: N?.

2835. N?

2836. Guillaume I dit Talvas, Count de Bellˆme(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 53, 211) (Stuart, Page 252, Line 360-34). AKA: Guillaume, Seigneur d'Alen‡on(Abbott, Page 223). Born: before 972 in Orne, Normandie, France, son of Yves I, Count de Bellˆme and Godehilde N?, Guillaume I is presumed to have been at least 18 years old by the time his son, Guillaume II, was born. Married before 989: Mathilde, Dame de Cond‚-sur-Noireau. Died: 1028 in Domfront, Orne, Normandie, France, Guillaume I is buried at the Cathedral of Notre-Dame-sur-l'Eau(Abbott).

2837. Mathilde, Dame de Cond‚-sur-Noireau(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 53, 211) (Stuart, Page 252, Line 360-34). Married Name: de Bellˆme. Born: before 975 Mathilde is presumed to have been at least 15 years old by the time her son Guillaume II was born. Married before 989: Guillaume I dit Talvas, Count de Bellˆme, son of Yves I, Count de Bellˆme and Godehilde N?.

2840. Hildouin II, Count de Montdidier(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 198) (Stuart, Page 195, Line 266-33). AKA: Hildouin II, Seigneur de Ram‚ru. AKA: Hilduin d'Arcis-sur-Aube(Paul Theroff, posts, Posted at ftp://members.aol.com/ptheroff/genfiles/coucy_a.txt, on 23 April 1996 at 13:58 Hours). Born: before 972 in Montdidier, Somme, Picardie, France, son of Hildouin=Helpuin I, Count de Montdidier and H‚lissende=Hersinde, Countess d'Arcis-sur-Aube, Hildouin II is presumed to have been at least 10 years old when he died. Married before 990: N. de Dammartin. Died: 992 in J‚rusalem, Palestine, Holy Land, Hildouin II died while on a pilgrimage.

2841. N. de Dammartin(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 198). Married Name: de Montdidier. Born: before 972 in France She is presumed to have been at least 20 years old by the time her husband, Hildouin II died. Married before 990: Hildouin II, Count de Montdidier, son of Hildouin=Helpuin I, Count de Montdidier and H‚lissende=Hersinde, Countess d'Arcis-sur-Aube.

2844. Gervais, Count de Chƒtillon-sur-Marne(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls) (Stuart, Page 127, Line 170-33). AKA: Gervais, Comte de Roucy. AKA: Giselbert, Vidƒme de Reims. Born: circa 956 in France, son of Renaud, Count de Reims and Alb‚rade=Aubr‚e de Lorraine. Married before 985 in France: N. de Poitiers. Died: circa 995 in Reims, Marne, France. Buried: before 1000 in Reims, Marne, France. PaterAlter before 1040 Gervais, Count de Chƒtillon-sur-Marne/Li‚taud, Seigneur de Marle.

2845. N. de Poitiers(ibid). Married Name: de Chƒtillon-sur-Marne. Born: before 970 She is presumed to have been at least 15 years old by the time her daughter Judith was born. Married before 985 in France: Gervais, Count de Chƒtillon-sur-Marne, son of Renaud, Count de Reims and Alb‚rade=Aubr‚e de Lorraine. MaterAlter: before 1040 Li‚taud, Seigneur de Marle/N. de Poitiers.

2846. Raynier V, Count de Hainaut(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 79, 115) (Stuart, Page 101, Line 139-34.) (Abbott, Page 558). Born: circa 950, son of Raynier IV, Count de Hainaut and Alix d'Alsace, Some sources show this Raynier as Raynier IV. Married circa 996 in France: Hadwige Capet, Princesse de France, daughter of Hughes II, King de France and Ad‚la‹de de Poitiers. Died: 1013.

2847. Hadwige Capet, Princesse de France(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 79, 115) (Stuart, Page 119, Line 163-33). Married Name: de Hainaut. Born: between 970 and 986, daughter of Hughes II, King de France and Ad‚la‹de de Poitiers, Hadwige is presumed to have been at least 10 years old when she married Raynier V. Some sources indicate she was born in 969, which was before her parents were married. Married circa 996 in France: Raynier V, Count de Hainaut, son of Raynier IV, Count de Hainaut and Alix d'Alsace. Died: after 1013 Hadwige=Hegdig was alive in the year 1013.

3072. Roger, Comte de Comminges(Paul Theroff, posts, "de Foix" posted on 21 March 1995 at 02:11 Hours). Born: before 935, son of Aznar, Count de Cons‚rans and N?. Married before 964: Ad‚la‹de de Rouergue; Roger was Ad‚la‹de's first husband. Died: circa 965 Roger died before March, 970.

3073. Ad‚la‹de de Rouergue (above)

3136. Raymond III, Count de Toulouse(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 85, 146) (Stuart, Page 232, Line 326-33.) (Paul Theroff, posts, 2 May 1994 at 14:37 Hours). AKA: Pons I, Count d'Auvergne. AKA: Raymond III, Duke d'Aquitaine. AKA: Raymond III, Marquis de Gothie. AKA: Raymond III Pons, Count d'Albi. AKA: Pons I, Count de Toulouse. Born: before 914 in Languedoc, France, son of Raimond II, Count de Toulouse and Gunhilde d'Urgel, Raymond III is presumed to have been at least 15 years old by the time his son Pons II was born. Note - between 923 and 950: Raymond III Pons Count of Toulouse, Languedoc, France: 923-950, was also the Duke of Aquitaine, and Marquis of Gothie(Aug‚). Married before 928: Berthe de Toscane, daughter of Boson, Marquis de Toscane and Willa de Bourgogne; Berthe was Raimond III's second wife, and he was her first husband. Married before 928: Garsinde de Gascogne. PaterAlter circa 947 Raymond III, Count de Toulouse/Guillaume III, Count de Toulouse. Died: 950.

3137. Garsinde de Gascogne(Stuart, Page 232, Line 326-33.) (Paul Theroff, posts, 2 May 1994 at 14:37 Hours). Married Name: de Toulouse. Born: before 918 Garsinde is presumed to have been at least 10 years old when she married Raymond III Pons. Married before 928: Raymond III, Count de Toulouse, son of Raimond II, Count de Toulouse and Gunhilde d'Urgel. MaterAlter: circa 947 Guillaume III, Count de Toulouse/Garsinde de Gascogne.

3138. Fouques II, Count d'Anjou(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 147) (Stuart, Page 125, Line 167-36.) (Paul Theroff, posts, 10 July 1994 at 00:34 Hours). Also Known As: Fouques "Le Bon." Born: 909 in France, son of Fouques I, Count d'Anjou and Roscille de Loches. Note - between 909 and 958 in Maine-et-Loire, Anjou, France: Fouques II was the first of the Angevin Comtes to try to dominate Brittany(Abbott, Page 143). Married before 929: Gerberge, Comtesse de Gƒtinais, daughter of Gausfred I, Vicomte d'Orl‚ans and Aba, Dame d'Arverne. Died: 11 Nov 958(Perro, Ancient, Royal, Colonial Ancestry, Page 4 [2-Feb-95 @ 16:10 Hrs], Citing A.G. Moriarty: "The Ancestry of King Edward III, The Plantagenets"; F. Weiss & W.L. Sheppard "Ancestral Roots of 60 Colonists:, 5th. Ed, G. Paget "Lineage and Ancestry of HRH Prince Charles, Prince of Wales").

3139. Gerberge, Comtesse de Gƒtinais(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 147) (Stuart, Page 125, Line 167-36.) (Abbott, Page 103.) (Keats-Rohan, Family Trees and Roots, Settipani, Christain: Chapter 11: " Les comtes d'Anjou et leurs alliances aux Xe et XIe siècles", Pages 241, 244). AKA: Gerberge d'Arles. Married Name: d'Anjou. Born: circa 913 in France, daughter of Gausfred I, Vicomte d'Orl‚ans and Aba, Dame d'Arverne, Gerberge's parentage is in dispute. PaterAlter circa 913 Gerberge, Comtesse de Gƒtinais/Ratburne, Vicomte de Vienne(Keats-Rohan, Family Trees and Roots). MaterAlter: circa 913 Gerberge d'Arverne/Gerberge, Comtesse de Gƒtinais(ibid). Married before 929: Fouques II, Count d'Anjou, son of Fouques I, Count d'Anjou and Roscille de Loches. Died: 952 Gerberge signed a charter in 952(Perro, Ancient, Royal, Colonial Ancestry, Page 4 [2-Feb-95 @ 16:10 Hrs], Citing A.G. Moriarty: "The Ancestry of King Edward III, The Plantagenets"; F. Weiss & W.L. Sheppard "Ancestral Roots of 60 Colonists:, 5th. Ed, G. Paget "Lineage and Ancestry of HRH Prince Charles, Prince of Wales").

3140. Bozon II, Count d'Arles(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 148) (Stuart, Page 261, Line 375-34). AKA: Boson II, Count d'Avignon. AKA: Boson II, Count de Provence Boson II was the Count of Provence at Arles(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 114) (Stuart, Page 236, Line 333-36.) (Abbott, Page 606). Born: before 929, son of Robaud I, Count d'Arles and N? d'Aquitaine, Boson is presumed to have been at least 15 years old by the time his son Guillaume was born. Married before 944 in Provence, France: Folcoare=Constance de Toulouse, daughter of Charles Constantine, Count de Vienne and Teutberge=Thiberge de Troyes. Died: between 965 and 967 Boson was alive in the year 949 but not in 968.

3141. Folcoare=Constance de Toulouse(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 148) (Stuart, Page 261, Line 375-34). AKA: Constance d'Arles. AKA: Constance de Provence. Married Name: d'Arles. AKA: Constance de Vienne. Born: before 929 in France, daughter of Charles Constantine, Count de Vienne and Teutberge=Thiberge de Troyes, Constance is presumed to have been at least 15 years old by the time her son Guillaume was born. Married before 944 in Provence, France: Bozon II, Count d'Arles, son of Robaud I, Count d'Arles and N? d'Aquitaine.

3144. Boson I, Count de La Marche(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 55, 83). AKA: Boson I, Count de P‚rigord. Also Known As: Boson "Le Vieil." AKA: Boson I, Count de Charroux. Born: before 927 in Poitou, France, son of Sulpice, Count de Charroux and N?, Boson I was granted the County of La Marche in the year 944 by Guillaume III, Duc d'Aquitaine, and is presumed to have been at least 17 years old by that time(Abbott, Page 422). Married before 959 in France: Emm‚, Countess de P‚rigord, daughter of Guillaume I, Comte de P‚rigord and R‚gelindis de Tours; Boson I became the Count de P‚rigord by marriage.

3145. Emm‚, Countess de P‚rigord(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 55, 83) (Paul Theroff, posts, "Lusignan" posted on 15 February 1994 at 14:06 Hours.) (Abbott, Page 329). Married Name: de La Marche. Born: before 918, daughter of Guillaume I, Comte de P‚rigord and R‚gelindis de Tours. Married before 959 in France: Boson I, Count de La Marche, son of Sulpice, Count de Charroux and N?; Boson I became the Count de P‚rigord by marriage.

3146. Giraud, Vicomte de Limoges(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 137, 228) (Stuart, Page 233, Line 328-36). Born: before 914 in Limoges, Haute-Vienne, Limousin, France, son of Hildegaire, Vicomte de Limoges and Teuteberge de Bourges, Giraud is presumed to have been born before his father was 50 years old. Married circa 950: Rothilde de Brosse, daughter of Ad‚mar, Vicomte de Brosse and M‚lisende N?. Died: after 991 Giraud was alive in the years 960 through 991.

3147. Rothilde de Brosse(Stuart) (Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 228). Married Name: de Limoges. Born: before 940 in France, daughter of Ad‚mar, Vicomte de Brosse and M‚lisende N?, Rothilde is presumed to have been at least 10 years old when she married Giraud. Married circa 950: Giraud, Vicomte de Limoges, son of Hildegaire, Vicomte de Limoges and Teuteberge de Bourges. Died: after 995 in Limoges, Haute-Vienne, Limousin, France, Rothilde was alive in the year 995.

3152. Garcia IV Sanchez, King de Navarre; Garcia IV was King of Navarre from 994 to 999 (Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls) (Stuart, Page 164, Line 223-37). Born: circa 964 in Spain, son of Sancho III Abarca, King de Navarre and Urraque Fernandez de Castile. Married circa 980: Ximena=Chimène Fernandez, daughter of Fernando Vermudez, Count de Cea and Elvira Diaz de Salda¤a. Died: before 8 Dec 999 in Spain Garcia IV is burried at the Monastery of San Juan de la Pena.

3153. Ximena=Chimène Fernandez(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 207) (Stuart, Page 195, Line 267-37). Married Name: de Navarre. Born: circa 970, daughter of Fernando Vermudez, Count de Cea and Elvira Diaz de Salda¤a. Married circa 980: Garcia IV Sanchez, King de Navarre, son of Sancho III Abarca, King de Navarre and Urraque Fernandez de Castile. Died: after 1035.

3154. Sancho Garcia, Count de Lara(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 259) (Stuart, Page 206, Line 285-34). AKA: Sancho, Duke de Gascogne(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 86) (Abbott, Page 337). AKA: Sanche, Count de Bordeaux. AKA: Sancho Garcia, Count de Castile. Born: circa 965 in Spain, son of Garcia I, Count de Castile and Sancha Abba de Ribagorza. Married in 994 in Spain: Urraque Salvadores, daughter of Salvaldor Perez and N?. Died: 5 Feb 1017 in Spain Sancho Garcia is buried at the Monastery de San Salvador de Ona.

3155. Urraque Salvadores(Stuart, Page 40, Line 55-34). Married Name: de Castile. Married Name: de Lara y de Castilla. Born: before 980 in Spain, daughter of Salvaldor Perez and N?, Urraque is presumed to have been at least 15 years old by the time her daughter Major Nu¤a was born. Married in 994 in Spain: Sancho Garcia, Count de Lara, son of Garcia I, Count de Castile and Sancha Abba de Ribagorza. Died: 20 May 1025 in Spain.

3156. Bermudo II, King de Le¢n(Paul Theroff, posts, Posting in Subject "Spain & Portugal" on 5 March 1994 at 03:29 Hours). Also Known As: Vermudo "El Gotoso." Born: circa 953 in Spain, son of Ordo¤o III, King de Le¢n and Aragonta=Gontroda Pelaez. Note - between 982 and 999: Bermudo II was King of Le¢n from 982 to 999. Married on 28 Nov 991: Elvira Garcia de Castile, daughter of Garcia I, Count de Castile and Sancha Abba de Ribagorza; Elvira was Bermudo II's second wife. Died: Sep 999 in Villabueno del Bierzo, Spain, Bermudo II is buried ay Carrac Edo, Spain.

3157. Elvira Garcia de Castile(Stuart, Page 201, Line 276-34.) (Paul Theroff, posts, Posting in Subject "Spain & Portugal" on 5 March 1994 at 03:29 Hours). Married Name: de Le¢n. Born: circa 970 in Spain, daughter of Garcia I, Count de Castile and Sancha Abba de Ribagorza. Married on 28 Nov 991: Bermudo II, King de Le¢n, son of Ordo¤o III, King de Le¢n and Aragonta=Gontroda Pelaez; Elvira was Bermudo II's second wife. Died: Dec 1017 in Spain Elvira is burried at the Church de San Isidore de Le¢n. Stuart's "Royalty for Commoners" has Elvira living as of 1 March 1028, whereas E.S. [via Paul Thero] shows the above date for the deceased.

3158. Menendo Gonzalez, Count de Galicia(Stuart). Born: before 985 in Spain, son of Gonzalo Menendez, Count de Galicia and Ilduara Pelaez(ibid). Married in 993 in Spain: Urraque Garces de Navarre, daughter of Garcia IV Sanchez, King de Navarre and Ximena=Chimène Fernandez. Died: Oct 1008 in Spain Menendo was killed(ibid).

3159. Urraque Garces de Navarre(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls) (Stuart, Page 136, Line 180-32). Married Name: de Galicia. Married Name: de Le¢n. Born: before 983, daughter of Garcia IV Sanchez, King de Navarre and Ximena=Chimène Fernandez. Married in 993 in Spain: Menendo Gonzalez, Count de Galicia, son of Gonzalo Menendez, Count de Galicia and Ilduara Pelaez. Married in 1023: Alfonso V, King de Le¢n, son of Bermudo II, King de Le¢n and Elvira Garcia de Castile. Died: after 1023.

3184. Bozon II, Count d'Arles (above)

3185. Folcoare=Constance de Toulouse (above)

3186. Arnold I, Comte de Comminges(Stuart) (Paul Theroff, posts, "de Foix" posted on 21 March 1995 at 02:08 Hours). AKA: Arnaud, Count de Cons‚rans. Born: before 930 in France, son of Aznar, Count de Cons‚rans and N?, Arnold I is presumed to have been at least 10 years old when he married Arsende. Married in 940: Arsende, Countess de Carcassonne, daughter of Acfred I, Duke d'Aquitaine and N?. Occupation: in 945 Arnold I was Count of a part of Comminges in the year 945. Died: circa 957.

3187. Arsende, Countess de Carcassonne(Stuart, Page 209, Line 291-36.) (Abbott, Page 379). Married Name: de Comminges. AKA: Arsinde, Comtesse de Razès(Abbott). Born: before 927 in France, daughter of Acfred I, Duke d'Aquitaine and N?. PaterAlter before 927 Arsende, Countess de Carcassonne/Acfred II, Comte de Carcassonne. Married in 940: Arnold I, Comte de Comminges, son of Aznar, Count de Cons‚rans and N?. Died: after 969 Arsende was alive in the year 969.

3202. Arnaldo=Renoud, Count d'Astarac(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 243) (Stuart, Page 159, Line 216-36.) (Abbott, Page 342). Born: circa 920, son of Garcia Sanchez, Count de Gascogne and Aminiana de P‚rigord, Arnaldo was alive in the year 920. Married before 934: N?. Died: circa 960 Arnaldo was alive in the year 960.

3203. N?

3328. Arnold I, Comte de Comminges (above)

3329. Arsende, Countess de Carcassonne (above)

3332. Arnaud I, Count de Bigorre(Stuart, Page 159, Line 227-35). Born: before 950, son of Raymond I Dato, Count de Bigorre and Fachilène d'Astarac, Arnaud I is presumed to have been at least 15 years old by the time his son Garcia was born. Married before 965: N?. Died: circa 1030(Abbott, Page 346).

3333. N?

3334. Guillermo I, Count d'Astarac(Stuart, Page 159, Line 227-34). Born: before 950 Guillermo is presumed to have been at least 15 years old by the time his daughter Ricarde was born. Married before 965: N?.

3335. N?

3356. ?tienne, Comte de G‚vaudan(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 128.) (Abbott, Page 384.) (Paul Theroff, posts, 10 September 1994 at 17:48 Hours). Born: before 932 in G‚vaudan, Languedoc, France, son of Ermengaud, Count de Rouergue and Ad‚la‹s=Ala‹s de Toulouse. Married before 950 in France: Annane N?; Annane was ?tienne's first wife. Married before 955 in France: Ad‚la‹s=Adèle d'Anjou, daughter of Fouques II, Count d'Anjou and Gerberge, Comtesse de Gƒtinais; ?tienne was Ad‚la‹de's first husband (Keats-Rohan, Family Trees and Roots, Settipani, Christain: Chapter 11: " Les comtes d'Anjou et leurs alliances aux Xe et XIe siècles", Page 247). Died: between 961 and 979 in France Some sources indicate that ?tienne died in 961, others assert it was in 979. Died: 993(Abbott, Page 384).

3357. Ad‚la‹s=Adèle d'Anjou (above)

3360. Raymond I dit Borel, Count de Barcelone(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 86) (Stuart, Page 38, Line 54-34). AKA: Raymond Borrel I, Count de Gerona. AKA: Raymond dit Borel, Count de Osona. Born: 972, son of Borel II, Count de Barcelone and Ledgarde=Luitgarde de Toulouse. Married in 990: Ermessinde de Carcassonne, daughter of Roger I, Seigneur de Comminges and Ad‚la‹de de Rouergue. Died: 25 Feb 1017.

3361. Ermessinde de Carcassonne(Andr‚ Roux: Scrolls, 86) (Stuart, Page 209, Line 291-34.) (Paul Theroff, posts, "de Foix" posted on 21 March 1995 at 02:11 Hours). Married Name: de Barcelone. AKA: de Comminges. Born: before 980 in Carcassonnais, France, daughter of Roger I, Seigneur de Comminges and Ad‚la‹de de Rouergue, Ermessinde is presumed to have been at least 10 years old when she married Raymond dit Borel. Married in 990: Raymond I dit Borel, Count de Barcelone, son of Borel II, Count de Barcelone and Ledgarde=Luitgarde de Toulouse. Died: 1 Mar 1057.

3362. Sancho Garcia, Count de Lara (above)

3363. Urraque Salvadores (above)

3370. Richard I, Duke de Normandie (above)

3371. Gonnor, Dame de Bolbec (above)

3372. Gaimar III, Prince de Salerno; Gaimar III was Prince in the year 999 (Stuart, Page 213, Line 297-34). Born: before 979, son of Giovanni II, Prince de Salerno and Sikelgaita de Salerno, Gaimar III was Co-regent of Salerno in the year 989, and is presumed to have been at least 10 years old at that time. Married circa 1009: Gaitelgrima de Benevento, daughter of Landolfo, Prince de Benevento and N?. Died: 1031.

3373. Gaitelgrima de Benevento(Stuart). Married Name: Gaitelgrima, Regent de Salerno; Gaitelgrima was Regent of Salerno for her minor son. Born: before 995, daughter of Landolfo, Prince de Benevento and N?, Gaitelgrima is presumed to have been at least 15 years old by the time her son Gaimar IV was born. Married circa 1009: Gaimar III, Prince de Salerno, son of Giovanni II, Prince de Salerno and Sikelgaita de Salerno. Died: 1027.

3374. Laidolfo, Count de Tabellaria(Stuart, Page 231, Line 325-34). Born: before 995, son of Alfano, Count de Tabellaria and Porpora de Amalfi, Laidolfo is presumed to have been at least 15 years old by the time his daughter Porpora was born. Married before 1010: Aldara de San Massimo, daughter of Truppualdo, Count de San Massimo and N?.

3375. Aldara de San Massimo(ibid). Married Name: de Tabellaria. Born: before 995, daughter of Truppualdo, Count de San Massimo and N?, Aldara is presumed to have been at least 15 years old by the time her daughter Porpora was born. Married before 1010: Laidolfo, Count de Tabellaria, son of Alfano, Count de Tabellaria and Porpora de Amalfi.

3376. Nu¤o Lainez(Stuart). Born: before 985 in Spain, son of Lain Fernandez and N?, Nu¤o is presumed to have been at least 15 years old by the time his son Lain was born. Married before 1000: Eilone Fernandez, daughter of Fern n Ru¡z and N?.

3377. Eilone Fernandez(Stuart). Married Name: Lainez. Born: before 985, daughter of Fern n Ru¡z and N?, Eilone is presumed to have been at least 15 years old by the time her son Lain was born. Married before 1000: Nu¤o Lainez, son of Lain Fernandez and N?.

3388. Gundemaro des Asturies(Stuart). Born: before 991, son of Piniola Jimeno, Count des Asturies and Eldonzo Mu¤ez, Gundemaro is presumed to have been at least 20 years old when he died. Married before 1011: N?. Died: 1011.

3389. N?

3390. Alfonso V, King de Le¢n (above)

3391. Urraque Garces de Navarre (above)

3392. Bernard Aton II, Vicomte d'Albi(Abbott, Page 377). Born: before 939 in Albi, Albigeois, Languedoc, France, son of Aton, Vicomte d'Albi and B? N?, Bernard Aton II was Vicomte in 956 and is presumed to have been at least 17 years old by that time. Note - between 956 and 970 in Albi, Albigeois, Languedoc, France: Bernard Aton II was Vicomte 950-970(ibid). Married before 960: Gaucie, Vicomtesse de NŒmes. Died: 990 Bernard Aton was assassinated by a Seigneur G‚raud(Abbott).

3393. Gaucie, Vicomtesse de NŒmes(ibid). Born: before 945. Married before 960: Bernard Aton II, Vicomte d'Albi, son of Aton, Vicomte d'Albi and B? N?.

3400. Roger I, Seigneur de Comminges (above)

3401. Ad‚la‹de de Rouergue (above)

That Crazy Frenchman

Hillside, IL

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